2013高考英语单词联想记忆

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2013高考英语单词联想记忆

adventure    ;n.& vt.冒险;词中词 :venture 冒险;投机 risk; danger; adventurous adj.喜欢冒险的;充满危险的

airplane       ;n. 飞机;联想: aircraft 飞行器;飞机;

disappoint ;v. 失望;泄气;词中词appoint 指定;委派

argue  ;vi. 争论;争吵; 近义debate  discuss;

brave     ;adj.       勇敢的; 近义bold ;fearless

care about担心;关心care for 喜欢;   

cast      vt.& vi.   投掷;投射;抛 (cast,cast) 联想;broadcast 广播     

compass      ;n.   罗盘;指南针;词中词 pass 通过;经过 

deserted      adj.      荒芜的;荒废的;为人所弃的; 联想:desert 沙漠; dessert甜点;drop sb a line给某人写信(通常指写短信)

e-pal  ;n.   网友;联想:pale苍白的; e-friend

error      n.      错误;差错;false adj. 错误的;fault n.错误false; incorrect不正确的 

feeling n. 触觉;知觉;感觉;情绪;

近义emotion ;feel     touch;

Fond  adj.       喜爱的;喜欢的; ( be) fond of喜欢;爱好   

Fry      ;vt. & vi. 油煎;油炸 frying-pan; pot; try    

Gun;n.       炮;枪;联想: run; fun;

Hammern.       锤子;槌; 词中词ham 火腿;

联想: gram; grammar      

Handsome      ;adj.       英俊的;美观的; 近义

beautiful; pretty; smart   

honest      adj. 诚实的;正直的; 近义loyal;

反义dishonest; 

hunt     vt.& vi.& n.   打猎;猎取;搜寻

hunt for       搜寻;追寻;寻找look/ search for

in order  to 为了; 比较: so as to ,

lie   ;n./v.     谎话;谎言;形近lie; pie; (liedlied ); laylain 躺;     

loyal     ;adj.       忠诚的;忠心的; 联想loyalty;  ;n.忠诚 ;loyalist; 忠臣;

match; ;n.   火柴;比赛形近march 前进

mirror;   ;n.   镜子; 形近 :error 错误; terror; 恐怖  

movie;   ;n.   电影;film move;  助记:我I在里边演动感move电影 movie    

parachute    ; n.  降落伞; ArA对称; 联想paragraph; separate; character     

rope; n.  绳;索 ; 形近; hope; telescope 望远镜;

saw    ;n.   ; see  

scared       ;n.   恐惧的;联想:scar; scarf 围巾;     share ;n./v.     分享;共有;分配;共享;份额; 词中词 hare 野兔   

smart ;adj.       聪明的;漂亮的;敏捷的; 词中词art; mart=market 市场

solution    ;n.   解答;解决办法;解决方案 solve; ;v. resolution n.决心;   

sorrow      n.    悲哀;悲痛; 联想:row (划船)n.行;排  sad ;arrow   

speech      vt.& vi.   演说;讲话;语音

联想:speak pronunciation ;lecture      

such as 例如;like; for example  

survive; ;vi.&vt    幸免于;幸存从……中生还;surprisesurface vive-万岁(法语)

wise       ;  adj.    英明的;明智的;聪明的;

classical;古典的;联想:class;formal;informal;

 

a great many   许许多多;极多(修饰可数名词);复习:a number of;many a;penty of;

bathroom ;n./v.  浴室;盥洗室;厕所 bathe;洗澡;

bring in           引进;引来; bring together 带来;聚集     ;

broad;   ;adj.       宽的;助记:宽的路;词中词road

closet ;n.  壁橱;储藏室; 词中词;close; set 

come about;发生; 近义happen; occur; take place  

commander    n.    司令官;指挥官

词中词command 指挥;控制; man    

Communicate vi.    交际;沟通;传达

联想:communication n.    交流;通讯;通信

compare      vt.   比较 ;联想:contrast 对比 ;词中词pare 削皮;剥去;prepare    

cookbook n.    食谱;联想:notebook; exercise book; guidebook;指南;      

end  up  with ……告终 ;复习

begin/start with ……开始   

equal  adj.  相等的;胜任的; vt.     等于;比得上;  联想:equality平等 ;equation 方程式;等式unequal不等的;       be equal to

except  for            除了……之外;  联想: besides;加上; in addition to ; apart from  

exchange     ;vt.& n. 交换;交流;兑换;

词中词change 变成;复习: communicate communication;

expression n.短语;表情; 联想: impression

fall     n秋天;瀑布;

联想: rainfall ;autumn ;call ;hall ;tall

global      adj. 全球的;球形的; 联想: globe   n. ; 地球仪    

government    n.    政府;内阁; 联想:govern统治; 管理; rule ;      

howl  vi.& n.   谐音:嚎叫;怒吼;嚎哭

independent   adj. 独立自主的; 联想:depend 

international   adj. 国际的;世界的;联想:nation; national   

landlady   n.    女房东;老板娘 land+ lady;   

majority    n.    多数;大半;  词中词 major 主要的

make oneself at home  别客气   

movement       n.    运动;动作;运转;move

native       adj./n    本国的;本地的 civil 国内的;local;当地的;本地人;本国人     

organization   n.组织;机构;团体; 词中词:organize; opposite 在……对面     

president  n.    总统;校长;行长;会长; 词中词resident 居民;居住者;reside居住 residence住宅     

pronounce      ;vt.   发音;宣告;断言;

复习noun 名词; pronunciation; pronoun;

publish     v.     发表;出版;公布;词中词 pub 酒吧(店);联想: print ;come out;

repeat; n.vi重做;重复;复述重复;反复replace   vt.   取代;替换;代替; 联想:change  ; take the place of;

service;  n.    服务;服务性工作;联想:

serve; conservation 保护;维护   

signal;   ;n.   信号 ;联想:;design ;assign

appoint ;sign 标志;迹象;签名   

situation;     n.    情形;境遇;(建筑物等的)位置;联想:situate v.位于;处于;坐落

southern;     n.    南方的;南部的 northern;

south

Spanish;       ;adj. n    西班牙语;西班牙人;

西班牙(人、语)的   

stand;    ;n.   台;看台;摊,摊位;站;容忍; standard; understand ;stage     

statement;   n.    陈述;声明;综述; 联想:state     

stay up     不睡;熬夜;sit up;stay away from

tidy    ;vt.   整理;收拾 tide 潮汐 clean tongue     ;n.   舌头;语言;口语 ;language

mother tongue      n.  母语 tongue twister

total   ;adj. ./v.  总数;合计; 总共;altogether adv.总计;总数     

in total ; 联想:altogether; add up to   ;in all; all in all;on the whole;

totally       adv. 完全地;整个地   

tourism     ;n.   旅游;观光; 联想:tourtowel  ;n.   毛巾; scarf 围巾;纸巾 hankerchief; 手帕      

trade; adj.     贸易;商业; business WTO. merchant;       

typhoon   ;n.   台风; 谐音: 联想:type 类型;种类;打字  

adventurous   ;adj.       喜欢冒险的;充满危险的; 联想:adventure ;

 

 

as well as    也;还;而且;以及     

backpack     ;n.     背包; 词中词:pack ;back;联想backward落后的;向后forward 向前;

basic;     adj./n    基本的;基本;要素 base 基础的  basis 基础basin 

board;   vt.   上(船、飞机等) on broad

broad 宽的; aboard 在船/飞机上    

cellophane  ;n.   手机; 联想:

mobile phone; automobile汽车  

combine      ;vt. & vi. (使)联合;(使)结合  ;联想:connect 联合;unit; join;  

consider       ;vt.   考虑;照顾;认为; 词中词:side;  

contain ;vt.   包容;容纳; 复习:include tain 锡铂; tin 锡罐;   

destination  ;n.   目的地 ;同义:purpose 目标;aim; goal 

eco-travel;    ;n.   生态旅游; ecology 生态学; ecologist 生态学家  

equipment;  ;n.   装备;设备; 联想:equip v. 词中词: quip双关语; decorate装潢;装饰;

excitement   ;n.   刺激;兴奋;激动;

联想:excite 使激动; thrill;刺激;     

experience      vt.& n.   体验;经历;经验 ; experiment; 试验; experienced adj.   

get away from 逃离; 同义: escape; fleefled;fled  

handle  ;vt./n      操作;处理;柄;把手; 联想:control; operate ;conduct   ;词中词:hand;

means   ;n.   手段;方法 复习:way;

method; approach;  

nature   ;n.   自然;自然界;本性;联想: natural; 自然的;strait;  feature特征;characteristic

normal        adj. 正常的;正规的;标准的 近义 formal;反义词:abnormal非正式的;正式的;informal非正式的;      

normal        ;n.   正规;常态;   联想:regular; irregular; abnormal  

on the other hand    另一方面;比较;on the one hand;

unit;单元; 联想:unity 统一;团结;     unite

paddle;  vi.n.vt.    划桨;涉水; 用桨划词中词:pad 垫子;填料;联想: row 划船      

particular;    ;adj 特别的;特殊的; specialespecial  反义词: commongeneral;

 poison ;n.   毒药;毒害; 联想:poisonous有毒的;有害的;恶毒的

protect  sb / sth from     保护、保卫某人(某事物;)联想: defend; keep; prevent; stop...from阻止;    

responsibly  adv. 负责地;联想: responsible; adj. respond 回答;反应

see sb off    .      (到火车站、飞机场等处)为某人送行 ;联想:bring sb. back;

separate;      adj. 单独的;分开的; 词中词rate 比率;分开;隔离; Sep. 九月(缩写)

similarity;     .n    类似;类似处 ; 联想:

similar;相似的;difference     

simple   ;adj.       简单的 ;  反义词:difficult; complex  

simply   ;adv.       仅仅;只不过;简单地;完全;简直近义merely   

spider    ;n.   蜘蛛;词中词: side;  spider map蜘蛛图;      

stream   ;vt.& vi.  溪;川;流;词中词:team;

换一字cream 乳酪 scream 尖叫;     

task    ;n.   任务;作业; 联想:duty 值日;职责; 

tip;  n.小费; 提示;贴士;建议;倒置pit 坑;沟通; 联想: dip;      

transportation       ;n.   运输;运送; 联想:transport;  ;v

unpack     ;vt.& vi   打开(包裹、行李等);卸货; 联想:pack 包裹;load 装载;unload 卸载

vacation       ;n.    近义holiday 假日 

watch out           注意;当心;  联想:look outadvance    ;vt.& vi./n.     前进;提前 distance; 距离;前进;提升; 近义march 前进;进步;progress;

注意:指进步advance是可数名词;progress是不可数名词。

 

 agent      n.代理(商),经纪人;词中词age 年纪;manager;travel agent    旅行社代理人;助记:上年纪的经纪人   

article    n.    文章;论文;冠词; 近义composition 作文

boom n./v.      隆隆声; 联想:bloom开花;room房间; broom扫把;拖把;

Buddha n.佛;佛像;佛陀;;谐音布带佛;

couch       n.(坐卧两用的)长沙发;

联想: ouch 哎哟; sofa; 沙发 

crack  vi.    发破裂声;劈啪地响;谐音boom; 形近:crash;坠毁;碰撞; track轨迹;踪迹;痕迹deadline       n.       截止时间;最终期限;联想:headline 头版头条

destroy     vt.   摧毁;毁坏;   近义:

damage ;hurt ;harm; woundruin;     

disaster    n.    灾难;灾祸;联想: tragedy 悲剧; misfortune不幸;  

drag;      vt.   拖;拖曳 rag 破布;烂衣服;

联想:pull ;    

fear;       vt.& vi./. 害怕;畏惧;恐惧  联想:to be afraid ofterror; fright; horror; shock;  反义fearless

fight     vi.    搏斗;斗争;争吵;

(fought,fought);  加一字:fright恐惧;近义struggle;

finally;   adv. 最后;终于; 联想: at last; in the end; eventually      

flow;      vi.& n.    流动 ;倒置wolf; 联想 low; 助记:水向低处流     

fright     n.    惊骇;吃惊 ; 减一字fight;

复习:frighten; fight; fear; shock;

get on one's feet   站立起来; struggle to one's feet; 

go through     通过;经受;仔细检查  

联想:look through 

host   vt.n 主办或主持某活动;主人; 联想: cost; lost; ghost;hot;  近义 master; owner;

king;      n.    国王;联想: queen; emperor;national adj. 国家的;民族的;

词中词 :nation;  联想:international   

naughty       adj. 顽皮的;淘气的     

note   n.    笔记;注释;纸币; notebook笔记本式电脑 

on fire          失火;着火; catch fire  

on holiday   在度假;on vacation;  

opportunity n.    机会;时机;可能性;  近义 chance 

peanut      n.    花生;  词中词pea ; nut 坚果;      

pull sb up           ……往上曳;pull down; pull out;  

rescue       n.    援救;营救; 近义 :save assist; help;

roar    ;v.    轰鸣;咆哮;怒号 ; 联想:howl;

board n.木板;甲板; 联想:       board;

scare  vi.    恐吓;使人恐惧;令人惊吓;受恐吓; 词中词care 关心;  联想:scared;scar  ;t/vi       助记:死汽车 car让我留下伤疤scar;只好用围巾scarf遮挡; The careful man is scarcely scared by the scarce parcel.细心男子勉强被罕见的包裹吓了一下.

seize  ;v.  抓住;逮住;夺取; 联想:grasp; catch; size 尺寸  

shake ;vt. & vi. 震动;摇动;摇;颤抖;形近 联想:quake cake brake 刹车;snake;蛇;bake 烘;烤wake 醒来; sake缘故;目的;baker;面包师;

silver     ;n.   银;银子;联想:scene 场面;布景; 

stair       n. (阶梯的)一级;楼梯;联想: up/down stairs adv./下楼梯  

strike vi./n      击打;打动; 罢工(struck, struck/stricken); 近义:hit; knock; beat  

struggle    ;v./n       努力;挣扎;奋斗;联想: contest; fight ;compete;      

swallow    ;n. /v.             n燕子;咽;淹没;吞没;词中词 :wallow 沉迷;溺于;wall 墙;allow;

take place    发生;  联想:happen occur   

temple      ;n.   庙;寺;神殿; 词中词 :temp 临时的形近temper 气质;脾气;bad-tempered;脾气坏的;     

toothbrush      ;n.   牙刷联想:brush touch     ;v. & n.   触摸;(使)接触;感动; 联系;联想:touch ;contact ;connect;换一字: torch火炬;

tower ;n.   塔;城堡 ;联想:

napkin; towel毛巾    

unforgettable ;adj.       难忘的;  联想:forget     

upon  prep.      ……之上;联想:above; over;

academy n.   学院;AcA 对称 ;助记;myde AcA学院;  

accept       vt.   接受;认可; 形近access 接近 ; 近义receive

 

action    ;n.   动作;情节;作用;举动   

actor      n.       男演员;行动者;参以者   

actress      n.   女演员;  形近address 地址; hostess 女主人     

adult       ;n. 成人;成年人; 联想: teenager 青少年    

award       ;n.   奖;奖品; 联想:toward       reward;

boss      n.      老板;上司; 助记:读了博士(boss)当老板; 联想:cross; loss损失; bring sb back         送回某人; 联想:see off;

career       n.  事业;生涯; 助记: 有车car的事业; 形近engineer; pioneer;   

choice       n.    选择;抉择;精选品; 联想;choose  ;v.

