【150709】第44期: How to help Beijing reduce its urban woes

绝望罗勒 (布丁小葵) 资深达人
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发表于:2015-07-09 11:22 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


因为想考翻译证,最近很喜欢看China Daily,也很喜欢把China Daily中颇有意思的新闻抄录下来练笔。
之前用茄子说的方法,把新闻中不懂的单词抄下来,以首字母排好,然后按字母顺序一个一个地背。这样在背完A字母的单词后,看新闻就不会再出现一个以A开头而我又不懂的单词了。这个方法听起来好像很玄乎,但真照着做了大半年,发现现在看新闻真的几乎没有一个不懂的以A开头的单词了。好神奇~
当然,我不是说茄子说这个方法真有多好,只是觉得把背单词和看新闻结合在一起,还挺有意思的,而且从某个奇怪的方面而言,可是相当有成就感的哦!因为新闻的用语比较固定,同一类话题中,单词出现的重复率可是相当高的哦!

熊孩子,趁着立夏的热量,开始学习吧!


Please write down your wild guess on words below, and check it out after you finish reading news.
woe
surfeit
discreet


How to help Beijing reduce its urban woes

With the "urban disease" becoming increasingly evident in Beijing, relocation of departments with non-capital functions outside the city has become a serious issue.
State capitals across the world have huge advantages over other cities. This is especially true for China, because Beijing has always been the most robust center of Chinese society. Because of its advantages in drawing talents, and as a center of information, culture and technology, Beijing has been a magnet for people.
It is this magnetism, along with Chinese people's traditional view of seeing the capital as an all-embracing social core, that is largely responsible for Beijing's overpopulation. It has also made it the hub of a huge number of companies, with deteriorating environment and poor urban management.
The development of a capital embodies the gradual maturity and expansion of capital functions, as well as the accumulation of non-capital functions. But the capital and non-capital functions of such cities have become more complicated in modern times, and made how to strike a balance between the two a key issue.
The question of modifying Beijing's functions is not only about a change in people's mindset, but also about innovative practices and deepening reform and opening-up. Capitals across the world have non-capital functions and their proportion could influence the urban management systems. So while relocating Beijing's non-capital function departments to the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, special care should be taken to avoid confusing between the capital's two exclusive functions of administration and providing security and services.
Since many of the urban ills are caused by overpopulation, the aim of the exercise should be to relocate departments and institutions with high numbers of employees. The authorities could start by relocating some departments to neighboring areas. Of course, we cannot reduce the cohesiveness and appeal of certain departments, but in this age of information and modernized transportation, they need not be located in the heart of the capital to fully perform their functions.
The need is also to shift from Beijing's central business district business establishments that draw huge numbers of people, such as wholesale markets and labor-intensive industries.
But since very few couples work for the same company or organization, ensuring proper resettlement of families in which either the wife or the husband is affected by the relocation of enterprises will be a big challenge. Should the non-affected spouse resign and move with the one affected, or should the family live apart?
Moreover, given the surfeit of opportunities in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, it is very attractive to potential migrants. So if effective population control measures are not taken, the region will face the same problems that Beijing is encountering today. To tackle such future problems, and solve the existing ones, discreet planning and implementation are needed.
Effective relocation of departments and institutions with non-capital functions requires complete awareness of all the causes of Beijing's overpopulation followed by adoption and implementation of precautionary policies and measures to deal with them.
Another effective long-term plan is the promotion of balanced social development across the country, because the "urban disease" Beijing is suffering from is the result of nationwide unbalanced resource allocation and social development. Only by breaking the existing rigid system of administrative division can coordinated development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region be genuinely realized.




Sentence-Making: Please make sentences with words below.
woe
surfeit
discreet


Never. I never believe that Beijing is the best city in China. To be frank, it is no more than one of the capitals in the world. It just like a spoiled child, given too many resource, which were deprived from other provinces and cities. I think the last sentence of the article points out the fact: ...the "urban disease" Beijing is suffering from is the result of nationwide unbalanced resource allocation and social development. If other areas could have the some resource allocation in aspects including education, social activities, taxes, preferential policies for business and civil affairs, they will surely be as developed as Beijing. It is right time to try our best to realize the common prosperity, after some sacrificed their advantages and helped Beijing to be the rich first.


答题区

1、What is the meaning of "surfeit" in the news?
2、What is the meaning of "discreet"?
3、What is the meaning of "woe" in the news?

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