【读遍世界?十万个为什么2 】博弈论(1)

jeswu (caichi321) 铁杆会员
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发表于:2013-07-29 13:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


《博弈论》是哈佛公开课的一节,教师也很幽默。

比如他说:我们要签署一个协议,同意你们被拍摄。那些发型贼乱的,被FBI通缉的,签证要到期的,做在前女友附近的,都注意了,现在你们可以拿纸袋子罩住头了。


本周我们关注一下博弈论这个有趣的课题。

首先周一理论,博弈论的理论部分。

周三是个游戏。嘿嘿

周六是结论和分析。


What is Game Theory?

    Game Theory is a method of studying strategic situations.

So what is a strategic situation?

    Well, let’s start with what’s not a strategic situation.E.g. firms working in perfect competitions. They are price takers; they don’t particularhave to worry about the actions of their competitors. You also see firms like  monopolist. Monopolists【垄断企业】 don’t have any competitors to worry about, so that’s  not a particularly strategic situation. They are not price takers but they take  the demand curve. Everything in between is strategic. So everything that constitutes  imperfect competition is a strategic setting.

    Thinking about the motor industry; the motorcar industry. Ford  has to worry about what GM is doing and what Toyota is doing. So there are  small number of firms their actions affect each other. Literal definition for  what strategic means is that it is a setting where the outcomes that affect you  depend on actions not just your own but on actions of others.



课后练习。中文作答,楼主可见

翻译划线高亮句子。 100HY


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