2014年6月28/29日托福机经预测小范围

罗德教育国际 (罗德国际教育) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-23 14:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

托福机经

 

2014年6月28/29日托福机经预测小范围今天 621 口语机经全中小范围。写作中标的则是机经题库,因此,628,629 考 试的写作机经有所调整。

· 口语部分机经:剩下的机经共 2 套,628 如果中标,629 考生看剩下的题目即可 。

· 写作部分机经:注意,628 考生优先看北美题(7 题),6.29 考生优先看大陆题(6题)。

6.28 考试后,写作机经会针对 6.29 考生去掉 6-?‐7 题。

注意:

5 月的后三场考试,由于机经精准,因此大家回答都很流利,出现了压分的情况,部分 同学还用了同样的答案,出现了答案雷同的情况。特别是 524 个 525 的口语成绩,比平 时的分数都压低了 3-5 分。

6 月的后三场考试,为了避免这类情况1、提醒大家最好准备自己的 4-5 个常用段子,不但可以避免答案雷同,还能防止机经不 中标。

2、答案可以作为参考或者改写,但不建议抄答案3、如果回答符合要求,出成绩的时候却被压分,并且符合如下复议建议,大家可以复 议口语。(如果复议后分数有变,则表明复议成功,复议款项可全数退还)。

1) 推荐复议的情况(1) 自信应得分数高于所得分数。

(2) 单项分数远低于其他三科分数,且总分可以承担降分的风险。

E.g. 99(26+27+19+27)2) 不推荐复议的情况(1) 复议的单项大于 25,复议加分的空间不大。

(2) 总分大于 110 分,不必要复议。

(3) 总分不可以承担降分的风险。

口语老师建议的自学步骤(1)每道题列出提纲(2)看提纲按照考试要求答题(3)将自己的回答录音,然后听自己的问题在哪里 (4)反复录音,直到足够流利,回答完整,自己满意 --可以参考答案,但不建议抄答案另:罗德教育批改可以给同学们提供专业的教师批改写作老师建议的自学步骤(1)题目分类梳理机经E.g. 三大类题目:绝对词,对比型,隐藏 all,大分类下还有小分类(2)了解段落拓展--抓住典型题目进行段落拓展,按照万能论据(3)从每个类型中抽取最不熟悉的,最怪的题目去练习--最近写作抽题特点3 大类题目*每一类考前练习 2 篇=一共练习 6 篇文章更多机经信息及完整答案版本1 题1.What type of music do you enjoy most? Explain why you enjoy this type of music.

Include reasons and details in you explanation.

2.是说有些大学把 paper books 或者 magazines 给卖掉了 ,取而代之的是 electronicbooks,你觉得可行不可行 。

I agree that the university can sell all the paper books and magazines, and turn into the electronic books.

First, the electronic books make information searching much easier. Because if you want to find some information in the electronic readings, you can just type the key words into it, and it only takes one second to find the thing you need. But you must read the book word by word if you use the printed books.

What's more, the electronic book is free. The university doesn't have to pay the money to buy paper books or magazines. It will save a lot of money that university can use it in other part, such as education system and teaching equipment.

3. Describe a subject that you enjoy studying ( 140621 已考 )Personally speaking, Math is the subject I enjoy studing, because it's difficult but important. It's difficult because there are too many formulas I need to remember, and formulas vary depending on different situations, it has a greater flexibility on how to use them. What is more, math requires students to use powerful logic to find out the interrelations between problems. On the other hand, math is of great importance because it applies in many aspects of our life; furthermore, math is the foundation for many other subjects, like physics, biology and chemistry. So these are the reasons why I think math is tough but important.

口语第 2 题1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It's easier to teach children inprimary schools than students in universities. Include reasons and details in yourexplanation.

2. Government 该不该 spend money on encouraging citizens to lead a healthy lifestyleI agree that government should spend money on encouraging citizens to lead a healthy lifestyle.

First, it is essential for citizens to have a healthy lifestyle, especially for the old ones.

Now, there are more and more old people in the society. So it is a problem for the government to care for the old-?‐age population. But if they keep a healthy lifestyle, the government will save a lot efforts and a large number of money.

What's more, if the citizens have a healthy lifestyle, all the works will be done moreefficiently. It shows that 34% people who have a lower efficiency is because of their badhealth.

So I agree with it.

3. Should children be required to do household tasks as soon as they are old enough( 140621 已考 )口语第 3 题Task 3-1( 140621 已考 )英文版:

Proposal:

a) pay the volunteer people working for play assistantb) give some training for the volunteer peopleconversation between a man and a femaleMan (positive on this proposal)Reason1: people get paid, real job, not need to do other job,will not be late or disappear anymore 2:more efficient and benefit for play中文版:

学生写信给校报 希望剧院的 assistants can be paid and trained MM:你怎么看?

