五种基本句型.

发表于:2013-05-23 10:21 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

1.主+谓(不及物动词)
e.g. Man can think.
      The fire is burning.
常用不及物动词:

break,  breathe,  burn,  smoke,  swim,  skate,  appear,  disappear,  work, think etc.

2.主+谓+表语(系动词)
e.g. He became a scientist.
      She is getting more and more beautiful.
常用系动词:

be,  get,  turn,  feel,  seem,  appear,  look,  taste,  sound,  smell,  become, go,  prove etc.

3.主+谓+宾(及物动词)
e.g. We love peace.
      They will paint the door.
常用动词有:

see,  watch,  need,  love,  like,  study,  answer,  carry,  etc.

4.主+谓+宾+宾补
e.g. We elected him president.
      They painted the door white.
      I advised the students to recite the texts.

王牌重点:常用作宾补的形式
(1)名词:
      The couple named their baby Johnson.
(2)形容词:
      I keep the door open.
(3)副词:
      The naughty boy knocked the bottle over.
(4)不定式:
      He ordered his men to fire.
(5)分词:
      He heard me singing.
      I saw the vase broken.
(6)介词短语:
      They look on him as a teacher.
(7)名词性从句:
      I asked him what he was doing.

 5.(1)主+谓+间接宾语+直接宾语
            My friend bought me a gift.
            I passed him the book.
     (2)主+谓+直宾+介词+间宾
           My friend bought a gift for me.
           I passed the book to him.

常与介词 for 搭配的动词有:
buy,  make,  do,  get,  play,  call,  choose,  cook,  fetch,  find,  keep,  order,  save,  etc.
常与介词 to 搭配的动词有:
bring,  give,  grant,  hand,  pass,  lend,  offer,  pay,  promise,  sell,  send,  show,  each,  tell,  throw, write, etc.

 


 

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