一起烤雅思 1-13b UNDER THE SEA

steelver (白龍) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-05-16 12:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
近期节目传送门~ Episode9 α β Episode10 α β Episode11 α β Episode12 α β

收到热心童鞋的建议,音频将分为小节,方便大家逐页对照,也可以自由轻松的调整学习进度^_^ 碰到不懂的单词请召唤小D喔~

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So when do we use the definite article ‘the’?

Well, we use it when we’re referring to ‘definite, specific’ things. We also use ‘the’ when we’re talking about one particular member of a group.

Luckily there is only one form of the word ‘the’, and it can refer to both singular and plural nouns.

We say ‘the banana’ and ‘the bananas’.

There is a difference in pronunciation though, when ‘the’ comes before a vowel sound, we say ‘thee’, ‘the apples.’

So ‘thee’ before vowel sounds, and ‘thuh’ before consonant sounds.

Let’s look at the clip again. Listen for ‘the’.

You really need a global integrated observing system, and the Argo program is the first real big ocean attempt to do that, and it’s the float technology that’s allowed us to even think about doing this.

She says ‘the Argo program’. She uses ‘the’ because there is only one Argo program. It’s a unique, particular thing.

She also says ‘the float technology’. She is talking about a particular type of float technology, not just any float technology.

There was a third ‘the’. She said ‘the first real big ocean attempt’.

We use ‘the’ in front of ‘first’, ‘second’ and so on, because they refer to something particular or unique.

There can be only ‘one’ first attempt.

In the same way we use ‘the’ in front of superlatives - ‘the best example’, the biggest banana’ and so on – because there can only be one best, or biggest, of anything.


OK. So that’s the major difference between ‘definite’ and ‘indefinite’ articles, but there are other rules as well.

We use ‘a’ and ‘an’ with countable nouns, that is, if the noun can be counted.
‘I ate an apple’ [apples can be counted].

We use ‘the’ with uncountable nouns, with things that you can’t count.
‘I swam in the water’ [water cannot be counted].
‘I drank the milk’ [milk cannot be counted].

We also use ‘a’ with counting expressions like ‘a bottle of’, ‘a cup of’, ‘a bit of’.

Listen to this…

The monsoon gets a lot of its energy from the equatorial and sub-tropical Indian Ocean.

She says “The monsoon gets ‘a lot of’ its energy”.

Look at ‘the monsoon’, and ‘the Indian Ocean’.

These are both examples of other rules for ‘the’.

We can use ‘the’ to describe ‘generic nouns’.

A ‘generic noun’ is a noun that describes a category or type of thing. It can often be the same as using a plural noun.

So sometimes ‘the monsoon’ means the same as ‘monsoons’. She’s talking about monsoons in general.

Predicting the monsoon is a very difficult thing and yet it impacts on millions and millions of people, and so we think that, if we can predict the monsoon usefully, we can make a real difference.

We know from El Nino that it’s a fully global system, so you just can’t study one small part of the ocean and solve these problems. You really need a global integrated observing system, and the Argo program is the first real big ocean attempt to do that, and it’s the float technology that’s allowed us to even think about doing this.



And here’s another rule. We also use ‘the’ with oceans, seas, rivers and deserts.

We say ‘the Indian Ocean’, ‘the Yangtze River’, ‘the Gobi Desert’.

We also use ‘the’ for points on the globe – ‘the Equator’, ‘the Tropic of Capricorn’, ‘the North Pole’.

Choosing the right article can be very confusing, but if you follow the general rule that you use ‘the’, the definite article, to refer to a particular thing or things, and ‘a’ and ‘an’, indefinite articles, to refer to one of a number of things, you shouldn’t go too wrong.

OK, so now we’ve seen how to use ‘definite’ and ‘indefinite’ articles, but sometimes we don’t use articles at all before nouns.

Let’s look at when to use no article.

We’ve already seen that you can leave the article out when talking about ‘plural generic nouns’.

‘Monsoons are unpredictable.’

But this is true for uncountable generic nouns too.

‘Coffee is delicious’.
‘Happiness is hard to find.
“Balls are round.”

OK, so let’s look at some sentences…
‘I would like a cake.’
[I would like one cake, any cake.]
‘I would like the cake.’
[I would like that particular cake.]
‘I like cakes.’
[I like all cakes].

Here, ‘cakes’ with no article is generic. It refers to cakes in general, all cakes.

Well that’s all for today. Don’t forget to practice those articles! I’ll see you next time for Study English. Bye Bye.
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声明:本节目的发布时间现确定为每周一、周三、周五
另一档节目一起听名著发布时间为周二、周四、周六
楼主灰常忙,只好将两档节目改为隔日发布了^__^感谢各位的支持与参与,只要大家一起能学到有用的知识,楼主就很高兴啦~

PS.各位蹲点的亲~ 下次要注意时间喔~灭哈哈~

接下来就是作业啦~昨天错很多的同学快来再练练吧~^__^

答题区

1、Millions of employees relax over ____ cup of tea everyday.
2、Three main types of tea can be identified: green, black and oolong. Black tea is ______ most common, being manufactured in such teaproducing countries as Indonesia, Argentina, Turkey and Kenya.
3、______ other two types, oolong and green, come from Japan and China.
4、_____ Tea plants are grown on tea estates or in tea gardens.
5、It takes three to five years for ____ plant to mature.

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