classical    adj. 古典文学的;古典的

词中词;class

Comment n. & vi. 评论;注释;意见联想:opinion; advice; remark;

creature       ;n.   生物;动物; 近义:animal;

cruelty;  ;n.   残忍;残酷; 联想:cruel; kind;

degree;  n.    学位;度数;度;程度; 联想: agree 同意;grade;academyn.   学院;

determine    vi.&adj.       决定;决心 determined; decide; make up one's mind      

director ;n.   导演;主任;理事;董事 direct 指导;导演;直接的;方向;联想:direction 方向

drama       n.    戏剧;戏剧艺术;AmA对称;联想:theatre 剧院; comedy      

follow-up    adj. 后续的;  联想:grown-up; 成年人; adult ;    

go  wrong  走错路,误入歧途;不对头;出毛病;go作系动词加形容词作表语; 联想: go mad 发疯; go bad 变坏;

happiness n.  幸福;快乐;联想:happy; pleasure; fun; entertain;      

hero   ;n.   英雄;男主角;男主人公;助记:英雄男人O背后是她her;   

icy      adj. 寒冷的;冰冷的; 联想:icein  all   总共;总之;  联想: at all; after all; above all; 

industry       n. 工业;行业;产业; 词中词dust灰尘;助记:工业里边有灰尘dust ;反义 :agriculture农业;

law n. 法律;法学;规律;  联想lawyer律师; legal合法的 

leader       n.    领导者;  联想:lead;

live adv.    现场地;直播地; 联想: native 本族的;本地的; lively 活泼的   

live     adj. 直播的;活的;生动的;  联想:livelyalive;

lock  sb. up              将某人锁于某处不得进出;将某人监禁起来    反义 :set free;释放;

on the air         正在播出的;  联想: on the radio;broadcast;   

outer  adj.      外部的;外面的; 联想:inner 内部的   

owe       vt. & vi.     欠(债等);感激;把归功于;联想:own 拥有;所有;自己的     

owe sth to sb.            ……归功于某人;owing to = thanks to 因为; 由于      

peace    n. 和平;和睦;安宁;反义: war 战争;  联想:"peace; war; found" 大声念以上三个词: 屁是我放的

primary adj     初等教育的;最早的;首要的 联想:prime 主要的;primary schooln.  小学 ; middle school中学   

prize;     n. 奖赏;奖金;奖品; 联想:award; price

role;       n.    角色 ;联想:part 角色;部分      

run after       追赶; be afterseek;search;  

scene    n. 场面;情景;布景;EnE对称;联想:view ;sight 场景;script     n.剧本;手稿;手迹;联想:description 描述;描绘;形容;describe     

silver screen       银幕;电影(业务)   

speed         n.&v   速度;加快;(sped, sped, speeded, speeded)飞跑;联想:seed 种子; need feed weed      

stay  away;         不在家;外出;联想:at home;stay up; 熬夜;

stepfather      n. 继父; 联想:stepmother继母     

studio   n.    摄影棚(场);演播室;画室;工作室 study 工作室; radio; 收音机

take  off             成功;成名;脱掉(衣服);(飞机)起飞      

think highly of          ……高度评价    

advice   ;n.&v.     忠告;建议;联想:advise;vice 副的   

 

apologise    ;vi.   <>=apologize<>道歉; 词中词Polo助记:马可波罗 polo 马球;水球;

dramatic   adj. 戏剧的 ; drama  

apology       ;n.   道歉;say sorry to       联想:apologize   ;v.  make an apology to

behave  ;vt.& vi.  举动;举止;行为表现;举止适当;守规距;有礼貌;  联想:behaviour;  n.good manners; polite;

bone     ;n.   骨;骨头; one  

breast    ;;n.胸部;胸怀;联想chest 胸部;east; eat;  助记胸怀祖国;面向东方

childhood      n. 孩童时期;童年时代;

联想; boyhood 孩童年时代; neighbourhood 街区      

cloth     ;n.布;织物;衣料; 联想:clothes 衣服;clothing      

comma  ;n.   逗点;逗号; period句号;dash破折号 

course   ;n.   一道菜;过程;课程;联想:process; 过程;of course      

culture  ;n.   文化;文明; 联想:agriculture 农业

custom  ;n.   习惯;风俗; 联想:habit(个人)习惯; customs; 海关;customer;顾客;damp      ;adj.       潮湿的;  联想: dam; lamp;灯;   助记 :堤坝边缘潮湿 wet     

dessert  ;n.   甜点; 比较:deserted  

disabled       ;adj.       伤残的;残疾的;联想:healthy disability

extra     ;adj.       额外的;外加的;特大的联想:extraordinary 非凡的;不平常的   

fashion n.      流行;时尚;方式; 联想:cushion;垫子;  pattern; model;type;follow the fashion赶时髦

fault  n.   过错;缺点;故障;联想: false; error; mistake       wrong;;correct;

flesh  ;n.      肉;(供食用的)肉;果肉; 形近:flash 闪烁;动漫; fresh; 

forgive  ;vt.   原谅;饶恕 (forgave,forgiven) 近义;excuse; pardon 

formal   ;adj.       正式的;正规的联想: informal 非正式的;形近: normal;       

impolite       ;adj.       无礼的;粗鲁的; 联想:rude; polite;good manners     

impression  ;n.   印象;感想; 联想:impress; press ;have deep impression on

interrupt      ;vt.& vi.  打断;中断;插嘴; 联想:disturb; bother;trouble;   

introduce     ;vt.   介绍;引进;提出; 联想:introduction; produce;reduce;educate;      

lap  ;n.   (坐时的)大腿前部;膝盖; 联想:knee 膝盖;tap; map;cap;rap     ;

leave out      省去;遗漏;不考虑;  联想: neglect;omit;       regardless;不管;不顾;

make jokes about  sb    以某人为笑柄;

make fun of;play tricks on; 

manner ;n.   方式;样式;方法; 联想:

manners      ;n.   礼貌;规矩;good manners ; politeness      

mix ;vt.   (使)混合;混淆; 联想: mixture

napkin  ;n.   餐巾;餐巾纸;联想: handkerchief 手帕;  

oops     ;int. 哎哟;  联想:ouch; couch 沙发;    

pray       ;vi.   祈祷;恳求;请;联想:ray 光线 pay 付钱 

raise     ;vi.   举起;提高;唤起;饲养;加一字:prais 赞扬; 联想:rise 升起  

roll  ;vt.   面包圈;卷形物滚动;卷;roll up卷起;     

sip  ;vt.& vi.       抿一小口联想:dip; skip; 跳过;tip

spirit      vt.& vi.      烈酒(常用复数);精神;情绪; 联想:emotion 情绪; wine; beer比较; softdrink  

stare      ;vi  凝视;盯着看; fix one's eyes on;    

stare at  盯着;  联想:glare 注目;怒视;瞪眼; “Beware the software in the warhouse during the warfare,” hare said;glaring at me.兔子怒视着我说:战争期间当心仓库里的软件。 I daren' t declare that the shares are my spare fare and welfare on the farewell party.     在告别会上,我不敢宣称这些股票是我的备用车费和福利;     

starter;  n.    第一道菜;开端;起动器   

tender;  ;adj.       嫩的;温柔的;软弱的; 联想:soft

toast      ; n.  干杯;烤面包(片);吐司面包;联想:coast ;      

unfold   ;v.    打开;显露;阐明;反义;spread 扩展;延伸; extend;fold 折叠;disclose; discover;     uncover;

westerner     ;n.   西方人;联想: western 西方的

wing;     ;n.   翅;翅膀;机翼;加一字:swing 摇摆;旋转

联想: king ring shakequake ; ancient; ;adj.       古代的;古老的; ancestor 祖先;祖宗; 词中词;cent       ;反义; modern

artist     ;n.   艺术家; 形近;smart机灵;聪明; 词中词;art       ;

 

beauty      n.    美;美景;美好的人或事物; 联想;beautiful  

breath       v.     呼吸; v. 联想: breathe; earth      

brick  ;n.  砖;砖形物;词中词:rick 草堆;木料; 形近:chick tick;打钩;thick

bring…back to life         使苏醒;使生动;使活泼;反义:;come to life 复活;苏醒;      

bronze      n. 青铜; 联想: copper ;iron 铁;silver;gold;iron 

burnvt.      焚烧;烧焦;点(灯);burn down烧毁;(burnt,burnt;burned,burned)     

capsule;       n.    太空舱;胶囊; 词中词; cap 帽子 

carbon;  n.    碳元素;联想:carbon dioxide二氧化碳 ;oxide 氧化物     

cave;        ;n.       洞穴;窑洞; 形近

brave; wave; save; slave; pave;助记:那个勇敢的奴隶下到铺满波浪的洞穴中去救另一个奴隶

culturaladj.      文化的;联想: culture ;adj. damage; ;vt. & n.  损害;伤害 大坝;助记:堤坝dam年久age失修损坏;毁坏 destroy.

dioxide; ;n.   二氧化物;ox公牛;助记:公牛前后,DIox ID对称  

dynasty;       n.    朝代;王朝;联想: nasty 令人作呕的;污秽的;dying 临死的dye ……;

fairy tale      n.    神话;童话;谎言; 联想:fair;公平的;

give in        让步;投降;联想:give up    

include  ;vt.   包括;包含;conclude; except;

limit         vt./n   限制;限定;  联想:limitless 无限制的

official   ;n.   官员;公务员; adj.      官方的;正式的;公务的officer官员; 联想:officeclerk;职员;

period       n.    一段时间;时期;句号; 联想:times    comma逗号;

photograph    n.    照片; 联想: telegraph电报; photo; picture   

pollution n.    污染;玷污;联想:pollute v.

portrait  n.    肖像;人像; port 港口; trait 特色;特征; image      

project  ;vt.   计划;方案;工程;联想:reject

pull   down       拆毁;推毁;推翻;  联想:burn downpull up;   

pyramid       ;n.   (古代埃及的)金字塔;锥体联想:ram 公羊;助记;白羊座 amid 在中间  mid; 中部的

rebuild        vt. & vi.  重建;复原;改造(rebuild,rebuild)  联想: restore; reconstruct 

recreate ;vt.   再创造;再创作;重新创造;重新创新   

relic;      ;n.   遗物;遗迹;纪念物; 联想:site; ruin   

represent; n. & vt.      代表;表现;联想: symbol; present ;stand for      

restore;  ;vt.   修复;重建; rebuild 重建;复习: store 储存;储藏   

ruin;      n.    废墟;遗迹;毁灭;崩溃 ; 词中词: run; 联想:relic; 遗址; site;  位置;场所; web site; 网址;in ruins      成为废墟;遭到严重破坏;

 set  up      设立;创立;联想:found; build

sincerely   ;adv.       真诚地;词中词: since; rely 依靠;   

statue       n.    雕像;statue state 洲;国家;状态; figuren.人物;图形     v. 描绘;计算 ;

stone n.    石;石头;宝石;联想: jewel 珠宝;宝石;  jewellery 珠宝    

unite     ;v.  联合团结;联想: unit 单元 connect; join; unity团结;the Untied Kingdom;英国;The UK; 比较: The US      

vase       n. 花瓶;瓶; 联想:base;     

website ;vi.   站点;网址; 联想: address 地址; site 地点;地址;  

AD(=Anno Domini);公元;反义:BC 公元前;

athlete ;n.运动员;运动选手;形 近 complete; player

badminton.羽毛球(运动);词中词bad ;ton;

 

BC          (=before Christ)公元前;比较; AD   

because of         因为;由于; 同义thanks to ; account forowing to;     

compete;      vi.    竟争; 词中词:pet 比赛; 宠物比赛;联想:complete; 完成;结束contrast;

competition;.竟争者;对手;比赛者; contest ;

continent;    n.    大陆;陆地; 同义: landmass;

dive;      vi.    潜水; 联想:drive 开车;驾驶

effect;    n.结果;后果;联想: result 结果; affect  v.影响; elect  ;

facial; adj.    面部的;联想:face; surface; necklace;

final;      ;adj.       最终的;最后的; 联想:finally;at last;in the end;eventually; 

flag;       n.    旗;标记;联想: fag 疲劳;drag;拖; banner; 旗子;     

flame;    ;n.   火焰; 形近: fame 荣誉;名誉;famous;著名的  

further;  ;adv.       (在时间或空间上) 距离更大地,更远地; father;       

gesture; n.    手势;姿态;联想:signal 信号;sign; 记号;motion移动; pose 姿势;     

gold;      adj./       n.    金的;金制的;黄金;金币;联想:old jade 玉;翡翠;silver银;golden ;diamondold; told; sold ;hold; fold;

gymnastics; n.    体操; 简称;gym; 体育馆;健身房;体育课;PE;  联想: nasty 污秽的      

medal; n.    奖章;勋章;纪念章; 联想: metal 金属; mental 脑力的;智力的 

motto;   n.    座右铭;格言;题词; 联想: moto;r马达    

point vt.& vi.       得分;点;尖端 ;指;指向

position;      n.    位置;职位 ;  联想:location;

preparation; ;n.   准备;预备;联想:prepare;   v.     准备;预备;in preparation  for             ……准备; 联想:make preparations for; get ready for;   

prepare;        联想:compare; repair;      

professional;      adj  专业人员;职业运动员联想:athlete;形近:professor;    

profile;  ;n.   简介;(个性及生平的)简要描述;词中词:file; 

rank;      ;n.& vt.& vi.  分等级;排名; 联想:grade; 年级; degree ;度数;学位tank; bank 银行;河岸 thank   

shooting;    ;n.   射击; 联想:fire ;gun; bomb;

skill;       ;n.   技能;技巧;熟练;巧妙; 词中词 kill  ;联想:technology;technique;;

