考研英语70分全攻略【转】

发表于:2012-04-06 11:40 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
作者:真心男人09

以下是英语70分的方法总结,如果你担心你的考研英语,该文会对你有启发的。重要的是,
JUST DO IT.

一、推荐四本必用的书
★ 书籍不宜太多,因为没有那么多时间;而且一定要选择适合自己的,否则会事半功倍。
1、历年真题。高教版:《历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路(赠15年真题与标准答案)》(张剑 新华出版社)。
2、模拟题。高教版:《新编考研英语阅读理解150篇(基础训练版)》(张剑 中央编译出版社)。
3、作文。新东方《考研英语高分写作》(王江涛 群言出版社)。
4、单词。《星火考研词汇》(马德高 新华出版社)。

二、攻克单词
★ 单词还是要强化一下的,否则阅读题中大量单词不认识或模模糊糊,靠上下文来猜测,一是浪费时间,二是成功率大打折扣,因为这个单词可能就是出题点,或者真正的意思与我们所理解的大相庭径。记住,有时一个单词的理解可能就关系到生死攸关的2分呢。
第一步,通过《星火考研词汇》加深对单词的感知度。
安排在复习的早期。每天复习多少页,自己根据时间制定一下,复习一遍;有时间的话快速浏览第二遍。背单词比较枯燥,一定要坚持。
第二步,利用分散时间攻克自己生疏的单词(☆ 这是关键一步 ☆)。
① 上网搜索去年大纲词汇表(word格式带表格、带汉语意思的那种),从头浏览一遍,把会的删除掉(小技巧:把鼠标放到word文档该行的左边空白处,点击左键,就可以选择该行;而不必费力的左键拖住不放);我有09年的大纲词汇表,需要的请与我联系,我的邮箱是qiyanfly@163.com.
② 把一点没有印象或记忆模糊的单词打印出来,必须!
③ 裁剪成小纸条,每张10个单词(小表格式的,左边是英文单词,右边是汉语解释)。随身携带,等车、课前、排队等随时随地可看——单词记忆的最好方法就是在零散的时间中记忆。
—— 这几十张、数百个单词就是你在考研的过程中需要反复复习的重点:① 坚持每天看几张;② 第二天学习新的时候,要复习前一天刚学过的;③ 遮住汉语看英语,遮住英语看汉语;④ 张与张之间的顺序要打乱,避免形成思维定势,以致记忆不牢固,结果换了新的语境又忘记了单词的意思。
第三步,攻克历年题中自己的生词。
历年题中的陌生和模糊的单词,需要我们在做历年题的时候,自己用活页纸等形式整理出来;或者也可以用《考研英语读真题记单词》(胡敏 中国广播电视出版社),比较详细,但针对自己就没有相应的针对性。这批单词在历年考研中会反复出现,其重要性不须多言,坚决“拿下”!
第四步,英文报刊阅读提高语感。
学习之余,《China daily》、《21st Century》、《英语沙龙(阅读版)》、《英语文摘》等报刊和英语网站的阅读能增加词汇量、培养语感。我也阅读了《福尔摩斯探案全集》等中英文原著和《床头灯》的几本。原著的感觉就是好,不过最好不要买盗版的——英文单词的印刷错误对我们的伤害太大,得不偿失。

三、大量精力投入历年题
第一,英语高分的关键在于历年题的有效利用程度。
第二,英语高分的关键在于阅读题的20个题40分。
第三,张剑《历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路(赠15年真题与标准答案)》附带了历年题,或者买份历年题把每年的真题撕开,有模拟的感觉。做历年题的时间不要在上边写划,在练习纸上写答案,这样可以反复使用。
第四,历年题使用的方法(☆ 以下重点是阅读题的分析 ☆)。
① 反复做,至少3遍,可以做到4、5、6、7、8遍;做得遍数越多高分的可能性就越大。
——不必担心会记住答案,因为每一次你做题的时间都要认真的分析试题、原文、选项。
② 要结合张剑《历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路》分析选错的原因;
③ 要结合张剑《历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路》逐渐摸清出题人出阅读题的思路和每一个选项的陷阱所在——达到你做题时非常清楚该题出自文章的哪个段落、段落的开头或结尾?细节题还是综合题?主旨题还是推理题?定位后,你要非常肯定的从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择D,非常清楚的知道A、B、C不能选是因为出题人在其中分别设置了哪些陷阱。
④ 张剑《历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路》具有人性化设计的特点,对篇章结构、一篇文章除了已经考的那五个题外还可以出题的点、长难句、核心和超纲词汇等等都有详细的分析,加上作者的曾经教育部考研英语命题组组长的身份,使该书含金量绝高,权威性很强,为必选用书。
⑤ 是的,我对朋友说,一开始搞定一份历年题(答案、单词、选项分析)可能需要两三个下午的时间(因为你每一天还要复习其他的科目,我的英语复习安排在下午,这样可以跟考研的时间吻合);但后来就要快速多了——这是必要的时间投入。

