[已奖励]【读遍世界➹ 探索区】在黑猩猩中没公正可言?

xiaobean (豆豆) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-09-10 13:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
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点击查看大图 No Justice for Chimps 点击查看大图

by Daniel Cossins


Rob a bank and it won't be the teller[出纳员] who sentences you to jail, but rather a judge. This is known as third-party punishment, in which individuals punish violators even when the violation doesn’t directly affect them, and it’s critical to the maintenance of cooperation in human societies.

But dominant[占优势的] chimpanzees, who dish out[给予] punishment when stolen from, turn a blind eye unless the theft directly affects them, according to a new study. Researchers gave captive chimps the chance to punish those who stole food. In one experiment, the "actor" chimp watched as a "thief" pulled food away from a "victim." The actor could then push a button to release a trapdoor[活板门] in the cage, causing the food to fall out of reach of the thief.

Dominant actors punished thieves who stole from them, but not those who stole from others, even when they were related to the victim, the researchers report online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The findings suggest that third-party punishment evolved in humans after we diverged from our closest living relatives.



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点击查看大图 读后练习 点击查看大图

请勾选“仅楼主可见”,并用中文作答,100HY
不隐藏答案、不用中文回答者,一律不予奖励。


1. 什么是第三方惩罚?(100HY)
2. 对于黑猩猩,如果被偷的是首领的老婆,首领会怎么样?(50HY)


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最后编辑于:2012-09-13 09:04

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