考试时间: 120分钟 满分: 135分
第一节： 完形填空 (共15小题; 每小题2分, 满分30分)
What is it that you love to do but never feel that you get it quite right? Perhaps you don't even try any more because you think what you do is not 1 enough．
Discouragement seems to follow us a good part of the time, because whatever it is that we work so hard doing, it seems that there is always someone else who can do it much 2．
I have always enjoyed music and it is 3 to me that every musician has a 4 of their own．My father__5 several instruments and when he played with others, it was not difficult to 6 his sound in a group．Whether it was guitar or another instrument, he had his own 7 sound．
I once read of a music teacher who commented to a discouraged student, “ Nobody else can make the sound that you make.” The sound that you make may not be the same as someone else's but who is 8 which is better. It is said that “ 9 is in the eye of the beholder.” Perhaps it could be said that “A delightful sound is in the ear of the 10 .”
Every person has a different tone of voice that 11 only to them, and we all know people with an unforgettable laugh or a way of 12 that is unique to them．It might not be the sound of your music or your voice at all．It might be the way you whistle or the sound of your footsteps．
Each person has a（an） 13 on the world in some ways．Someone else can do what you do, but they cannot do it 14 the same way that you do it．The next time you feel 15 , remember "Nobody else can make the sound that you make．"
1．A．easy B．good C．simple D．hard
2．A．better B．worse C．more D．less
3．A．satisfying B．convincing C．inspiring D．interesting
4．A．gift B．sound C．life D．song
5．A．played B．designed C．created D．checked
6．A．turn down B．call up C．pick out D．give off
7．A．loud B．powerful C．perfect D．special
8．A．to talk B．to say C．to see D．to hear
9．A．Beauty B．Interest C．Patience D．Honesty
10．A．speaker B．receiver C．listener D．looker
11．A．devotes B．adds C．adapts D．belongs
12．A．running B．walking C．jumping D．speaking
13．A．choice B．opinion C．duty D．effect
14．A．exactly B．carefully C．cautiously D．seriously
15．A．annoyed B．puzzled C．discouraged D．bothered
第二节： 语法填空 (共10小题, 每小题1.5分, 满分15分)
Surveys show that although a man and a woman have the same level or handle the same position in an organization, the man would get a higher or bigger compensation package 16 (compare) with women. Because of this, many women are just contented to be in subordinate positions in finance, human resources, sales, manufacturing or other 17 (support) roles.
There are still 18 barriers that prevent women from reaching their full potentials in the world of employment. Our culture does not encourage women to excel in government 19__ in business-related jobs. Women who are able to make 20 on top and handle leadership roles are sometimes regarded merely as tokens. Their abilities and skills 21 (question) by their own peers, and sadly even by other women.
22 you are a woman who have 23 interest, ability and drive to pursue management careers，career counseling is 24 great help to give you direction and increase motivation to pursue your career goals. It will help you have the self-confidence to get you in the same career opportunities open to men in this society 25 men are preferred for top level positions.
第二部分： 阅读 (共两节，25小题, 满分50分)
Homestay provides English language students with the opportunity to speak English outside the classroom and the experience of being part of a British home.
What to Expect
The host will provide accommodation and meals. Rooms will be cleaned and bedcovers changed at least once a week. You will be given the house key and the host is there to offer help and advice as well as to take an interest in your physical and mental health.
Homestays are located inLondonmainly in Zones 2, 3 and 4 of the transport system. Most hosts do not live in the town centre as much of centralLondonis commercial and not residential. Zone 3 and 4 often offer larger accommodation in a less-crowded area. It is very convenient to travel inLondonby underground.
Meal Plans Available
☆ Continental Breakfast
☆ Breakfast and Dinner
☆ Breakfast, Packed Lunch and Dinner
It’s important to note that few English families still provide a traditional cooked breakfast. Your accommodation includes Continental Breakfast which normally consists of fruit juice, cereal, bread and tea or coffee. Cheese, fruit and cold meat are not normally part of a Continental Breakfast inEngland. Dinners usually consist of meat or fish with vegetables followed by dessert, fruit and coffee.
If you wish to invite a friend over to visit, you must first ask your host’s permission. You have no right to entertain friends in a family home as some families feel it is an invasion of their privacy.
Self-Catering Accommodation in Private Homes
Accommodation on a room-only basis includes shared kitchen and bathroom facilities and often a main living room. This kind of accommodation offers an independent lifestyle and is more suitable for the long-stay student. However, it does not provide the same family atmosphere as an ordinary homestay and may not benefit those who need to practice English at home quite as much.