四、模拟题的生疏感可以让我们找到考场的感觉
★ 模拟题必须要做一做,但时间要往后安排,最后一两个月就可以。因为反复做历年题,会让你没有单词的障碍,让你感觉到很熟练;但模拟题会给你生疏感,给你真正考场的感觉,这样你会合理安排时间和心态。
① 推荐张剑《新编考研英语阅读理解150篇(基础训练版)》、《考研英语最后冲刺×套题》(对于其中的超纲词汇不必太在意,也不要花时间去记);考试虫的相对简单一些,也可练练。
② 不要做高难度的模拟题,把精力放在远远超出考研水平的太难的题上,会干扰你对考研试题的感觉,使你不能按照历年题的正确的思路来判断试题,这种干扰对你的损失是致命的。这些试题中有好多就是完全看汉语翻译你都可能读不懂,试想这样的题对我们有限的考研时间是一种怎样的浪费和摧残。如果想要做拔高题,张剑的《新编考研英语阅读理解150篇(基础训练版)》还有《网络提高版》(是附赠的,网上也有),我们可以练一练。

五、试题各个部分的具体应对措施
★ 必须对各个部分的出题特点、得分可能性、答题技巧、训练方法等有一个认识。所谓,知彼知己,百战不殆。
1、完形填空。
① 完形填空不是强化的重点,但是通过历年题和模拟题的各个选项的解释可以有效扩充你的词汇、短语和语法知识。
② 万万不可花费太多的时间在该题上,因为你最终不过提高1、2分(2个题1分),而阅读题1个就2分——重要的是阅读题完全可以提高,而填空题却几乎不可能提高。
③ 我认为做此题要完全凭着语感来做,而不是像辅导书对历年题的那样分析来做:因为该题在真正答题的时候只能分配10分钟,不可能分析得那么细致。
2、阅读题。(①②③是与上文重复的,只是想引起你的重视)
① 反复做,至少3遍,越多越好。
② 要结合张剑《历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路》分析选错的原因。
③ 要结合张剑《历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路》逐渐摸清出题人出题的思路和每一个选项的陷阱所在——达到你做题时非常清楚该题出自文章的哪个段落、段落的开头或结尾?细节题还是综合题?主旨题还是推理题?定位后,你要非常肯定的从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择D,非常清楚的知道A、B、C不能选是因为出题人在其中设置了哪些陷阱。
④ 在每一次模拟完后仔细分析阅读题做错的原因时,要对照汉语翻译弄懂每一个句子的意思,一点不能留死角——这对于提高自己的翻译水平,顺利做翻译题也有很大的帮助;在学习之余反复的大声朗读这些文章,仔细体味每个句子的巧妙结构,可以有效提高自己的语感和写作造句能力——这跟我们作文的高分也有很大关系。
⑤ 该题可以允许错4个以下,保证得分在30分以上(我错了3个),那就胜券在握了:完形填空6分 + 七选五4分 + 翻译5分 + 大作文12 + 小作文 6分,已经是63分了。你注意,我都已经定的很低了。事实上,以上所有的分数我们都可以再提。比如,七选五可能得6分或8分,大作文可以得15分等等。
3、七选五。
① 从历年题和模拟题中熟悉各种题型。
② 该题的不定因素很大,有时很简单,有时却很复杂。
③ 能保证对2个以上就可以了(我只对了2个)。
4、翻译题。
★ 不可能得满分,而且与别人也拉不开分数。但是还是要注意一下其翻译技巧和翻译策略。
① 重视教育部考试中心《考试分析》和张剑历年题的答案解析(两者看一份就可以),可以知道如何翻译可以得分,如何翻译是要扣分的。
② 张剑阅读题的汉语翻译对提高翻译水平帮助很大。
③ 不要做市场上太难的模拟题。
5、作文。
★ 平时不用怎么花费太大时间,临考前一两个月强化一下。因为拿高分有方法。