skillful;experienced;

stand  for   代表;代替;象征;支持;联想:represent 代理;代表  

superstar;    vt.   超级明星 super girl超女  

take part            参加;  联想: attend ; join in ;

tie;  vt.   固定;捆紧; 联想:lie; pie; fasten;

title    n.    题目;标题;称号;头衔;topic; subject;

torch     ;n.   火炬 ;知识来源;手电; 联想: light touch 触摸;接触     

track and field    n.    田径 ;track;轨迹;踪迹; speed skating        ;n.   速滑;

venue;   ;n.   比赛地点;体育比赛场馆;联想:avenue大街;广场; avenue 大街 stadium 体育馆;

weigh;   vi.    重(若干);n.      重力;重量;       助记:八个w的重量。联想:eight;称(……重量);height;高度;      

weightlifting;      n.    举重;weight+lifting;      

well-known; adj. 众所周知的;有名的;清楚明白的;联想:famous

would rather       n.    宁愿;宁可;联想: had better;

wrestling      ;;n.   摔跤;rest 休息; 助记:W L摔交;摔到就休息。   

absolutely     ;adv.       绝对的;完全地;联想:completely 

according    adv.    依照; 近义;in one's

opinion; according to按照;根据……所说  

agreement   ;n.   一致;协定; 反义:disagreement    

 

appointment      ;n.   约会;指定;联想:point 点;指向;指出;disappoint;

automobile     n.    汽车 mobile 流动的;易动的; 联想; autobus 巴士; autocar; auto自动的;     

behaviour;   ;n.  (=behavior)行为;举止;习性; 助记;I our 我们的举止表现     

break down;              毁掉;坏掉;中止;break out    爆发;

broadband  ;adj.       宽带的;broad + band(; 波段)     

calender   n.    日历;历法; lend; 助记:借来的日历; 词中词end       

call for         要求;需要;联想:ask for; require    

case   ;n.   事;病例;案例;情形; 联想:base 基础; vase花瓶; 

in case (of)/that    假设;万一;  联想:in the case of ......情况下

clone     ;vt.& n.   无性繁殖;谐音克隆;;

clue       ; n.  线索;提示词语; 联想: cue 暗示; glue;胶水     

dare;      vt.&v.aux.    敢;胆敢; 联想:care; compare; rare   

defeat; n. 失败;败北;词中词feat 功绩;伟绩

defeat;   vt.   击败;战胜;联想:fail 失败; 联想:   win赢;胜;defeat;    

department; ;n.   部;局;处;科;部门;系;depart;联想:apartment 公寓;套房;depend;    vi.    依靠;依赖;联想:independent; 独立的;rely;dependant;依赖;

dial    vt.   拨号; 联想:diagram 表格; dialogue; 对话; dialect方言;   

disagree   ;vi.   不同意的;不一致;

联想:agreement disagreement    

electricity  ;n.   电;电学;联想: electric; electronic;      

emergency      ;n.   紧急情况;突发事件;非常时刻; 联想:passion情感; emerge出现;显露骨feeling

feature      n.    特征;特色;同义characteristicforce     n.    力量;暴力;     联想:source源泉;  联想: power ;strength ;fierceforce       vt.   强制;促使;强迫;   

function   ;n.   功能;作用; 联想:fun;funeral;葬礼;

image       ;n.   图象;肖像;形象联想:imagine; 想象   

interview  vt.& n.   接见;会见;  联想:meet; viewreviewinternational    

item      ;n.     项目;条款;(消息、情报等的)一条; 

latest ;adj.       最近的;  联想: recent 最近的; late ;later 后来,以后;      

negative   ;adj.       否定的;负面的;消极的;  联想:positive 正面的;积极的 

obey      ;vt. 服从;顺从; 联想:disobey; beyond 在远处;在那边   

peaceful       ;adj.       和平的;平静的;安宁的; peace;同音; piece    

planet   ;n.   行星;  联想: plane 飞机; plan 计划;plant; 种植;star;恒星;

press     ;n.   压力;印刷;新闻;  联想: impress; expression;express

remind      vt.& vi.   提醒;使想起; 联想:mind;remind… of…;   

resource   ;n.   资源;财力 ;  联想: source 源泉;来源 pond 池塘    

revise ;v.    修订;校订;修正;  联想:review;复习; 

skip    vi.& vt.   跳读;略过; 联想:scan 细看; skim 浏览;sip;咂一口;    

stay in touch with         ……保持联络;联想:keep/get in touch with   

succeed    ;v.    成功;取得成功; 联想:success; successful      

take over         接受;接管    ; 联想:take up; 从事;

teenager   n.    13—19岁的)青少年;in one’s teens;/twenties---nineties某人几岁;几十岁;

throughout     prep.      遍及;贯穿; 联想:all over the……across   

unexpected     adj  想不到的;意外的;未预料到的; 联想:expect   

whatever  pron./adj      凡是……;无论什么;无论怎样的;无论哪一种的   

wonder;       n.    奇迹;惊奇; 联想:wonderful ; wander徘徊; 漫游  

act; vt. & vi.  扮演;担当;表演;表现;联想:action; active; activity; actor; actress;adapt      vt.   使适应;改编; A-A 对称;  

adapt to;    适应(新环境等)形近adopt 采纳

add;       vt.&vi     增加;添加;补充说 加;加起来;增添; 联想:addition;address 

 

amount n. 数量; 词中词;mount ;Emei;mountain;Mount 峨眉山联想:质量 quality    

antelope;     n.    羚羊; 词中词; ant; telescope望远镜     

as a result of;            作为(……的)结果; 联想:result in;导致; 结果是     

at present    ;      现在;目前;  联想:so far      

attractive      ;adj.       吸引人的;有魅力的; active; draw attention to ; 联想:active;     

battery; n.    电池; bath 洗澡; 联想:butterfly; 蝴蝶 ;bat 蝙蝠;球棒;    

brief;     adj.        简洁的;扼要的 ;联想:short ;simple ;belief 相信;信仰;

common;     adj. 共同的;普遍的;  同义 : general;usual;   

devote;  vt.   投入于;献身; 联想:deter 妨碍;延缓;vote; devote …to       献身于……;专心于…… vote 投票    ;

die out  灭绝;逐渐消失;  联想:die down 减弱;die off;      

ecosystem;   n.    生态系统; system系统      

endanger;    vt.   危害;使受到危险; 联想:danger; dangerous  

endangerment;  n.  危害;受到危险; 联想:in danger;

environmental;   adj.      环境的; 联想:environment; 环境; iron; mental 精神的;脑力的    

flat  adj. 平的;平坦的; 词中词;fat; flat 套房;   

flat  n. 〈英〉公寓住宅;单元住宅 apartment  apart;分开;分隔;

fur  n. 毛皮;毛;软毛;   联想:leather 羽毛;feather  

giraffe       n.    长颈鹿 ;deer     

graph       n.    图表;曲线图; 联想:diagram ; picture; drawing ; paiting; telegraph;portrait;肖像;肖像画;相片。

habitat      n.    生活环境;栖息地;  联想:habit;

harmful adj.     有害的;伤害的; 联想:harm;in danger在危险中;垂危;endanger;    

in the wild   在自然环境中在野外; 联想:in the open air; 

jungle   n. 热带丛林; 联想:forest; bush灌木丛

kangaroo     n.      袋鼠;词中词;mouse;mice; rat

lead       vt./vi. 领导;率领;致使;通向;导致 联想:lead       adj. 领头的;领先的;leading lead to导致某种结果; result in  

make  a  difference       有关系;有影响;有差别; 成功;

material       n. 材料;原料; 联想:mate 同伴;室友      

measure   n./v 尺寸;措施; take measure;词中词;treasure;财宝;采取措施; take a step    

organise   vt. & vi.     组织;组织起来; 联想:organizeorganise v.    

original     adj. 最初的;原始的;独特的; singal 信号; origin n.起源;由来package     n.    包裹;包;  联想:backpack背包 pack n.包;行李 page 页码; wrap包裹;package    vt.   包装; pack + age; luggage;packaging       n.    包装材料;   

poster       n.    海报;招贴; 联想:post 邮寄;

reduce      v.     减少;缩减;简化; 联想:increase; 增加; produce 生产     

respond    v.     回答;响应; 联想: answer ; reply; responsible; responsibilityrespond to;

set free  释放 ;  联想:in prison 坐牢

soda n.    苏打;谐音:碳酸水  

species     n.    种类; 联想:special ;kind; type; sort    ;

throw away  adj. 扔掉 ; 

topic;     n.  话题;主题; 联想:title subject

词中词:  top

tour;      n.    旅行;游历;旅游; 联想:trip journey voyage;

valuable;      adj. 贵重的;有价值的联想:

value ; percious 

wolf; n.  ;  联想:倒置flow 流动/淌Asia          亚洲;  A-A 对称 

blues     n.    布鲁斯音乐;布鲁斯歌曲 ;联想blue 蓝色 ;clue;线索; glue胶水    

chant     n. 唱或喊叫 的词语;联想:ant 蚂蚁; merchant;商人; can; hat; 

characteristc       n. 特征;特点;联想:feather 特征; ArA对称 

desire    n.    愿望;心愿;要求;联想:; 联想:will 愿望; admire      

Unit 11

emotion       n.情感;感情;情绪; 联想: motion 动作 ;entertain vt.& vi.     使欢乐;招待;款待; enter 进入;联想: entertainment ; fun      

express; vt.   表达;表示;联想: press 压;挤;expression;

folk adj./n    民间的人们;亲属(复数)联想:relatives 亲属local当地的    

guitar;   n.    吉他;六弦琴  tar 焦油  

in  common             共同(的);共有(的)

inner;    adj. 内部的;内心的;里面的;联想:outer    ;upper;

instrument    n.    工具;器械; 联想:tool

intelligence     n.    智力;聪明;智能;    联想:intelligent; adj.     IQ;智商;

jazz n.    爵士音乐

联想:musical    adj .    音乐的; music

musician  n.    音乐家; physican 医生;医师;

perform    v.     表演;履行;执行; 联想: form 表格;形成;     

performer    n.      表演者; 联想:performance n.表演 

process     n. 制作;加工;处理;

联想:success; access;    

rap     n.说唱;联想: rapid 快的;迅速的; trap 陷井;

rapper   vt.   说唱艺人;进行说唱表演的人 tap;轻拍; map; cap; rap     

record       n.    记录;录音;       vt.   纪录;唱片; 联想: according to 根据;按照 ; create; v.创造;       联想:tape; type ;recorder; 录音机;磁带;     

rhythm      n.节奏;韵律;联想:rime 押韵;

satisfy       vt.& vi.   满足;使满意;

联想:satisfaction; satisfied; satisfying      ;

slave  n.    奴隶;联想:brave ;slave      

spread     v.     传播;伸展;展开

(spread; spread);  联想:motion运动;提议;unfold展开;extend    

suggestion      n.    提议;意见;联想:suggest; gesture 手势

traditional      n.    传统的;联想:tradition;   n. custom(社会)习俗;trade     

turn… into    变成;  联想:change into

universal  adj     通用的;普遍的;世界的;全体的;  联想: universe 宇宙;university 大学; 

variety       n.    多样性;种类;变化; 联想: vary 改变; various各种各样的 ; 形近:cruelty      

versus   prep.……相对; 简写 Vs.    

announcement  n.&n.&vi.       宣告;公告;告示; 词中词 noun; announce ;cement 水泥;混凝土;

believe in    信任;信仰;支持;赞成联想: trust; faith ; belief  

character;    n.    品格;特性;人物;    词中词  act 扮演

comedy;       n.    喜剧;喜剧性的事情; 联想:tragedy; 悲剧   ;

exhibition;   n.    展览会;展览品;     联想:exhibit v.展示; on show

Unit 12

forehead;     n.    前额;(任何事物的)前部 ; 联想:foreign外国的; forearm 前臂

联想:forecast 预言;预测; forefather 祖先 ;forfinger 食指;    

habit       n.    习惯;习性;  联想:custom(社会)习俗;(复数)海关;关税;habitat栖息地;

in trouble         处于困境中;in danger;   

literature  n.  文学(作品);文艺; 联想:culture 文化;  

local adj. 当地的;地方的;乡土的; 联想:folk

magic       n.    魔法;魔术;魔力;adj. 用魔法或魔术的;联想: wich 女巫 wichcraft; 巫术;联想:logic逻辑;      

miserable       adj. 痛苦的;悲惨的;可怜的;联想:pity; sympathy

power;  n.   能力;力量;权力;联想:force  

romantic      adj  浪漫的;传奇式的; modern

scar       vt.     伤痕;疤痕 ;联想:scared;恐怖的 ; 

series    n. 连续;系列 ;联想:serious 严肃的; serial 连载的;定期的;     

a series of           一连串的;一系列;一套;联想: a pair of;       serious;严肃的;严重的;

shoulder   vt.       肩;肩部;    n.肩负;承当;联想:should explode 爆炸;chest胸; breast胸膛;soot煤烟;油烟;     

联想:burden负担;load ;explod;爆炸;

stupid adj.      愚蠢的; 联想:foolish; clever; wise; bright

treat   v.     对待;视为;治疗;款待; 联想:cure ;regard/consider/look on … as

trick       n.      诡计;恶作剧;  fun; joke 

turn around           转过身;转过来;turn over     

unhappy   vi.    不幸的;不快乐的;  联想: happy;sad;

villager     n.    村民;  联想: village 村庄;

whisper    vi./ n      耳语;私语; 联想: his ; 助记:per 他的W;        

witchcraft n.    魔法;巫术; witch ;

助记女巫施魔witch 转换开关switch aircraft;飞行器;飞机;

wizard       n.    神汉;术士;奇才      

minority       n. 少数; 联想: majority     

press  v.     按;压;逼迫; 联想:express 表示;表达; impress; address 地址; 

process     n.    过程;程序;方法;联想:access  v. 接近;迈进; award; course过程 programme ;程序;       approach

professional;;n.      专业的;职业的;联想:

profession 职业; professor 教授

raft     n.&vt.    木筏;乘筏;联想: rat  老鼠; 加一字:craft 飞机;aircraft;飞行器;飞机;        

谐音归纳:               

typhoon              台风      

soda             苏打(水)   

tower               

stone            石头      

tour              旅途;旅游   

match           "默契"比赛   

loyal             “老爷忠诚      

microphone        麦克风   

sofa              沙发      

howl             嚎叫;

ouch        噢;

oop        

magic    n.    魔法;魔术;魔力

guitar     吉他;

stone;石头;

blues;布鲁斯舞蹈、音乐;

guitar; 吉他;

modern; 摩登;

