广东高考英语语法填空练习50篇(附解答)

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发表于:2014-04-20 01:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
语法填空讲练第1篇
According to a recent survey, violence did exist in schools. Students showed their fear and parents and teachers also expressed their great concern about it. Experts hope the whole society pay more attention to the mental health of adolescents.
     Nowadays, school violence is   31   hot issue. I think this is a phenomenon,   32   calls for our great concern. We should try every effort   33   (prevent) violence happening at school for more and more students would drop out of school   34   their personal safety could not   35   (guarantee). In fact, violence can   36  (learn). Children learn violent behavior from adults or from   37   they see on television or on the Internet.
     If I meet with school violence, I will not answer violence   38   violence, for it will result in  39  (much) fighting. I will tell my teachers or parents about it. I think they will help me deal with it well and they will protect me from the bad guys.
     All in all, every student should behave   40   (he) and keep away from violence.
答案:
   文章向我们介绍了作者对校园暴力的看法。
31.a  这里需要一个不定冠词表示某个的意思。
32.这里要用which  引导一个非限制性定语从句,因为先行词为物,所以要用which。
33.to prevent  不定式作目的状语。
34.if/as long as  人身安全得不到保障是辍学的条件,所以应该用引导连接条件状语从句的连词。
35.be guaranteed  所给动词和其逻辑主语是动宾关系,所以要用被动语态。
36.be learned  事实上;暴力是可以学的。
37.what  引导一个宾语从句,并且在从句中作宾语,所以要用what。
38.with  表示方式,意思是“用”。
39.more  由语境可知,以暴力对付暴力,只能产生更多的暴力。
40.himself  behave oneself表现良好,行为良好
语法填空讲练第2篇
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31――40的相应位置上
In the 1950s, a family that owned a farm near Beulah, Michigan kept a bull chained to an elm (榆树). The bull paced  31  the tree, dragging the heavy iron chain, which led to a groove (槽) in the bark (树皮). The groove  32  (deep) over the years. Though for whatever reason, it did not kill the tree.
       33  some years, the family took their bull away. They cut the chain, leaving the loop around the tree and one link 34  (hang down).
      Then one year, agricultural catastrophe struck Michigan in   35   form of Dutch elm disease. All of the elms lining the road leading to the farm became infected    36   died. Everyone thought that the old elm would be the next. The farm owners considered  37   (go) the safe thing: pulling it out and chopping it up into firewood before it died.
       38   (amazing), the tree did not die. Nobody could understand   39   it was the only elm still standing in the county. It' s said that   40   doesn' t kill you will make you stronger. Or, as a plant pathologists (病理学家 ) put it , "Life breaks us all, but afterwards, many of us are strongest at the broken places."
答案:
   这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。文章通过叙述一棵老榆树大难不死的故事告诉我们这样一个道理:经历疼痛才能变得坚强,才能抵挡住更大的困难甚至是灾难。
31.around  下文告诉我们,树皮被铁链磨出了一个槽。由此可以看出,这是由牛绕着树来回踱步造成的。
32.was deepened  随着岁月的流逝,磨出来的槽逐渐被加深了。所以要用被动,另外,由于动作发生在过去,所以动词要用过去式。
33.After  after+时间段,表示经过一段时间之后。
34.hanging down  hang down和其逻辑主语one link是主谓关系,所以用现在分词表示主动,构成leave+宾语+现在分词。
35.the  in the form of固定用法,意思是:以……的形式。
36.and  榆树受到感染,继而死去。
37.going  consider后跟动名词作宾语。
38. Amazingly  副词作状语,修饰整个句子。
39.why  谁都不理解为什么只有这棵榆树依然耸立在那里。
40.what  引导一个主语从句,并在从句中作主语,所以用what。


语法填空讲练 第3篇
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31――40的相应位置上
I was going to the store one cold evening and as I was approaching the store there   31   a man in the front of the store. He looked at me and said really loud "Hi."   
      I replied, "Hi, how are you?" He said "I am fine." and then he looked at me as if he recognized me and asked, "  32   is your mother?"
      Of course, I didn't know what to say to that question   33   my mother had been   34   (die) for several years. I found this really strange so I finally said, "She is fine, thank you and how are you?"
      He also said he was fine. I then answered, "Good. Can I do  35  to help you at all?" All he said   36   I really could use a hug.  I   37   (hug) him for a while this poor soul and a stranger. I said, "Where are you staying? Do you 38   a ride?" He said, "No, I have my bike. I am living at the Church down the street." I answered, "Let me give you something. It's not much, but that is all I   39  afford." So I took out $10 from my purse and gave it to him then went home. To tell you the truth, I always feel helping others   40   really great.
答案:
31.Was.此处是there be句型,时态为过去式,另外句子主语为单数形式。
32.How.根据下文的内容,这里是问“你妈妈好吗?”。
33.because.从此处的逻辑关系和意义看,从句部分表示原因。
34.dead.此处用die的形容词形式,用作表语。
35.anything.该词用在疑问和否定句中,意为“我能帮你做点什么吗?”。
36.was.句子主语all he said为单数。
37.hugged.这里的时态为过去时形式。
38.need.该句的意思为“你需要坐车吗?”。
39.can.afford常和情态动词连用。
40.is.主语是helping others,分词作主语按单数处理,这里的时态为一般现在时。


语法填空讲练第4篇
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31――40的相应位置上。
词数:154 完成时间:8分钟 难度:**
No one knows what would happen in the future for sure.  31  we often think of the future and wonder what the world would be like   32   a hundred years' time.
     Think of space. Perhaps   33   permanent station on the moon will have been set up. Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon   34   tourists. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed,   35   (permit) long journeys throughout the solar system.   36   that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space   37  visiting other planets, such as the Mars Colony and the Venus Exploration Outpost.
      Scientists of the future will almost certainly find other ways to make life last   38   (long).   39   probably will find cures for most diseases. Hospitals will probably have "body banks" that can give you almost any new part you need to keep on   40   (live). People of the future may live to be a lot older than 100 years.
答案:
31.But.本句与上一句是转折关系,故用转折连词but。
32.in. 表示将来多长时间之后时用“介词in+一段时间名词”结构。
33.a.  station是可数名词且表示泛指,前面应有不定冠词a。
34.as. as表示“作为”,符合题意。
35.permitting. cheap rockets与permit之间是主动关系,应用现在分词短语作状语表示伴随情况。
36.When. 此处表示将来的时间,应用when引导时间状语从句。
37.and. 因两个动作表示并列关系,应用并列连词and连接。
38.longer.由意义可知,此处表示找到延长人类寿命的方式,故long应用比较级形式。
39.They. they用来指代上句中主语scientists。
40.living. keep on doing sth.意为“继续……”,故此处应用live的现在分词形式。


