常见拉丁文缩写大全:cf., e.g., i.e.都是啥意思

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发表于:2014-09-17 11:54 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


缩写1:A.D.
拉丁文:anno Domini
释义:in the year of the Lord 耶稣纪年,公元
例句:The United States Civil War began in AD 1861.

缩写2:a.m.
拉丁文:Ante Meridiem
释义:before middday 上午,午前
例句:We will meet the mayor at 10 a.m.

缩写3:c., ca.
拉丁文:circa
释义:around, about, approximately 大约
用法:用于日期中表示大概的数。
例句:The antique clock is from c.1900.

缩写4:Cap
拉丁文:capitulus
释义:chapter 章节
用法:用于英国及其前殖民地的法律章节前。
例句:Electronic Transactions Ordinance (Cap. 553).

缩写5:cf.
拉丁文:confer
释义:"bring together" and hence "compare" 试比较
用法:提示读者比较所引用资料中的说法与文中的论述,与cp.可替换使用。
例句:These results were similar to those obtained using different techniques (cf. Wilson, 1999 and Ansmann, 1992).

缩写6:cp.
释义:compare 比较
例句:These results were similar to those obtained using different techniques (cp. Wilson, 1999 and Ansmann, 1992).

缩写7:C.V.
拉丁文:curriculum vitae
释义:course of life 简历

缩写8:etc.
拉丁文:et cetera
释义:and the others, and other things, and the rest 等等
例句:I need to go to the store and buy some pie, milk, cheese, etc.

缩写9:e.g.
拉丁文:exempli gratia
释义:for example, for instance 比如
例句:The shipping company instituted a surcharge on any items weighing over a ton; e.g., a car or truck.

缩写10:ff.
拉丁文:folio
释义:and following 以及接下去的
例句:see page 258ff.(参见第258页以及接下去的若干页)

缩写11:id.
拉丁文:idem
释义:the same (man) 同上
用法:用来避免(在引用、脚注、书目等处)重复某个男性作者的名字。如果是女性作者,用ead. (eadem)。

缩写12:i.a.
拉丁文:inter alia
释义:among other things 除了别的因素以外,特别
例句:Ernest Hemingway—author (i.a. 'The Sun Also Rises') and friend.

缩写13:i.e.
拉丁文:id est
释义:that is, in other words 即是
例句:For reasons not fully understood there is only a minor PSI contribution to the variable fluorescence emission of chloroplasts (Dau, 1994), i.e., the PSI fluorescence appears to be independent from the state of its reaction centre (Butler, 1978).

缩写14:lb.
拉丁文:libra
释义:scales 磅

缩写15:LL.B.
拉丁文:Legum Baccalaureus
释义:bachelor of laws 法学士

缩写16:M.A.
拉丁文:Magister Artium
释义:Master of Arts 文科硕士

缩写17:N.B.
拉丁文:nota bene
释义:note well 注意,留心
例句:N.B.: All the measurements have an accuracy of withi 5% as they were calibratedaccording to the procedure described by Jackson (1989).

缩写18:op.cit.
拉丁文:opere citato
释义:the work cited 在前面所引用的书中

用法:通常用于参考文献中,同ibid相似,但是ibid通常会跟着页码。


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