高一册下    单词分类速记

Unit 13

(记忆方法归纳)一、词中词或复合词

fibre    n.  纤维;  fire  头;

[助记]纤维fibre去掉b就变成火;

火中加上b就烧成纤维

diet     n. 饮食;[助记]病从口入,人是吃饮食而die

mineral  n. 矿物、矿石

[助记]:mine(我的) 矿中有矿石ral

fever     [助记]人人都曾经ever发过烧;

function  n. 功能中有快乐fun[助记]吃了这种-ction保健品有快乐”fun的功能function.; funeral葬礼

nutrition 坚果[助记]nut富有营养nutrition; nutrious富有营养的;

digest  vt.  消化;  dig+est stomach胃  助记:胃就像挖地”dig一样蠕动,消化食物。

steam  n. 蒸气,蒸;联想馒头;steambread成组/team地蒸steam--eam;stream;scream;dream;team;(小溪、尖叫、梦想、队、组)

boil  .   助记加上油oil就能煮沸boil

peach n.  助记每一个each“ P”形桃子peach.

chemical;adj.化学的;复习chemist;chemistry;chemics;

sleepy;瞌睡的;想睡的;复习beauty;tasty;diary;plenty;energy;

mushroom;蘑菇;mush软块;〔美国〕 玉米面粥+room

boil; oil;mixture;mix;混合spoonful;spoon;调羹;汤匙;lettuce; 【植物;植物学】莴苣。

二、谐音

peel ”“peel”soft:索芙特;不含酒精的;软(饮料);

salad  n.  色拉;  bacon  助记 :培根爱吃咸肉bacon

bar  n. 棒,吧,酒吧; fue;谐音废燃料

三、组块或换字记忆

-ace 

复习 pace  n. 步调;    race  比赛 /种族;necklace 项链;   face  /面对;surface  表面;

助记 项链种族面对面地赛跑步幅

-ean

    bean  豆;  pea  大豆;beancurd豆腐; mean  意思是,意味着;吝啬的;lean倾斜; clean, ocean, pean;感恩歌,赞美歌;

-ain

    gain   获得;增加;brain  n. 头脑,大脑;main 主要的;pain 收获;entaintain娱乐;rain; 助记:No pains no gains.不劳无获。Srain brain on the train is restrained.        在列车上过度用脑受到约束. The gained grain drained away with the rain, all the pains were in vain again.    收获的谷物随雨水流失了,所有辛劳又白费。   

-ine

    examine  mine  line  nine fine  shine  wine;考试;检查/我的;矿/线;台词//好;美的/闪耀;闪烁/葡萄酒; 助记:经检查;我的葡萄酒闪闪发光;发出九条美好的光线;

-ice

    ice; slice mice  rice dice

//老鼠/大米/色子;丁;

-ipe

wipe; ripe;擦、消灭;成熟;

-it

fit;bit;unit;适合;一点儿;单元;

-ack;

snack;back;pack;lack;小吃;后面;背包;缺乏;

-ance;

balance;distance;instance;entrance;平衡;距离;例子;入口;

Unit 14

  theme  n.  主题;the. me

 助记:  那个the关于我me的主题theme,他们them的主题theme

复习:thesis  论文,论题; topic 话题;

holy, 神圣的;助记hol(e)y,空孔中没有神圣holy神圣的;hole;洞;空;

symbol  象征 ;

前缀sym-,在bp.m前写作sym-

   谐音:辛贝尔”simblesimple助记Abu阿布辛波神庙;阿布.辛贝尔神庙是古埃及文明的象征

复习:system  系统;同义:sign, mark, representsymbolize   v.  作为的象征;

sympathy  n.  同情心;symphony   交响;乐/曲;syntax    句法;拓展synthesize  v.  综合synthesis   n.比较analysis,分析; basis基础;

conflict  n. 斗争,战斗,冲突

con-   正面/方;with……在一起;  pros and cons  正方反方

  concern  有关,影响,涉及,关联

相关词conclude  v.  作结论;推论;conclusion  n.  结论;condition  n.   条件,状况,环境;confidence  n.  信赖,信任,信心;conference  n.  会议

condense   v.  浓缩,凝结;condenser  冷凝器,电容;conflict助记 fl(y) ict 在正反面/方之中飞来fly冲突

近义词:struggle, fighting, struggle quarrel.

flict ;flick 短暂,突然的动作;

argue  v.  争论;辩论拓展argument  n.

助记:谐音:阿桂(阿Q)爱辩论

同义:debate, discuss 辩论;讨论

opinion op.in.i.on看法、观点

助记opinion就在我Iin,在我Ion.;复习:idea, view, thought 观点/看法/想法;in one’s opinion=according to 根据的观点,看法major  adj. 重大,主要的;

[助记]媒届主要”major

拓展:media  媒体;复习:majority  大多数;

probable adj.   客观上的可能性用;

probably  adv. pro.baby助记减去“l”可能赞成pro婴儿baby;复习:maybe; possible; perhaps; probably; 同义:probably是有几分根据的猜测,比possible可能性大。有充分根据的预测用likely;既指人又指物。be likely to perhapspossibly同义,也许如此,也许不如此。

honour=honor  h.on.our  n.&v.荣誉;恩惠;帮助; 拓展:honest  诚实;    尊敬,尊重;honey 蜂蜜词中词; honorable 可敬的;hone  磨刀石;助记: h.on.our 词中词on,our,hour  H在我们之上值得尊敬一小时hour

-our  -or

colour,favour,neighbour,pour,tour,flour,courage,journey颜色/恩惠/邻居//旅途/面粉/勇气/旅行;

an.cest.or          n. 祖先,祖宗

an.ces.tress        n. 女祖先(宗);复习:ancient  adj.古代的;远古的;助记:一个an, c-best最早的人or;

-est  forest, interest,chest, rest,test,west

森林/兴趣//休息/测试/西方

principle  prin.ci.ple n. 原理,原则

prince 君主,王子,太子princess公主;王妃;

形近词print 印刷;publish 出版

近义theoryrulelaw

purpose  pur 向前;pose ;purp.ose   n.目标,目的; pose  姿势;purp.le 紫色  purse 钱夹;pure; purchase买卖;

助记 : 模特摆好姿势pose展示紫色;

purple的钱夹purse,目的purpose纯粹pure是为了买卖purchase玫瑰rose和钱夹purse.

-ose

rose  lose  close  suppose  nose  those  whose  oppose玫瑰/丢失/关闭;结束/猜测/鼻子/那些/谁/反对;

  compose组成composition作文,构成;

creativity  n.  创造性(力);cre.ati.vi.ty相关词create v. 创造; creative  adj. 有创造性的;creature  v. 生物,creation  n. 创造、创作;creator  n.  创造者,创作者;

复习:activity 活动; act

比较:cream 奶油  ; cream 乳脂;

faith  n.信念,信仰,忠实,  同义:belief

比较发音相近face;

近义词:belief,trust,honest,faithful,loyal信仰/相信;信任/诚实/忠诚的;

have faith/belief in=believe in=trust

commercial  adj.commerce  商业;贸易E-commence电子商务;形近词: common  普通,共同的;comment 评论、意见;communicate 交流,交际;command 命令,指示;comma 逗号;

mercy 怜悯;同情;仁慈近义词:sympathypity

joy  n.欢乐;喜悦;乐趣;

-oy

toy 玩具  boy 男孩  employ雇用; destroy vt.破坏;损坏;  enjoy;欣赏;voyage n.航海;航行;soy 酱油;助记:男孩雇佣酱油作玩具;破坏了欣赏航行;

 similar  adj.  相似的; 形近词:simile  直喻;明喻(修辞手法)近义词:same equal;similarity  n.  相似性;popularity;

be similar to  相似 be equal to

a r  词尾/组块

particular  特别的; 同义 specialespecial

grammar  语法;ram.mar对称

collar n   衣领; 形近词polar  adj  极点的;generation   n   一代(词中词:general   adj   一般的  普通的 ;n.将军;gene   n.  基因;遗传因子;energy  n.  能量 、精力;活力;intelligence  ;n.  智力;同义genius  ;n  天才;天赋;天资

gentle  adj. 温柔的;文雅的;gentleman绅士;

salute  n  v 致意;行礼;敬礼

  词中词:salt 

-ut  cut  but nut  shut  hut  小屋

put 复习:  future  computer  butter  黄油;button  按纽 ;    duty   职责;责任

pollute  v.  pollution   污染;

butcher  .;n  屠夫 谐音不her

kiss ;vt. 

-iss组块

miss  ;n.  小姐;vt.   想念;错过;遗漏;

miss  kiss  dismiss   v.  解雇; 解散 ; 使离开;

fire   ;v. 解雇;反义employ 雇佣;

cheek  ;n.  面颊;脸蛋  复习:seek   v     寻找、寻求;check/cheque支票;

-eek

Greek   希腊; creek  小溪;week 星期  week 虚弱 seek寻找;

nod  v. 点头;  形近词god  神;上帝;

dog 狗, rod秆;棒;复习:gesture  手势;体态,语言同义 body language;celebration  n. 庆祝;联想      congratulation ;celebrate v.祝贺;congratulate  v.     祝贺;

-ele-    elect  选举;      select   挑选;

      elephant  大象; electricity  n  电;

      eletric   adj   电的;  electronic     adj. 电子的;    electrify     v通电,触电,充电;

brat   n   小儿;乳臭未干的小子;复习:bat;rat;

-ect select ; elect; project; reject; expect选择/挑选/选举/工程/拒绝/期待;

respect   vt.  尊敬;尊重;相关词  :admire   钦佩;羡慕;  envy   v   妒忌,嫉妒; honour 尊敬;        appreciate  欣赏;  regard  敬意;问候

gift  n   礼物;天赋;   换一字:lift  v  举起 ; n   电梯;

 -ift   drift   漂浮;    shift替换;复习:present 礼物是提前pre-送的;  相关词 talent  天赋;天才;才干;  power   力量,权利; ability   能力;

cycle   n. 周期;循环  轮子,自行车;摩托车;v骑车;形近词circle   圆;圈子;圆圈;bicycle  自行车;recycle  循环;回收利用;surround包围,环绕;

-ool

fool  n.  愚人;白痴    vt.  欺骗;愚弄

形近cool 凉;酷 stool 凳子  pool 水池

tool  工具  wool 羊毛

invitation  n.   邀请;请贴复习invite  v.  邀请;

request     请求;要求复习require

- ite   bite   ;   excite   ;v.  激动; recite   ;v.  背诵;cite   =  quote   引用,引言;

Unit   15

dormitory   n 宿舍;   dor. mi. tory寄宿舍简写:dorm=bedroom  卧室;

recognize; recognise  vt.识别;认出 to know againrecognition  n.. 认识 ; 眼熟;注意察觉; realize    认识;意识; 复习:   recognized  adj.apologize  道歉;被公认的;

-ize

popularize大众化; modernize 现代化

surely   想必;确实;一定; certainly; of course; be supposed to  一定  必须

diamond     n  钻石;  dia .m .ond

形近dial  拨电话、表盘;刻度盘  diagram 曲线图;图表dialogue对话

-ond  fond  adj.  喜欢;爱好;pond池塘;wonder;奇迹;wonderful;奇异的;

复习:gold  金子;黄金 silver白银;

   jewel  珠宝  jewllery珠宝(总称);巧记:The man beyond the pond is fond of the second wonderful diamond.池塘边的人喜欢第二颗奇异的钻石。

dialect  方言;土语;accent;口音;dial拨(电话);

diamond wedding 钻石婚(六十年纪念)

diameter  ;n  直径;  复习::半径  radiusmeter; 米;

explain   ;vt..  解释;说明;  ex-向外plain adj.  明白的;清楚的;朴素的;平淡的n平原;平地; 复习:    -ain

    rain    brain   train   main

    Chain  grain   pain   contain

    Spain  西班牙  again   against

remain 继续  bargain n  买卖;交易

助记大脑下雨; 火车上训练;

谷物前长g;主要痛苦;

包括西班牙锁链;继续买卖;

再一次反对;解释平原;

ball  n.   求;舞令

-all

call   fall   hall  small

tall  wall ;shall swallow

allow   valley   volleyball

叫;打电话/落下/大厅/小/高/墙/允许/将/山谷/排球/燕子;吞;

助记燕子打电话;挑战打排球;将在高墙下;落在大厅里;允许吞山谷;

challenge   挑战call on   访问;另召

jewellery  n  珠宝;首饰(总称);   jewel   珠宝;宝石;jew  犹太人 well;助记:犹太人的珠宝好well;

franc   France  法国  French  法语,法国的;

continue   v   继续     con . tin . ue

-ue

blue; trueclue; glue蓝色/真正的/线索/胶水

due    ad. 预期的;应得到的;dialogue  对话;tongue   舌头;语言language

lovely   adj.   