语法填空讲练第5篇
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31――40的相应位置上
Although most people believe that formal schooling is required for scientific success, a college degree is not always necessary.   31  excellent example of a man who won fame as a scientist   32  academic(学术的) training is Vincent J. Schaefer. His formal education ended   33   two years of high school when he had to go to work in an untrained job at General Electric. Because   34   his inventive mind and his skill as a model maker, he was soon allowed to try his own experiments in the company laboratory. His natural   35  (curious) made him wonder about clouds. He developed, after many tries, a method of making clouds rain   36  they would not normally do so. This method,   37  (call) seeding, has been very  38  (help) to farmers, and   39  made him win much fame.
    Schaefer believes that for people  40   most of all, are interested in the world and everything in it, a college degree is unnecessary.
答案:
31.An. 因excellent以元音音素开头,应用不定冠词an。
32.without.without和名词连用表示某种状况,意为“没有”。
33.after. 表示过去的一段时间之后应和介词after连用。
34.of.   because of是复合介词,意为“因为”,后接名词或代词。
35.curiosity. 此处须用名词作主语,curious的名词形式是curiosity。
36.when. 此处表示时间,应用when引导时间状语从句。
37.called. this method与call存在被动关系,应用过去分词作定语。
38.helpful. very后应接help的形容词helpful“有益的”。
39.it.  it此处指前一分句的整个情况。
40.who. who用来引导定语从句,在从句中作主语,先行词是people。


语法填空讲练第6篇
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31――40的相应位置上
 I remember my first Christmas adventure with Grandma. I remember tearing across town    31  my bike to visit her on the day my big sister dropped the bomb. "There is no Santa Claus." she laughed. “Even dummies(傻瓜) know that!" I   32   (flee) to Grandma   33  I knew she would be straight with me. She always told the truth.
      "No Santa Claus?" she said. "Ridiculous! Don't   34  . Put on your coat, and let's go."
      "Go where, Grandma?" I asked.
      As we walked through the doors of the general store Grandma handed me ten dollars and said, "Buy something for someone  35  needs it. I'll wait for you in the car."
      I was only eight years old. Never had I shopped for anything all by myself. For a few moments I just stood there,   36   (wonder) what to buy, and who   37   (buy) it for. I thought of everybody I knew. Then I thought about Bobbie Decker.
       He was my classmate with bad breath and   38  (mess) hair, and he sat right behind me. He didn't have a coat. I knew that because he never went out to play games during the winter. I fingered   39  bill with growing   40  (excite). I would buy Bobbie a coat.
答案:
本文主要讲述的是“我”与爷爷一起经历一次难忘的圣诞节。
31.On   on one’s/the/a bike=by bike。
32.fled  结合全文可知此处应使用一般过去时,注意其不规则的形式。本题稍难。    ?
33.because/as  因为相信爷爷会对我说真话,所以立马跑到他那儿去求证。本题稍难。
34.it/that   指代“There is no Santa Claus.”。
35.who/that   判断分析句子结构可知,此处为who/that引导的定语从句修饰someone。
36.wondering   根据前面的逗号,可知应该使用动词的—lng形式作伴随状语,表示主动含义。
37.To buy  与.What to buy构成并列平行结构。本题稍难。
38.messy     修饰名词hair当然用形容词messy。
39.the     特指上文爷爷给的“ten dollars”。
40.excitement  作介词with的宾语,要用名词,但注意excitement为不可数名词。 


2010年广东高考英语语法填空练习40篇
(1)
  When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets    1      the traffic drives on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first     2    then the left. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from    3    , the streets are very busy. Traffic is most    4      (danger) then.
   When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful,    5     . always remember the traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful.    6       a look first, or you will go   7   wrong way.
In many English cities, there are big buses   8   two floors. Your can sit on the     9    (two) floor, from  10    you can see the city very well. It’s very interesting.


(2)
Finishing their shopping at the supermarket, a middle-aged couple found their new car 1__________ (steal). They filed a report 2__________the police station and a detective drove them back 3___________ the parking lot to look for evidence.
To their 4___________ (amaze), the car had been returned 5__________ there was a note in it that said: “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to send her to the 6____________ as soon as possible. Please forget the inconvenience. There are two tickets 7___________ tonight's Rowan Atkinson concert.”
Their faith in humanity restored(恢复). The couple attended 8_________ concert. But when they returned home, they immediately found that their house 9___________
(be) ransacked (洗劫). On the bathroom mirror was 10__________ note: “I have to put my kid through college somehow, don't I?”


(3)
People 1_________ (live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred 2_________ in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four 3_________ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need 4_________ these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. 5_________ you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more.
The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary 6__________ (big). Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books 7__________ (write) in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you meet 8_________ new word, look it 9_________ in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your 10__________ (much) useful book.


(4)
When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets 1_________ the traffic drives on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first 2__________ then the left. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from 3__________, the streets are very busy. Traffic is most 4________ (danger) then.
When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, 5_________. Always remember the traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful. 6_________ (have) a look first, or you will go 7_________ wrong way.
In many English cities, there are big buses 8_________ two floors. You can sit on the 9_________ (two) floor. From 10_________ you can see the city very well. It’s very interesting.
                             w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(5)
1________ artist had a small daughter. Sometimes he painted women 2_________ any clothes on, and he and his 3________ always tried to keep the small girl out 4_________ he was doing this, “She is 5_________ young to understand,” they said.
But one day, when the artist 6_________ (paint) a woman with no clothes on, he forgot to lock the door, and the girl suddenly ran into the room. Her mother ran up the stairs 7________ her, but when she got to the room, the little girl was already in the room and looking at the woman. 8________ her parents waited for her to speak.
For a few seconds the little girl said 9_________, but then she ran to her mother and said 10________ (angry), “Why do you let her go about without shoes and socks on when you don’t let me?”
                          (6) 
Most Americans don’t like to get advice 1___________members of their family. They get advice from “2__________ (strange)”. When they need advice, they don’t usually go to people they know. 3__________ many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines 4_________ give advice on many different subjects, 5__________ (include) family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, and even on how 6__________ (buy) a house or a car.
Most newspapers regularly print letters from 7___________ (read) with problems. Along with the letters 8___________ are answers written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, 9__________ are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special 10_________ (train) for this kind of work.


