伊丽莎白二世女王，原名伊丽莎白·亚历山德拉·玛丽·温莎（Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor）。现任英国君主，英国、英联邦及15个成员国国家元首。2012年是女王登基60周年。
Elizabeth II (born 1926) became queen of Great Britain and Ireland upon the death of her father, George VI, in 1952. She was a popular queen who was also respected for her knowledge of and participation in state affairs.
The prime ministers who served under her were impressed by her knowledge of state affairs—gained by conscientious reading of state papers contained in the Red Boxes, dispatch cases which followed her everywhere. Her popularity at home and abroad was indisputable.
The queen, perhaps in part influenced by her strong-willed and perceptive husband, started some new trends toward modernization and openness in the monarchy. Her efforts were not unsuccessful. The queen and her activities commanded international attention and widespread respect.
History links monarchs and Parliament, a connecting thread from one period to the next.
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