雅思口语话题之城市及城市生活

朗阁桂林培训中心 (朗阁桂林培训中心) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-17 10:46 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


 

朗阁海外考试研究中心  崔明媛

雅思口语话题向来变化万千,其中生活类是最常考的话题之一,而目前在生活类话题中出现频率最高的一个方面就是关于城市和城市生活的问题。通过对近期常考话题的密切关注我们发现,无论是第一、第二还是第三部分,都涵盖着关于城市的话题,尤其是三两部分。今天,朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家就为大家详细地补充一些必备又不乏新意的专业表达,使考生们对于城市的话题更有话说,更有话说。

关于城市,雅思口语常考查的内容有介绍一个城市(去过或没去过)大城市和小城市的区别城市和农村的区别城市生活的优缺点等等。通过观察我们发现,考生们对于这类话题的表现差强人意,原因在于不知如何表达,甚至不知说什么。接下来朗阁专家就详细的来补充一下关于城市的知识。就城市分类而言,题目中常用的词就是big city small city,而除了这些,metropolis大都市是最常用的表达,也可以用发达 (developed) 或不发达 (less developed) 来划分城市在中国,我们还分一线 (first-tier)、二线 (second-tier) 和三线 (third-tier) 城市。除此之外,我们还给城市冠了好听的名字,比如City of Perpetual spring春城等。当然,我们也会对城市进行排名,比如Liveable City宜居城市 Garden City花园城市等。

除了城市的名称,关于城市的一些基本构成也是众多烤鸭发愁的一个区块。常用的表达有:city hall(市政府city(城市municipal(市政的municipality(市政当局suburb(郊区countryside(乡村administrative district(行政区residential area(住宅区commercial district(商业区slums(贫民区;关于城市中的一些基本设施和服务,包括:post office(邮局public lavatory(公共厕所public telephone(公用电话shopping centre(商场snack bar(小吃店stock exchange(股票交易所traffic light(红绿灯art gallery(美术馆botanical garden(植物园employment agency(职业介绍bank(银行bookstore(书店court(法院highway(公路motorway(高速公路hospital(医院junk shop(旧货店library(图书馆museum(博物馆newsstand(报摊port(港口restaurant(餐馆skyscraper(摩天大楼stadium(体育场station(车站theatre(电影院戏院

除了基本的构成之外,雅思口语最常考的内容还有对大小城市的优缺点做出比较,这里给大家列出几条供参考,大家应根据自己的自身经历做出取舍,自由搭配。一些具体的表达方式如形容词或词组考生也应牢记。

Pros of big cities:

ØBig money at work, first-class education, a large transport network, fancy restaurants and luxurious townhouses are definitely the charms魅力of big cities.

ØLife in big cities is endlessly colourful无尽精彩as you have a wide range of entertainment.

ØThis city is steeped in沉浸在time-honored历史悠久的)traditions.

ØIt’s prosperous繁荣的.

ØThis city is well-known for its architectural heritage建筑遗产).

ØThe cityscape城市风景)is gorgeous华丽的,漂亮极了的)and there are tons of towering skyscrapers(高耸的摩天大楼.

ØHigh-rise buildings高城建筑)are sprouting up涌现)all over the city.

ØThis city is like a magnet磁铁)for tourists.

Cons of big cities:

ØThe air is so smoggy烟雾重的).

ØLots of people there suffer from respiratory diseases呼吸系统疾病).

ØThe traffic is always bumper-to-bumper保险杠对保险杠,指非常拥挤)during rush hours.

ØThe cost of living is sky-high极高的).

ØThe economy is in a slump消沉,指经济不景气).

ØI can’t stand the hustle and bustle拥挤喧闹)there.

ØSome areas are pretty run-down破旧的.

ØIt’s densely-populated人口密集的.

Pros of small cities:

ØLive a quiet and peaceful life.

ØGet away from the hustles and bustles拥挤喧闹).

ØSmall cities are of sufficient natural resources.

Cons of small cities:

ØTons of small cities in China are confronted with serious brain drain人才流失).

ØA rising number of chemical factories built in small countries and countryside arouse grievous严重的water degradation水质下降).

ØAverage income收入水平)in small cities falls far behind that in big cities.

ØThe general public service整体社会服务水平)in small cities is lower than that in most big cities.

 

朗阁桂林培训中心 0773-3650999

 

除此之外,关于大城市,肯定有很多同学对其高昂的房价有话要说。其实不光如此,之前在Part 3中就已经有同学碰到过关于中国城市房价的问题了。对于很多年轻人而言,无论是收入水平、城市规模还是社会服务等,first-tier city(一线城市都有着巨大吸引力。然而,housing price(房产价格的疯长,许多原来期望在first-tier city发展的年轻人不得不转战second-tier citythird-tier city。许多不甘离开梦想之地的人或成为mortgage slave(房奴,或成为ant tribe(蚁族。另外,一线城市的高消费水平也迫使许多人成为moonlight clan(月光族。想结婚而又无力买房的人只能选择naked wedding(裸婚

最后,朗阁专家结合上述素材,针对Part 3一个高频问题作出示范

Q: Do you prefer to live in a big city or small city?

A: Personally, small city seems more preferable. I like living in small cities for its slow life pace and quietness. I mean I don't have to suffer the hustle and bustle. So I’m able to enjoy cosiness. According to my experience living in a big city for three years, living in big cities is just stressful. You know, the sky-high housing price and fierce competition propel many youngsters like me to move out of big cities though there are completed public services; otherwise we’ll end up with being a mortgage slave and having a naked wedding.

以上答案就套用了前面讲过的表达方式,但是一定要改编,才能使学来的东西变成自己的。

 

0773-3650999

 

通过以上补充素材我们发现,关于城市很多东西可以说,而不是停留在表面的分析和简单的表达上。希望考生们从现在开始,把上述材料都牢记,再遇到相同问题的时候活用所学,定能使考官印象深刻。




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