(7)
   Without proper planning, tourism can cause 1_________. For example, too many tourists can crowd public places 2__________ are also enjoyed by the inhabitants(居民) of a country. If tourism creates too much traffic, the inhabitants will become 3__________ (annoy) and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists 4_________ to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the country’s economy. 5__________ is important to think about the people of a destination country and 6__________tourism affects them. Tourism should help 7_________ country keep the customs and beauty that attracts tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and 8_________ (happy) of local inhabitants.
   Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism 9__________ (grow) too quickly, people must leave other jobs to work 10__________ the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country’s economy can suffer.
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(8)
London was awarded 1_________ 2012 Olympic Games on Wednesday, 2__________ (defeat) European rival Paris in the final round of voting to take the games back to British capital 3__________ the first time since 1948.
4_________ Moscow, New York and Madrid were eliminated (淘汰) in the first three rounds London beat Paris 54—50 on the fourth ballot(投票表决) of the IOC.
In London crowds cheered and waved flags as 5_________ watched the announcement from Singapore 6_________ a giant screen in Trafalgar Square and in the east London area 7________ the main Olympic complex (建筑群) will be based.
Blair spent two days in lobbying(游说) in Singapore 8_________ leaving to host the G8 summit (8国峰会) in Scotland. “My promise to you is we will be your very 9_________ (good) partners,” Blair said. 
It’s the fourth bid (申办) from Britain after 10_________ (fail) attempts by Birmingham for the 1992 Olympics and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000.
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(9)
Why is setting goals so 1___________? Because goals can help you do, be, 2___________ experience everything you want in life. Instead 3_________ just letting life happen to you, goals allow 4___________ to make your life happen.
5__________ (success) and happy people have set lots of goals to help them reach their aims. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It’s 6_________ having a map to show you 7_________ you want to go. 
Winners in life set goals and follow through with them. Winners decide 8__________they want in life and then get there by making plans and setting goals. Unsuccessful people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren’t difficult to set, and 9__________aren’t difficult to reach. It is up to you to find out what your goals really are. You are 10_________one who must decide what to do and in what direction to aim your life.


(10)
We often think of future. We often wonder 1__________the world will be like in a hundred years’ time.
Think of 2__________ space. Perhaps a permanent station on the 3__________will have been set up. Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as 4__________. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, 5_________ (permit) long journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space and visiting 6_________ planets. Great progress will have been made 7__________ medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years’ time. 
All the world will have been developed—even Antarctica. We will have used 8__________ most of the earth’s land to build our cities, 9___________ floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already plans of this kind. And there will be cities 10__________ the sea. 


(11)
The Internet as become part of young people’s life. 1_________ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet . Most of them get 2__________ (use) information on the Internet 3_________ use the Internet to help in their studies. But many students don’t use it 4_________ a good way. Some play games too much, some visit websites 5_________ shouldn’t look at. So bad things may happen 6_________ students spend too much time on the Internet.
7_________ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, 8_________ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful advice.
Some students also make 9_________ on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face 10_________ (meet) with your online friends, let your parents know and meet in a proper place.
                                 w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(12)
Rivers are one of our most important natural resources. Many of the world’s great 1_________ are located on rivers, and almost 2__________ country has at least one river flowing through it that plays 3__________ important part in the lives of its people.
Since the beginning of history, people 4_________ (use) rivers for transportation. The longest one in the United States is the Mississippi, and the lifeline of Egypt is the Nile.5 __________ transportation, rivers give water to drink, water for crops, and chances for fun and recreation for the people 6_________ live along their banks.
However, large cities and industries that are located on rivers often make problems. As the cities grow 7__________ size and industries increase in number, the water in the rivers becomes 8__________ (pollute) with chemicals and other materials. People are learning the 9__________ (important) of doing more to keep their rivers clean 10__________ they want to enjoy the benefits of this natural resource.


(13)
Liu Xiang was the first Asian 1___________ (win) the men’s 110m hurdles at the Olympics in Athens. 2__________ that he became an idol(偶像) to the young people.
“I never thought I would run under 13 seconds and break the Olympic 3__________.”said Liu Xiang in tears, “I am very very excited. I’m proud not just for myself and for Chinese 4_________ for Asia. My race went 5___________ (wonderful) from start to finish.” Liu added. “It is 6__________ amazing experience being the Olympic champion. I want to thank my coach and my friends for 7_________their help. I think today we Chinese have showed the world we 8_________ run as fast as anybody else.”
Since his return from Athens, Liu Xiang 9__________ (be) at the center of a media circus and he has been to many press appearances and meetings. But Liu thinks 2004 is just the beginning, and he expects to be at his peak in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Liu said, “For some players, it’s just a job. For me, it’s 10_________ I love.”
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(14)
Will 1_________ matter if you don’t take your breakfast? Some time ago a test 2__________ (give) in the United Sates. Those tests included people of different 3__________ from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given all kinds of breakfasts, and sometimes they got 4___________ breakfast at all. Special tests were set up to see 5___________ well their bodies worked and when they had eaten 6___________ certain kind of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats a proper breakfast, he or she will work with better effect 7___________ if he or she has no breakfast. This fact appears to be 8___________ (especial) true if a person works 9__________ his brains. For example, if a student eats fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he will learn more quickly and listen with 10__________ (much) attention in class.