–ly形容词后缀

friendly   友好的 ;   daily  每日的;

monthly 每月的 ; weekly   每周的;

likely   很可能的    adv  大概,或许

precious adj. 宝贵的;valuable有价值的;appreciate  欣赏;感激; ocean   海洋;

   -ous

dangerous  curious   好奇的;poisonous  有毒的;serious  严重的;严肃的;

adventurous   冒险的;大胆的;

-pos

positive   肯定的;积极的;复习: active  积极的negative否定的;

position  ;n.   位置,姿势;职位;appositive  ;n  同位语(语法术语);opposite   对立的;相反的;形近词;expose  暴露的    suppose  猜测;假定;possess   占有;拥有owncomposition    作文;

attend;  vt.    出席;参加上学; at . tend

  词中词 tend    倾向;易于;照顾;照看; end;tender   柔软的;嫩的;脆弱的;复习: gentle   温柔的;soft  软的; mild;温和的; 形近    attitude  n.   态度;

attack; attract 进攻;吸引;

earn  vt.      挣钱;赚钱;形近 加一字learn  学习;助记:学好了才可以赚钱;巧记:I heared that learned learners earned much by learning.我听说有学问的学者靠知识赚钱。

 -ear-  yearbear; dear; hear ; fear;  tear; pearwear 年/熊;忍受;出生/亲爱的;贵的/听见/害怕/眼泪/梨/穿;

巧记:I nearly fear to tear that tearful girl’ fearful paper;我几乎害怕撕碎那个泪流满面女孩的可怕试卷。

lecture  n  演讲;演说;讲课;复习: speech

 -(t)ure 

picture  图片   temperature  温度 future将来;

silly   adj.    傻的;缺乏常识的

助记:因生病  ill  而变傻了; 复习:stupid   愚蠢的 fool;反义:clever; bright; wise  聪明:明智

mosquito   ;n.  蚊子;形近quite   ;adv.   很;非常;助记:莫斯科 谐音mosco  蚊子多flies苍蝇;

bat  n. 蝙蝠;球拍;

-at

  pat  拍;轻拍 rat  老鼠;cat  猫 ; fat  脂肪  hat  帽子;chat   聊天 ;  flat   套房;sat (sit)  的过去式;

author  n   作者;作家;近义词writer

  -or  指人

editor 编辑 ; visitor  游客professor 教授conductor列车员;(音乐)指挥;

operator  操作员;接线员;

besides 除外;此外;      adv.&prep.

beside  什么旁边   (be+side)

  复习: except:  but;

outline     n 轮廓;要点;摘要;   复习:headline  头版  online 在线; 上网

summary总结;摘要;

plot   n.  (小说)情节;结构

相关词lot许多; potpotential潜力;这个情节是:十多口锅;许多帐篷;很有潜力;quality    n.  品质;质量;性质

相关词quantity  n.   数量number;

character  性格 ; 品格近义词:

nature本性本质;词中词at cat;rat;chat;act;ear;art;car;care;cheat;hare are猫、老鼠、聊天、耳朵、艺术、小汽车、关心、欺骗、野兔、是;

Unite 16

experiment   n. 实验;试验experi .ence  n.   经验;经历experienced    adj. 有经验的;熟练的expert   n.  专家;内行specialist形近:expect   v  期望;希望;近义词:test关词: lab    laboratory  试验室

glove   n  手套  词中词love 

助记手套  glove 是送给爱人的 love

-ove   drove  (drive的过去式)

move   移动;运动

remove  v  移动;搬开;消除

prove  证明improve   改进;改善

wove  (weave)  的过去式 编织、;纺织;stove;火炉;

 比较wave波浪;挥手;招呼;

gas   n 气体;汽油=gasolinepetrol;汽油;feul;燃料;steam   n  蒸气;水蒸气

相关词liquid  n 液体solid n   固体

助记物质的三种状态Three states of material liquid-solid-gas

advantage;   n.   优点; 有利条件;

disadvantage    n . 不利之处;缺点;shortcoming;strongpoint;

复习:advance    n .& v.   前进;进步

adv+ant+age    :adv. 副词 ant  蚂蚁age

-age

  page  页码;   cage 鸟笼;  stage  ; manage 设法;管理;manager;经理;   courage 勇气; message  信息;  wage 工资; garage    车库passage  n.  走道;通道;villager;村民;

巧记:走道里有鸟笼、舞台、车库、书页;就看经理是否有管理这些乱糟糟的村民的信息的勇气和工资;

application    n.应用;实施;用途

apply   v.  应用;申请;请求supply;

复习:appear  出现 ; appearance   n

applaud  鼓掌;欢呼applause;

appreciate   v  欣赏;感激; engine   n  发动机;引擎;engine+ er ---engineer n 工程师;pioneer;先驱;先锋;

-eng

  length  长度 strength   n  力气;强度;实力English   England

passenger  n.乘客;compass  圆规;罗盘;指南针

-ine

 combine 结合define  下定义;解释

headline  头条新闻outline大纲;轮廓;提纲;mine 矿山; examine  考试  检查;vitamine 维他命;维生素;determine   决定; shine  发光;闪烁ine  葡萄酒;巧记:结合头条新闻的提纲;给矿山和维生素下个定义;认定葡萄酒闪闪发光;

nuclear    adj.  原子能;核子的

nu + clear 词中词: clear  清楚;清晰

巧记I clearly heard the heart beat of the nuclear;我清楚地听到原子的心跳。

comfort      v.  安慰;舒适;com + for+t fort  炮台;要塞 comfortable  adj.f较:forth  向外;向前ffortnight  两星期;十四日;

un+necessary  不必要的

successful     success + full对称加重点注音法:

necessary   su . ccess

/e/  /i /      /ks/  /z/

access  接近;通道;excess  超过;

process  过程;处理;assess   估价;评价

-ess

progress  进步express 表达impress 印象     prossess 过程dress 衣裙 address 地址

actress女演员;princess公主;press按;压;印刷success成功;巧记:女演员按压衣裙;表达成功的进程和过程;给公主印象深刻;决定留下地址;

conduct    v. 实施;管理行为  操作

相关词conductor指挥;列车员

product  产品     introduce   v 

production  生产  introduction  介绍;

produce   v  生产

productive 产出的;有作为的;

lighting   n  闪电

联想: 暴风storm  thunderstorm 

   雷雨;暴风雨; 暴雨;

light  光; 点亮\;

-ight

bright 明亮的聪明的 fight  斗争 战斗night 夜晚; sight   情景;视力

right   右边 flight   n  飞行;航班

tight  adj.  紧的;牢固的slight;轻微轻的;近义词stable; steady;firm

巧记:明亮灯光下战斗的夜景;航班在右边紧紧地轻轻地飞行;

string   n   线;绳索;弦

词中词:      ring   v 打电话;打铃;

sing  v   唱歌; single单个;仅仅; 助记

仅仅只唱single一首歌

近义词:rope 绳: thread  细丝line线条;绳索;线索;wire电线;

clue  n  线索;plot情节

charge   vt.  充电;要价;控告 n 主管;看管;近义词accuse控告;in charge (of)  负责;in the charge of……负责in charge ; take charge  负责 be charged with 充满的;be full ofbe filled with复习large   adj. 大的;巨大的huge; tiny

electric    adj. 电的;导电的;电动的;

相关词elect  v  选举;  electricity   n   electronic   adj.  电子的电子学的;复习:wire  电线shock  n  电击;打击;震动;shocked   adj.  受打击的;惊喜的

-ock

 sock  短袜;cock 公鸡; knock ; lock ;rock 岩石;  block 大块;封锁 街区阻塞; 串记:穿短袜的公鸡被大块岩石锁住

pocket  口袋衣袋 ;

prove   v  证明;

联想proof   n  证据;证明;  roof房顶;

-ove

glove   n  手套;move  移动 ; remove 拿走;移开;improve  改善;改进;

tear  (tore , torn)   v   撕扯;撕裂;       n  眼泪

-ear

   wear  穿; bear    熊;受;

dear; hear; swear;串记She sweard to her dear that she can't bear wearing tears.

frame   n   结构;框架;fame 名誉;  联想  famous  adj.   著名的

_ ame

name   same   gameshame  耻辱;羞耻;  blame  v  责备;

ham  火腿;

handkerchief   n.   手帕

词中词:hand chief  主要的 ;复数:handkerchiefs

复习:chief酋长 roof屋顶poof 证据gulf   海湾scarf 围巾;

control  v.    控制;troll  v.   轮唱

形近词:trolley bus   n.  无轨电车

limit限制:相关command  控制;指挥;conduct; handle

sharp   adj.   锐利的;灵敏的

 助记:夏普(谐音)电器;灵敏高度

近义bright  clever  intelligent

Smart

foot   英尺        feet

 相关脚  foot   长一英尺  foot

英寸inch英里 miles

1 metre =39.37  inches  =1.094  yard 

1 kilomre  =0.62137  miles

fast . en  belt扎牢;固定;拴紧 词中词;fast;近义:tight   adj.  紧的;牢固的

tighten   v.   拴紧;捆牢; tie   v.    ;绑 ; 拴;反义:loosen  放松 ; 松开;unfasten   放松 ;解开;uncover;揭开同义:discover; unfold;

sense  n(对称 se se n 感官;感觉

‘n’鼻子边五官\感官 对称; n  (象形);

test   n & v 测验;测试;  复习:exam examine;experiment  实验;check  检查

contest  竞赛;test;

shampoo   香波(谐音)  洗发精

形近词:shame羞耻  耻怒; ham  火腿;助记:火腿 可耻;skin  n.  皮肤   果皮;peel   剥皮;

kin  亲戚 家簇; = relativesin  ; 罪过; 过失;falseerror错误

activist  n.  激进分子行动主义分子;形近词:active   adj.  积极的;act   n.   活动; 行动充当;

doubt   n.  怀疑;疑惑相关wonder

b不发音

复习question  problem;

climb ; thumb ; 大拇指;  dumb  聋的;

cruel   adj.   残忍的;残酷的; 联想 cruelly advcruelty  n 残忍;冷酷;反义: kind;

view  n  观点;风景;复习: opinion  观点;看法;风景:sight; scene  场景;      scenery  风景;

attitude   n   态度;

形近词:interview  v  采访;review    v   复习:preview   v   预习;conclusion  n   结论   复习:conclude   v    推理;推断;复习:result ; 结果  effect ;  影响;结果;

beginning ; 开始 ; 开端;同义:start  ; outset

Unit  17

inspire   v  鼓舞;鼓励;感动;激发;          ≈encourage;形近admire   v    钦佩赞赏;复习: respect   尊敬;  envy   妒忌;羡慕;同义jealous

-ire

fire tire 使疲倦;累;厌倦  retire  退休;

wire  n. 线;   复习: hire 雇佣=employ

require  需要;需求;entire   完全的;

desire  愿望;欲望;

generous  adj.   慷慨;大方的;反义:mean  吝啬的;卑鄙的;助记:gene   基因;  ene  对称     general   一般的;普通的;将军;The generous general' s genuine genius is in making generators.      那位慷慨将军的真正天才在于制造发电机.

-ous   形后缀

dangerous   危险的;poisonous  有毒;

serious   严肃的;严重的; nutritious  有营养的;curious 好奇的precious  宝贵的;珍贵的;adventurous  冒险的;

cheerful   adj.   愉快的;高兴的;复习cheer  n & v.  快乐;欢呼;

-eer

    engineer  工程师;pioneer  n.  先驱;先锋; beer  啤酒  deer 鹿;champion  n.  冠军;得胜者

形近比较:champagne ;香槟酒;           shampoo 香洗;洗发精;词中词: ham  n  火腿;championship    冠军头衔;pioneer  n  先锋;

mile     英里; 复习英尺; foot (feet ) 英寸;  inch;形近  smile    微笑;  

字迷世界上最长的英语单词:   smiles

迷底 : 两个s之间有一英里;

stormy   storm + y  ;adj.   暴风鱼的;狂风暴的;storm  n. 风暴;暴雨;复习:thunder  ;n.  雷(鸣);雷声;  ;v. 打雷;.

thunder storm  ;n  雷声;lighting   ;n   闪电 ;

n +  y           adj.

复习rainy   多雨的;cloudy 多久的;sunny   adj.   阳光的;阳光灿烂;funny adj.   滑稽;可笑的;injury   adj.   受伤的;伤害的;

threaten    ;vt.   恐吓;威胁;词中词eat;eaten;three;ate;tea;neat;ten;hen;hat;rat;heat;that;theatre;thread   线 ;bottom   ;n    底部;尽头;;

otto  对称;反义:  top

botany   ;n.    植物学生态学;词中词any;

optimistic    adj.   乐观的;词中词mist  n .  ; fog;misty   adj.   雾的;mistily  adv.   模糊地;pessimistic   adj.   悲观的;悲观主义的;反义optimistic乐观的;

workday   工作日;工作时间; 复习:   weekday   (一周)工作日;

somehow  adv   从某种方式; 形近 anyhow  adv.  无论如何;不管怎样 以往何方法;

shelter  n.  掩敝处;避难所;词中词:she

助记;她躲在掩蔽处;  shell 贝壳;shellfish    贝壳类;甲壳水生动物;

绕口令:she sells sea shellon the sea shore.  她在海岸边卖海贝;

regre遗憾;痛恨;后悔  n  vt.  鸡前后是re  谐音阿姨;   g前后的re 对称;extreme     adj.    极端;极度;

复习extremely    adv. 形近theme   主题;话题;ex-向外   助记 tre  e 树向外边极端地长; 词中词:tree me;

climate   n.   气候;cli-mate ; mate   同伴;伙伴;朋友;形近classmate   同学

workmate  工友;同事;material     材料;原料;climb  ;形近clinic  ; n.   诊所  门诊室\;

value   ;n.   价值;  ;v  重视;评价;valuable   adj.precious   ;adj.   宝贵的;珍贵的;

pianist    n  钢琴家; i an i  对称;piano  钢琴提琴;  boher     vt.  打扰;烦恼;加一字 –r-   形近brother   兄弟;同义:disturb;打扰;troubleinterrupt;;助记弟兄多了就会打扰;

fame  ;n   名誉;名声形近adj.   famous ; well-known;

-ame

game   flame  火焰;  blame  责备;same  shame   n   耻辱frame相框; 同样的比赛中感到耻辱;火焰责备相框;

promise    ;n&v   前途;承诺;答应;复习promising adj.  seeming to  succeed have good resultmisery   ;n   悲惨;

miserable   adj.  可怜的;悲惨的;

pro ;支持;赞成;正方(辩论)upporting;反义:反方:cons;复习:probably  可能problem  问题;

produce   生产;  profession  职业;program  节目;程序;project   计划;项目;设计reject拒绝;pronounce  发音;pronunciation

-ise

surprise   ;vt.    惊奇;吃惊;rise vi.   上升;advise ;  ;vt.  劝告;建议;wise  adj.    明智的;有智慧的;otherwise    adv  在其它方面;否则;exercise  练习;锻炼;revise   校订;修改;复习;previse  = predicate   预言;预测;

kindergarten  adj.  n  幼儿园;启蒙的;

词中词garden  n.  花园助记:在比较好的善良的花园(garden)里的幼儿园;

hardship  n  困难;艰难;贫困;difficulty; pain;suffering;

-ship   抽象  各词后缀;friendship   友谊;scholarship   奖学金;relationship  ;n  关系;

bear (bore   borne)  ;v  忍受;承受

同形同音异义词  bear   ;

                    出生;生产

(bore born).  令人厌烦的,boring;

graduation   n  毕业;复习graduate   v  毕业;  =finish  schooling;;

-ate

state  状态; 国家; rate 比率;hate  v.  讨厌;恨 ; gate 大门;climate   气候;天气;mate同伴;伙伴;congratulate  祝贺;形近 celebrate  庆祝graduate  v   分等级;定级;n 毕业生(大学)grade n  年级;等级; high school  graduate  gradually   adv.  逐渐地'

Unit   18

fisherman  n  渔民;渔夫; go  fishing   钓鱼;捕鱼;