26. The passage is probably written for ____________.
A. hosts willing to receive foreign students
B. foreigners hoping to build British culture
C. travelers planning to visit families inLondon
D. English learners applying to visit families inLondon
27. Which of the following will the host provide?
A. Room cleaning B. Medical care
C. Free transport D. Physical training
28. What can be inferred from Paragraph 3?
A. Zone 4 is more crowded than Zone 2.
B. The business centre ofLondonis in Zone 1.
C. Hosts dislike travelling to the city centre.
D. Accommodation in the city centre is not provided.
29. According to the passage, what does Continental Breakfast include?
A. Dessert and coffee. B. Fruit and vegetable.
C. Bread and fruit juice D. Cereal and cold meat.
30. Why do some people choose self-catering accommodation?
A. To experience a warmer family atmosphere.
B. To enrich their knowledge of English.
C. To entertain friends as they like.
D. To enjoy much more freedom
Hilton Shanghai, the city's first international hotel, has been recognized as a top business hotel inShanghaifor its convenient location and outstanding facilities for more than 20 years.
However, the hotel's newly appointed general manager Gerd Knaust says it is the people that make the hotel successful.
More than 380 employees have been working with the hotel for more than 15 years. Some of them have personal relationships with customers.
''It's a people-relation business,'' Knaust says. ''They really tell me about the stories in the last 15 years. It's something very nice to listen to. It's also a lasting memory for the guests.''
In fact, over the years, some of the guests have stayed in the hotel 200 or even 300 times.
Knaust, who has been working in the hospitality industry for more than 30 years, started his career as a chef inGermany. During his early 30s, Knaust already moved to the top in the culinary (烹调的) field as director of kitchen of Hyatt Regency Cologne in Germany.
After holding several general manager positions in Mandarin Oriental hotels, Knaust joined Hilton International as the general manager to open the Conrad and Doubletree by Hilton atHaitangBay, Sanya in 2010.
When he was appointed as the general manager of Hilton Shanghai in November, he not only was heavily involved in recruitment, sales and marketing strategies but also he worked closely with the food and beverage team to develop the hotel's restaurant concepts and menus.
''I believe that we should offer quality and healthy food.'' he says.
Knaust believes that a hotel must value the customers' comments on Ctrip, Trip Advisor and other platforms, etc.
''It keeps us more on guard to be 100 percent professional,'' he says.
31. Why do business travelers choose Hilton Shanghai?
A. Because of its location, facilities and good service.
B. Because it is inShanghai.
C. Because its general manager is excellent.
D. Because some customers are the staff’s relatives.
32. From the passage we know ______ .
A. Hilton Shanghai is the first international hotel inChina
B. Gerd Knaust thinks that the staff is the most important in making the hotel successful
C. Gerd Knaust has worked in Hilton Shanghai for more than 20 years
D. most of the employees in Hilton Shanghai have personal relationships with customers
33. Knaust joined Hilton International as the general manager to ______.
A. start his career as chef
B. be involved in recruitment
C. open the Conrad and Doubletree
D. develop the hotel’s restaurant concepts and menus
34. Trip Advisor in the last paragraph but one is likely to be______.
A. a person who can give you some advice about trip
B. a place where you can have a good trip
C. an organization which can give you some advice
D. a website where travelers can leave their advice
35. What is the passage mainly about?
A. First international hotel inShanghai. B. How to manage a hotel well.
C. Knaust's management idea. D. Knaust's life story.
Long after the 1998 World Cup was won, disappointed fans were still cursing the disputed refereeing decisions that denied victory to their team. A researcher was appointed to study the performance of some top referees.
The researcher organized an experimental tournament involving four youth teams. Each match lasted an hour, divided into three periods of 20 minutes during which different referees were in charge.
Observers noted down the referees’ errors, of which there were 61 over the tournament. Converted to a standard match of 90 minutes, each referee made almost 23 mistakes, a remarkably high number.
The researcher then studied the videotapes to analyse the matches in detail. Surprisingly, he found that errors were more likely when the referees were close to the incident. When the officials got it right, they were, on average, 17 meters away from the action. The average distance in the case of errors was 12 meters. The research shows the optimum (最佳的) distance is about 20 meters.
There also seemed to be an optimum speed. Correct decisions came when the referees were moving at a speed of about 2 meters per second. The average speed for errors was 4 meters per second.
If FIFA, football’s international ruling body, wants to improve the standard of refereeing at the next World Cup, it should encourage referees to keep their eyes on the action from a distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.
He also says that FIFA’s insistence that referees should retire at age 45 may be misguided. If keeping up with the action is not so important, their physical condition is less critical.
experiment conducted by the researcher was meant to ________.
A. review the decisions of referees at the 1998 World Cup
B. analyse the causes of errors made by football referees
C. set a standard for football refereeing
D. reexamine the rules for football refereeing
number of refereeing errors in the experimental matches was ________.
