倒装句之二、部分倒装

发表于:2014-10-31 21:53 [只看楼主] [划词开启]





部分倒装

部分倒装则是将助动词调到主语前,主语可以是名词也可以是代词。通常应使用部分倒装的情况有:

1. 当句首为否定或半否定词 never , neither , nor , little , seldom , hardly , scarcely , in no way , few , not , no 等时,应用部分倒装。如:

Seldom does he spend his time playing cards.

他很少花时间去玩扑克。

Never have I heard of that place before.

我以前从未听说过那个地方。

2. only 修饰时间、地点、方式、原因等状语时,应用部分倒装。如:

Only in this way can we solve the problem.

只有这样,我们才能解决这个问题。

Only when you told me did I know her name.

直到你告诉我,我才知道她的名字。

注意:如果 only 修饰的不是状语,则句子不倒装。如:

Only Uncle Li knows how it happened.

只有李叔叔知道这件事是怎么发生的。

3. 表示对前者的陈述也适用后者时,肯定倒装用“ so + 助动词/情态动词 + 后者”,否定倒装用“ neither / nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 + 后者”。如:

He can speak English, so can I.

他会说英语,我也会。

If she doesn't go there tomorrow, neither / nor will I.

如果她明天不去那儿,我也不去。

注意“ so + 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语”与“ so + 主语 + 助动词 / 情态动词”的区别:

前者表示所说的主语和前面主语的情况一样,所谈到的是两个人或物,意为“……也是这样”;后者所谈为同一人或物,说话者表示同意前者的观点,意为“的确如此”。如:

— Li Lei likes sports. 李雷喜欢运动。

— So he does and so do I. 他的确喜欢,我也是的。

4. so 及“ so + 形容词 / 副词”置于句首时,应用部分倒装。如:

So frightened was he that he didn't dare move.

他如此惊慌以至不敢动弹。

So quietly did she speak that we could not hear a word.

她说话声音这么低,以至我们一个字也没听到。

5. such 及“ such + 形容词 + 名词”置于句首时,应用部分倒装。如:

Such is Zhong Cheng, a kind and helpful student.

这就是仲成,一个善良、乐于助人的学生。

Such good players are they that they often win.

他们是好队员,所以他们经常获胜。

6. 由 not only ... but also ... 引起的并列句,若将 not only 置于句首时,该分句应部分倒装, but also 引导的分句不倒装。而由 neither ... nor ... 引起的并列句,两个分句都倒装。如:

Not only did he give me some advice, but also he lent me some money.

他不但给我提了建议,而且还借给了我一些钱。

Neither does he watch TV, nor does he see films in the evening.

他晚上既不看电视也不看电影。

7. 由连接词 No sooner ... than , Scarcely ... when , Hardly ... when 引起的主从复合句,主句应倒装,从句不倒装。如:

No sooner had he gone to bed than he fell asleep.

他一**就睡着了。

Hardly had I got into the classroom when it began to rain.

我刚一进教室天就下起雨来。

8. not until 引起的时间状语置于句首时,句子的主谓应部分倒装。由 not until 引导的时间状语从句位于句首时,主句应部分倒装,从句语序不变。如:

Not until 1998 did he return to his hometown.

直到 1998 年他才回到家乡。

Not until Father came back did we begin to have supper last night.

昨晚直到父亲回来,我们才开始吃晚饭。

注意:当 not until 引导的状语或状语从句用于强调句型时,句子的主语不倒装。如将上两句改为强调句应为:

It was not until 1998 that he returned to his hometown.

It was not until Father came back that we began to have supper last night.

9. 省略 if 的虚拟条件句,可将 were , had , should 提至主语前。如:

We’re I you, I would go there tomorrow.

要是我是你,我明天就会去那儿。

Had you been there, you would have met the manager himself.

要是你去了那儿,你就会见到经理本人了。

10. 表示时间频率且有肯定意义的词语 often , every day , now and again 等置于句首用来强调时,应用部分倒装。如:

Often does he send me e-mails to greet me.

他经常给我发电子信件问候我。

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