① 推荐新东方王江涛《考研英语高分写作》,该书有历年教育部推出的满分或高分作文以及王江涛的范文,其对命题特点、写作框架和思路、高分关键等都有独特、实用的指导,是不可或缺的写作用书。
② 认真分析历年题和新东方的模拟题。
③ 对阅读题的每篇文章的认真阅读和朗读,非常有助于写作能力的提高。一石两鸟。
④ 要准备好自己的大、小作文写作模板,万万不可以参加什么模板培训班或者直接用辅导书上的模板:千篇一律的模板将置你于死地。除非你水平高得可以,考场上大作文只有30多分钟、小作文只有20分钟的时间,如果临时组织结构、设置中心、列举事例、考虑句子很难写到好处。
因为大作文99.99%是看图作文,小作文0.01%不是书信类型的,所以有些漂亮的句子、结构就是很重要的,我们完全可以提前备好。当然,一个非常重要的提醒是模板必须是自己的,与众不同、独一无二的。文后附的是我的模板,你不可以直接用的,我只是为朋友提供一个思路和范例。
比如08年的作文题是团结,我提前准备中,记下了一句经典的名言As John F. Kennedy put it, “United, there is little we cannot do; divided, there is little we can do.” 我把该句放在了第三段的首句,呵呵,真是让我自鸣得意呢;还有China national women’s volleyball team的例子,我也是提前考虑了的(提示:中国女排的例子,可以用在团结、执着、民族等主题,灵活运用)。我的建议是,在平日阅读文章时,注意找一个本子或纸张记录下自己可能在写作中使用得到的漂亮句子,并且记住,这会给我们意想不到的收获。09年是关于网络,这样的热点话题还是可以准备得到的。
⑤ 小作文中关于书信中的套语要准备好。
⑥ 大作文是重点,小作文拉不开分数。
⑦ 一些要用的重要单词要有意识的记忆,不可写错拼错,失掉不该失的分数(宁可写得简单有把握的单词,也不用没有把握可能拼错的复杂单词)。
⑧ 我在最后的冲刺日子里写了几封Email,模拟了大小作文,女友未名湖边饱蘸爱意细心修改指导。
—— 爱情,真的很伟大!

六、试题各个部分答题顺序
★ 答题顺序是策略方面的问题了,老生常谈了,但对英语来说很重要。你看看我的策略对不对。
1、 先答四个阅读题(因为,一、这是整份卷子的重头戏,拿下这30多分,心里就有底了;二、做完四个阅读题后英语的语感就有了,此时立刻转入的进行下一个完形填空,会让你势如破竹);
2、 凭着此时形成的语感立即做完形填空题(此题平日训练时不可作为重点,因为你的提升有限,不过1、2分而已,拉不开分数;考试时也没有太多时间认真分析每个选项,凭着语感来选择就可以;如果阅读题花得时间过多,此题可以压缩时间,但无论如何,一定把时间控制在10分钟以内);
3、 七选五(该题的训练可以有一定提高,但题型的选择是决定是否得高分的关键:该题拉不开分数);
4、 翻译题(历年题和模拟题要注意翻译的技巧;即便翻译不顺,也要写上,不可空缺;该题拉不开分数);
5、 小作文(格式要正确;套语提前要备好;小作文拉不开分数);
6、 大作文(避免有拼写错误的词的方法是:在模板时把写作时可能用到的高频易写错的词标出来,并坚决记住;进考场前如果非有看东西的习惯的话,那就看大小作文的模板吧)
● 前几日,有朋友问我说有人建议先写作文,我的看法是:作文是一个有弹性时间安排的部分,如果一开始就写作文,那么以大作文为例,是安排30分钟,还是45分钟呢?因为45分钟可以写一篇大作文,30分钟也可以。而阅读题的时间却没有弹性,必须耗费17-20分钟,若因先写作文而耽误了阅读题,那是大大的失误。反之,若把作文安排在最后,可以根据剩余时间灵活运用。你觉得呢?我的朋友。呵呵