A. slightly above average B. higher than in the 1998 World Cup
C. quite unexpected D. as high as in a standard match
findings of the experiment show that ________.
A. errors are more likely when a referee keeps close to the ball
B. the farther the referee is from the incident, the fewer the errors
C. the more slowly the referee runs, the more likely errors will occur
D. errors are less likely when a referee stays in one spot
word “officials” (Para. 4) most probably refers to ________.
A. the researchers involved in the experiment
the inspectors of the football tournament
C. the referees of the football tournament
D. the observers at the site of the experiment
is one of the possible conclusions of the experiment?
A. The ideal retirement age for an experienced football referee is 45.
B. Age should not be the chief consideration in choosing a football referee.
C. A football referee should be as young and energetic as possible.
D. An experienced football referee can do well even when in poor physical condition.
What do you do if you don’t get into your first choice of university? That’s the dilemma that faces thousands of British students every year.
Many candidates turn to Clearing, the service that helps find university places for students at the last moment. If they don’t have the marks to get into their first choice of institution, Clearing tells them about places available at other universities, though they might have to read another subject.
But this year has seen a record number of people applying to university. This, combined with the weak economy, an uncertain job market and budget cuts at universities, means that there's been even more of a scramble for places than usual. Some sources say six students have applied for each remaining undergraduate university place.
The British university admissions service, UCAS, says up to a quarter of this year’s university applicants --- almost 190,000 people --- still don’t have a place on a degree course. That’s a rise of over 46,000 students from last year.
Faced with these figures, some British students might be thinking of an interesting alternative: studying abroad. The University of Nottingham, for example，is offering places at its campuses in Ningbo, near Shanghai, and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Students here can gainUniversityofNottinghamdegrees in business, accounting, engineering and English. Similarly, theUniversityofBoltonsays it has ‘unlimited’ places at its campus in theUnited Arab Emirates.
Given the problems getting into university, theUK’s Higher Education Minister, David Willetts, encourages students who haven't made the grade to consider alternatives to university, such as apprenticeships and studying at home.
"There are a range of options available," he says. "People are able to reapply. They should think how they can spend their year adding that bit to their CV, which would help their application --- getting practical work experience or extra skills --- anything that strengthens their chances next year."
But some experts say that rising university costs, poor long-term job prospects, and a drop in graduate recruitment mean it’s the worst time to be a university student in theUK.
41. When the author says this year “there’s been more of a scramble for places” (Para. 3), he means_________________.
A. more people have applied to university
B. there is more competition between the candidates
C. there are more services that help find university places
D. more places are available
42. According to UCAS, there are about ____university applicants this year.
A. 190,000 B. 46,000 C. 236, 000 D. 760, 000
43. David Willetts encourages students faced with the lack of places on a degree course _____.
A. to consider apprenticeships and studying at home
B. to study at campus outside theUK
C. to reapply next year
D. not to go to university in theUK
44. Which of the following is NOT the reason that may make this year the worst time to enter university?
A. It costs more to study at university.
B. Long-term job prospects are worse.
C. Universities offer places in other countries.
D. There are fewer chances to do graduate study.
45. According to the passage, what can students do if they don’t get into their first choice of university?
A. They can go to work in Clearing.
B. They can get practical work experience or skills and reapply next year.
C. They can spend the year writing a better CV.
D. They do graduate study at home.
A .Office Systems Technology
Courses: Keyboarding, Introduction to Information Systems, Records & Data Base Management, Business English，Document Formatting &Word Processing, Medical Terminology
Total Credit Hours: 18
Certificates: Data Entry Receptionist, Medical Admissions Clerk
Contact Information: Wilma Clapp一Project Coordinator Bldg A, Room，119 Leestown Campus 164 Opportunity Way, Lexington, KY 40511 Tel: (859)246-6821
B. Chemical Engineering atCambridge
Our course concentrates on the scientific principles that underpin modern chemical and biochemical engineering. The aim is to produce graduates that meet the needs of today’s process industries by providing technical competence, training in transferable skills, and a thorough understanding of the subject. We have strong links with industry. The course is supported by a consortium of 10 industrial companies. These links also mean that there are opportunities for vacation placements with some of the world’s top companies.
Contact details: firstname.lastname@example.org or www. ceb. cam. ac.uk
C. English Learning atCambridge
UCAS code: Q300 BA/E
Duration: 3 years
Colleges: Available at all colleges
Related courses: Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic
Classes: History, Linguistics, Modern and Medieval Languages, Theology and Religious Studies
Contact details: email@example.com@Iists.cam.ack.uk or www english. cam. ac.uk
D. The SIT TESOI, Certificate Course
Teaches you the fundamentals of teaching English to speakers of other languages
Gives you hands-on, trainer-observed teaching practice and includes workshop sessions and supported lesson planning by experienced trainers
Provides you with modern teaching methods that help you to connect effectively with learners’ individual needs and motivations.
