考研词汇解析及运用

发表于:2012-09-18 13:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
abandon verb [transitive]
1 abandon yourself to something literary
She abandoned herself to grief. 她陷入悲痛之中。
2 abandon ship to leave a ship because it is sinking

abandon noun [uncountable]
with reckless/wild abandon
They drank and smoked with reckless abandon. 他们恣意烟酒。

abandoned adjective literary behaving in a wild and uncontrolled way

abbreviate verb [transitive] [= shorten]
be abbreviated to something
‘Information technology’ is usually abbreviated to ‘IT’. information technology缩写为IT。

abbreviated adjective
Orders were passed to the commander at the front in an abbreviated form. 指令以简化的形式传递给了前线的指挥官。

abhor verb (past tense and past participle abhorred, present participle abhorring) [transitive not in progressive] formal to hate a kind of behaviour or way of thinking, especially because you think it is morally wrong:
I abhor discrimination of any kind. 我鄙视任何形式的歧视。

abide verb
1 somebody can't abide somebody/something
I can't abide that man—he's so self-satisfied. 我对那人忍无可忍了——他实在太自恋。
2 past tense abode [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]
abide by something phrasal verb
You have to abide by the referee's decision. 你必须接受仲裁结果。

abiding adjective [only before noun] written lasting:
Phil has a deep and abiding love for his family. Phil一直深深地爱着他的家庭。

ability noun plural abilities
1 ability to do something
The health center serves all patients, regardless of their ability to pay. 尽管能力有限,但这个医疗中心救助所有病人。
I don't have the ability to say 'no'. 我不能说“不”。
2 to the best of your ability
He completed the job to the best of his ability. 他尽力完成了工作。

mixed ability adjective [only before noun]
a mixed ability group 参差不齐的集体
mixed ability teaching 混班教育

able adjective
1 be able to do something
2 clever or good at doing something
one of my more able students 我的一个得意门生

abnormal adjective very different from usual in a way that seems strange, worrying, wrong, or dangerous

abnormality noun (plural abnormalities) [uncountable and countable] an abnormal feature, especially something that is wrong with part of someone’s body:
test that can detect genetic abnormalities in the foetus 可以检测出胎儿基因异常的测试

abolish verb [transitive] to officially end a law, system etc, especially one that has existed for a long time:
Slavery was abolished in the US in the 19th century. 美国在20世纪彻底摆脱了奴隶制。

abound verb [intransitive] to exist in very large numbers:
Examples of this abound in her book. 在她的书中充斥着这类例子。
abound with/in something phrasal verb
The forests abound with deer, birds, and squirrels. 森林中有许多的鹿、鸟、松鼠。

about preposition
1 [=around, round]:
We spent the whole afternoon walking about town. 我们整个下午都在逛这个小镇。
Books were scattered about the room. 屋子里堆满了书。
2 in the nature or character of a person or thing:
There's something really strange about Liza. Liza有点不对劲。
What I like about the job is that it's never boring. 这活从不会单调乏味,就是这个吸引了我。
3 what/how about somebody/something spoken
I'm feeling hungry. How about you? 我饿了,你呢?
How about a salad for lunch? 中午吃色拉好吗?
4 do something about something
If we don't do something about it, the problem is going to get worse. 什么都不做的话,事情只会更糟。
5 if an organization, a job, an activity etc is about something, that is its basic purpose:
Leadership is all about getting your team to co-operate. 领导要做的就是协调团队合作。
6 while you're about it spoken
Go and see what's the matter, and while you're about it you can fetch me my sweater. 去看下到底怎么回事,顺便帮我把毛衣拿来。
7 what was all that about? spoken used to ask the reason for something that has just happened, especially someone's angry behaviour

about adverb
1 British English around:
People were rushing about, trying to find the driver. 人们四处寻找司机。
2 near to you or in the same place as you:
Is Derrick about? There's a phone call for him. Derrick在吗?这有他的电话。
3 British English spoken existing or available now:
I hope she hasn't caught flu. There's a lot of it about. 感冒现在挺厉害的,她别也染上啊。
4 so as to face in the opposite direction:
He quickly turned about and walked away. 他掉头就跑。

about adjective
1 be about to do something
We were just about to leave when Jerry arrived. Jerry来了我们就走。
2 not be about to do something informal
I've never smoked in my life and I'm not about to start now. 我以前不吸烟,现在也不吸。
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