转:语法“十宗罪”

发表于:2014-04-22 08:20 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

 



     在未来几十年里,世界上传播最广泛的新闻、最先进的思想、最高深的技术、最集中的知识分子的交流,大多数都将试用英语。如果你不想做一个与国际思想脱节的人,学英语是非常必要的。例如在软件行业,不但编程的语言是基于英语,更重要的一些课本、文献、参考书、用户手册等都是试用英语的。此外,学英语决不是崇洋。中国正走向世界,中国需要学习西方的先进思想和科学技术,学好英语才能扩大交流,从这个意义上来说,学英语是爱国的表现。很多中国留学生在英语考试中的成绩不错,可是到美国上课却几乎都听不懂,和外国同学交流就更加困难了。

     如何把英语学好呢?既然英语是重要的工具,那学习的方法就要尽量与工具的试用相结合,不能只,更不能只用背诵的方式。读书时尽量看原版的专业课本——如果英语不够好,那就从汉英对照的书看起,适当地看一些你所感兴趣的专业领域论文,这样可以同时提高英语能力和增加相关领域的知识。不要把学英语当作苦差事,可以用有趣的方式去学习,例如看一些名人对话或小说、剧本、甚至漫画,以自发的方式记住很多习惯用法和有意思的表达方法。同时,为了提高英语的听说能力,最好的方法就是与那些来自英语为母语国家的外国人对话,现在很多地方都有不少在中国学习和工作的外国人,他们中有些为学中文,也会积极主动地寻找中国学生对话练习,这是很好的机会。

    本文原文来自美国一所大学的英语讲师,内容则是(美国大学生常犯的十大语法错误top ten grammar problems)。美国大学生常犯的这些错误,我们自己是否也常犯。在下面的十组例句中,第一句是病句,第二句则是改正过来的句子。

   
一、句子之间缺少过渡性的单词或词组

① Salmons swim upstream, they leap over huge dams to reach their destination.

② Salmons swim upstream, and then they leap over huge dams to reach their

   destination.

二、省字号(')的滥用

① the government's plan

② the plan of the government

三、代词之间的性、数、格不一致

① Everyone has their homework.

② Everyone has his (or her) homework.

四、主句与从句的顺序不当

① Some of the new dot-com millionaires found out the party was over, after the NASDAQ value dropped by over two thirds.

② After the NASDAQ value dropped by over two thirds,some of the new dot-com millionaires found out the party was over.

五、双重否定

① Barely no one noticed that the pop star lip-synched during the whole performance.

② Barely anyone noticed that the pop star lip-synched during the whole performance.

六、修饰语、插入语的位置不当

① The forest fire, no longer held in check by the exhausted firefighters, jumped the firebreak.

② No longer held in check by the exhausted firefighters, the forest fire jumped the firebreak.

七、意义含糊的先行词

① The band members collected his and her uniforms.

② The band members collected their uniforms.

八、介词和冠词的滥用

① The project of the government reduces the costs of production of the private firms.

② The government project reduces the production costs of private firms.

九、句子缺少成分

① When aiming for the highest returns, and also thinking about the possible losses.

② When aiming for the highest returns, investors also should think about the possible losses.

十、忘记断句

① I do not recall what kind of printer it was all I remember is that it could sort, staple, and print a packet at the same time.

② I do not recall what kind of printer it was. All I remember is that it could sort, staple, and print a packet at the same time.


分类: 语法词汇
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