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Listen to this example.
Most houses I guess these days are brick veneer, whereas this is fibro on the outside, timber on the outside, but there’s bricks on the inside.
He forms one compound sentence from simple sentences.
‘The house is fibro on the outside.’ ‘It is timber on the outside.’ ‘It is bricks on the
Notice that ‘and’ is used to list similar things, ‘but’ is used to contrast different items in a list.
So we could also say:
‘The house is fibro and timber on the outside, but bricks on the inside.’
OK, so that’s an introduction to ‘coordination’,
Remember ‘coordination’ is ‘linking independent clauses with conjunctions’. This forms ‘compound sentences’.
Another way to join ideas is using ‘subordination’.
‘Subordination’ is linking an independent clause with a dependent clause to make a
‘Dependent clauses’ are clauses that cannot exist separately, in separate sentences.
They need or depend on each other.
We can form ‘complex sentences’ in two ways.
We can use ‘relative pronouns’: who, whose, which, where; or we can use ‘conjunctions’: because or whereas.
When writing or speaking, it’s important for you to practise using a variety of sentences. You’ll need to use simple, compound and complex sentences.
Here’s another example.
Trying to maximise what we call the aperture of the house, which is how much sun you actually get in winter.
He uses an independent and a dependent clause here.
Look at these 2 sentences.
‘They are trying to maximise the aperture of the house.’
‘The aperture of the house is how much sun you get.’
He joins these 2 sentences together with a relative pronoun.
‘They are trying to maximise the aperture of the house, which is how much sun you
Now let’s practice that.
Join these simple sentences to make compound sentences using ‘coordination’.
Here, try to use ‘and’ and ‘but’.
‘The master bedroom has a north face.’ ‘The other bedrooms have a north face.’
‘The master bedroom and the other bedrooms have a north face.’
And here’s another one.
‘The house is warm in winter.’ ‘The house is cool in summer.’
‘The house is warm in winter, but it’s cool in summer.’
Now let’s practice ‘subordination’. That’s making 2 sentences into one complex sentence.
Try using ‘whereas’.
‘The house is warm in winter.’ ‘Most houses are cold in winter.’
This can become:
‘The house is warm in winter, whereas most houses are cold in winter.’
And here’s another one. Here, try to link the sentences using ‘which’.
‘The house is made of fibro.’ ‘Fibro is a cheap, building material.’
‘The house is made of fibro, which is a cheap building material.’
You’ll need to practise forming simple, compound and complex sentences. There are many ways to do it, and many different ways of punctuating. This is very important for your written work.
And that’s all for today.
I’ll see you next time on Study English. Bye bye.
Complex Sentences with dependent adjective clauses
Adjective clauses provide information about a noun or pronoun. They are sometimes referred to as relative clauses because they begin with a relative pronoun, such as who, whom, which, that or a relative adverb, such as when, where.
Complex Sentences with dependent adverb clauses
Adverb clauses provide the following kind of information: when, where, why, for what
, and so on.
of a complex sentence with a dependent adverb clause is
contingent on the order of the clause in the sentence. A comma separates the
clauses only when the dependent clause comes first.