托福独立写作:家庭与社会类话题如何更地道

罗德教育国际 (罗德国际教育) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-18 14:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
  这一期文章笔者跟大家分享针对于家庭与社会的话题,帮助大家让自己笔下的文章语言更地道更出彩。众所周知,托福[微博]考试的写作和口语部分都属于输出型(output)的测试,需要大家自己写出或说出你的理由并解释。但是,输出前一定要做的工作是输入,否则大家再考场上会觉得大脑空空如也,任何有效信息都输出不了。可能有些考生会觉得自己的思维活跃,在考场现场编写也能够完成考试内容。但殊不知,对于一个英语不是母语的考生而言,这样做是非常危险的,因为英汉语言有很多差异,导致大家在考场上临场编写出的理由和解释都非常中式,换句话说就犯了托福写作评分标准中的大忌——语言不地道。为了帮助大家能够在准备托福考试的初期高效地积累大量的地道语言,笔者在此帮助大家从外文杂志及相关书籍中摘录出大量Native Speaker所写的文章中一些地道的表达,大家可以在平时进行积累,即便在考场上挥笔写出让考官大为称赞的地道文章。闲言碎语不多讲,现在就为大家奉上家庭与社会篇的地道语言。
  
  家庭与社会类话题地道词组汇总
  
  · Get along with 与……相处
  
  例句:有些邻居不能和睦相处。
  
  Some neighbors cannot get along with each other。
  
  · Form an organization 建立组织
  
  例句:只要你有好的意向,不需要多少钱就可以建立一个机构。
  
  If you have good intentions, you do not need a lot of money to form an organization。
  
  · Make a contribution to 对……作出贡献
  
  例句:人工作不仅是为了赚钱,也是为了对社会作贡献。
  
  A person needs to have a job not only to earn money but also to make a contribution to society。
  
  · Show respect to 对……表示尊敬
  
  例句:现在,年轻人不知道如何对老人表示尊敬。
  
  These days, young people do not know how to show respect to the elderly。
  
  · Participate in community activities 参加社区活动
  
  例句:教师应该建议学生参加社区活动。
  
  Teachers should recommend their students to participate in community activities。
  
  · Build up trust 建立信任
  
  例句:要结交一个好朋友,首先必须建立信任。
  
  In order to make a good friend, you have to build up trust first。
  
  · Be isolated from 被孤立于……
  
  例句:我相信没有人愿意被孤立。
  
  I believe nobody wants to be isolated from others。
  
  · Agree to obey 同意遵守
  
  例句:尽管孩子们不同意他们父母的规定,但是也应该遵守。
  
  Even if they disagree with their parent's rules, children should agree to obey them。
  
  · Be in need of help 需要帮助
  
  例句:政府应该将税收用于帮助那些需要帮助的人。
  
  The government should use its revenues for those people who are in need of help。
  
  · Resolve a problem 解决问题
  
  例句:为了解决问题,你首先得了解问题。
  
  In order to resolve a problem, you have to understand the problem first。
  
  · Feel connected 感觉有联系
  
  例句:人们沉迷于网络是因为他们想感觉到与其他人的联系。
  
  People get addicted to the Internet because they want to feel connected with others。
  
  · Do something for a living 为生计做某事
  
  例句:学生必须在毕业前决定将来靠什么谋生。
  
  Students have to decide what to do for a living in the future before they graduate from universities。
  
  · Be committed to 致力于……
  
  例句:一旦做出承诺,你就应该努力信守承诺。
  
  Once you make a promise, you should be committed to keeping it。
  
  · Be emotionally attached to 情感上依附于
  
  例句:有依赖性的孩子通常在情感上过于依赖他们的父母。
  
  Dependent children are often too emotionally attached to their parents。
  
  · Show leadership skills 展现领导才能
  
  例句:除非你向学生展示出领导才能,否则你无法成为一名好老师。
  
  You cannot be a good teacher until you show leadership skills to your students。
  
  · Be hospitable to someone 对某人友好
  
  例句:人们倾向于对同一群体的成员友好。
  
  People tend to be hospitable to a member of their group。
  
  · Develop social skills 培养社会技能
  
  例句:儿童通常从幼儿园开始培养他们的社会技能。
  
  Children usually start to build their social skills in kindergarten。
  
  · Gain the support of 获得……的支持
  
  例句:一般而言,孩子们会在遇到困难时获得父母的支持。
  
  Generally, children will gain the support of their parents when whey encounter with difficulties。
  
  以上是笔者为大家整理出的常用于社会与家庭类话题的地道词组,在这里笔者再为大家介绍一种学习方法。词组仅仅背过一遍还不足以支撑你去输出,所以大家需要进行模拟输出练习。换句话说,你需要将这些词组想办法应用在一个段落当中,让他们发挥作用。并且通过不断地应用这些词组在自己的写作当中,不断地刺激自己的大脑,让他们从一群“死词组”变成一个个灵动的“活词组”。下面笔者为大家展示几个刚才上文呈现的词组在段落中的应用:
  
  词组应用展示段:
  
  Funding social activities can encourage university students to form certain organizations on campus. Obviously, once these organizations, such as International Students Association, are formed, students can get access to various activities. For undergraduates, participating in social activities can help them to foster their interpersonal skills, such as getting along well with colleagues, showing respect to employers and resolving a problem in a team. If undergraduates can develop these social skills, they will certainly become more competent in the competitive job market and will also make a great contribution to their respective realms for the foreseeable future。
  
  接下来,笔者再为大家奉上一组家庭与社会类话题的地道句子供各位考生积累借鉴。
  
  家庭与社会类类话题地道好句汇总
  
  · 事实上,假如我与一个人没有亲近的关系,我不会把他当作朋友,我(只)会把他当做一个熟人。
  
  · In fact, if I share no closeness with a person, then I do not consider him a friend; I consider him an acquaintance。
  
  · 我对处理人际关系不是很精通,而且经常与众人交流得很失败。
  
  · I am not proficient at dealing with relationships among people, and often get frustrated in communicating with a crowd。
  
  · 事实上,我亲密的朋友,尽管为数不多,总是会告诉我我是他们最好的,真正关心他们的,能平稳处理彼此关系的朋友。
  
  · In fact, my close friends, notwithstanding few in number, always tell me I am their best friend who can truly care about them and handle the relationship smoothly。
  
  
  · 就一些情形而言,男人的这种转变会给家庭带来重大而积极的影响。
  
  · In some cases, such transformation of men will bring dramatic positive impact on the family。
  
  · 显而易见,很多时候人们最早的老师是他们的父母,并且父母通常是最关心孩子的发展的。
  
  · Obviously, in most cases, the earliest teachers that people have are their parents, and parents are generally most concerned about the development of their children。
  
  以上就是笔者为大家整理出的托福作文中家庭于社会类话题常用的美语中地道的词组和句子,大家可以针对自己现阶段的学习情况,摘录自己还不熟悉的内容,积累在固定的本子上,利用平时各种零散时间对这些词组和句子进行巩固记忆。要知道,写作的学习是无止境的,只有不断地读不断地积累,方能融会贯通为我所用。正所谓“读书破万卷下笔如有神”,“多”输入,才能“好”产出。

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