【150603】第21期: Understanding Communist Party of China

绝望罗勒 (布丁小葵) 资深达人
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发表于:2015-06-03 12:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

 

因为想考翻译证,最近很喜欢看China Daily,也很喜欢把China Daily中颇有意思的新闻抄录下来练笔。

之前用茄子说的方法,把新闻中不懂的单词抄下来,以首字母排好,然后按字母顺序一个一个地背。这样在背完A字母的单词后,看新闻就不会再出现一个以A开头而我又不懂的单词了。这个方法听起来好像很玄乎,但真照着做了大半年,发现现在看新闻真的几乎没有一个不懂的以A开头的单词了。好神奇……

当然,我不是说茄子说这个方法真有多好,只是觉得把背单词和看新闻结合在一起,还挺有意思的,而且从某个奇怪的方面而言,可是相当有成就感的哦!因为新闻的用语比较固定,同一类话题中,单词出现的重复率可是相当高的哦!

熊孩子,趁着立夏的热量,开始学习吧!


Please write down your wild guess on words below, and check it out after you finish reading news.

sclerotic

fanatical

nexus

ideology

pestilence

scourge

optimal

annal

conjure


  

Understanding Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China ("CPC") just did what it has never done before, and it is important to appreciate what happened and why. It happened in New York, at BookExpo America where an unprecedented series of five books, titled Understanding the CPC, was published in English by the CPC's Organization Department. I am not a dispassionate observer: I wrote the Introduction to the books and gave a speech at the book launch.

Many foreigners do not understand the CPC - particularly its historic transformation from a "revolutionary party" seeking power to a ruling party exercising power. The CPC has ruled China since 1949; it has more than 85 million members. Why then is the Party such a mystery? Perhaps remembrances of the collapsed Soviet Communist Party, hidden and sclerotic, or of China during the "cultural revolution" (1966-76), fanatical and chaotic? Perhaps the Party's sense of secrecy? Whatever the reasons, the veil should be lifted.

Top leader Xi Jinping says that for China to achieve its goals of building a moderately prosperous society by 2020 and a fully modernized nation by 2050 - which defines the Chinese Dream - the Party must rule China, and rule itself with discipline, dedication and competence. Party effectiveness, Xi said, "should ultimately be measured by the real benefits the people have reaped, by the improvement in their lives and by how well their rights and interests are protected".

"Strictly governing the Party", one of Xi's "Four Comprehensives", has become a signature policy, the power to energize and implement the other three comprehensives: building a moderately prosperous society, deepening reform, and governing according to law. Here then is the nexus between Xi's Four Comprehensives and Understanding the CPC - both of which reflect Xi's commitment to Party power and purity.

To understand the CPC, I suggest an eight-dimensional framework: ideology and its developments; history and its legacies; leadership and elite politics; structure and organization; personnel selection and training; discipline and anti-corruption; contemporary challenges and future prospects.

One question, often asked by the international media, is "If China's one-party system is so good, why does China impose strict media regulations?" This is a larger discussion, with arguments related to imbalances in economics and education and the priority of China's developmental needs, but here I give the flow of the answer: Because improving living standards depends on development, development on stability, stability on one-party rule, and one-party rule on stricter media regulations, therefore improving living standards depends on strict media regulations.

If one looks at almost every aspect of real life, Chinese people have more personal freedom today than at any other time in their long history. Moreover, China's vast population is finally free from widespread famine, pestilence, homelessness, illiteracy, political mass movements, and the social scourges of other eras. And as for involving citizens in the process of governance, the government is developing innovative uses of the internet, social media and public polling to solicit feedback and assess opinions.

While I argue that a one-party system is optimal for China today, I therefore stress that the CPC has a higher standard of accountability to enhance personal welfare in the broadest sense, which includes transparency in governance, public oversight of government, rule of law, increasing democracy, various freedoms, and human rights.

The CPC claims a historic mission. In 1,000 years, when the long annals of political systems are compiled, China today may well be a case study of what happens when a country with a one-party political system seeks to construct a prosperous, democratic society.

I credit the CPC for publishing Understanding the CPC. If the world does not understand the CPC, do not blame foreign media or conjure up conspiracy theories. The best response is to engage in the world marketplace of ideas. That's what this new book series does, offering a clear, comprehensive description of the CPC by the CPC.




Sentence-Making: Please make sentences with words below.

sclerotic

fanatical

nexus

ideology

pestilence

scourge

optimal

annal

conjure

 

As an ordinary people, I knew little about CPC. However, after learning the long history of China, I agree with the author that "a one-party system is optimal for China today". China has huge population and complex historical background, which means we need to do more efforts in aligning with people of different ideas and thoughts, which definitely would make something supposed to be easy complicate. Of course, if all involved are good people with kind hearts, time deserves; or else, what would happen? Maybe I am quite pessimistic, but turmoil is the first thing I can imagine.


 

答题区

1、What is the meaning of "pestilence"?
2、What is the meaning of "annal"?
3、According to the news, why does China impose strict media regulations?
4、According to the news, what is the standpoint of the author on the publishing of the book?
5、What is the meaning of "fanatical"?

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