(15)
Enough sleep is important to health. The amount of sleep needed 1__________ on the age of the person and the conditions in 2__________ sleep takes place. The young may need more sleep than 3__________ old, but usually eight hours are enough for the health of grown-ups. Some can do with 4__________ than this amount, but others may need more. Every person knows his own need. 5__________ is then a matter of good judgment to satisfy his need. Sleep 6__________ always be enough to make one bring back his 7__________ (strong) and get ready for a day’s work.
   Fresh air is necessary to sound sleep. So it is not 8___________ reason for some people to think that it is practicable to sleep in the open air. A bath at bedtime, 9__________ hot nor cool but of body temperature, may be helpful to sleep. Sleepproducing drug(帮助睡眠的药物) should never be taken except when 10__________ (suggest) by a doctor.
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
                               (16)
Snake dishes have become popular 1________ recent years. Snake meat in various flavors (风味) can 2_________ (see) in restaurant ads very often. Eating snake seems to be now in vogue(盛行), and if you haven’t eaten snake yet, you are considered “out of date”. But I wonder 3__________ all the trends are worth following. 
Some people may defend themselves 4__________ saying that snake meat is nutritious. But these people don’t realize that many parasites(寄生虫),5_________ do harm to our health, are found inside snakes. 
According 6________ a survey, about 1000 tons of snakes are eaten every year in China and sometimes as 7__________ as 10 tons of snakes are served on dinner tables in Shenzhen in a single day!
These figures warns us that if no action is taken, 8_________ number of snakes will drop and make an increase in mice and worms population, which will 9_________ in a decrease(减产) of crop output. Who will see such tragedy happen?   
So let’s start not to eat snakes any more because “to protect the snake is to protect 10__________.”
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
                               (17)
A few years ago, SARS 1_________ out in the mainland of China, causing some people 2_________ (kill). And some nearly got close to death. The situation was so severe that there was3_________ time to debate who is to blame. The most important thing for the government to do is to find out the 4__________ of this deadly disease. They invited all the most 5___________ (experience) experts in this field to discuss and quite a few suggestions were put forward. Some of the top experts then tested them to see 6_________ they were available. Doctor Zhong Nanshan chose one patient who was seriously ill and had little hope 7_________ picking up and had the new medicine tested on him. 8__________ his great joy, this patient recovered! He made his way to his office and telephoned the top official, 9_________ (tell) him this exciting news. For convenience, he moved to live in his office. His method did make sense. Not soon after that, the 10_________ hospitals also controlled this terrible disease and kicked it out finally.


(18)
I asked my uncle, who plays 1_________ piano well, 2_________ he would assess (评定) the tone of a second hand piano I was hoping to buy. We arrived 3__________ the house and Uncle Frank looked the piano over, then 4__________ (sit) down and played a mixture of honky-tonk numbers and classical pieces. When he finished, we told the family that we would call 5__________ in 15 minutes.
Outside, Uncle Frank said that 6___________ the wood was battered (坏掉的),the sound was good and we should buy it.
When I phoned the woman back, she sounded as if she was crying. Concerned, I asked, “What’s the 7__________?”
“We didn’t know the piano 8___________ play like that,” she replied. The piano wasn’t 9__________ sale, and her daughter had to resume(重新开始) taking piano 10__________.
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
                            (19) 
In North America people are always in 1__________ hurry. Children have special lessons or sports activities 2__________ school. Parents often work late and 3___________ get home until 7 or 8 o’clock at night. Most North American families don’t have time to prepare a meal. That is 4___________ fast food is so popular in North America. People 5__________ about 40% of their dollars on fast food.
People usually buy fast food from restaurant chains such as Pizza Hut, McDonald’s, or KFC, 6_________ they can enjoy pizza, sandwiches, fried chicken, and so on. Fast food saves work and time, but it is not 7___________ (nutrition).
Fast food is popular in many countries. American fast-food companies now have restaurants all over the world. But not 8__________ is happy about the spread(扩展) of North American fast food. A group of people in Italy want to fight 9__________ the spread of American fast food. They don’t like the idea of more fast food chains 10___________(open) restaurants in their country.


(20)
Many people keep small fish 1_________ pets. They keep them in a tank of water. The tank is made of glass. People can 2_________ through it. They can see inside the tank and watch the fish.
The fish need room. They mustn’t be crowded. They need 3_________ to breathe. 4__________ must be enough water for all fish. So the size of the tank is very important. 
In the tank people put small plants 5__________ are good for fish. They give oxygen to the water. Plants help in other ways, too. They can hide 6_________ the plants and sleep, lay eggs there. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
The fish 7_________ be kept in water all the time. Some can jump high. So the tank should be covered. This keeps the fish from 8__________ (jump) out. 
The fish need food and should be fed every day. But 9__________ you give them too much food, it is very bad, for the extra food will fall to the bottom and make the water dirty. So the fish should get just enough food and finish 10_________ in ten minutes. Nothing should be left. 
(21)
Once upon a time there was a rich merchant  1  ________ had 4 wives. He loved the 4th wife the most. He took great care of her and gave her nothing 2__________ the best. He also loved the 3rd wife very much. He was very 3 ___________ (pride) of her and always wanted to show off her to his friends. He also loved his 2nd wife. She is 4 ___________very considerate person, always patient and in fact is the merchant’s close friend. 5___________ the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his 2nd wife and 6____________ would always help him out and tide(帮助渡过) him 7__________ difficult times. Now, the merchant’s 1st wife is a very loyal partner and has made great 8___________ (contribute) in maintaining his wealth and business as well as 9___________ (take) care of the household. 10___________, the merchant did not love the first wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her.                                         


(22)
There once were a goat and a donkey 1___________ lived on a farm. The donkey worked the hardest so the farmer fed it the most  2___________. Sometimes the donkey was given more food 3 __________ it could eat. This made the goat so jealous 4__________ it began plotting against(谋划对付) the donkey. "Hey, donkey," the goat said one day. "I think you do too much work on this farm. You carry such heavy things from morning to night. Why don't you pretend 5__________(get) sick so you can take a day 6___________?'' The donkey thought the goat had a great idea. So the next morning, the donkey lay in the stable(畜栏) on its side with its eyes 7__________ (close). Right away, the farmer called the doctor. 8____________ looking at the donkey, the doctor said it needed a special medicine made 9___________ the heart of a goat. So the farmer killed 10__________ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart.
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
                              (23) 
Dawn graduated several years ago. She 1 __________ (be) a successful model, and finding a job had not been a 2__________ ---until recently.
When Dawn did start trying to find another type of  3__________, she found in interview after interview that computer literacy(能力)was a must to 4___________ (employ).
Since Dawn had always been afraid 5_________ learning computer while in college—our school didn't require to learn computer at that time—she managed to get a degree 6_________ ever confronting(面对) a computer.
Finally, after months of searching for a job, Dawn failed. She had to admit that sidestepping (回避) computer literacy(读写能力) hadn't been a good idea. 7___________, She enrolled in a computer course at 8      ____adult vocational school.
9____________(surprise), although she had been afraid of learning computer, she took to computers10__________much that after about a year she opened her own computer-based business.
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(24)
Some day,1_________you are lucky, you may see a bongo(大羚羊). But the only way most people will see it is in a 2__________. They are found in Africa, 3__________ they live deep in forests. Even in Africa, very few people ever get to see a bongo. The bongo does not come out of the forest very often. It is an animal that keeps to 4__________.
The bongo has beautiful coloring. Its hair is bright brown 5_________ (mix) with orange and red. Down its back and across its sides the bongo has yellow-white strips(条纹). Animals that look 6__________ food at night usually have big eyes. This helps them see 7________ (good) at night. The forests in which bongos live are very dark. The eyes of bongos are very big. So, they have no trouble 8_________ (live) in the darkness.
Bongos in zoos do not like to go outside on 9_________days. They only go outside on those days 10_________ it is dark or very cloudy.


