并列句

发表于:2013-04-15 13:46 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

1. 并列句:由两个或两个以上的简单句并列连接起来的句子叫并列句。

2. 并列句的基本句型:简单句 并列连词 简单句

3. 并列句的类型:

 

1)  并列关系(联合关系)。连接词:and, not only…but (also), neither…nor等
例句:I help him and he helps me.

我帮助他,他也帮助我。
Not only did we write to her but also we telegraphed her.

我们不仅给她写信而且还给她发了电报。
Neither I would consult him nor he would ask me for advice.

我不想与他商量,他也不会征求我的意见。

 

2)  转折关系。连接词:but, yet, still, while, however, when等

例句:He failed many times, but he didn’t despair.

他失败多次但并没有气馁。

She has difficulty in learning English, however, she works hard and is making rapid progress.

她学习英语有困难,然后她学习努力,进步很快。

 

3)  选择关系。连接词:or, otherwise or else, either…or

例句:We must hurry, or we’ll miss the train.

我们必须快点,否则会赶不上火车。

Either you come to my place or I go to yours.

或者你到我这儿来,或者我到你那去。

 

4)  因果关系。连接词:for, so, thus, therefore, and so

例句:We had better stay at home, for it was raining.

我们最好呆在家里,因为天正在下雨。

He didn’t work hard, therefore he failed in the examination.

他学习不努力,因此这次考试不及格。

有时也可不用连词,而用逗号,分号或冒号。如:

Hurry up, it’s getting dark.

快点,天要黑了。

Let’s start early, we have a long way to go.

我们要早动身,因为路很远。

 

注意:

(1)  yet和still是连接副词,也叫半连接词。它们是副词。又起连接作用,但不如and, but, or等强,用了yet或still,前面还可加and或but。

He is tired, (but) still he will make another experiment. 他很累,但他仍然要做另一个实验。

I got up very early, (and) yet I failed to catch the first bus. 我起得很早,然而还是没有赶上头班车。

 

(2)  while意义相当于at the same time表示相反和对照,常用来连接两个意义对立的分句。

I like football, while my sister likes basketball. 我喜欢足球,而我姐姐喜欢篮球。

when = and then, just then或at that time, during the time.

We were ready to rush away, when the snake moved. 我们正准备离开,这时蛇移动了。

while和when作为并列连词使用时常是放在第二个分句前边,并有逗号和第一分句隔开。

 

(3) for表示附加或推断的理由、原因。therefore比so更正式,and so比较口语化。

 

最后编辑于:2013-04-15 13:46

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