七、试题各个部分考试时间分配:
阅读题:17-20分钟×4=80分钟;
完形题:10-12分钟;
七选五:15-18分钟;
翻译题:20分钟;
小作文:15-20分钟;
大作文:30-40分钟。

八、强烈建议:★★★★★
把大部分的精力放在研究历年题的阅读题上,模拟后:对答案;分析选项的特点和选错的原因;坚决吃掉不熟悉的单词和词组;对照翻译认真朗读;对照翻译认真分析、体会每一句话的结构和造句方法——这样可以有效提高 ① 阅读能力;② 翻译能力;③ 写作能力;④ 英语语感。

九、关于政治、专业和面试
政治考了82分,我也做了一个总结在博客上,还有专业和面试的一些问题。我的QQ是369376268. 乐意成为你的朋友。

附录:作文模板
1、不可直接使用此模板,请制定自己的模板。
2、把练习中易错的单词圈出来,比如an和a的区别,harmonious的拼写等,尽量避免单词拼错。

一、大作文
1、图画描述:
As is vividly depicted in the picture(s), …… What an astonishing and meaningful scene it is!
In the first drawing, ……. In the second one, ……

2、意义阐释:
The purpose of the drawing(s) is to show us that due attention has to be paid to (the mistreatment of the senior citizens). First and foremost, …… Furthermore, no doubt, …… Last but not least, ……. 
Moreover, it is harmful to the establishment of a harmonious society.
Just opposite to the above, ……
There is no denying that the industry is indications of civilization, progress and development. Unfortunately, as industry develops, so will the number of factories, and the amount of industry pollutions.

3、建议措施:
Accordingly, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to resolve the serious problem (reverse this disturbing trend illustrated in the above picture). First, relevant laws and regulations should be made to severely punish those who ……. Second, in my opinion, it is necessary to carry out a nation-wide campaign publicizing people who …….. Third, we should cultivate the awareness of the young that ……. Only in this way can we curb the current evil phenomenon revealed in the picture(s).
Only in this way can we build up a harmonious society and achieve sustainable development (strike a sustainable development of the world).

Although nowadays people in mounting numbers ……
In my opinion, ……
There is no denying that ……
And also parents should give proper advice to there children to form a proper outlook of the world.

Therefore, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to reverse this disturbing trend illustrated in the above pictures. To begin with, we should appeal to the authorities to make strict laws to control commercial fishing. Besides, we should cultivate the awareness of people that sustainable development is vital (of great significance) to us. Only in this way can we protect our natural environment. I believe than we humans can surmount this difficulty and we will have a brilliant future.

4、举例论证:
Examples to prove the view are abundant. The most persuasive are the cases of famous athletes like Fu Mingxia and Ding Yaping, whose success is gained through non-stop efforts. By contrast, a lot of people choose to ……. To sum up, keeping making progress should be the right attitude towards life and work for everybody and even for a country.
One Chinese example would be China national women’s volleyball team, while abroad Thomas Edison and Lincoln come to mind. 
A case in point is the Project Hope. …… Let’s take another example. For instance when ……, just …….
I can think of no better illustration than the following one. Helen Keller was born deaf, dumb and blind, certainly nothing to give her self-confidence. Nevertheless, she went on to conquer her multiple handicaps to finally become a writer and lecturer, to become an inspiration to all. This case effectively clarifies that no matter what tasks we are confronted with, we should never overestimate the difficulties or underestimate our abilities.

