阿兰·麦席森·图灵 Alan Mathison Turing ，1912年6月23日生于英国伦敦。是英国著名的数学家和逻辑学家，被称为计算机科学之父、人工智能之父，是计算机逻辑的奠基者，提出了“图灵机”和“图灵测试”等重要概念。人们为纪念其在计算机领域的卓越贡献而设立“图灵奖”……
Kasparov Versus Turing!（三）
Eventually[终于] a computer large enough to run TurboChamp was available and he attempted to implement it on a Ferranti Mark I at Manchester in 1950. The program used a two-move look ahead with heuristics[启发法] to pick likely moves to concentrate on.
“I suppose you might call it primitive[原始的], but I would compare it to an early car – you might laugh at them but it is still an incredible achievement.
Later Kasparov unveiled[揭幕] a plaque[匾] on the Manchester University building where Turing worked.