一起烤雅思 1-15b SEA FLOOR

steelver (白龍) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-05-25 13:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
近期节目传送门~ Episode11 α β Episode12 α β Episode13 α β Episode14 α
收到热心童鞋的建议,音频将分为小节,方便大家逐页对照,也可以自由轻松的调整学习进度^_^ 碰到不懂的单词请召唤小D喔~


Good. Now let’s listen to some strings of adjectives from the clip.

The sea floor remains the last unexplored frontier. This is because it's covered by this impenetrable ocean layer that we can't see through. The largest reef they mapped is about 10 or so kilometres across.

He calls the sea floor ‘the last unexplored frontier’.

Let’s look at that phrase.

‘Frontier’ is the noun. The others are all describing the noun.

First, we have the determiners ‘the’ and ‘last’ ‘Last’ expresses a number, so it goes second.

Then ‘unexplored’. That’s an observation. It’s a quality of the frontier.

OK. Now what about ‘this impenetrable ocean layer’?

Well, ‘layer’ is the noun. All the other words are ‘adjectives’.

‘This’ is the determiner.

‘Impenetrable’ is an observation. It describes a quality of the ocean layer.

‘Ocean’ here is the qualifier. Almost part of the noun, it’s not just a ‘layer’, it’s an ‘ocean layer’.

OK, now you try one.

Look at these words. They form a phrase that he used: ‘largest’, ‘reef’, ‘the’.

Well, ‘reef ‘is the noun, so it comes last.

The’ is a determiner, so it comes first.

‘Largest’ describes the size, so that comes after ‘the’.

So we have ‘the largest reef’.

OK. There’s another way adjectives can be used as well.

hey can stand alone. They describe nouns by following the verb ‘to be’.

When used in this way, adjectives are ‘complements’.


Listen to one here.

The Gulf of Carpentaria is very flat and featureless.

‘The Gulf of Carpentaria is very flat and featureless’.

In a phrase, this would be ‘the very flat, featureless Gulf of Carpentaria’.

But used as a ‘complement’, the phrase becomes a full sentence.
‘The Gulf of Carpentaria is very flat and featureless’.

We can take the phrase ‘the big red car’ and turn it into a sentence.
‘The car is big, red and plastic’.

Notice that the order of adjectives still stays the same.

Now, let’s look at how you go about describing things. It’s often necessary to focus on particular features, such as shape, size, dimension, weight, colour or texture.

The more you have built up your vocabulary of adjectives, the better your ability to describe things accurately.

So you might write up adjective lists according to groups.

To describe shapes we can say:
‘circular’, ‘triangular’, ‘rectangular’, ‘spherical’, but we just say ‘square’.

It’s also possible to describe something by saying it’s ‘like’ something common.
So we can say something is ‘egg-shaped’, or ‘kidney-shaped’.


Listen.

The largest reef they mapped is about 10 or so kilometres across. It's an ovalshaped feature, so it covers around 100 square kilometres.

When you’re writing, you should always aim to make your descriptions as accurate as you can.

But sometimes you can’t be exact, and you need just describe something approximately.

The largest reef they mapped is about 10 or so kilometres across. It's an oval-shaped feature, so it covers around 100 square kilometres. Because of the fact that they are submerged in 30m or so of water, they reefs are very hard to see.

Dr Harris uses the words ‘about’, ‘around’, ‘or so’ with numbers.
‘About’ 10 kilometres or so.
‘Around’ 100 square kilometres.
30 metres ‘or so’.

Notice that the phrase ‘or so’, always comes after the number, but the others all
come before.

You might also hear people say ‘around about’.
In formal language, we’d probably say ‘approximately’.
These are all signs that the amount is not exact.

And now, it’s around about time for me to go. I’ll see you next time for more Study English. Bye bye.
点击查看大图~STUDY NOTES~
点击查看大图
作业~将题干中的形容词正确排序~

答题区

1、fabric, red, an, cotton, inferior
2、pollution, some, levels, dangerous
3、company’s, engineer, the, chief
4、economic, slight, a, improvement
5、packaging blue attractive

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