【131201】❤EFY❤【第12期】奇猎英闻:BBC:中英”核“作计划之虞

发表于:2013-12-01 07:05 [只看楼主] [划词开启]



(左键刷蓝不会的单词-点击查词-即见单词的音标释义,回复者体会者另外奖励150沪元)

某呆说过,知识给她带来快乐;某呆还说过,她会因为某呆的快乐而快乐;
那么且希望,学习和传播知识的某呆能让最近比较辛苦的某呆重现笑颜吧;
——究竟是哪呆跟哪呆?8(>3<)8

——START——


Security Fears Over 'Orwellian' Chinese Nuclear Deal

Abbreviations

It was hailed by UK Chancellor George Osborne as a "new dawn" - but serious questions remain about the security implications of Britain's nuclear energy deal with China.

The UK government has refused to say whether China's planned investment in the British nuclear industry was approved by the National Security Council - the body that assess the risks from foreign investment in critical national infrastructure projects.

Chancellor George Osborne announced during his trip to China in October that Chinese state owned companies CGN and CNNC would be allowed to take a 40% stake in the company planning to build the Hinkley C nuclear power station in Somerset.

In the future Chinese firms could become "majority owners of a British nuclear power plant subject to British safety rules and policed by the British," said Mr Osborne.

Tim Yeo, chairman of Parliament's energy and climate change committee, said Britain should "warmly welcome investment from China in the nuclear industry" but said he did not know whether the National Security Council had formally discussed or approved the investment.


"It would be a great pity if on some security reason this was thrown back into jeopardy." he told BBC Radio 4's The World Tonight.

But other members of Mr Yeo's committee are worried.

Conservative MP Dr Phillip Lee said it was "perverse" and "Orwellian" to allow Chinese state owned firms a role in critical infrastructure projects like nuclear power at a time when questions over Chinese cyber-attacks on the west had not been resolved.

He said future conflicts would not be about the "physical possession of nations" but would involve "control of information, control of infrastructure, water electricity and communication."

Military links
The Chinese could not take away a nuclear power station in the event of tension between the two countries but they could "virtually switch it off" if they wanted to, he claimed.

It would also bind Britain's hands in respect of China diplomatically, when it comes to speaking out on human rights.

On the website of the China National Nuclear Corporation - one of the companies connected to the Hinkley project - the company boasts openly of its military links.

"China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) is the large state-owned enterprise under the direct management of the central government. Historically, CNNC successfully developed the atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb and nuclear submarines and built the first nuclear plant in the main land of China. CNNC is the main body of the national nuclear technology industry, the core of the national strategic nuclear deterrence".

The company website says it "shoulders the dual historical responsibility for building the national defence force, increasing the value of state assets and developing the society."


Just days after George Osborne made his nuclear announcement Chinese state-run TV was showing-off its nuclear armed submarines for the first time in 42 years accompanied by rousing music.

Official Chinese news agency Xinhua called the subs an "assassin's mace that would make adversaries tremble".

Labour MP Dr Alan Whitehead, also a member of the energy and climate change committee called the Chinese nuclear company CNNC an "arm of the state".

"There doesn't appear to be a clear distinction between the role of the Chinese National Nuclear Corporation in developing civil nuclear and developing and forwarding military nuclear," he told the World Tonight.

"Big corporations particularly national corporations in China are not companies in the way that we would see them in the UK."

He said the Chinese military - the People's Liberation Army - would be involved in some of the decisions made by the firm.

He has called on the UK government to state publicly how the investment in critical national infrastructure was approved and by whom.

Corruption case
Nuclear expert Mark Hibbs, of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said the decision to invest in the British nuclear project would have been a "strategic decision" that would have been approved by China's State Council - the nation's ruling executive.

The UK Cabinet Office said in a statement that "the process for dealing with such issues falls under the aegis of the National Security Council".

It said the government had "put in place an approach which enables it to assess the risks associated with foreign investment and develop strategies to manage them.


The National Security Council "brings together the economic and security arms of the government and is the forum that ultimately balances the risks and opportunities of inward investment decisions," added the Cabinet Office statement.

But despite repeated requests the Cabinet Office has refused to say whether Chinese investment in Hinkley or the possible full majority ownership of nuclear reactors in the future has been formally discussed, assessed or approved by the National Security Council.

Critics fear Britain may be sleepwalking into nuclear relationship with China it will regret especially if in years to come China wants to introduce its own nuclear technology to the UK.

"The Chinese domestic nuclear programme certainly leaves much to be desired" says Dr Paul Dorfman of the University College London Energy Institute.

'Safe power'
He is worried by the lack of transparency in the Chinese nuclear industry and cites the arrest and dismissal by the Chinese Government in August 2009 of the President of CNNC in a £260m corruption case involving allegations of "bid-rigging in nuclear power construction".

Chinese investment in key energy infrastructure is "deeply problematic," he said and industry experts were worried about "China's weak regulatory structures".

The UK Cabinet Office says Chinese firms have a "track-record in delivering safe nuclear power over the past thirty years. And that in the long-term it will deliver lower and more stable energy prices."

"Any company involved in the UK nuclear power industry does so in accordance with the most stringent regulations in the world. On this basis, we welcome companies which can demonstrate the capability to contribute to safe nuclear power generation in the UK."

The economics of the Hinkley C project have also been slammed. Peter Atherton of the respected city firm Liberum Capital said they were "flabbergasted" by the deal.

Hinkley Point C is set to take 10 years to become fully operational. It will be made up of two nuclear reactors and will be built next to Hinkley Point A and B.

At £8bn per reactor, Hinkley Point is "the most expensive power station in the world (excluding hydro schemes) on a per megawatt basis," said Mr Atherton.

He said the French and Chinese state owned firms would earn between £65bn and £80bn in dividends from British consumers over the project's lifetime.

"The UK government was taking a massive bet that fossil fuel prices will be extremely high in the future. If that bet proves wrong then this contract will look economically insane when HPC (Hinkley Point C) commissions" added Mr Atherton.

Tim Yeo said the budget was so high "because they have factored in a much bigger contingency in to this project".

But he added: "I do believe it is in Britain's interests to have part of its electricity generated by nuclear power.

"It is a secure, safe, clean, low- carbon source of electricity."

点击查看大图 点击查看大图


    OK,文章的大概意思都看懂了么?下面让我们做几道题来试试吧~  




             


图可耻!——熊吉

亲爱的们,都答对了吗?题目都是故意让你们答不对的啦~~
如果真的木有答对,要好好看解释哦~如果节目中有任何不足之错,也欢迎大家猛戳哦~谢谢!
如果喜欢这个节目,欢迎订阅哦~让我们一起进步吧~推倒英闻阅读!

这一期节目先到这里,下期再见~

盗文也可耻!——熊吉

~~O(∩_∩)O~~, 订阅节目戳这里哦~~~
PS.往期节目还没做的亲,点我进入节目单,奖励照发哦~~~\(≧▽≦)/~~~


答题区

1、Which is NOT about the wars in the future?
2、Which point does NOT lead to the concerns of 'China Threat'?
3、How much would the HPC project cost?
4、Why is the HPC referred as a 'bet'?
5、Which does NOT belong to the portfolios of the CNNC?

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