(25)
Gandhi, an Indian national hero, was honored 1__________ the father of the Indian nation. He has been respected and beloved by the Indians.
He was born in India in 1869. Following the local custom, he got 2__________(marry) at the age of 13. In 1888 he sailed to England, 3__________ he studied law for three years and became a lawyer. On his return to India, he was sent to South Africa to work on a law case.
In South Africa he 4__________ (surprise) to find that the problem of racial discrimination (种族歧视)was serious. There he formed an organization and started a magazine to fight 5__________ equal rights.
Gandhi returned to India in 1915, 6__________ India was controlled by the British. He led the Indians to fight for an end to the British rule and 7___________ (depend) for his country. In the political movement many Indians including Gandhi were put in prison. 8___________, the struggles never stopped. The British government had to give 9___________and India won its independence in 1947. 10___________(fortunate) Gandhi was shot by an Indian who opposed his views and died on January 30th, 1948. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(26)
Mrs. Wilson, the wife of a rich man, 1___________some of her friends to lunch. She was trying a new way to cook fish and she was very pleased with 2__________when the fish was ready. As the fish was very hot, she put it near the open window to 3_________ _for a few minutes. Five minutes later, when she came back for it, she was 4___________to find the neighbor’s cat at the fish. She was in time to stop the cat 5____________ it was too late. That afternoon every one enjoyed the fish. They talked and laughed 6__________four o’clock.
After the guests left, Mrs. Wilson felt tired 7_________ happy. She was sitting down in a chair near the window when she saw the neighbor’s cat dead in her garden. She was sure the fish was bad. What 8__________  happen to her friends? She at once telephoned the family doctor for help. The doctor liked each guest 9___________ (meet) him. Once again Mrs. Wilson was alone in her chair still tired but not longer happy. Just then the telephone rang. 10__________ was her neighbor, “Oh, Mrs. Wilson,” he cried.” My cat is dead. She was killed by someone in a car and put in your garden….”


(27)
Nowadays, almost everyone 1__________(realize) that smoking is 2__________ (harm) to people’s health. Sometimes it 3__________ causes fire.
In China, about 38% of the people smoke. Every year, they smoke millions of packets of 4__________. It’s bad news for the health of nation.
It’s known that smoking can cause different kinds of disease. Every year, many people die 5_________ these illnesses, such as lung and throat cancers. It also costs the government much money to look 6___________ these sick people. Smoking is also harmful to those 7________ don’t smoke, 8___________ (especial) to children and women.
In a word, smoking is no good. 9__________ you want to smoke, just think of those who suffer from diseases 10_________ the fires that destroy people’s lives and properties!


(28)
Many people like to 1_________ the latest newspaper. But 2_________ is it produced so quickly?
The most important man may be 3__________ chief editor. He decides 4__________ to do. Every morning the 5___________ (journal) are sent to report the events. Sometimes they need a face-to-face interview with people 6_________ do telephone interviews. Meanwhile, the picture editor sends photographer to take the 7___________ they need.
Later in the day, they pass the stories and the 8___________ (develop) photos to the editor. 
The chief editor will choose the most important news for the front page. 9___________ editors read the stories, make some necessary changes and write headlines for them. 10___________ the newspaper is printed and delivered to different places.
w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(29)
With the 1____________ (develop) of industry, air pollution is getting more and more serious. In Beijing, many people suffer different kinds of illnesses because 2___________ air pollution.
Air pollution is caused by the following 3_________: about half of the problem is caused by vehicles. There are more and more cars, buses on the roads, and they give off 4__________ (poison) gases. 25% of air pollution is caused by factories. Another factor is the smokers. Smoking not only does harm to their health 5__________ to others. 6_________ these, about 10%of air pollution is caused by other reasons.
We should take some measures to fight 7____________ pollution. New fuel can be used to take 8___________ place of gas. We can plant more trees. If everybody realizes the 9___________ (important) of environment and does something to stop pollution, the problem will 10____________ (solve).


(30)
Recently, a website has carried 1__________ a survey about the common view on graduates 2__________ Beijing University.
28% of the interviewed companies think that they 3__________ (satisfy) with the graduates from Beijing University. The graduates in their companies have a wide range of 4__________ (know) and they learn things very quickly and easily.
5___________, most of the companies don’t think much of graduates from Beijing University. In their eyes, the graduates always stick 6___________ their own opinions and lack the teamwork spirit 7__________ they are working. Besides, they may not be satisfied with their jobs even with big companies, and they usually ask too 8___________. As a result, 34% of the companies insist that 9__________ will not employ graduates from Beijing University.
In brief, society and even the students themselves expect too much from graduates from Beijing University. That’s 10__________ a graduate claims that he is rubbish.


                             (31)
Did you know that in the mountains it can start to snow in August? It snows through the fall and winter. 1__________, in spring, when all that snow melts, water falls down the mountain sides. Streams(溪流) form and come together to form 2__________ . Let’s follow one of the rivers in Utah.
The Bear River begins nearly 13,000 feet 3__________ in the mountains. It ends only 90 miles away, 4__________ it will have dropped about 9,000 feet first! The most surprising thing about this river is where 5_____ ____ends. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
If you look at a map, you will see that nearly all rivers 6_________(empty) into the sea. But 7___________ the water of the Bear River. This river flows into the Great Salt Lake, the largest lake in the West. The rivers and streams 8__________ flow into the lake bring with them about two million tons of salt each year. And no fresh water flows away from the lake. 9___________, the summer sun evaporates (蒸发) the fresh water, 10___________ (leave) the salt behind. The lake water is so salty that you can’t sink in it, no matter how hard you try.
                           
