【10-13】英语近义词的区别,你造吗?——whoever 与whomever

ps欲化蝶的茧 (zoe) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-10-12 12:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
whoever 与whomever的区别

在一般旧词典中,几乎查不到whomever这个词,但现在的高三临考模拟中,这两个词几乎形影不离,使得有些同学碰到它们感到有些棘手。


从形式上来看,

who(ever)是人称代词的主格形式,一般在句子中作主语;

whom(ever)是人称代词的宾格形式,故一般作宾语。


从内容上来说,

像whoever(whomever),仅仅是一个词汇,一定要把它看成两个词。这里有一条规则可以一试:
whoever=him (her, them)+he (she, they)
whomever= him(her, them)+ him (her, them)

例如:
1.Give it to him. He asks for it first.
Therefore, Give it to whoever asks for it first. (whoever= him+ he)
2.We will hire her. She is most qualified.
Therefore, We will hire whoever is most qualified. (whoever= her+ she)
3.We will hire them. You recommend them.
Therefore, We will hire whomever you recommend. ( whomever= them + them)


另有一点:

不能只看句子的前半部分,要观察整个的句子。一般说来,whomever不能做句子的主语是不能忘记的。

例如:
1.       Please award the prize to whomever comes first in the competition.
2.       The work should be given to whomever you think can finish it ahead of time.
3.       Do what you want to with whomever you want to do it.

The senator depended upon whoever was willing to assist him.  

解析:

whoever=the person who

上句等于The senator depended upon the person who was willing to assist him. 

句中the person作前半句中upon的受词 (upon the person);

who作后半句was willing to assist him的主词 (who was willing to assist him)。 

The senator depended upon whomever he trusted. 

解析:

whomever= the person whom  
上句等于The senator depended upon the person whom he trusted. 
句中the person作前半句中upon的受词 (upon the person);

whom作后半句 he trusted的受词(whom he trusted)。 

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