As is shown in the picture, on arriving at the finishing line of a race on the playground, the active young man has to continue his new journey in no time instead of stopping to take a rest. He has successfully settled the puzzle of "stopping or going on" which might have confused many others.
With the increasing pace of modern life, perhaps ……. It is generally agreed upon that …… On the one hand, no doubt, ……. Take the famous scientist Thomas Edison for example. He had done very well in his early life, but continued to pursue something more difficult all through his life. On the other hand, if one is obsessed with the success he has achieved, he would lose the chance to pursue new success. What is more, he may become the slave of his success. There are many cases showing that people lose their courage to better themselves after becoming successful.
To sum up, one's view on his success determines his future. In my opinion, it is necessary to carry out a nation-wide campaign publicizing people who have a burning desire for more and ever greater achievement when they are already well known. So that people in the society will develop a forward-looking attitude and make their life worth living and the world more beautiful as well.

As the old saying goes, “Faith will move mountains.”
“One reaps what one sows.” “Practice make perfect.”
As John F. Kennedy put it, “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do your country.” 
“United, there is little we cannot do; divided, there is little we can do.”
I believe strongly in that the act of memorizing is more of a cognitive exercise than an intuitive one. more……than…… 与其说,不如说
5、好现象作文:
6、图表作文:

二、小作文
As a student who can support myself, I am writing to request if you can help me ……
I wonder whether (if) it is convenient for you if two things regarding the child are taken into account. First, …… Second, ……(Firstly, Besides, Finally)
I am an undergraduate from the Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Beijing University. I am writing the letter in purpose of ordering some books.
Thank you for your letter of May 1 about financial aid from Yale University.
……, and I would be grateful if you would be kind enough to provide me with certain essential information.
To solve this problem, I hope to draw the attention of the authorities concerned. 
Please do not hesitate to contact me if you require any further information.
I would appreciate if you could give me a reply as soon as possible.
I take this opportunity to show my heartfelt appreciation to the kind assistance you rendered me. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.
Let us join our efforts to make great contributions to the promotion of mutual understanding and friendship between the people’s of China and Scotland.

三、我的练习:
1、
Dear Mr. Wang,
I am very glad to learn from your letter of May 1 in which you brought the best opportunity to me. I will cherish the position and try my best to do it well. 
I would be grateful if you would be kind enough to tell me when I start to work and detailed information about my work, for I am extremely eager to work as soon as possible and do a series of preparation to my job. Please let me know if you have further requests for being an assistance editor. 
I would like to take the opportunity to show my heartfelt appreciation to the kind of assistance you rendered me. I am looking forward to working with you soon. 
Sincerely yours, 
Li Ming 
2、 
As is vividly depicted in the picture, despite the tree protects him from sunlight exposure by a green “umbrella”, a man with an axe is cutting a tree. What an astonishing and meaningful scene it is! 
The purpose of the cartoon is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the environmental protection. First and foremost, more and more trees, sources, rivers and so on were destroyed by ignorant people as the development of modern economy and industry. Furthermore, it is easily for most people of the earth to earn the current profits while over-consume the natural resources which should be left to the next generation. Last but not least, the outcome of the destruction has caused seriously danger which will increasingly affect the quality of our life. 
Accordingly, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to resolve the severe problem. First, relevant laws and regulations should be made to severely punish those who destroyed our living environment. Second, it is necessary to carry out a nation-wide campaign to publicizing people who protect our environment in their daily life. Third, we also should cultivate the awareness of citizens towards the significance of environment protection. Only in this way can we build up a harmonious society and achieve sustainable development.
3、
As is vividly depicted in the pictures, thousands of graduates are going to find a job in conferences in Henan and Zhejiang Province. It is an astonishing scene in China. 
The purpose of the pictures is to show us that hunting job is a serious problem which needs to draw attention of authorities concerned. First and foremost, some graduates want to find a job with high payment and comfortable circumstances, so they have always refused jobs which didn't conform to their requests. Furthermore, there are smaller and smaller opportunities offered by the market as the development of modern science and technologies. Last but not least, since our country is expanding the university enrollment, students in expanding numbers crowd into the society after they finished their studies. 
It is imperative for us to take drastic measures to solve this problem. First, we should appeal to the governments to create more jobs to meet the increasing need. Second, we also should cultivate the awareness of the young that form the correct attitude towards employment. Third, building business by students should be encouraged in a bid to alleviate the press of employment. Only in this way can we curb the trend conveyed in the drawings.

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