一起烤雅思 1-10b SOLAR HOUSE

steelver (白龍) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-05-09 12:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
近期节目传送门~ Episode6 α β Episode7 α β Episode8 α β Episode9 α β Episode10 α
收到热心童鞋的建议,音频将分为小节,方便大家逐页对照,也可以自由轻松的调整学习进度^_^ 碰到不懂的单词请召唤小D喔~


Listen to this example.

Most houses I guess these days are brick veneer, whereas this is fibro on the outside, timber on the outside, but there’s bricks on the inside.
He forms one compound sentence from simple sentences.

‘The house is fibro on the outside.’ ‘It is timber on the outside.’ ‘It is bricks on the
inside.’

Notice that ‘and’ is used to list similar things, ‘but’ is used to contrast different items in a list.

So we could also say:

‘The house is fibro and timber on the outside, but bricks on the inside.’

OK, so that’s an introduction to ‘coordination’,

Remember ‘coordination’ is ‘linking independent clauses with conjunctions’. This forms ‘compound sentences’.

Another way to join ideas is using ‘subordination’.

‘Subordination’ is linking an independent clause with a dependent clause to make a
complex sentence.

‘Dependent clauses’ are clauses that cannot exist separately, in separate sentences.
They need or depend on each other.

We can form ‘complex sentences’ in two ways.

We can use ‘relative pronouns’: who, whose, which, where; or we can use ‘conjunctions’: because or whereas.

When writing or speaking, it’s important for you to practise using a variety of sentences. You’ll need to use simple, compound and complex sentences.


Here’s another example.

Trying to maximise what we call the aperture of the house, which is how much sun you actually get in winter.

He uses an independent and a dependent clause here.

Look at these 2 sentences.

‘They are trying to maximise the aperture of the house.’
‘The aperture of the house is how much sun you get.’

He joins these 2 sentences together with a relative pronoun.

‘They are trying to maximise the aperture of the house, which is how much sun you
get.’

Now let’s practice that.

Join these simple sentences to make compound sentences using ‘coordination’.

Here, try to use ‘and’ and ‘but’.

‘The master bedroom has a north face.’ ‘The other bedrooms have a north face.’

‘The master bedroom and the other bedrooms have a north face.’

And here’s another one.

‘The house is warm in winter.’ ‘The house is cool in summer.’
‘The house is warm in winter, but it’s cool in summer.’

Now let’s practice ‘subordination’. That’s making 2 sentences into one complex sentence.

Try using ‘whereas’.

‘The house is warm in winter.’ ‘Most houses are cold in winter.’

This can become:

‘The house is warm in winter, whereas most houses are cold in winter.’
And here’s another one. Here, try to link the sentences using ‘which’.
‘The house is made of fibro.’ ‘Fibro is a cheap, building material.’
‘The house is made of fibro, which is a cheap building material.’

You’ll need to practise forming simple, compound and complex sentences. There are many ways to do it, and many different ways of punctuating. This is very important for your written work.

And that’s all for today.

I’ll see you next time on Study English. Bye bye.

点击查看大图~STUDY NOTES~
接着上期的note讲喔^__^ 英文释义部分暂不解释了~不懂的可以随时在回复里提问~
Complex Sentences with dependent adjective clauses
Adjective clauses provide information about a noun or pronoun. They are sometimes referred to as relative clauses because they begin with a relative pronoun, such as who, whom, which, that or a relative adverb, such as when, where.
点击查看大图
Complex Sentences with dependent adverb clauses
Adverb clauses provide the following kind of information: when, where, why, for what
purpose
, and so on.
点击查看大图
The punctuation of a complex sentence with a dependent adverb clause is
contingent on the order of the clause in the sentence. A comma separates the
clauses only when the dependent clause comes first.

答题区

1、When I left home I didn’t have much money ____ I managed to travel around Europe for three months before I had to find a job and make some money.
2、Either you will have to study harder ____ stop working part-time if you want to pass first year.
3、An MBA from a good university in America is a good qualification to have, _____ you have to pay for it. Education in the States is extremely expensive.
4、Neither Medicine ____ Law are easy faculties to enter – they both require an incredibly high mark on the university entrance examination.
5、The student searched on the internet for days ____ he wanted to make sure he had all the information on university options in England.

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