BOY:当然好 原来大家是义务的 所以另有一份真正的工作(real job)如果有冲突就只 能选择 real job ,现在付钱就可以更好的工作了MM:how about the training part?

Boy: 可好了!现在的舞台背景比以前复杂很多 如果有专人指导效率更高,而且 play 本身 也会变好Task 3-2短文内容是说现在的 Modern literature 课越来越 popular,有些大学就采取了两个方法让更多 的同学 enroll。

方法一:把小教室换成大教室;方法二,把课时加到晚上,让更多的人来?。

力内容是一男一女,男的不同意学校的方法,理由一是小教室更方便 group discussion,大教室距离远了不好操作;24400-0123-267罗德教育 --留学考试全日制辅导14 年 628,629 托福考试小范围机经理由二是有的同学晚上有活动,还有 jobs to do,肯定没有时间来参加晚上的课时。

Task 3-3学校在考试复习期间举办什么娱乐活动,期间取消校内公交车,有人感到不满给校长写信, 原因一是噪音影响在宿舍复习的人,原因二是取消 校内公交车对要乘车的人很不方便。 对话中女生认为这两个理由都没有说服力。

首先要看书的人可以去图书馆看,不一定非要在宿舍,图书馆很安静。

其次学校很小,去哪里都可以步行,不行横穿学校只要 30 分钟,况且公交车只取消几个小 时而已,no big deal口语第 4 题Task 4-1英文版behavior exposureConcerningabout negative consequence, kids usually fear to do something new. Themethod to solve this problem is let them try new things gradually (sorry, can not recall some details) The speaker gives a example:

His family moved to Los Angeles,some neighbor kids played outside (riding bicycle), he foundthat hisson wanted to join but also fear to do so. So he asked his son if helike to buy some icecream from the store, his son said “OK”, then heasked his son say “hi” when they are passing bythe neighbor kids. Hisson did that according to his suggestion. On the way back, herecommendedhis son to talk more with the neighbor kids on the bicycleriding ( did not get completely, sorry)。

After they returned home, hisson asked if he can go out to play with the neighbor kids.

中文版behavior exposure 大概是心理学暴露疗法的意思 阅读说孩子有时候不原交往,害怕负面影响步骤 1.教孩子接触那件事2.孩子发现没有负面影响3.不再害怕lecture (有点啰嗦 可是我难得记得住)教授的孩子 Tommy 11 岁 搬到洛杉矶以后 Tommy 不敢和别的孩子玩,可是又想玩(傲 娇啊)有一天 tommy 看着窗外的孩子很郁闷,于是教授说 tommy 我们去买雪糕,然后路过那些 孩子的时候打个招呼说 HI ,然后去了之后孩子们都很友善;第二次叫 tommy 赞扬别的孩 子的车,然后就融入孩子们了。

628,629 托福考试小范围机经Task 4-2( 140621 已考 )【课文要点】:心理学的一个概念--effect。大意是:人的想法容易被事先知道的内容左右。

【教授举例】:教授举了一个例子:找一组人 officers,告诉他们要做更多的工作,让他们更卖力。但实际上工作量不变,结果那些人都以为自己做了更多的工作。

待证实:药物的心理效果。教授举例说公司有职员感觉工作压力大,然后给他们一种药,让他们觉得是种可以提高精力的维生素,实际就是一般的药片,效果是大家的工作量都上升了。

Task 4-3Aggressive recuiting 即商家在推广期间给与顾客一些实惠,积累顾客,推广期过后开始收费 增加收入。

lecture 举了一个 gym 的例子在说明 这种策略的有效性。具体是,gym 在推广期让消费者免 费获得健身指导,一个月以后取消免费政策,结果大部分人都继续使用该服务,于是增加了 gym 的 customer basis,是有效的口语第 5 题Task 5-1英文版Female student got a problemShe is taking a pottery course, got ahomework to make some pottery and put flower in, but she accidentlydrop the pottery into 3 piecesTwo solutions proposed by herself:)1 glue together, but get some crack on it2 start over again, days may be sufficient, but she get another final exam to prepare中文版个女生心情不好原来是在陶艺课 做了个花瓶后天要上交本来做好了 可是早上不小心打了 碎成三块男生说 wow 那可怎么办女生说1.glue it together as the peices are not tiny, but afraid that the Prof. will discover and get low mark2.make a new one but she has a final test for another course which she really need to studyTask 5-2【学生困难】:女生要在校报发表一篇 paper,但文章写得 too long to publish。