(32)
1 ___________ neither she nor her husband smoked, Mrs. Trench was surprised to see cigarette ash on her doorstep as she entered the house. When she opened the living-room door, she was astonished to see a strange man fast 2__________ in an armchair! Taking care not to disturb him, Mrs. Trench left the house at once. She called a taxi and went 3 __________(straight) to the police station. When she got there, she lost no time to explain 4___________ had happened and added that the man 5__________ have got into the house 6___________ an open window. Mrs. Trench returned home 7___________ a police car together with two policemen. But it was too late: the man had disappeared. 8___________ (hurry) upstairs, she went to her dressing-table. She smiled 9__________ relief when she saw the only thing that man had taken was an imitation(仿制品) diamond necklace that was almost 10 ___________!
                      
                         (33)
About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City 1___________ a woman and a yougn boy sat down 2___________ the next table. I couldn’t help 3__________ (overhear) parts of their conversation. At one point 4___________ woman asked: “ So, how have you been?” And the boy, 5__________
couldn’t have been more than seven or eight years old, replied, “Frankly, I’ve been feeling a little depressed lately.”
   This incident 6___________ (stick) in my mind because it confirmed my growing belief that children are cahnging. As 7___________ as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were “depressed” until we were in high school. The evidence of a change in children 8__________ (increase) steadily in recent years. Children don’t seem childlike anymore. Children speak more like adults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults 9___________ they used to. 10___________ this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it certainly is different. Children as it once was no longer exists, why?
                      
                              (34)
   Johnny Carson began his career in television 1 ____________ his twenties. First he worked at local stations in Nebraska. Several years 2___________, he moved to Los Angeles, California. It was “The Tonight Show” 3____________ made Johnny Carson famous for thirty years. He became 4 ____________ most popular star of American television. He 5_____________ (call) “the king of late night.” Critics said Americans from all parts of the country liked him and felt they knew him. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
   He did not take his fame 6_____________ (serious). For example, when asked 7____________ he became a “star”, he answered: “I started in a gaseous (气体的) state and I cooled.” Carson’s special skill was his sense of 8____________. Audiences laughed at his jokes he made at the beginning of his show. However, sometimes they laughed 9____________ harder at the jokes that failed. He was the most powerful performer on televison. Many 10____________ (comedy) and singers became successful after appearing on “The Tonight Show”.


                              (35)
Although many Chinese students say that 1____________ knowledge of English grammar is good, 2 ____________most would admit that their oral English is poor. 
3 ____________ I speak to a Chinese student they always say, “My oral English is poor.” 4 ____________, their oral English does not have to remain “poor!” I would like to suggest that there may be some reasons 5_____________ their problems with oral English.
First, they fail to find suitable words to express 6_____________ due to (由于) a limited vocabulary. 7_____________, they are afraid of making mistakes. The third reason is that not enough attention 8 ______________ (pay) to listening. 
   9_____________ you use your English beyond the classroom you will forget what English you know. Remember: USE IT OR LOSE IT! You can learn how to speak English better 10____________ speaking English more.
 
(36)
Until recently daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it ___1_______(consider) an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very ______2_____ (health) thing to do. Some reseachers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us ,_____3___(be) a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go    4       this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some      5   (surprise) conclusions.
Dr. Joan T. Freyberg has conclued that daydreaming contributes to intellectual growth. It ____6_____ improves      7      (concentrate),attention span, and the ability to get along with others. Idustrialist Henry J. Kaiser believed that much of his success was due to the positive use of daydreaming. Florence Nightingale dreamed of becoming a nurse. The young Thomas Edison pictured        8      as an inventor. For these notable achieveers, it appears    9     their daydreams came true. Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick offered this advice: “hold a picture of yourself… in your mind’s eye, and you will be drawn toward it. Picture yourself   10    as defeated and that alone will make victory impossible. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m


(37)
We ofter think of future. We often wonder ____1____ the world will be like a hundred years’  time.
Think of    2    space. Perhaps a permanent station on the moon    3       (set up). Perhapes people will be able to visit the moon as    4       . Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed,     5      (permit) long journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space and visiting    6       planets. Great propress will have been made     7    medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years’ time.
    8     the world will have been developed—even Antarctica. We will have used up most of the earth’s land to build our cities,      9     floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already plans of this kind. And there will be cities   10         the sea.




(38)
In the United States, there were 222 people    1        (report) to be billionaires in 2003. The   2      of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $41 billion, who made his money  3  starting the company Microsoft. Mr Gates was only 21 years old    4     he first helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire   5     the time he was 31.
     6     , there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even
     7   (young) ages. Other young people who have struch it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple.     8      of these child actors made over a million dollars     9     (act) in movies before they were 14. But      10     youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurn and Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited a billion dollars when he turned 18.
  
(39)
Most Americans don’t like to get advice     1      members of their family. They get advice from  “       2    (strong).” When they need advice, they don’t usually go to people thtey know.   3    many of them write letters to newspaers and magazines    4       give advice on amny different subjects    5      (include) family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes,    6      even on how to buy a house or a car.
  Most newspapers    7       (regular) print letters from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are     8    written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors,    9  are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special     10   (train) for this kind of work. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
 
(40)
In the United States, there were 222 people 1_________ (report) to be billionaires(亿万富翁) in 2003. The 2_________ of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, who made his money 3__________ starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old 4_________ he first helped to set 5_________ the company in 1976. He was a billionaire by the time he was 31. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
6_________, there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even 7_________ (young) ages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. 8________ of these child actors made over a million dollars 9_________ (act) in movies before they were 14. But the youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurn und Taxis of Germany, 10_________ inherited (继承) a billion dollars when he turned 18 in 2001!






