2015.07.18 不平等之谜——有些测量方式让世界看起来更公平 By 吴倩

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发表于:2015-07-23 21:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

【导读】:世界上存在着的贫富差距一直是人们讨论的话题,最近有一项调查报告却用不一

 

样的方式让人们重新看待这一问题。

 

The inequality puzzle

不平等之谜

Some measures are more equal than others

有些测量方式让世界看起来更公平

Jul 18th 2015 | From the print edition

Is inequality rising or falling? Both, according to a report published on July 16th by the Institute for Fiscal Studies, a think-tank. In the 1980s a big gap between rich and poor opened up. Since the early 1990s, however, the difference between the incomes of the top and bottom deciles (the “90:10 ratio”) has diminished; the ratio is now at its lowest in more than 25 years. But that is not the whole story. The share of income held by the richest 1%, another measure of inequality, has continued to grow. The 1% now receive more than double the share they took home 30 years ago. The gap between rich and poor has narrowed. But the gulf between the mega-rich and the rest continues to widen.

 

不平等现象是在增多还是减少?一项由智囊团——财政研究所在7月16日发布的报告显示,两种现象同时存在。二十世纪八十年代,贫富差距开始扩大。然而,从二十世纪九十年代早期开始,最富有和最贫困人群的收入差异的十分位数(“90:10比率”)已经缩小;如今这个比率是二十五年来的最低值。但是情况不仅仅如此。另一个用来衡量收入不均的数据显示最富有的1%的人所占的份额持续增长。这些人现在的收入是30年前的两倍多。贫富差距缩小了。但是超级富豪与其他人的收入差距仍然在扩大。

From the print edition: Britain    译者:吴倩       校对:胡雅琳

 

本文原文出自《经济学人》杂志
本文未经作者允许不得转载


 

 

最后编辑于:2015-07-23 21:14
分类: 欧洲英国

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