-ish

wish  English   foolish   愚蠢的

selfish  自私的;助记愚蠢自私的渔夫希望把英语学好。

northeastern  东北的;

-ern

northern;southern;western ; eastern;

northeastern; northwestern; outheaster; southwester;

great – grandfather外曾祖父great – grandmother外曾祖母;

central  adj.  中心的;中央的;形近

center  n  中心;cent   ; percent   百分之一;百分率;

-ent

recent   最近的; comment   评论;accent  口音; current 流行的;当前的;accident   事故;ncident    事件;

absent   缺习的present    现在的;目前的 呈现;引见prevent   阻止;预防content内容;甘愿;

coast  n  海岸的;减一字coat  大衣;外衣形近boast夸口;夸耀

toast   敬酒;祝酒;烤面包;复习cheer

sur. round   包围;围绕

形近round  圆(形)的 ;同义 circle   围绕;盘旋;cycle   循环

-ound

found   创立;缔造 ; sound   声音;听起来;pound  ;   wound   伤口;外伤;

ground  地面串记:创立found 了一磅的pound  伤口;听起来sound  围绕着surround  地面; The wounded founder bought a pound of compound. 受伤的奠基人买了一磅化合物

sur-

  surface   表面; surprise  惊奇;  surname   姓氏 ; survive    幸存;存活;残存;  surrender   放弃;投降;  surpass     超越;超过;

mild    ;adj.   温和的;不严厉的;gentle; soft ;wild  野(生)的狂野的;

bay  ;n   海湾;   gulf   海湾;

   harbour  海港

   coast      海岸

   beach      海滩;岸边;

   shore       海岸;海滨;

     oversea     海外;华侨;

-our   -or 

neighbour   临居 ;   hour;

colour      颜色 ;   flour 面粉

humour     幽默 ;  favour  恩惠

rumour     谣言  ;  vapour 蒸汽

labour  劳动(力);  four;

tour   旅游 ;     sour 酸的;变酸

pour   倾倒;泼 ;

rat  老鼠;耗子  mouse  (mice)                        田鼠

rat  老鼠;

-at

fat  cat  hat  帽子(有边)bat 蝙蝠;

pat   轻拍   flat   平坦的  单调的

绕口令cat ;;cat; pat that fat rat and the fat bat with a hat;猫猫; 快拍那只胖老鼠和那只戴帽子的蝙蝠。

volcano   n  火山;词中词:can;助记两座圆形的     火山会爆发;            

相关词火山口:craterctreate创造 ;

active  volcano   活火山;

extinct  volcano   死火山;

spring  n     春天形近sing   ring

助记春天的泉水会唱歌 

heat   热 ;加热; n.  v.  令发热;

      eat   ;hat   n.帽子;

surface   表面;外面   复习:surround

形近face   脸;面对;   surprise

settle  vt.   使定居;解决;平静;安家;

settler    定居;安家;

形近set: 放置 ; n 装置;cattle   n  牛,牧畜复数不加  s;

mainly    主要地;大体上

形近main   adj   主要的;

voyage   n   航行;航海;

同义(travel ; journey ; trip ; tour)

-age 

message   信息;   courage  勇气;

cage   笼子 ; 牢房 ;  wage  工资;

engage  从事;忙于;  manage  管理;

front-page   头版的;重要版面;

passage   通道 ; 走栏 cabbage 白菜;baggage ; luggage; 行李;garage  车库;

average ;  平均 ;  damage   毁坏;image   图像;

possession   拥有;占有;形近possess  v  占有;拥有;

bold adj.  黑体的粗体印刷的;          突出的;大胆;

-old

   told ; sold ;  cold;  hold ; gold

告诉////

paragraph   ;n  段落;相关词

passage  段落;chapter   章节;telegraph  telegram电报;

surprising令人吃惊的;使人吃惊;;surprised   (sb.) 吃惊;惊讶;

shocked震惊的;复习:shock  震惊 amaze  惊讶satisfy ; disappoint ; scare ; frighten; horror; terror;panic;alarm  ;

secretary  n  秘书;书记;文书;形近secret adj.  秘密;

-ary (形后缀)

library 图书馆 ;secondary  第二的次要的;dictionary  字典;

percent 百分比;百分数;

形近相关词:century世纪;百年;

centigrade   摄氏度;centimeter    厘米;

center  中心  中央;central   中心的;

focus为中心;grassland  草原;草地;

mountain  + ous----- mountainous adj. 多山的;如山的;巨大的;mount  山;山脉;

  Mount  Emei   峨眉山

 --tain

certain   确定;确实;形近curtain  窗帘

wedding  n   婚礼;婚宴;助记:我们w两个dd   办婚礼;marriage   婚姻;

conference   n  会议;讨论会;形近confidence   信心;自信;confident adj.    自信的;

relation   关系;亲属;形近relative    有关系的;亲戚;relationship  关系;

agricultural    adj.   农业的;农艺的;

形近culture  文化;cultural   文化的农业agri-   是文化艺术;相关词:industry   工业; farming ; 耕作;农业;cattle  n  牛;畜牧;形近cat  ;复习:settle   安家;定居;

    battle  战争;战役;    bottle  瓶子

export   n  输出;出口;

ex- 向外 ;    port   港口;

从港口码头运出商品;出口商品;import  进出;lamb   小羊;羊羔;小羊b不叫(不发音);

复习climb  tomb;

cottage   n   村舍;小别墅 小屋 农舍;词中词cot  帆布床;婴儿床;cote  棚;栏;

tag  捉人游戏(hide-and-seek) 捉迷藏;

seaside   海滨\;形近seashore   beach  coast;camp  v.  宿营;换字:lamp  damp  潮湿的;

Unit 19

protection  n.   保护;近义词 conserve v.保护; protect;defence   保卫 ; guard  防卫;保卫;复习effect  影响;  elect  选举;select  精选;

technique  n  技术;方法;技巧  skill方法   method; technology   技术;相关technical   adj.

irrigation   n   灌溉;冲洗相关irrigate ;

irri-  IR对称形成大坝,助记从门gate里放水灌溉;

pump   n.   泵;抽水机;  v.  抽吸;p p  对称;

seed   种子;萌芽

-eed  weed  杂草  need   需要

助记种子seed   间的杂草 weed   需要need;清除  weed  ;

import

   im + port  进口;引入;export   出口;

相关词:  trade   贸易; business 商业;

production   产品;产量;形近produce  vt.  生产;product   n  产品;introduction   介绍;引进;

depend  =  rely-reliable

形近independence  n.  independent  adj   独立的;

method  n  方法;办法way  means

词中词:me ; met ;

助记方式是我遇到的方法:me .met

root  根;根部;换一字:roof  房顶;        foot  ;

枝:branch    leaf  leaves

:  base   basis

树干  stem;

insect   n  昆虫pest  害虫(拍死它)

protect   select  project; direct;collect保护/选择/工程/指导;直接/收集;

tobacco 助记/谐音:烟瘾太大;一次要吞八口烟叶;cigarette   纸烟;香烟

cigar  雪茄(谐音);

golden  adj.   金色的;黄金的;gold  + en

wood  + en   wooden   木制的;联想wool  woolen   毛织的;

bold  大胆的;黑体的

tie  n.领带;领巾;鞋带  v. 系;捆;拴;

加一字:tire领带” (tie) 很累 tired;

discovery   n.  发现 ≈findings;

dis + cover  覆盖  +  y (后缀);discover  v.  发现;

garden  n.  花园;   v. 从事园艺;形近字:guard;kindergarten  幼儿园;gardening   n.  园艺。园林;gardener  n.  园丁;

wisdom  n.   智慧;

词中词wise  adj.  聪明的;明智的;

-dom  抽象名词后缀;

freedom  自由;kingdom;  王国;

形近字: bottom  底部;blossom形近字:bloom  开花;

practical  adj.  实际的;实践的; 实用的;

形近字:practice  n.  实践;练习;practice  v. 

-al

Suitable national natural arrival chemical physical合适/国家的/自然的/到达/化学的/物理的;

 guide  n.  向导; 谐音:见鬼的向导”;direct   指导;指引;导演;conduct行为;举止;品行;处理;引导;知道;

firstly  adv.  第一;首先     相关词:

at  first ; above ;  all first of all ; ;

secondly  thirdly…;…

sow  播种 相关词: seed 种子;row  划船  n   排 ; 行saw   n   锯子(see的过去式);

condition   n  条件;状况;情形situation情形;情况;;

soil  n  土壤 ; 土地; s + oil

  助记 土壤肥的流油oil;

weed  杂草   v  除草;铲除;seed  种子need; feed;

re  +  move   移动;移除;搬开;

movie   n  电演;I在里边演电演;

sun +  flower  n  向日葵;       sunflower  seeds;sunrise  日出;   sunset   日落形近字:sunbathe  日光浴sunburn    晒黑  晒伤sunglass   太阳镜;

Unit  20

humour =  humor  幽默;谐音;humourous  adj.   滑稽的;幽默的;rumour  n.  谣言

fun  funny;-our= –or   honour;colour  favour   恩惠;帮助;neighour   邻居    labour  n.   劳动;

+  ous adj.

serious  严重的;严肃的;  dangerous;curious   好奇的;mysterious   神秘的;generous   慷慨的;大方的  poisonous;

bitter   adj.  苦的;痛苦;词中词:bit  一点点;sweet  甜的;   sour  酸的;

switch   开关;转换词中词witch   n  女巫;

chalk  粉笔;词中词talk   v  谈话;

couple   n  (一)对;双;夫妇;

minister  n   牧师;  mini -  小的;微型的迷你的;  minibus;

circus  n  马戏团;杂技团;circle  圆圈;环绕;clown  小丑;

intend   vt.   想要;打算;意指形近字: tend 照料;照顾 ;tender  adj.   柔软的;温柔的;gentle   温柔的;

stage   n   舞台;阶段;时期;   相关词:line   台词;对白;

-age

manage;nationality   国籍;国家;部落;

nation  n  国家;民族;national  国家的

inter . nation . al   国际的inte-view

certain  adj.   确定的;的;某(种);

形近字certainly  确定的;肯定地;当然;

surely;  amuse  vt.  使发笑;使愉快;形近字amaze  v  惊奇;吃惊;please  使高兴;使愉快;amused pleased ;delight  v  使高兴delighted   adj.  高兴的;

laughter   n  笑声;laugh + at  v  笑,发笑;

-ough

Bought;   brought;   thought;caught;cough  n  咳嗽;咳嗽声;plough  v  犁地;耕地

enough  adj.   足够的;

accent  n  口音;空调;重音;形近字cent  ;percent   白分之……

Unit  20

access   进入;通向;接近;形近字accept   接受receive收到;accident  n  事故;意外incident小事;according  to  根据;按照;

actually  adj.   事实上;实际上;a形近字ctual  adj. act     n  行动;行为;形近字action    adj.  积极的;活动的;activity  n  活动;所做的事;

typical  adj.  典型的;象征性的;type  类型;种类;physical  chemical;symbol  n.象征 ;

tradition  n.  传统;形近字traditional  adj.  传统的;trade  n.  贸易;商业business, commercial;

rapid  adj.   迅速的; 快的fast  quick

形近字rap  说唱(艺术);

appreciate  vt.  赏识;鉴赏  感激;欣赏

形近字applaud   拍手;喝彩;鼓掌applause  n.cheer up高兴起来;振作;exist   vi  存在;生存;

  survive  v   存活;辛存;形近字revive复活;

phrase    n  词组;短语;形近字chase  追 赶;case  箱子;案例;base  基础

idiom   惯用法;习语;

suffer  v 经历;遭遇;形近字refer  vi  涉及;指;提及;prefer  宁愿   喜欢

experience  经历;operate   vi   运转;操作;形近字opera   京剧;

direction  n  方向;方位;指示;说明;

direct  v  指导; 导演;指示;

-ake

brake  n  v  刹车; bake   烤烘;cake  n  蛋糕;饼;lake    quake  颤动;震动;earthquake  地震;  mistake  错误;wake  醒来;  make;

cyclist  n  骑手;骑车人;复习list  名单

cycle  循环;周期;两轮车;形近字bicycle  单车;自行车;recycle  v.  循环;回收在利用;

fortunately  adv.  幸运地;fortunate    adj.  = lucky; luck   n.  运气;mis-fortunate  = unlucky;fortune  n.  = luck  运气;幸运;

silence  n.  寂静;沉默;安静;形近字silent  adj.   安静的;沉默的;quiet  still  安静的;不动的;

rude  adj.  粗鲁无礼;残暴的;polite  礼貌的;impolite  无礼的;  bad manners;

confuse   vt.   迷惑;打乱;混淆的;

形近字refuse  拒绝reject拒绝;puzzle  使迷惑不解;confused  困惑的;

Unit  21 

unfair   不公平的;不公正的;air  公平的;实的just正义的justice正义;fairly  adv     很;非常 ≈rather;

customer  n  顾客;主顾;形近字custom  n   习惯;海关 + s;avoid  v  避免;contact  v 接触;联系connect联系;suitcase   n  手提箱suitable合适的;  suit 适合;套服;case  n  箱子;

ahead  adv  adj.  在前;向前;head  头;向前ahead of  更前;更早;

manage  管理;经营;做成某事;man + age

形近字manager  经理;管理者;fold  折叠 ; 合拢形近字gold; bold ;vary  vt.  改变;使多样化;  change  ; shift;

various  adj.  各种各样的;=all kinds of

比较: very  很;非常;variety多样性=diversity;crazy  adj.  疯狂的;狂热的;形近字lazy懒惰 ;mad ;       发疯的;

part  v.  分离;分开;部分;形近字depart  离开; 分别;apartment  公寓;套房flat;apart分开;department  部门;系  百货商店;

firm  adj.    牢固的 ;稳定有力的tight; steady;stable strong;            

handshake     握手;shake hands with  …握手;

bow  n.  vi  鞠躬;弯腰;   n.   弓箭;

arrow  n.  ; sparrow麻雀;fist  n.  拳头      boxing   拳击'palm   手掌   arm  手臂;hip  n.  臂部;bend  (bent)   弯曲;屈服;起于;   形近字bent  adj.  弯曲的;end末尾,末端,助记:字母b末端弯曲;

tap   轻拍;轻敲形近字pat   ;rap   说唱;艺术;

gently   轻松地;逐渐的;形近字adj.   gentle; gentleman   绅士;

形近字anger ;   n.    愤怒;angry   adj.    愤怒的;生气的;danger  危险;  dangerous   危险的;

useless   无用的;无效的;反义useful   有用的;有效的;occur   v.   发生;出现;

