一起烤雅思 1-5a GLOBAL WARMING

steelver (白龍) 路人甲
831 14 0
发表于:2012-04-27 12:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
近期节目传送门~ Episode1 α β Episode2 α β Episode3 α β Episode4 α β
点击查看大图
Hello. I’m Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

Today we’re going to look at a topic you’ve probably heard a lot about – global warming and the environment.

First we’re going to look at ways of brainstorming, taking notes and developing ideas.

Watch while we play some vision that contains ideas about the causes and effects of global warming …

While you watch, try to note down some of your ideas about what global warming is.
点击查看大图点击查看大图
OK so you saw some ideas, and perhaps took some notes, during that clip. What were some of the ideas you saw?

What has caused global warming?
点击查看大图点击查看大图
We saw gases in the air, cars, factory waste, and people cutting trees down.

So if you made those notes, you’d get an idea that these were the things causing global warming.

Now let’s listen to someone talk about the causes…

Heat-trapping gases are building up in the atmosphere.

Heat-trapping gases are building up in the atmosphere. What else?

So what is global warming? It's the result of billions of decisions. It’s caused by
decisions made by individuals – like driving big cars rather than small cars. And it’s
caused by decisions made by corporations and nations, like dumping waste into the
atmosphere.


Global warming is caused by about people using big cars, and people dumping waste into the atmosphere…

OK, so you’ve looked at the vision, and listened to the speaker, and you’ve made notes about some of the causes of global warming.

Now let’s look for some of the effects…
点击查看大图
So after watching that, you might be thinking that global warming is having an effect
on weather patterns, and on nature.

Listen to the speaker…

Nature is already responding to global warming. There have been changes in global
weather patterns.

Trees are flowering earlier. Birds are laying eggs earlier. Butterflies are moving up
hills.

点击查看大图
So there’s been weather changes, and changes to the ways trees, birds and butterflies behave.

So we have a list of causes, and list of effects. You might have identified those things from a text you’ve read, or from listening to someone speak. This is how you can take notes.

Once you’ve got your notes, you need to be able to link those causes and effects in sentences.

Let’s look at a couple of different ways.

The first and most basic way is just making a sequence of statements. This can sometimes be a powerful way of making a connection between things. Listen.

Heat-trapping gases are building up in the atmosphere. Trees are flowering earlier.
Birds are laying eggs earlier, and butterflies are moving up hills.


From the sequence of information, we realise that birds are laying their eggs earlier because gases are making the earth warmer.

So a simple list of statements can show a cause and effect relationship.

But there are other ways too.

You can use the language of cause and effect. We can say:

X causes Y.

Driving cars causes air pollution.

There are many other word choices as well.

Driving cars leads to air pollution.

Driving cars results in air pollution.

Notice you can also turn the sentence around…

'Air pollution is caused by driving cars'.

'Air pollution is the result of driving cars'.

'Air pollution is due to driving cars'.

点击查看大图 ~STUDY NOTES~
今天的知识点灰常简单,代词……
好吧,楼主偷懒,只做简单总结,木有搞懂的可以直接提问~

I, you, he/she, it, we, they, one
this, that, these, those
my, your, his, her, their, one’s, its, our(比起德语的代词,英语算小儿科了好不好……)

EXAMPLES
The artist deposited the painting at the National Gallery. It became part of the gallery’s contemporary collection.

The scientists investigated the living organisms in the previous study. They were found to be unstable in the solution.

The historian wrote about two of the six presidents. These were remarkable and courageous people.

The brother of that science student passed his IELTS test.

The girl, who witnessed the accident, returned to her vehicle.

The dog chased its tail around the garden.

有童鞋就要问了,为神马要讲这么简单的东西呢?
——因为,代词大家知道,但用起来不一定熟练,有的时候错误的指代,有的时候用错单复数,有的时候分错性,有的时候用错格……总之,就是为了给大家提个醒,灵活使用代词能让你的表达更自然。代词能让你不必要反复提及某事物,但也要注意不要I...I...I...或者It...it....it 个不停^_^
好啦,直接上题目吧~
题目的要求是:说出文中各代词的指代对象,回复时请选择<仅楼主可见>答案回复后可见

The shark is a carnivorous (meat-eating) sea mammal. ①It is one of the most feared fish in the ocean, having the reputation of attacking humans. There are many species that roam the great oceans of the world. ②They vary in size and habit. Though the whale shark is considered the largest, ③it is relatively harmless, and mainly eats small fish and plankton. Other sharks include the hammerhead, mako and bull. ④These are fast, powerful sea animals that feed on larger fish such as mackerel, tuna and herring. The white shark, on the other hand, is the most frightening and dangerous. ⑤It gets ⑥this reputation because of ⑦its size and keen sense, which enables ⑧it to prey successfully. Since the early 1960’s, scientists have been studying sharks because of ⑨their potential to provide the medical world with defences against diseases such as cancer and arthritis. ⑩That would be welcomed by all.

这么多期了,楼主发题目都很多有木有……
好吧,楼主这次也来撒钱钱~



-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

答题区

1、楼主的另一档节目叫做?
  • 成绩排行
  • 最新参加
1人回答了问题 | 平均正确率0%
最后编辑于:2012-05-22 06:12

本帖来源社刊

全部回复 (14) 回复 反向排序

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团