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OK. So let’s listen to the clip again, but this time, listen for words to do with universities.
How do you know if your child does have ADHD? An EEG brain scan helps answer that, say the Swinburne researchers.
Jacques Duff is a psychologist and one of Richard’s PhD students. A computer programme will compare Xavier’s brain scan with a database of scans of ADHD sufferers.
He refers to the Swinburne researchers.
‘Swinburne’ is the name of a university in Victoria.
There were also some other university-related words.
Jacques Duff is a psychologist and a PhD student.
A great way to learn new words is in themes like this, and by organising them into word trees.
Let’s look at university words.
Students might study for a ‘Diploma’, a ‘Bachelor degree’, an ‘Honours degree’, a ‘Masters degree’ or a ‘PhD’.
Jacques Duff is a PhD student, so that’s where he fits into this tree.
There are number of different people and places mentioned in today’s story. We don’t see them all, but we hear their names.
Listen for the names in this clip.
An EEG brain scan helps answer that, say the Swinburne researchers. Jacques Duff is a psychologist and one of Richard’s PhD students. A computer programme will compare Xavier’s brain scan with a database of scans of ADHD sufferers.
The people he mentions are ‘Jacques Duff’, ‘Richard’ and ‘Xavier’.
If someone has an uncommon name, people will often ask how their name is spelt.
For example, ‘Xavier’ is an uncommon name in Australia. So if I met Xavier, I might ask him, “how do you spell your name?”
So it’s a good idea to get used to spelling out your name.
‘Xavier’ is spelt like this: X-A-V-I-E-R, Xavier.
‘Jacques’ is also an uncommon name in English, because it’s a French name.
In this case, we have both a first and a last name.
His first name is ‘Jacques’, and his last name is ‘Duff’.
A first name is sometimes called a ‘christian name’. It’s also called a ‘given name’.
It’s the name your family chooses for you.
The last name is also called a ‘surname’, or ‘family name’. That’s usually the name of one parent that’s passed on to their children.
Jacque’s first name is spelt ‘J-A-C-Q-U-E-S’, and his surname is Duff.
Notice that if you asked someone in Australia to spell out the name ‘Duff’, they would
say: ‘D-U- double F’.
But in North America, people would spell it like this ‘D-U-F-F’. They don’t use the word ‘double’. They say the letter twice instead.
So if we asked Jacques Duff to spell out his surname, he would say:
‘D-U-double F’, or, he might say ‘D-U-F-F’.
You’ll need to be familiar with both ways of spelling out double letters. You should also make sure you know exactly how to spell out your own name in English.
That’s all for today.
I’m Margot Politis - that’s M-A-R-G-O-T P-O- L-I-T-I-S.
See you next time.
Abbreviations Of Latin Words
Latin words commonly appear as abbreviations. They are often used in formal writing and academic texts. The most common Latin abbreviations are: eg, ie, NB, etc.
While it is important to understand the meaning of abbreviations, especially when reading academic texts, the less common ones would not generally be used in your formal writing.
Other Latin Abbreviations