《精彩英语习语连载》之一

发表于:2013-06-17 14:19 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

1. Quarrel with one's bread and butter

  — dislike the work by which one earns one's living.

  — 和自己的生计过不去

  Example: If you are against the authorities, you are quarrelling with your bread and butter and your family will be in trouble.

2. Race against time/a race against time

  — hurry to do something before a certain time.

  — 尽快工作,按时完成

  Examples: 1. Being late, you have to race against time to finish the work by 5 p.m.

  2. I try to get this assignment done by Monday, but it will be a race against time.

3. Abide by the consequences

   — endure the result

   — 忍受不良后果

   Example: If you insist on going to such a dangerous place, no other person but you have to abide by the consequences.

4. Able to/can take something

   — (often in the negative) able to face something sad, etc. without being weakened; able to endure something

   — 能承受不好的事

   Examples: ① Don't mind about rugged life there. I am able to take it. ② Please stop speaking so loudly! I am not able to take it any more. ③ Go ahead hitting him. He can take it. ④ I don't think Nancy can take any more bad news.

5 Abound in/with something

   — have plenty of something

   — 有很多……

   Examples: ① Our neighbouring countries abound in natural resources. ② That dirty man's hair seems to have abounded with fleas.

6 Back down

   — retract; withdraw charges, claims, etc.

   — 放弃对某事的要求等

   Example: For the sake of national unity, even those who have good reasons to complain have decided to back down.

7 Back on to something

   — have the back next to something, especially with reference to a house

   — 背向

   Example: The rich man's bungalow backs on to a hill while facing a beautiful lake.

8 Call it a day

   — stop work or cease activities

   — 停止工作或活动

   Example: It is quite late now. Let's call it a day and go home.

9 Call off something

   — cancel something

   — 取消某事

   Example: They called off the soccer match because of heavy rain.

   — stop something

   — 停止某事

   Example: As there was no hope of finding the escaped prisoner, the police decided to call off the search until some time later.

10 Dally about

   — be slow and waste time

   — 慢而浪费时间

   Example: Don't go on dallying about or we will be late for the film show.

11 Dally with something

   — think about something in an idle manner

   — 不认真考虑某事

   Example: The shy young man has been dallying with the idea of asking June to marry him.

12 Dam up something

   — control something; hold back something

   — 抑制某事

   Example: Listening to the sad story, many girls were touched but they tried to dam up their tears.

13 I couldn't agree more

  — I agreed completely.

  —(与某人意见)完全一致

  Example: A: I think our country is well-developed.

      B: I couldn't agree more.

14 I dare say

  — I suppose.

  — 我相信;可能

  Example: In your quarrel with Jason this time, I dare say you were in the wrong.

15 I hate to disturb/bother/trouble you, but...

  — I am sorry for disturbing/bothering/troubling you, but...

  — 我不愿麻烦你,但……

  Example: I hate to bother you when you are so busy, but there is something important I have to tell you before it is too late.

16 Jack up

  — lift with a jack.

  — 顶起

  Example: You have to jack up your car before you can remove the tyre.

  — (of prices) increase.

  — 增加;提高

  Example: During festive seasons, some shops have jacked up the prices of some goods.

17 Oddities and absurdities

  — something odd and absurd.

  — 稀奇古怪

  Example: Sometimes, we have to accept the oddities and absurdities of certain aspects of a language which cannot be logically explained.

18 Odds and ends

  — small objects of different kinds.

  — 琐碎物品

  Example: Where there are children, there are odds and ends lying here and there.

19 Pack up

  — stop doing something.

  — 不再做某事;放弃……

  Example: It is late now. Let's pack up and go to bed.

20 Packed like sardines

  — pressed very tightly together.

  — 拥挤(如罐中的沙丁鱼)

  Example: The bus was full of passengers who were packed like sardines.

21 Queue up (for something)

  — stand in a queue.

  — 排队等候

  Examples: ① People queue up one after another outside the theatre.

      ② All have to queue up for tickets for the musical concert.


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