一起烤雅思 1-4a RISING DOLLAR

steelver (白龍) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-04-25 07:30 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
近期节目传送门~ Episode1 α β Episode2 α β Episode3 α β Episode4 α

RISING DOLLAR
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Today we’re going to be making comparisons, and looking at some tricky prepositions of time.
~>tricky,机警狡猾的,这里是棘手的意思<~
But first, let’s listen to an academic talking about the Australian economy and the Australian dollar. See if you can hear him use some comparative adjectives.

It couldn’t have come at a worse time, in the sense that with business investment weakening, and with the housing market, at least in activity terms, having turned, that’s where the timing is unfortunate for us.

The stronger the value of the Australian dollar and the longer it stays strong, the weaker our economic activity will be next year.

I think growth in 2004 will be comparatively weak. My own prediction is that throughout the year growth will be around about 2 per cent.

Being around the Reserve Bank's board table at this time I think would not be a comfortable place to be. The bank is probably in a bigger dilemma over what to do with interest rates with monetary policy than at any time that I can remember.


Dr Ian Harper is discussing the value of the Australian dollar, and the growth of the Australian economy, including interest rates.
~>interest,利息,interest rates,当然就是利率呐~<~
He describes all these factors by comparing information. Listen to him talk about the value of the dollar.

The stronger the value of the Australian dollar and the longer it stays strong, the weaker our economic activity will be next year.

The stronger the value of the dollar, and the longer it stays strong, the weaker our economic activity.

The adjectives used in the clip are strong, weak and long.

The Australian dollar is strong.
It is stronger than it used to be.
It has been strong for a long time.
It is making economic activity weak.
The longer it stays strong, the weaker the economic activity.

Let’s look at comparative adjectives a bit more closely.

With single syllable words, we add –er’:
strong stronger
long longer
weak weaker
big bigger

But not all adjectives follow this simple pattern. Some are irregular.

It couldn't have come at a worse time.

It couldn’t have come at a worse time.

Worse.

Worse comes from the adjective bad:

bad, worse.

Irregular adjectives are often best learnt with the superlative or ‘most’ form:

bad, worse, worst

and

good, better, best.

When comparing, there are 2 ways to do it.

To say 2 things are the same, we use as ______ as.

Growth is as slow as it was last year.

When saying one thing is more than the other, we use the comparative form. We usually use the word ‘than’ when comparing.

Growth is slower than last year.

The superlative form, the ‘most’ or ‘-est’ form, is used with the word 'the' - Growth is the slowest it’s ever been.

Notice that we usually use 'more' and 'most' with adjectives that have more than 2 syllables.

So we have:
slow, slower, slowest,

but

beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful.

OK, now we’re going to look at some prepositions of time.

Listen for one in this clip…

I think growth in 2004 will be comparatively weak.

He says ‘in 2004’. ‘In’ is a preposition of time.

The prepositions of time are: at, on and in.

Let’s look at how they’re all used.

At is used for times. For example:

The lecture is at 7 o’clock.

‘On’ is used for days and dates:

The lecture is on Thursday.

The lecture is on the 27th of October.

‘In’ is for periods of time, and for months, years and seasons:

The lecture is in the morning, in June, in 2004, in winter.

So we’d say:

The lecture is at 7 o’clock, in the morning, on Thursday, on the 27th October, in 2004.

Notice that we say:
in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening,
but we say:
at night.

Now let’s test you on these prepositions

I saw her _ _ _ _ _ Tuesday, _ _ _ _ _ 3 o’clock _ _ _ _ _ the afternoon.

We’ve got the choice of in, at, or on.

I saw her on Tuesday, at 3 o’clock, in the afternoon.

Here’s another one…

They went shopping _ _ _ _ _ night _ _ _ _ _ Friday last week. Shops are open late
_ _ _ _ _ summer.

They went shopping at night, on Friday last week. Shops are open late in summer.


点击查看大图 ~STUDY NOTES~
Language of comparison 比较的措辞方式
When describing trends in graphs, table or pie charts, it is necessary to select and compare salient features or meaningful items. There are a number of ways comparisons can be made. 用图表、表格和饼图来描述趋向时,很有必要把显要的数据和有意义的项目进行比较。有以下几种比较方式:
Adjectives have three degrees of comparison:形容词的3个比较级
positive big, good, interesting
comparative bigger, better, more interesting
superlative biggest, best, most interesting
Comparative 比较级
△comparative forms are used to compare 2 people, places, things, and actions:
Taking the train is faster but more expensive than driving to Sydney.
△If the second person, place, thing or action is given, then ‘than’ is added after the comparative.
Superlative 最高级
△superlative forms are used to compare 3 or more people, places, and things:
Walking is the cheapest and the best form of exercise.
△‘the’ is always used with superlatives

内容很多,但是很简单有木有!很简单但是你依然没掌握有木有!那,来做题吧!

把你的笔记放到回复里面吧~这样方便温故知新。或者可以自己试着造句喔,回复笔记或者上传朗诵录音即有沪元奖励!
戳虎虎订阅本节目~>
近期节目传送门~ Episode1 α β Episode2 α β Episode3 α β Episode4 α

答题区

1、The data shows that Mitchells is the third ____ company in Australia.
2、Researchers are claiming that pollution levels are ____ than in previous years.
3、Mexico has the _____ income per capita of the five cities compared in the graph.
4、Though it is an inferior product, marketing research indicates that it is still _ _ _ _ _ _ than the Smith brand.
5、The streets in Sydney are ____ now than they were in 2003.
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