参考答案
(1) 1. because     2. and    3. work     4. dangerous      5. too    6. Have     
7. the     8 with      9. second    10. which
(2) 1. stolen     2. at     3. to     4. amazement     5. and    6. hospital    7. for 
8. the     9.  had been 10. another w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(3) 1. living     2. languages     3. or/to     4. all     5. Before     6. bigger            
7. written     8. a     9. up     10. most
(4) 1. because     2. and     3. work     4. dangerous     5. too     6. Have          
7. the     8. with     9. second     10. there
(5) 1. An     2. without     3. wife     4. when/while     5. too     6. was painting  
7. after     8. Both/Then     9. nothing     10. angrily
(6) 1. from     2. strangers     3. Instead     4. that/which     5. including     
6. to buy     7. readers     8. there     9. others     10. training 
(7) 1. problems     2. that/which     3. annoyed     4. and     5. It     6. how     
7. a     8. happiness     9. grows     10. in
(8) 1. the     2. defeating     3. for     4. After     5. they     6. on     7. where  
8. before     9. best     10. failed
(9) 1. important     2. and     3. of     4. yourself     5. Successful     6. like     
7. where     8. what       9. they     10. the 
(10)1. what     2. /     3. moon     4. tourists/visitors/travelers     5. permitting   6. other     7. in     8. up     9. so/thus/therefore     10. under
(11) 1. A     2. useful     3. and     4. in     5. they     6. if     7. It     
8. which     9. friends      10. meeting
(12)1. cities     2. every/each     3. an     4. have used     5. Besides     
6. who     7. in    8. polluted     9. importance     10. if
(13) 1. to win     2. After     3. record     4. but (also)   5. wonderfully     
6. an     7. all      8. can     9. has been     10. what
(14) 1. it     2. was given     3. ages     4. no     5. how     6. a     7. than     
8. especially      9. with     10. more w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(15) 1. depends     2. which     3. the     4. less     5. It     6. should     
7. strength     8. without      9. neither     10. suggested
(16) 1. in     2. be seen     3. if/whether     4. by     5. which     6. to     
7. many     8. the     9. result     10. ourselves
(17) 1. broke     2. to be killed     3. no     4. cause     5. experienced     
6. whether/if     7. of     8. To     9. telling     10. other
(18) 1. the     2. whether/if     3. at     4. sat     5. them     6. though/although     
7. matter/trouble 8. could/should     9. for     10. lessons
(19) 1. a     2. after     3. don’t     4. why     5. spend     6. where/and     
7. nutritious     8. everyone/everybody     9. against     10. opening
(20) 1. as     2. look     3. oxygen     4. There     5. that/which     6. among     7. must/should    8. jumping     9. if     10. it  
(21) 1. who     2. but     3. proud     4. a     5. When/Whenever     6. she     
7. through     8. contributions     9. taking     10. However
(22) 1. that     2. food     3. than     4. that     5. to get     6. off     7. closed  8. After     9. from     10. his/the
(23) 1. had been     2. problem     3. job     4. employment     5. of     
6. without     7. Therefore/Thus     8. an     9. Surprisingly     10. so
(24) 1. if     2. zoo     3. where     4. itself     5. mixed     6. for     7. better 
8. living     9. bright     10. when w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(25) 1. as     2. married     3. where     4. was surprised     5. for     6. when     7. independence     8. However     9. in     10. Unfortunately
(26) 1. invited     2. herself     3. cool     4. surprised     5. before     
6. till/until     7. but     8. would     9. to meet     10. It
(27) 1. has realized     2. harmful     3. even     4. cigarettes     5. of/from     
6. after    7. who     8. especially     9. If     10. and 
(28) 1. read     2. how     3. the     4. what     5. journalists     6. or     
7. pictures/photos     8. developed     9. Other     10. Finally
(29) 1. development     2. of     3. reasons     4. poisonous     5. but(also)     
6. Besides     7. against     8. the     9. importance     10. be solved
(30) 1. out     2. from     3. are satisfied     4. knowledge     5. However 6. to     
7. when/while     8. much     9. they     10. why
(31) 1. Then     2. rivers  3.up  4.but  5.it  6.empty     7. not     8. that/which 
9. Instead      10.leaving
(32) 1. Because/As     2. asleep     3. straight     4. what     5. must     
6. through     7. in  8. Hurrying     9. with     10. worthless/ valueless
(33) 1. when     2. at     3. overhearing     4. the     5. who     6. stuck     
7. far     8. has increased     9. than     10. Whether
(34) 1. in     2. later     3. that     4. the     5. was called     6. seriously     
7. how     8. humor     9. even     10. comedians
(35) 1. their  2 yet     3. Whenever     4. However     5. for     6. themselves     
7. Second     8. is paid     9. Unless     10. by 
(36)1. was considered    2. healthy      3. is      4. beyond         5. surprising  
6. also     7. concentration      8. himself      9. that      10. vividly
(37)1. what      2. /        3. will have been set up    4. tourists/ visitors/ travelers
5. permitting       6. other    7. in     8.All     9. so/ thus/ therefore     
10. under w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m
(38)1. reported     2. richest/ wealthiest    3. by       4. when          5. by   
6. However       7. younger        8. Both      9. acting       10. the
(39)1. from     2. strangers     3. Instead     4. that/ which      5. including   
6. and      7. rugularly     8. answers    9. others       10. training.
(40) 1. reported     2. richest/wealthiest     3. by     4. when     5. up 
6. However     7. younger     8. Both     9. acting     10. who








