2014.07.21【英译中】Cultural Encounters 文化冲击(二)

bavpcyy (瑶haruka) 译心译意
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发表于:2014-07-21 15:59 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

 

  这段翻译难度略大啊,不对的地方请纠正撒。。这篇文章还没完呢。。

 

  Different cultures are not simply groups of people who label the world differently; languages give us the means to shape our views of the world and languages are different from one another. We express what we see and feel through language, and because languages are so clearly culture-related, often we find that what we can say in one language cannot be expressed at all in another. The English word “homesickness” translates into Italian as “nostalgia,” but English has had to borrow that same word to describe a different state of mind, something that is not quite homesickness and involves a kind of longing. Homesickness and nostalgia put together are almost, but not quite, the Portuguese “saudade,” an untranslatable word that describes a state of mind that is not despair, angst (English borrowed that from German), sadness or regret, but hovers somewhere in and around all those words.


  不同的文化不仅仅是不一样的一群人给世界贴上不一样的标签(不同的文化并不是简单指一群人给世界贴上不一样的标签,语言给我们提供一种塑造世界观的方法,自然,不同文化中的语言自是各不相同每种语言都不相同。我们用语言来表述所见所感,但又因为语言与文化的关系如此之密切以至于,我们常常会发现在一种语言中的表达方式,不能完全照搬到另外一种语言中去。像是英语单词“homesickness”翻译成意大利语是“nostalgia”,但英语引入了nostalgia来描述一种不一样的心理状态,并不全然是思乡之情,但多少有几分渴望的意味。英语中的思乡和怀旧放在一起,意思上还是有所接近的。但是葡萄牙语“saudade”是一个难以翻译的词语,它所表达的是一种不绝望,不忧虑,不伤感或悔恨的心境,它的意思又是在这些词语以上的。

 

 


  The early Bible translators hit the problem of untranslatability head-on. How do you translate the image of the Lamb of God for a culture in which sheep do not exist? What exactly was the fruit that Eve picked in the Garden of Eden? What was the creature that swallowed Jonah, given that whales are not given to swimming in warm, southern seas? Faced with insurmountable linguistic problems, translators negotiated the boundaries between languages and came up with a compromise.


  早期的圣经翻译家就遇到了不能翻译的问题。你要怎么向一个不存在羊的文化来解释“上帝的羔羊”呢?亚当和夏娃在伊甸园里摘的究竟是何种果实呢?如果鲸鱼不在南海的温暖区域生存,那要怎么解释是什么生物吞食了约拿呢?面对这些难以解决的语言学问题,翻译家在协商交流了语言之间的屏障后,提出了折中的想法。

 

 

最后编辑于:2014-07-25 20:36
分类: 英语
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