2014.07.20【英译中】为何印度贫穷腐败而日本富裕清廉(二)

八月蝉 (Tracy) 译人小成
91 4 0
发表于:2014-07-20 23:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
 Almost all differences favored Indiarather thanJapan. The prior rules ofJapanhad enforced almost complete isolation from the rest of the world. International trade and contact was limited to one visit from one Dutch ship a year. Three or more centuries of enforced isolation had leftJapanignorant of the outside world, far behind the West in science and technology.
几乎所有的差异都使印度有利于日本。日本以前的律法导致日本基本上与周围的世界完全隔离,其国际贸易与对外联系,仅限于每年靠岸一次的一艘荷兰船只。三百多年强行的闭关锁国,使得日本不了解外面的世界,科学技术远远落后于西方国家。


Indiawas much more fortunate. It had enjoyed substantial economic growth before World War I. That growth was converted into stagnation between the two world wars, but was not reversed. Improvements in transportation had ended the famines that had earlier been a recurrent curse. Many of its leaders had been educated in advanced countries, particularly in Great Britain. British rule left it with a highly skilled and trained civil service, modern factories, and an excellent railroad system. None of these existed in Japan in 1867.
印度则更加幸运。它在一战之前,经济就有了充分的发展,在两次大战之间,经济虽出现停滞,但还没有倒退。交通的改善与进步,终结了历史上反复发生的饥荒。印度的很多领导人在发达国家接受过教育,特别是在大不列颠等国。曾经的英国殖民统治给印度留下了一个训练有素的行政机关,现代化的工厂,以及优秀的铁路运营系统。而这些在1867年的日本还根本不存在。


India's physical resources, too, were far superior toJapan's.Indiais nearly nine times as large asJapan, and a much larger percentage of its area consists of relatively level and accessible land.Japanis mostly mountainous.
印度的自然资源也远远优于日本。印度的国土面积接近日本的九倍,可利用的土地面积所占的比例也高于日本。日本大部分地区都是山地。


Finally,Japanwas on its own. No foreign capital was invested inJapan.Indiafared far better. Since it achieved independence in 1947, it has received an enormous volume of resources from the rest of the world, mostly as gifts. The flow continues today.
日本是自力更生的。没有国外资本投资到日本。印度则要好得多。自从印度在1947年取得独立,它就开始从其他国家获得许多资源,其中大部分是作为礼物不需要偿还的。这种馈赠一直延续至今。

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:29
分类: 英语
全部回复 (4)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团