1. Quarrel with one's bread and butter
— dislike the work by which one earns one's living.
Example: If you are against the authorities, you are quarrelling with your bread and butter and your family will be in trouble.
2. Race against time/a race against time
— hurry to do something before a certain time.
Examples: 1. Being late, you have to race against time to finish the work by 5 p.m.
2. I try to get this assignment done by Monday, but it will be a race against time.
3. Abide by the consequences
— endure the result
Example: If you insist on going to such a dangerous place, no other person but you have to abide by the consequences.
4. Able to/can take something
— (often in the negative) able to face something sad, etc. without being weakened; able to endure something
Examples: ① Don't mind about rugged life there. I am able to take it. ② Please stop speaking so loudly! I am not able to take it any more. ③ Go ahead hitting him. He can take it. ④ I don't think Nancy can take any more bad news.
5 Abound in/with something
— have plenty of something
Examples: ① Our neighbouring countries abound in natural resources. ② That dirty man's hair seems to have abounded with fleas.
6 Back down
— retract; withdraw charges, claims, etc.
Example: For the sake of national unity, even those who have good reasons to complain have decided to back down.
7 Back on to something
— have the back next to something, especially with reference to a house
Example: The rich man's bungalow backs on to a hill while facing a beautiful lake.
8 Call it a day
— stop work or cease activities
Example: It is quite late now. Let's call it a day and go home.
9 Call off something
— cancel something
Example: They called off the soccer match because of heavy rain.
— stop something
Example: As there was no hope of finding the escaped prisoner, the police decided to call off the search until some time later.
10 Dally about
— be slow and waste time
Example: Don't go on dallying about or we will be late for the film show.
11 Dally with something
— think about something in an idle manner
Example: The shy young man has been dallying with the idea of asking June to marry him.
12 Dam up something
— control something; hold back something
Example: Listening to the sad story, many girls were touched but they tried to dam up their tears.
13 I couldn't agree more
— I agreed completely.
Example: A: I think our country is well-developed.
B: I couldn't agree more.
14 I dare say
— I suppose.
Example: In your quarrel with Jason this time, I dare say you were in the wrong.
15 I hate to disturb/bother/trouble you, but...
— I am sorry for disturbing/bothering/troubling you, but...
Example: I hate to bother you when you are so busy, but there is something important I have to tell you before it is too late.
16 Jack up
— lift with a jack.
Example: You have to jack up your car before you can remove the tyre.
— (of prices) increase.
Example: During festive seasons, some shops have jacked up the prices of some goods.
17 Oddities and absurdities
— something odd and absurd.
Example: Sometimes, we have to accept the oddities and absurdities of certain aspects of a language which cannot be logically explained.
18 Odds and ends
— small objects of different kinds.
Example: Where there are children, there are odds and ends lying here and there.
19 Pack up
— stop doing something.
Example: It is late now. Let's pack up and go to bed.
20 Packed like sardines
— pressed very tightly together.
Example: The bus was full of passengers who were packed like sardines.
21 Queue up (for something)
— stand in a queue.
Examples: ① People queue up one after another outside the theatre.
② All have to queue up for tickets for the musical concert.