[奖]【读遍世界✟ 文化大观园】查尔斯·狄更斯:董贝父子(节选)

xiaobean (豆豆) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-05-19 13:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
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点击查看大图《董贝父子》是狄更斯在1846年开始创作并在1848年完成的长篇小说。它代表了他在创作道路上的一个重要转折点,也是他在创作成熟时期的第一个高峰。与他的前期作品比较,这部小说对英国资本主义社会,特别是对英国资产阶级的观察是更为深刻了;它在文学艺术上所达到的高度也超出了他的前期作品。在世界文学的美丽园林中,它始终是一株出类拔萃、苍翠常青的树木,只有少数作品在思想性与艺术性方面能与它媲美……


Dombey and Son[Chapter 1]

by Charles Dickens

Miss Tox's dress, though perfectly genteel[温雅的] and good, had a certain character of angularity[生硬] and scantiness[缺乏]. She was accustomed to wear odd weedy little flowers in her bonnets and caps. Strange grasses were sometimes perceived in her hair; and it was observed by the curious[好奇的], of all her collars[领口], frills, tuckers, wristbands, and other gossamer[薄弱的] articles - indeed of everything she wore which had two ends to it intended to unite - that the two ends were never on good terms, and wouldn't quite meet without a struggle. She had furry articles for winter wear, as tippets[披肩], boas, and muffs, which stood up on end in rampant[猛烈的] manner, and were not at all sleek. She was much given to the carrying about of small bags with snaps to them, that went off like little pistols[手枪] when they were shut up; and when full-dressed, she wore round her neck the barrenest of lockets, representing a fishy[无表情的] old eye, with no approach to speculation[思考] in it. These and other appearances of a similar nature, had served to propagate the opinion, that Miss Tox was a lady of what is called a limited independence, which she turned to the best account. Possibly her mincing gait encouraged the belief, and suggested that her clipping a step of ordinary compass into two or three, originated in her habit of making the most of everything.



点击查看大图 读 后 练 习 请 √ 回复仅楼主可见 | 标明题号 | 中文回答

1. 选段很细腻的描写了托克斯小姐的衣着,试着简单概括(150HY)
2. 翻译划线句子[手机党们请注意~划线句子为:She was accustomed ... and caps.](150HY)


-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


【作者简介】 查尔斯·狄更斯

英国小说家,出生于海军小职员家庭,10岁时全家被迫迁入负债者监狱,11岁就承担起繁重的家务劳动。曾在皮鞋作坊当学徒,16岁时在律师事务所当缮写员,后担任报社采访记者。他只上过几年学,全靠刻苦自学和艰辛劳动成为知名作家。 他生活在英国由半封建社会向工业资本主义社会的过渡时期。其作品广泛而深刻地描写这时期社会生活的各个方面,鲜明而生动地刻画了各阶层的代表人物形象,并从人道主义出发对各种丑恶的社会现象及其代表人物进行揭露批判,对劳动人民的苦难及其反抗斗争给以同情和支持。

狄更斯一生共创作了14部长篇小说,许多中、短篇小说和杂文、游记、戏剧、小品。其中最著名的作品是描写劳资矛盾的长篇代表作《艰难时代》(1854)和描写1789年法国革命的另一篇代表作《双城记》(1859)。前者展示了工业资本家对工人的残酷剥削和压迫,描写了工人阶级的团结斗争,并批判了为资本家剥削辩护的自由竞争原则和功利主义学说。后者以法国贵族的荒淫残暴、人民群众的重重苦难和法国大革命的历史威力,来影射当时的英国社会现实,预示这场“可怕的大火”也将在法国重演。其他作品有《奥列佛·特维斯特》(又译《雾都孤儿》1838)、《老古玩店》(1841),《董贝父子》(1848),《大卫·科波菲尔》(1850)和《远大前程》(1861),等等。

狄更斯是19世纪英国现实主义文学的主要代表。艺术上以妙趣横生的幽默、细致入微的心理分析,以及现实主义描写与浪漫主义气氛的有机结合著称。马克思把他和萨克雷等称誉为英国的“一批杰出的小说家”。

【作品介绍】董贝父子
《董贝父子》是狄更斯最重要的作品之一,发表于1848年。小说描写了董贝父子公司的盛衰史。董贝是个贪得无厌的大资本家,妻子儿女都成了他追逐利润的工具和摆设。公司经理卡克尔是个奸诈小人,骗取了董贝的信任后又一手造成了他的破产。在现实的教训中,董贝的思想发生了转变。最后,虽然他已无法重整家业,却成全了真正的家庭幸福。

最后编辑于:2012-05-21 20:40

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