托福独立写作:如何让生活类话题的语言更地道

罗德教育国际 (罗德国际教育) 路人甲
96 0 0
发表于:2014-06-18 14:49 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
  这一期文章笔者跟大家分享针对于生活类的话题,帮助大家让自己笔下的文章语言更地道更出彩。众所周知,托福考试的写作和口语部分都属于输出型(output)的测试,需要大家自己写出或说出你的理由并解释。但是,输出前一定要做的工作是输入,否则大家再考场上会觉得大脑空空如也,任何有效信息都输出不了。可能有些考生会觉得自己的思维活跃,在考场现场编写也能够完成考试内容。但殊不知,对于一个英语不是母语的考生而言,这样做是非常危险的,因为英汉语言有很多差异,导致大家在考场上临场编写出的理由和解释都非常中式,换句话说就犯了托福写作评分标准中的大忌——语言不地道。为了帮助大家能够在准备托福考试的初期高效地积累大量的地道语言,笔者在此帮助大家从外文杂志及相关书籍中摘录出大量Native Speaker所写的文章中一些地道的表达,大家可以在平时进行积累,即便在考场上挥笔写出让考官大为称赞的地道文章。闲言碎语不多讲,现在就为大家奉上生活篇的地道语言。
  
  生活类话题地道词组汇总
  
  · Plan ahead 提前计划
  
  例句:我们应该在花钱之前提前计划。
  
  We should plan ahead before spending money。
  
  · Endure hardship 承受磨难
  
  例句:希望使我们承受生活中的磨难。
  
  Hope makes us endure hardship in our lives。
  
  · Get stressed out 压力过大
  
  例句:有些人有压力时疯狂购物。
  
  Some people go on a shopping spree when they get stressed out。
  
  · Live by a rule 按规律生活
  
  例句:我爸爸生活很有规律,他每天六点起床,十点睡觉。
  
  My father lives by a rule; he wakes up at 6 o'clock and goes to bed at 10 o'clock every day。
  
  · Look down on 轻视,瞧不起
  
  例句:人们有时瞧不起其他人。
  
  People sometimes look down on others。
  
  · Save money for a rainy day 存钱以备不时之需
  
  例句:大多数人攒钱以备不时之需。
  
  Most people save money for a rainy day。
  
  · Take one's side 支持某人
  
  例句:我相信我的朋友,因为他总是支持我。
  
  I trust my friend because he always takes my side。
  
  · Make a good/bad impression on 给……留下好/坏印象
  
  例句:守时的人给别人留下好印象。
  
  A punctual person makes a good impression on others。
  
  · Have/get a workout 锻炼
  
  例句:定期锻炼有益于身体健康。
  
  Getting a regular workout is helpful to your physical health。
  
  · Reach a turning point 到转折点
  
  例句:有时,获得一份新工作就是达到了人生的转折点。
  
  Sometimes, getting a new job is reaching a turning point in life。
  
  · Put up with 忍受
  
  例句:我尽力忍受别人的错误,因为我也可能会犯同样的错误。
  
  I try to put up with others' mistakes, because I may make the same ones。
  
  · Maintain a good relationship with 和……保持良好关系
  
  例句:为了与他人保持良好的关系,你应该具备优秀的处理人际关系的能力。
  
  In order to maintain good relationships with others, you should have good interpersonal skills。
  
  · Have an optimistic/a pessimistic attitude 持乐观/悲观态度
  
  例句:如果你想快乐,对生活有个乐观的态度很重要。
  
  If you want to be happy, it is important to have an optimistic attitude towards life。
  
  · Set one's priority 设定优先级
  
  例句:如果你有很多事情要做,那么你应该在行动前设定优先顺序。
  
  If you have a lot of things to do, you should set your priorities before taking action。
  
  · Adapt to a situation 适应形势
  
  例句:移民[微博]有段艰难的时期,因为他们需要适应新的环境。
  
  Immigrants have difficult times because they should adapt to a new situation。
  
  · Take the risk of 冒……的险
  
  例句:如果能冒险重新开始,那么你就不会惧怕失败。
  
  If you can take the risk of starting over, you will not be afraid of failing。
  
  · Be critical of others 对……持批判态度
  
  例句:有些人对其他人吹毛求疵,评价自己时却宽宏大量。
  
  Some people are extremely critical of others, but are very generous in evaluating themselves。
  
  以上是笔者为大家整理出的常用于生活类话题的地道词组,在这里笔者再为大家介绍一种学习方法。词组仅仅背过一遍还不足以支撑你去输出,所以大家需要进行模拟输出练习。换句话说,你需要将这些词组想办法应用在一个段落当中,让他们发挥作用。并且通过不断地应用这些词组在自己的写作当中,不断地刺激自己的大脑,让他们从一群“死词组”变成一个个灵动的“活词组”。下面笔者为大家展示几个刚才上文呈现的词组在段落中的应用:
  
  词组应用展示段:
  
  When it comes to whether people should spend money on traveling or save money for future use, numerous middle-aged people would prefer to save money for unavoidable expenses in the future. Put it another way, they would like to save money for a rainy day. However, most young people argue that they oftentimes get stressed out from work and study. Hence, they desire to take a break from their routines. Given this situation, they would like to travel, such as attending a summer camp abroad, to improve their quality of life。
  
  接下来,笔者再为大家奉上一组生活类话题的地道句子供各位考生积累借鉴。
  
  生活类话题地道好句汇总
  
  · 与生活在小城镇的孩子相比,(生活在大城市的)孩子们被认为可以接受更高质量的教育。
  
  · Children are supposed to be able to receive an education with a higher quality compared with their counterparts who live in a small town。
  
  · 尽管(小城镇的)平均报酬比大城市的低很多,但像蔬菜肉类等日常必需品的价格也通常便宜很多。
  
  · Although the average pay is much less than that of big cities, daily necessities, such as vegetables and meat, are usually less expensive。
  
  · 我愿意为一些不可避免的花销存钱,并且通过做一个创造者而不是消费者去享受生活。
  
  · I would prefer to save money for unavoidable expenses and enjoy life by being a producer, not a consumer。
  
  · 总体而言,我发现生活在一个变化的环境中会比生活在一个气候始终如一的地方更加有趣。
  


  · Overall, I find that living in a changing environment is more interesting than living in one where the climate is always constant。
  
  · 这两种生活方式都有它们各自的优点,但有一点可以肯定:变化是不可避免的,所以我们最好为自己遇到的所有境况都做好准备。
  
  · Both of these life styles have their own merits, but one thing is for certain: change is unavoidable, and we had best be prepared for all situations that come into our lives。
  
  以上就是笔者为大家整理出的托福作文中生活类话题常用的美语中地道的词组和句子,大家可以针对自己现阶段的学习情况,摘录自己还不熟悉的内容,积累在固定的本子上,利用平时各种零散时间对这些词组和句子进行巩固记忆。要知道,写作的学习是无止境的,只有不断地读不断地积累,方能融会贯通为我所用。正所谓“读书破万卷下笔如有神”,“多”输入,才能“好”产出。
分类: 杂货铺

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团