形近字occurrence  n  happen ;  break out

focus   中兴;焦点middle  中心;concentration    中心;焦点;

specific   adj.   具体的;特有的;形近字special   特别的;专门的;abstract   抽象的;摘要summary总结;小结concret具体的;

Unit 22

amusement   n.   消遣;娱乐;entertainment;形近字amuse   v.   使高兴;使愉快;amaze  v.   使惊讶;souvenir   n.  纪念品;Soviet    苏联   苏维埃;

attraction     n.    吸引力;形近字attract    v.   吸引;attractive      adj.   有吸引力的;

collection   n. 收集  集体;形近字collect  v.  gather  v.

castle   n..;broadcast     广播;minority     n .  少数;少数民族;形近字majority    多数;

cartoon  n   谐音卡通;漫画;动画;

car 小汽车;carrot   萝卜;cart 马车;

Humour;   幽默; rumour谣言; sofa  沙发

salad   色拉 shampoo couch长椅子;沙发

 

thrill  n   兴奋;激动;;形近字till  直到   ill  ; hill  小山;助记(兴奋得直到)山上病了;entertainment   n    娱乐;招待;

形近字entertain  v  娱乐;招待;enter   进入;certain   肯定的 ; 确定的;某种;

curtain窗帘;educate   v.   教育;引导;

形近字education   n .  教育;educator   教育者(家);形近字product  n.   产品

conduct   v .  操作;实施;执行  管理 指挥handle控制;把柄; direct, operate, manage ;conductor  n.  售票员  列车员 ;

conservation   n.  保护;管理;保存;conserve    vt.  =protect;serve   vt.   服务protect   保护;coastal  海岸的;沿海的;coast  n  海岸;  harbor   海港;beach    海滨   shore   海岸;

divide   v  ; 划分;   隔开dive潜水;

助记(对称地把e分开)

connect   contact ; 联接;联系touch

section   n   部分  压抑;part region地区/区域 ;area; zone 地区;区域;department   部分 分支shuttle  n  航天飞机;穿梭机; spaceship (航天飞机)

shut  关闭;

butterfly   n  蝴蝶 ;形近字butter  黄油

flies   苍蝇;injury   n.  伤害;受伤

injure   v.  hurt damagewound; harm

rocket   n  火箭;形近字rock   岩石;摇滚;jacket   夹克;helicopter  n  直升飞机

carve   v   雕刻  n carving ;;

figure雕塑,塑像;

achievement   n.   成绩;成就 ;

形近字achieve ;      v. 取得ache    疼痛 ;   eve   除夕;助记取得成绩不是一朝一夕eve之事;需要痛苦/疼痛;

civilization    n.   文明;开化;形近字civil  adj.    内部的;公民的divide分开

Civilize;   使开化;教化civilization文明;开化;

prevent  v.  妨碍;阻止 ;保护;twist   n.  v.   弯曲;扭曲  ;  

形近字twister  绕口令;  imagine  v.  想象(力);imagination n.  ;endless  无穷的;无止境的 limitless

darkness  n.   黑暗;漆黑  dark  adj. ;

dawn 黎明;开端;

phrases and idiom  短语和习语归纳

make a choice   做出选择

keep up with  跟上  赶上

keep pace with  ……同步

plenty of  \a number  of  大量

roll up  变成卷形  ; 卷起

dress up  打扮;装饰;盛装

in one’s opinion   ……看法;依……的观点;

have faith in = believe  in 

play a trick on  ……玩笑;欺骗某人

to one’s joy\delight 使 某人高兴  

take in  摄取;欺骗

call on  访问;号召;邀请

bring back    拿回;使恢复

day and night  日日夜夜

pay off       还清;付清

earn\make money   挣、赚钱

act out       表演;付出行动

a great deal of  (修饰不可数)大量;许多

test on        ……上做实验try on

around the corner  即使来临;在拐角处

die down  (声音)变弱;平息;消失

come to terms with  甘心忍受

take possession of  占有;占领

make up     组成;构成;占……

turn to      开始干;求助于;转向

go sailing    驾船航行;帆船运动

go camping   宿营

depend on    依赖;依靠

and soon = etc  等等

make fun of    取笑;嘲笑

make use of   利用

date back to\from   回溯;追溯到

be on good terms with  ……关系好

look on… as     ……看作\当作

 regard…as , consider…as….think of… as…

ahead of      ……前;更早in advance

get through    通过;度过;到达

tear down     拆除;推倒pull down

hold up       举起;拿出

make a face   做鬼脸

in order      整齐;按顺序= tidy

divide… into…   ……分成 部分

focus…on   ……为中心

prevent…from…  使…...……,保护……不受危险  威胁危害keep….from

stop … from   protect …from

manage to…  努力做成try to do

艺考生的救命稻草

突破130分,快速提高30分的锦囊妙计

6步搞定任何高考英语阅读真题,一般人不告诉他(她)

 

2013吴军高考英语阅读理解3天提分秘术

 

众说周知,得阅读、完形者得天下!

文章看没看懂不重要,关键是要选对!

高考英语阅读的核心暗示点:词和短语!

题目(或题干)有暗示,秘笈为你精准导航

选项与出题点之间存在逻辑关系,3天帮您梳理!

速度比完美更重要,思路比题海要有效!

 

2013高考英语阅读3天提分秘术, 既不是神人的牛B押题,也不是最牛高考班的密卷!而是沈阳高分英语家教吴军老师从2000-2012年2700多篇高考英语阅读真题答案内幕规律衍生出的迅捷提分秘诀!

2013高考英语阅读3天提分秘术是纸质的解析讲解类自学教案,而不是如同上大课般的名师讲座光盘(如高分突破,提分宝典,四步兵法,高频考点等),你可以站着,躺着,甚至在卫生间里也可以阅读自学!

立竿见影!以一顶百!9年来我们在自我独门秘笈的基础上,20%参阅了132种全国知名高考英语教案或资料(如:新东方,张清波,北京四中李俊和,管卫东,提分宝典,高频考点等)。但发现很多名师教案与高考提分关联度小,因为相当一部分名师只是把自己在考研和雅思领域的研究成果生搬硬套到高考英语教学中(讲述的高频词汇严重超纲,甚至是大学6级的),而不是深入到2700篇历届阅读真题中潜心研究,效果可想而知。还有些重点高中一线老师,将自己上课用的教案制作成光盘用以贩卖,其实质不过是高频考点和词汇的串讲,有的甚至用35%的篇章讲述如何记忆单词,而广告却说是提分秘笈,真是让人遗憾!

好消息!吴军老师2012高考英语3天提分秘诀仅释放了其30%的功力,就达到了90%以上的客户满意度,为了配合文科其他科目的上市,2013年吴军高考英语将释放其70%的功力,2013年高考英语提分速度和幅度将再升一倍,看完下列示例后,还不赶紧抢购呀!

目录

一、2013阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征

二、2013阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词

三、擒贼先擒王:主旨题、写作目的题吴军答题密码

四、阅读出题点与细节题吴军答题法则

五、阅读文章结构、题材与推论题吴军突破秘诀

六、阅读词汇、文章及作者态度题吴军破解规律

 

 

2013读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征(10条秘诀

秘诀一:被动结构是备选项高频答案特征

 

2010辽宁卷BI hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I'm in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, 'I’m  having a dinner party' means: "I'm booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you can't afford and we'll be sharing the checque evenly, no matter what you eat." Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don’t drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: "Where are you going?" And it's not like I can say I have somewhere to go: everyone know I have nowhere to go.

    But in London, dinner parties are in people's homes.(转折对比,说明前面New Yorkers 评价是Self-centred.) Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the guests were from France, India. Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations in New York. The mix is less striking. It's like a gathering at Bloomingdale's, a well-known department store.

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61. What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New York?

   A There is a strange mix of people.       B. The restaurants are expensive.

   C. The bill is not fairly shared.          D. People have to pay cash

63. What is the author's opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience

   A. Easy-going.    B. Self-centred.    C. Generous.    D. Conservative.

2012四川卷ESo far, efforts to cut emissions(排放)of planet-warming greenhouse gases are not seen as enough to prevent the Earth heating up beyond 2 this century a point scientists say will bring the danger of a changeable climate in which weather extremes are common, leading to drought, floods, crop failures and rising sea levels.

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60. What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs about the world’s temperature?

A. It has risen nearly 0.2 since 1979.

B. Its change will lead to weather extremes.

C. It is 0.8 higher in 1979 than that of 1990.

D. It needs to be controlled within 2℃ in this century.

 

2012四川卷AThe seasons change just outside the door. We watch the maples turn every shade of yellow and red in the fall and note the poplars’(杨树)putting out the first green leaves of spring. The rainbow smelt fills the local steam as the ice gradually disappears, and the wood frogs start to sing in pools after being frozen for the winter. A family of birds rules our skies and flies over the lake.

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43. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean?

A. The change of seasons is easily felt.

B. The seasons make the scenes change.

C. The weather often changes in the forest.

D. The door is a good position to enjoy changing seasons.

 

2012陕西卷C】The authors of both studies stress that these risks are relatively small for healthy people and certainly modest compared with other risk factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. However, it is important to be aware of these dangers because everyone is exposed to air pollution regardless of lifestyle choices. So stricter regulation by the EPA of pollutants may not only improve environmental air quality but could also become necessary to protect public health.

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55. What can we learn from the text? 

A. Eating fatty food has immediate effects on your heart.

B. The EPA conducted many studies on air quality.

C. Moderate air quality is more harmful than smoking,

D. Stricter regulations on pollutants should be made.


2012江西卷DFor those who make journeys across the world, the speed of travel today has turned the countries into a series of villagesDistances between them appear no greater to a modern traveler than those which once faced men as they walked from village to village. Jet plane fly people from one end of the earth to the other, allowing them a freedom of movement undreamt of a hundred years ago.

  Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受).  The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly.

   Then there is the time spent being “processed” at a modern airport. People are conveyed like robots along walkways; baggage is weighed, tickets produced, examined and produced yet again before the passenger move again to another waiting area. Journeys by rail and sea take longer, yes, but the hours devoted to being “processed” at departure and arrival in airports are luckily absent. No wonder, then, that the modern high-speed trains are winning back passengers from the airlines.

Man, however, is now a world traveler and can not turn his back on the airplane. The working lives of too many people depend upon it; whole new industries have been built around its design and operation. The holiday maker, too, with limited time to spend, patiently endures the busy airports and limited space of the flight to gain those extra hours and even days, relaxing in the sun. speed controls people’s lives; time saved, in work or play, is the important thing—or so we are told. Perhaps those first horsemen, riding free across the wild, open plains, were enjoying a better world than the one we know today. They could travel at will, and the clock was not their master.

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73.According to Paragraph3, passengers are turning back to modern high-speed trains because_____

     A.they pay less for the tickets                                                     B.they feel safer during the travel

     C.they can enjoy higher speed of travel  D.they don’t have to waste time being “processed

75.What is the main idea of the passage?

     A.Air travel benefits people and industries

     B.Train Travel has some advantages over air travel

  C.Great changes have taken place in modern travel.

     D.The high speed of air travel is gained at a cost.


2013阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词17项不到90个单词

 

秘诀9lead to (result in, bring about, cause)是选项中答案高频暗示词!

2012浙江卷C

First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult (侮辱). For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict.

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51. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________ .

A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime  具体!

B. a small conflict can lead to violence

C. students tend to lose their temper easily

D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight  具体!

 

2011湖北卷Dour own generation has access to more nutritious food .more convenient transport .bigger houses, better ears .and of course, more pounds and dollars than any who lived before us .This will continue as long as we there things to make other things, This more we specialize and exchange, the better off we’ll be.

2) Brilliant advances

 One reason we are richer, healthier, taller, cleverer, longer-lived and freer than ener before is that the four most basie human needs -food, clothing, fuel and shelter- have grown a lot cheaper. Take one example. In 1800 a candle providing one hour’s light cost six hours’ work. In the 1880s the same light from an oil lamp took 15 minutes’ work to pay for. In 1950 it was eight seconds. Today it’s half second.

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65. The candle and lamp example is used to show that     .

   A. oil lamps give off more light than candles

   B. shortening working time brings about a happier life.

   C. advanced technology helps to produce better candles.

   D. increased production rate leads to lower cost of goods.

 

秘诀10 Control (handle, deal with )是选项中答案高频暗示词!

2012天津卷D

Those who choose to be creators look at life quite differently. They know there are individuals who might like to control their lives, but they don’t let this get in the way. They know they have their weaknesses, yet they don’t blame themselves when they fail. Whatever happens, they have choice in the matter. They believe their dance with each sacred(神圣的)moment of life is a gift and that storms are a natural part of life which can bring the rain needed for emotional and spiritual growth.

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52. According to Paragraph 2, creators __________.

A. seem willing to experience failures in life    B. possess the ability to predict future life

C. handle ups and downs of life wisely        D. have potential to create something new

 

 

2012山东卷D

Last year, it was a refrigerator that tweeted. This year, it’s Wi-Fi-enabled laundry machines and fridges that can tell you when your groceries are going bad.

The washers and dryers, available starting in the spring, connect to any smartphone through a downloadable application. The phone can then be used as a remote control, so the machines can be turned on and off while their owners is at work or on the bus.

Samsung says it’s not just something new — the app connection actually has some practical uses.

“If you started to dry clothes in the morning and forgot to take them out, you can go to your phone and restart your dryer for the time when come home, so your clothes are refreshed and ready to go,” said spokesperson Amy Schmidt.

The company also says that with electricity rate(电价)varying depending on the time of day, more control over when the machines are used can help save money.

Perhaps, but what they will probably really accomplish is what all good technologies do —enable laziness. Rather than getting up to check on whether the laundry is done, users will instead monitor it on their phones while watching TV.

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73. What can we learn about the new laundry machines?
A. They can tell you when your clothes need washing
B. They can be controlled with a smartphone
C. They are difficult to operate
D. They are sold at a low price

秘诀12miss (missing) ; lose (lost)是选项中答案高频暗示词!

 

2011全国新课标卷A

There is sadly no home milk delivery today. Big companies allowed the production of cheaper milk thus making it difficult for milkmen to compete (竞争). Besides, milk is for sale everywhere, and it may just not have been practiced to have a delivery service.

Recently, an old milk box in the countryside I saw brought back my childhood memories. 1 took it home and planted it on the back porch (门廊). Every so often my son's friends will ask what it is. So I start telling stories of my boyhood, and of the milkman who brought us friendship along with his milk.

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59. Why did the author bring back home an old milk box?

