谈词{色}变——那些和颜色有关的词语

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路人甲
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发表于:2012-11-03 23:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

词中有句:赤橙黄绿青蓝紫,谁持彩练当空舞?从小到大,学生们对于颜色的掌握或许只局限在大路边的red, blue, green, yellow,
orange, pink, black, white, grey...某日看到一图,右为CET-4,左为GRE,一眼便能看出两种层次考试的差别。我常用此图来告诫学生--we still have a long way to go.

 

在日常生活中,色彩是最富有表现力的语言,它们能表现品格、传达情绪、丰富语言。但是颜色的含义发生了变化。下面我们就来看几个带“颜色”的句子吧!

1. She is red with anger。她气得满脸通红。

2. All the family is in the pink。全家人的身体都好极了。

3. Do you see any green in my eye?你以为我那么好骗吗?

4. You get a chance like this only once in a blue moon。这种机会真是千载难逢。

5. Though I believe in telling the truth, I think a white lie is sometimes
justified。虽然我认为应该说实话,但我认为善意的谎言有时也是无可非议的。

6. He insisted on putting the agreement down in black and white。他坚持要把这项协议用白纸黑字写下来。

7. I can’t even talk about it, except to you, because anybody else would
think I was yellow。除你之外,这种事不能对别人说,因为他们会觉得我是个胆小鬼。

 

其实不同的颜色在不同的语境中是有讲究的。


red(红色):

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


White(白色):

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


Black(黑色):

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


Blue(蓝色):

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


Green(绿色):

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


有趣的是,在不同的语言中对同一物体或现象却用不同颜色来加以描述。英国人喝的black tea在汉语中不叫“黑茶”而叫“红茶”。美国人谈到皮肉受伤时说be
bruised black and blue, 而中国人则说“被打得青一块,紫一块”(直译为:be beaten blue and
Purple,当然应译为地道的英语be beaten black and blue)。


当然有些词语是有典故,比如black sheep--害群之马。

 

Black sheep:a member of a group that stands in conspicuous and unfavorable
contrast to the other members. From the proverb:there is a black sheep in every
flock. Long times ago, white sheep were valuable than the balck ones. Because
the fur of the black sheep was difficult to be dyed into other colors, so its
practical value is relatively lower than the white ones. And people thought that
the black sheep made other sheep afraid, so most owners didn't like black sheep.
From 18th century, people began to call the family members those who are not
popular a "black sheep".

不同颜色在不同语言中表达的方式并不一样。一直有人在研究这一问题,看来一切语言都有表示黑色和白色的词,大多数语言有表示红色的词,但也不是所有的语言都有。其次,最普遍的可能是黄色和绿色,然后是蓝色和褐色。有些语言表示颜色名称似乎是相同的,但显示在色谱上相邻颜色的划分却有所不同,就如开篇提到的GRE词汇。看似简单的颜色,其实有很深的学问。

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