【150512】第05期: Expert urges higher taxes on cigarettes

绝望罗勒 (布丁小葵) 资深达人
59 3 1
发表于:2015-05-12 10:37 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


因为想考翻译证,最近很喜欢看China Daily,也很喜欢把China Daily中颇有意思的新闻抄录下来练笔。

之前用茄子说的方法,把新闻中不懂的单词抄下来,以首字母排好,然后按字母顺序一个一个地背。这样在背完A字母的单词后,看新闻就不会再出现一个以A开头而我又不懂的单词了。这个方法听起来好像很玄乎,但真照着做了大半年,发现现在看新闻真的几乎没有一个不懂的以A开头的单词了。好神奇……

当然,我不是说茄子说这个方法真有多好,只是觉得把背单词和看新闻结合在一起,还挺有意思的,而且从某个奇怪的方面而言,可是相当有成就感的哦!因为新闻的用语比较固定,同一类话题中,单词出现的重复率可是相当高的哦!

熊孩子,趁着立夏的热量,开始学习吧!


Please write down your wild guess on words below, and check it out after you finish reading news.

emeritus


  

Expert urges higher taxes on cigarettes

China should raise the tax on cigarettes further to reduce the use of tobacco, and the increased revenue could be invested in the health and medical sectors, an expert said on Monday.

On Friday, the Ministry of Finance raised the consumption tax on the wholesale price of cigarettes from 5 percent to 11 percent. Cigarettes are now also taxed at 0.005 yuan each. The changes took effect on Sunday.

It is the first increase since May 2009, when the tax on top-brand cigarettes was raised from 45 percent to 56 percent.

"Cigarettes are very cheap in China, so it is time to raise the price of cigarettes through taxes," Hu Teh-wei, emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley, said on Monday.

Hu was speaking at an event hosted by the World Health Organization and the World Bank in Beijing.
The owner of a tobacco store in Beijing told China Daily that prices of most cigarettes sold at the store had been increased by about 10 percent over the weekend. For example, a pack of a popular brand, which used to cost 25 yuan ($4), now costs 27 yuan.

"Business has not been affected," said the owner.

Hu said, "It (the tax increase) is not enough."

From 2000 to 2012, the price index for cigarettes sold in China rose by 3 percent, Hu added. Considering the rise in people's income, "cigarettes are 70 percent more affordable than before," he said.

In contrast, food prices have doubled during the period and liquor prices increased by 140 percent, he said.

"The increase in cigarettes' price is only catching up with the others," Hu said. "China should further raise the tax on cigarettes."

Rose Zheng, a professor of finance and taxation studies at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing, said taxes account for about 50 percent of the retail price of cigarettes in China, lower than in many other countries.

According to the World Health Organization, this figure is as high as 80 percent in some European countries, including Britain. The WHO recommends a tax of at least 70 percent for China.

The tobacco industry is a major source of tax revenue in China, contributing more than 900 billion yuan last year.

Based on this, Zhu Weiqun, an economics professor at Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, estimates that the latest increase in the wholesale price of cigarettes will bring in an additional 87.6 billion yuan in tax compared with last year.

Hu suggested that China allocate part of the increased revenue from tobacco taxes to health insurance so that poorer people, including smokers, benefit.




Sentence-Making: Please make sentences with words below.

emeritus


 

Last Sunday, someone was smoking in the lift when I was about to enter in. It's annoying, especially the smoker is a youngster, who is supposed to know more about civilization and proper manners in the society nowadays. That, I believe, represents a kind of twisted worldview of some Chinese people, who give the top priority to money, property and so-call success, but never pay attention to the cultivation of personal qualities. As all known, smoking is prohibited in closed environment, lift for example, which would cause fire and bring great danger to others. However, once the rule conflicts with their trivial personal interest (even if just a damn cigarret), they will turn a blind eye to what they should obey. Disgusting. That is why I aggree to levy severe taxes on cigarret, and if it is possible, so as to lower the prices on food, dairy and vegetables. After all, tobacco cannot feed your tummy, but foods can.


 

答题区

1、Are cigarettes cheap in China, comparing with other European countries?
2、What is the meaning of "emeritus"?
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