【10-16】英语近义词的区别,你造吗?——able, capable, competent

ps欲化蝶的茧 (zoe) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-10-15 22:32 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
able, capable, competent有什麼区别?

这些形容词均含有“有能力的,能干的”之意。


able最常用词,多用于褒义,着重指多方面的,经常性的,或潜在性的能力。有时也指高超、非凡的能力。 

    一般用词,含义较广,指有做某事所需的能力、知识、时间、条件等。

如:

A cat is able to see in the dark. (猫在黑暗中能看见东西。)

He is able to swim 3000 meters in the river. (他能在河里游3000米。)

I was out of town yesterday and was not able to meet you at the airport.  (昨天我不在市里,未能去机场接你。)

He is an able manager, and I believe he can solve the tough problem.(他是一个能干的经理,所以我相信他完全可以解决这个难题。)

capable语气弱于able,指有能力、有潜力或有条件做某事,常与of连用。   

capable侧重指做事的才能或适应性,常用结构capable of doing sth.。

如:

He is capable of running a mile in a minute. (他能在一分钟内跑完一英里。)

He is a very capable doctor. (他是一位很好的大夫。)

 I think that she is perfectly capable of taking good care of herself.(我认为她完全有能力照顾好自己。)

 She proves to be a very capable lawyer. She is able to deal with such a complicated case.(她被证实为非常能干的律师,她能够应付这样的复杂的例子。)


competent强调具有能胜任某项工作的足够技能或其它所需的条件。

competent 侧重指做事是否胜任或合格。 

如:

A doctor should be competent to treat many diseases. (医生应该能治多种病。)

With his knowledge, skill and experience, he will certainly become a competent surgeon.(凭他的知识、技术和经验,他一定会成为一个称职的外科医生。)

We know of him quite well and never doubt that he is competent enough to do a good job of it.(我们非常了解他,从不怀疑他有能力把这件事做好。)

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