想学好英语,首先要培养对英语的兴趣。“兴趣是最好的老师”,兴趣是学习英语的巨大动力,有了兴趣,学习就会事半功倍。我们都有这样的经验:喜欢的事,就容易坚持下去;不喜欢的事,是很难坚持下去的。而兴趣不是与生俱来的,需要培养。有的同学说:“我一看到英语就头疼,怎么能培养对英语的兴趣呢?”还有的同学说:“英语单词我今天记了明天忘,我太笨了,唉,我算没治了。”这都是缺乏信心的表现。初学英语时,没有掌握正确的学习方法,没有树立必胜的信心,缺乏了克服困难的勇气,丧失了上进的动力,稍遇失败,就会向挫折缴枪,向困难低头。你就会感到英语是一门枯燥无味的学科,学了一段时间之后,学习积极性也逐渐降低,自然也就不会取得好成绩。但是,只要在老师的帮助下,认识到学英语的必要性,用正确的态度对待英语学习,用科学的方法指导学习。开始时多参加一些英语方面的活动,比如 ,唱英文歌、做英语游戏、读英语幽默短文、练习口头对话等。时间长了,懂得多了,就有了兴趣,当然,学习起来就有了动力和欲望。然后,就要像农民一样勤勤恳恳,不辞辛苦,付出辛勤的劳动和汗水,一定会取得成功,收获丰硕的成果。毕竟是No pains, no gains吗。 练好基本功是学好英语的必要条件,没有扎实的英语基础,就谈不上继续学习,更谈不上有所成就。要想基本功扎实,必须全神贯注地认真听讲,上好每一节课,提高课堂效率,脚踏实地、一步一个脚印地,做到以下“五到”: 一、“心到”。在课堂上应聚精会神,一刻也不能懈怠,大脑要始终处于积极状态,思维要活跃、思路要开阔,心随老师走,听懂每一句话,抓住每一个环节,理解每一个知识点,多联想、多思考,做到心领神会。 二、“手到”。学英语,一定要做课堂笔记。因为人的记忆力是有限的,人不可能都过目不忘,记忆本身就是不断与遗忘作斗争的过程。常言说,“好脑筋不如烂笔头”。老师讲的知识可能在课堂上记住了,可是过了一段时间,就会忘记,所以,做好笔记很有必要。英语知识也是一点点积累起来的,学到的每一个单词、词组以及句型结构,都记在笔记本上,甚至是书的空白处或字里行间,这对以后的复习巩固都是非常方便的。 三、“耳到”。在课堂上,认真听讲是十分必要的,不但要专心听老师对知识的讲解,而且要认真听老师说英语的语音、语调、重音、连读、失去爆破、断句等发音要领,以便培养自己纯正地道的英语口语。听见听懂老师传授的每一个知识点,在头脑里形成反馈以帮助记忆;理解领会老师提出的问题,以便迅速作答,对比同学对问题的回答,以加深对问题的理解而取别人之长补自己之短。 四、“眼到”。在认真听讲的同时,还要双眼紧随老师观察老师的动作、口形、表情、板书、绘图、教具展示等。大脑里形成的视觉信息和听觉信息相结合,印象就会更加深刻。 五、“口到”。学习语言,不张嘴不动口是学不好的,同学们最大的毛病是读书不出声,害羞不敢张嘴。尤其是早读课,同学们只是用眼看或默读,这样就只有视觉信息,而没有听觉信息在大脑里的反馈,当然记忆也不会太深刻,口部肌肉也得不到锻炼,也就很难练就一口纯正的英语。所以,要充分利用早晨头脑清醒的时间,大声朗读;课堂上要勇跃回答老师提问、积极参与同学间讨论和辩论,课下对不清楚的问题及时提出,要克服害羞心理,不耻下问。对学过的课文要多读、勤读、苦读,可以跟录音机读,竭力模仿其语音语调以纠正发音,要读得抑扬顿挫朗朗上口,一些精典文章最好能背得滚爪烂熟。利用一切可能的机会,练习英语口语,比如,与外教交流、参加“英语角”活动、与同学进行对话、讲英语故事、唱英文歌曲、演英语短剧、进行诗歌朗诵等。除了对课本中的范文要细读精读之外,还要多看些适合我们中学生的课外读物,既可增长知识,又开阔了我 们的视野,也提高了我们的阅读水平。 学英语,词汇的记忆是必不可少的,词汇是学好英语的基础,没有了词汇,也就谈不上句子,更谈不上文章,所以记单词对我们就显得极其重要。记忆单词关键有二: 一是持之以恒:每天坚持记忆一定量的词汇,过几天再回头复习一次,这样周期循环,反复记忆,经常使用,就会变短时记忆为长时记忆并牢固掌握。需要注意的是,一旦开始,就要坚持下来,千万不能半途而废,切不可三天打鱼,两天晒网。 二是良好的记忆方法:记忆单词的方法很多,学无定法,但学有良法。我认为,张思中的“集中识词,分类记忆”不失为一种适合中学生的好方法。把中学生应掌握的3500个单词集中汇总,分门别类,先过单词关,然后再学教材,在课本中使用和巩固它们的用法。分类的方法有多种,同一元音或元音字母组合发音相同的单词归为一类;根据词形词性、同义词反义词等集中记忆;把相同词根、前缀、后缀、合成、转化、派生等构词法相同的单词或词组列在一起集中识记印象比较深刻,记忆效果也比较明显。这样每天记40-80个单词,坚持不懈,多联想,多思考,多使用,词汇问题不就解决了吗?在学习的过程中多注视单词的用法和词组的搭配,牢记老师讲过的单词惯用法和句型,这样不仅有助于我们解题,而且在写作时也会信手拈来,运用自如。 把单词记住,了解词性、词义,掌握其固定搭配与习惯用法,背会时态、从句的各种用法,工作只是完成了一半,我们还得将它们应用到实践中去。就像学游泳,光学理论,不下水应用,不等于掌握了这门技术。不必要搞题海战术,但一定量的典型练习来巩固所学知识是必不可少的。先重视基础练习,如课后习题,单元同步练习,这些是针对课堂知识的巩固性练习,不能好高骛远,光想着一口吃个胖子。基础知识掌握后,有的放失地做一些语法方面的专项练习和考试题型的专题练习。特别提倡同学们准备一本“错题集”,把平时做错的具有代表性的试题或语言点记录下来,以备将来查漏补缺,这样对知识的掌握可以达到事半功倍的效果。 英语是一种语言,不是记住了单词、词组、句型和语法项目就是把它学好了,关键在于使用语言,所以在学习英语时一定要注意听、说、读、写、译全面发展。英语学习首先是一个记忆过程,然后才是实践过程。学习英语,无论如何,勤奋是不可少的,它是一个日积月累的渐进过程,是没有任何捷径可走的,也没有所谓“速成”的灵丹妙方,急于求成,不做踏实工作,是学不好英语的。任何成功的获得都要靠自己的努力,要踏踏实实、勤勤恳恳、兢兢业业、一步一个脚印地学习,端正态度,认真对待学习中的挫折和失败。失败并不可怕,可怕的是对自己丧失信心而一蹶不振。对考试的失败,冷静分析,认真思考,只要对胜利充满信心,善于总结经验教训,不断努力,不断追求,胜利一定是属于你们的

最后编辑于:2014-04-20 12:09
分类: 语法词汇
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