Helps you develop confidence in your ability to teach English as a foreign language
Mailing Address: PO，Box 676, 1 Kipling Road, Brattleboro, VT 05302 USA
E. Skills for Life (English and Maths)
Skills for Life courses give you the English and maths skills you need to manage your life at home, at work and in all aspects of your life.
Skills for Life courses can also be a stepping stone to other courses, such as Skills for Learning. All of these courses are at Entry 3/Level I.
These courses are FREE of charge including all accommodation, meals, tuition and learning resources.
If you have any questions then please contact Yvonne Godwin atFircroftCollegeon 0121 472 0116.
F. Human, Social, and Political Sciences
UCAS code: L000 BA/HSPS
Duration: 3 years
Colleges: Available at all colleges except Peterhouse
Related courses: Asian and Middle Eastern Studies
Classes: Geography, History, Psychological and Behavioural Sciences, Theology and Religious Studies
Contact details: firstname.lastname@example.org or www hsps.cam.ac.uk/undergraduate
46. Eva will become an English teacher in September this year. Before working as a teacher, she wants to get some training and learn some modem teaching methods.
47. Joe lives with his mother nearFircroftCollege. His mother is too poor to afford his education. So he intends to find a course which offers free accommodation, meals and tuition.
48. Linda who majors in English plans to write a thesis about Anglo-Saxon people, including their life and history. Recently she has been collecting information about them.
49. Li Lei is going to finish his senior middle school and plans to study biochemical engineering at a world-famous college. So he decides to learn more about it during the summer vacation.
50. Wang Li is a reporter. She is asked to write a passage about Asia andMiddle East. Because she isn’t familiar with them at all, she has to learn about them.
Most people feel lonely sometimes, but it usually only lasts between a few minutes and a few hours. This kind of loneliness is not serious. In fact, It is quite normal. For some people, though, loneliness can last for years. Psychologists are studying this complex phenomenon in an attempt to better understand long-term loneliness. These researchers have already identified three different types of loneliness.
The first kind of loneliness is temporary. This is the most common type. It usually disappears quickly and does not require any special attention.
The second kind, situational loneliness, is a natural result of a particular situation ---for example, a divorce, the death of a loved once, or moving to a new place. Although this kind of loneliness can cause physical problems, such as headaches and sleeplessness, it usually does not last for more than a year. Situational loneliness is easy to understand and to predict.
The third kind of loneliness is the most severe. Unlike the second type, chronic loneliness usually lasts more than two years and has no specific cause. People who experience habitual loneliness have problems socializing and becoming close to others. Unfortunately, many chronically lonely people think there is little or nothing they can do to improve their condition.
1-5 BADBA 6-10CDBAC 11-15DDDAC
16. compared 17. supportive/supporting 18. other 19. or 20. it 21. are questioned
22. If 23. the 24. of 25. where
26-30 DABCD 31-35 ABCDC 36-40 BCACB 41-45 BDACB 46-50 DECBF
Recently, we did a survey about whether the students of Senior 3 should take physical exercise or not among us Senior 3 students. 70%of them hold the opinion that we should have daily physical activities, such as doing some running, doing morning exercises, playing table tennis and basketball etc., but time shouldn’t be too long. They believe taking exercise can make us strong and healthy, avoiding suffering from diseases, and that doing proper exercise can relax us to give our brain a good rest so that we can review better. However,30% of the students take physical exercise as a waste of time. They hold the opposite opinion that taking exercise may make us students exhausted and get hurt while doing exercise, and we will become overexcited after taking exercise, as a result of which, it will take us a long time to return to normal before reviewing our lessons.
The passage states three types of loneliness---temporary, situational and chronic loneliness, among which temporary loneliness is the most common one, situational loneliness results from a certain situation and chronic loneliness is the most serious one.
When I was nine years old, I moved toBeijingwith my parents, where I found it hard for me to adapt myself to the new surroundings. I didn’t get along well with my new fellow students because of my shyness and fear and I even didn’t want to talk to anybody. Never had I felt so lonely before.Later, I found it easy to get rid of loneliness. Firstly, you can keep a diary, which can make you understand your feelings better so that you will have a good mood in your work and studies. Secondly, you can talk to somebody who can give you some useful advice on your physical and mental development. Last but not least, you should have an optimistic attitude towards what you are engaged in and be active to solve the problems ahead of you. Try your best and take it easy, and you are bound to overcome your loneliness.