A. He missed the good old days.    B. He wanted to tell interesting stories.  

C. He needed it for his milk bottles.  D. He planted flowers in it.

 

 

2010江西卷A

Andy rode slowly on his way to school, day-dreaming about the fishing trip that his father had promised him. He was so busy dreaming about all the fish he would catch that he was unaware of everything else around him.

He rode along until a strange sound drew him to the present. He came to a stop and looked curiously up to the heavens. What he saw shocked and terrified him. A huge swarm of bees filled the sky like a black cloud and the buzzing mass seemed to be heading angrily towards him.

With no time to waste, Andy sped off in the opposite direction, riding furiously—but without knowing how to escape the swarm. With a rapidly beating heart and his legs pumping furiously, he sped down the rough road. As the bees came closer, his panic increased. Andy knew that he was sensitive to bee stings(). The last sting had landed him in hospital—and that was only one bee sting! He had been forced to stay in bed for two whole days.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

56. Why did Andy fail to notice the swarm of bees earlier?

A. He was riding to school.

B. He was listening to a strange sound.

C. He was going fishing with his father.

D. He was lost in the thought of the fishing trip.


擒贼先擒王:主旨题、写作目的题吴军答题密码

方法一:找中心句

第一段首、末句(一段末出现转折)

二段一句、二句(二段对一段进行总结或否定)

尾段首末句, 90%在末句

 

汉语标注的地方!

2012全国新课标卷B

Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest()and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have a strange and unexpected helpera little bird called a honey guide.

The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax (蜂蜡) in the beehives (蜂房). The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bees’ nest. So, when it finds a suitable nest, it looks for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

63. What can be the best title for the text?

A. Wild Bees                B. Wax and Honey  

C. Beekeeping in Africa       D. Honey-Lover's Helper

 

表转折和因果处:but, yet, however, instead,today,now,Although,so, therefore, thus, as a result, because(since,as,for), one of the reasons was……, The results are……

It was a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all , their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries.

   Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived . They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog’s legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, and so they wanted to buy frogs from other places.

This seemed like money for nothing . There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were  no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them . Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time ,the people were able to dream of a better future. But the dream didn’t last long.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers          .

    A.worked very hard for centuries       B.dreamed of having a better life

C.were poor but somewhat content    D.lived a different life from their forefathers

 

2012全国新课标D

Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced still swim as well as ever since. A man when he gets back who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

67. What is the main idea of paragraph 1?

A. People remember well what they learned in childhood.

B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups.

C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words.

D. Stories for children are easy to remember.

 

 

2012重庆卷E

In his 1930 essay “Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren “, John Keynes, economist, rewrote that human needs fall into two classes: absolute needs ,which are indeed what other have , and relative needs ,which make us feel superior to our fellows. He thought although relative needs may indeed be insatiable (无止境的) this is not true of absolute.

    Keynes was surely correct that only a small part of total spending id decided by the super- iority He was greatly mistaken, however, in seeing this derive as the only source of demands

    Decisions to spend are also driven by ideas of quality which can influence the den almost all goods, including even basic goods like food. When a couple goes out for an dinner, for example, the thought of feeling superior to others probably never comes to them. The goal is to share a special meal that stands out from other meals.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

75.The author of the passage argues that ______.

A. absolute needs have no limits

B. demands for quality are not insatiable

C. human desires influence ideas of quality

D. relative needs decide most of our spending

 

2012陕西卷C

Eating too much fatty food, exercising too little and smoking can raise your future risk of heart disease. But there is another factor that can cause your heart problems more immediately: the air you breathe.

Previous studies have linked high exposure (暴露)to environmental pollution to an increased risk of heart problem, but two analyses now show that poor air quality can lead to heart attack or stroke (中风)within as little as a few hours after exposure. In one review of the research, scientists found that people exposed to high levels of pollutants (污染物)were up to 5% more likely to suffer a heart attack within days of exposure than those with lower exposure. A separate study of stroke patients showed that even air that the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers to be of “moderate” (良好)quality and relatively safe for our health can raise the risk of stroke as much as 34% within 12 to 14 hours of exposure.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

53. The text mainly discusses the relationship between        .    

A. heart problems and air quality             B. heart problems and exercising

C. heart problems and smoking         D. heart problems and fatty food

 

写作目的题秘诀13:广告文体写作目的题一般用advertise!

2012重庆卷BTop lists are lecturing people on everything from"100 books to read ". Aren't you just tired of being told what to do with your time?

Now you have a list to end all lists!

Take a look at the following two examples from the list of "101 things not to do":

……

Go to See the Mona Lisa?

There must be something about the mysterious(神秘的)smile. The 6 million people who the lady in the Louvre every year can’t all be wrong after all. But they can be quite and standing in front of you, holding up their cameras to prevent you from seeing anything. In fact hard for you to see the painting clearly because you have to stay away from it for security read. After queuing for hours, many tourists can remain in front of the painting only for 15 seconds most.

So, still long to see the Mona Lisa? If you want to find out more about the list, read 101 Tings NOT to Do Before You Die. Visit www.not2dobeforeidie.co.uk and buy the book at a 20 discount.

63. What is the main purpose of the passage?

  A. To advertise a book           B. To introduce a website

  C. To comment on popular lists     D. To recommend tourist activities.

 

写作目的题秘诀17:一般说明文写作目的题常用inform!

2012浙江卷C

There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends,. teachers. parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

54. The writer’s purpose for writing this article is to_______.

A. complain about problems in school education

B. teach students different strategies for school life

C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools

D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence    But后面violence是重心

 

写作目的题秘诀18:新闻报道写作目的题常用report!

2012全国II卷DADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia - One of the world's most famous fossils (化石) - the 3.2 million-year-old Lucy skeleton ( 骨骼 ) unearthed in Ethiopia in 1974 - will go on an exhibition tour abroad for the first time in the United States, officials said Tuesday. Even the Ethiopian public has only seen Lucy twice.

The Lucy on exhibition at the Ethiopian National Museum in the capital. Addis Ababa is a replica while the real remains are usually locked in a secret storeroom. A team from the Museum of National Service in to U.S. tour. Texas spent four years disscusing with the Ethiopians for the U.S. tour. Which will start in Houston next September.

"Ethiopia's rich culture of both the past and today, is one of the best kept secrets in the world,"said Joel Bartsch, director of the Houston museum.

The six-year tour will also go to Washington, New York. Denver and Chicago. Officials said six other U.S. cities may be on the tour. But they said plans had not yet been worked out.

Traveling with Lucy will be 190 other fossils.

 Lucy, her name taken from a Beatles song that played in a camp the night of her discovery, is part of the skeleton of what was once a 3½-foot-ball ape-man (猿人).

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53. The author writes this text mainly to _   _.

   A. introduce a few U.S. museums    B. describe some research work

   C. discuss the value of an ape-man   D. report a coming event


阅读出题点与细节题吴军答题法则

秘诀9:找到信息点后核对选项,发现照抄原文的不是答案,同义替换的通常是答案,有时结合答案特征,发现的更快

Tanni’s enduring success had been part motivation(动机), part preparation, “The training I do that enables me to be a good sprinter(短跑运动员) enables me to be good at a marathon too. I train 50 weeks of the year and that keeps me prepared for whatever distance I want to race…. I am still competing at a very high lever, but as I get older things get harder and I want to retire before I fall apart.”

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58. The underlined word “that” in the 5th paragraph refers to _______.

  (此题容易错选 A ,但正确答案是 C ,怎样避开陷阱?)

   A. fifty weeks’ training             B. being a good sprinter

C. training almost every day         D. part motivation and part preparation


阅读文章结构、题材与推论题吴军突破秘诀

 

推论题秘诀3

没有中心句(中心词四选项都有),尾段也没有核对点,则找出题点核对

 

2012福建卷B

At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future lifeand he obviously knew it.

"You may wonder, Sir Percival,’’ said Laura calmly, “if I am going to ask to be released (免除)from my promise to marry you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father's wishes too much.“  汉语标注处是出题核对点
    His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet.

"No, if we are going to withdraw.(退出)from our planned marriage, it will be because of your wish, not mine.

“Mine?” he said in great surprise. “What reason could I have for withdrawing?

"A reason that is very hard to tell you," she answered. "There is a change in me. ”

His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side.

"What change?" he asked, trying to appear calm.

“ When the promise was made two years ago, ” she said, my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me, Sir Percival, if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?”

“I wish you to understand, “ Laura continued, “that I will never see this person again, and that if you leave me, you only allow mc to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive mc and keep my secret."

‘I will do both those things, “ he said. Then he looked at Laura, as if he was waiting to hear more.
    "I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage, “ she added quietly.
    “ No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you, “ he said.

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61.                                                We can learn from the passage that         .

A. Laura had once promised to marry Percival

B. Laura's father wished to end her marriage

C. Percival had been married to Laura for two years

D. Percival asked to be released from the marriage

文章取材题秘诀5若首段有小括号,里面有新华,搜狐,网易,新浪,路透,BBC等提示,(XINHUA NET),或每段首句有具体时间信息点,则选项一定与news有关!

2012辽宁卷C

If Confucius(孔子)were still alive today and could celebrate his September 28 birthday with a big cake, there would be a lot of candles.He’d need a fan or a strong wind to help him put them out.

While many people in China will remember Confucius on his special day, few people in the United States will give him a passing thought. It’s nothing personal. Most Americans don’t even remember the birthdays of their own national heroes.

But this doesn’t mean that Americans don’t care about Confucius.  In many ways he has become a bridge that foreigners must cross if they want to reach a deeper understanding of China.

In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy(哲学).Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. 

So the old thinker’s ideas are still alive and well.

Today China attracts the West more than ever, and it will need more teachers to introduce Confucius and Chinese culture to the West.

As for the old thinker, he will not soon be forgotten by people in the West, even if his birthday is.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

67. The passage is likely to appear in ___________.

A. a biography          B. a history paper   

C.a newspaper          D. a philosophy textbook

文章取材题秘诀6文章首尾句看是否有关键信息点,比如book,可能是书的前言或简介,若有价格,与钱有关或访问某网站,则可能是广告(advertisement)!

2010湖北卷CThis brief book is aimed at high school students , but speaks to anyone learning at any stage of life.

Its formal ,serious style closely matches its content ,a school-masterly book on schooling .The author , W .H . Armstrong ,starts with the basics : reading and writing . In his opinion , reading doesn’t just mean recognizing each word on the page ; it means taking in the information,digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of himself .The goal is to bring the information back to life , not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees . Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other ; in fact ,the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text .I’ve seen it again and again some-one who can’t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn’t read it at all.

Only a  third of the book remains after that discussion ,which Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages ,math , science and history . He generally handles these topics thoroughly(透彻地) and equally ,except for some weakness in the science and math sections and a bit too much passion(激情) regarding history to his students , that was a  hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across .To my disappointment , in this part of the book he ignores the arts .As a matter of fact ,they demand all the concentration and study that math and science do,though the study differs slightly in kind .Although it’s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired ,actually ,learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics.

My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960snone of the references(参考文献)seem newer than the late 1950s. As a  result, the discussion misses the entire computer age.

These are small points, though, and don’t affect the main discussion. I recommend it to any student and any teacher, including the self-taught student.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

66. This passage can be classified as________.

  A. an advertisement         B. a book review

  C. a feature story           D. A news report

 

2012北京卷A

The Basics of Math—Made Clear

Basic Math introduces students to the basic concepts of mathematics, as well as the fundamentals of more tricky areas. These 30 fantastic lectures are designed to provide students with an understanding of arithmetic and to prepare them for Algebra(代数) and beyond.

The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. They also look into exponents(指数), the order of operations, and square roots. In addition to learning how to perform various mathematical operations, students discover why these operations work, how a particular mathematical topic relates to other branches of mathematics, and how these operations can be used practically.

Basic Math starts from the relatively easier concepts and gradually moves on to the more troublesome ones, so as to allow for steady and sure understanding of the material by students. The lectures offer students the chance to “make sense” of mathematical knowledge that may have seemed so frightening. They also help students prepare for college mathematics and overcome their anxiety about this amazing—and completely understandable—field of study.

By the conclusion of the course, students will have improved their understanding of basic math. They will be able to clear away the mystery(神秘性) of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagined. In addition, they will strengthen their ability to accept new and exciting mathematical challenges.

Professor H. Siegel, honored by Kentucky Educational Television as “the best math teacher in America,” is a devoted teacher and has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts in ways that make them seem clear and obvious. From the basic concrete ideas to the more abstract problems, he is master in making math lectures learner-friendlier and less scary.

With a PhD in Mathematics Education from Georgia State University, Dr. Siegel teaches mathematics at Central Arizona College. His courses include various make-up classes and a number of lectures for future primary school teachers.

If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

59. Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from?

   A. A news report.               B. A book review

   C. A lesson plan.                   D. An advertisement




文体结构题秘诀4指定段落有a man, one man, such as等信号词时, 结构为举例(examples).


2012江西卷D

  Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受).  The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

72How does the writer support the underlined statement in Paragraph2?

       ABy giving instructions                        BBy analyzing cause and effect

       CBy following the order of time          DBy giving examples

 

 

2012全国新课标D

One explanation is the law of overlearning , which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials(尝试)increase the length of time we will remember it.

In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn.

The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表)are an exception to the eeneral rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

68.The author explains the law of overlearning by_________.

A. presenting research findings       B. setting down general rules

C. making a comparison            D. using examples



阅读词汇、文章及作者态度题吴军破解规律

 

词汇答题秘诀12模凌两可处如何处理?向该词就近信息点靠拢!向高频答案词特征靠拢!选择范围大的

 

2011重庆卷AThere was a gardener who looked after his garden with great care. To water his flowers, he used two buckers. One was a shiny and new bucket. The other was a very old and dilapidated one, which had seen many years of service, but was now past its best.

56. What does the underlined word “dilapidated” probably mean?

A. Dirty              B. Dark

C. Worn-out          D. Plain-looking.

     被动答案特征



作者态度题秘诀11高频答案词caring关心的; 有同情心的

 

2012天津卷B

45. Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates?

          A. Reliable and devoted.           B. Tough and generous.                       

C. Proud but patient.                  D. Strict but caring.

 

2012辽宁卷B

61. Which of the following best describes the families of the astronauts on the ISS ?

      A. The are caring and thoughtful     

B. The are impatient and annoyed

      C. The are impatient and annoyed.    

D. The are excited and curious.

 

2010全国A

45.Which of the following best describes Brownie?

A. Shy          B. Polite          C. Brave           D. Caring

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