【学生困难】:女生要在校报发表一篇 paper,但文章写得 too long to publish。

【解决方案】:男编辑给他两个方案:方案 1、删掉一半 cut off the paper / make it shorter 就能立即出版。但女生觉得每个部分都很重要,不愿意 cut,要弄短就只能 Summarize 了。方案 2、到暑期版 summer issue 上发表 publish。女生不太愿意,因为暑假大家都放假了,没人26400-0123-267罗德教育 --留学考试全日制辅导14 年 628,629 托福考试小范围机经看得到。

Task 5-3( 140621 已考 )女学生她的爸爸妈妈要来学校,所以要和她住在一起(她租了个公寓),但是她的问题是公寓 太乱了,没有时间收拾,(这个有个最奇怪的就是没有其他人给出建议,是她自己自言自语 的,刚刚开始我就说怎么没有对),一个 solution 是放弃 chemistry 的 group talking,回家收 拾房间,第二个是不参加完,跑回去收拾房间。

口语第 6 题Task 6-1【讲课要点】:不能自身移动的海底 sea bottom 动物 dwellers(居民)获得食物的方法 feed有两种:第一种、active method:举例:海葵 sea anemone [???nem??ni] 伪装成植物,寄生在其他动物身上,寄主又会放毒液,这样 sea anemone [???nem??ni]就能捕住食物了。第二种、passive method,举例:牡蛎 Oyster不动。坐等海水流把微生物 tiny material 送到嘴边Task 6-2( 140621 已考 )讲鸟类为什么可以进行长距离迁徙,举了两个例子来说明两种情况。

一是在迁徙开始之前几个星期吃很多东西,储存 body fat,增加体重 40% ,飞行途中就靠 消耗这些能量。

二是利用飞行途经地区的地理特性减少能量损耗。就是借助上升气流获得飞行高度,这样可 以少挥翅膀,很高效节能Task 6-3monkey 常年住在树上,该怎么喝水。举了两个例子,第一个是一种 monkey(记不得名字了, 屏幕上会出现),这种 monkey 只要吃新鲜多汁的叶子(tender leaves)就可以补充足够的水分; 另一些 monkey 是去下雨后积水形成的小池塘里喝水;有一种 spider monkey 是寻找cup-shaped 的植物,利用植物作容器喝水。

综合写作1erdstall 可能有三种用途:一储存牲口或粮食 ,二躲避强盗 ,三宗教用途 灵魂等候区 但是被 lecture 反驳。

1)储存牲口或粮食: 在冬天 erdstall 都被淹没了,而且也没发现里面有谷类残留。

27400-0123-267罗德教育 --留学考试全日制辅导14 年 628,629 托福考试小范围机经2)躲避强盗: erdstall 太小了,存氧气很少,只能容得下几个人。另外,只有一个入口,不太 可能像为了逃跑设计的。

3)宗教用途。 如果是的话,应该所有有共同宗教信仰的村子都有,但是有的村子有,有的 村子没有。

2Has the large corporation lost its attraction to American阅读:越来越多的人对在大公司上班失去了兴趣,转而自己开公司(self-employed)(1),大公司上班有太多 bureaucracy,难以实现自己的 idea。

(2),大公司上班工作稳定感大大不如从前。

(3),大公司最近几年不提供 extra benefits,比如退休金,更低的医疗保险。 听力:一一反驳三个观点(1),自己开公司要面对的手续会更多。

(2),自己开公司明显更有风险,稳定感更不强。

(3),自己开公司 extra benefits 更没有保证。

3阅读:关于大象有三种很奇幻的说法:

1 大象能预知自己将死,并找到水边独自死去 2 大象有艺术和绘画的能力,能拿笔画画3 大象胆子小,怕老鼠。

力里驳

1、大象是因为老了而牙齿脱落,要软的食品,而在水边才容易找到

2 、 大象会画画是因为有人训练它,教它动作(训象人用摸耳朵的方式)并不是它真的有能力

3 、大象不是怕老鼠,是因为它对没见过的东西警觉,这是动物本能,当动物园里的大象(对 老鼠熟悉了),就根本不在乎了4交通路口的摄像头,文章观点是不好。

一:不能及时制止危险行为。

二:驾驶员在没有摄像头的地方可以不安全行驶。

三:导致更多的路口交通事故。

?力部分反驳文章观点。

一:罚款能够更有效的使驾驶员未来安全驾驶,摄像头不会放过任何违规,交警则可能错过 一些行为。

二:交警也是设点的,而且花费更多,摄像头因为便宜就可以全面覆盖。

三:摄像头引起的事故都是轻微的,并且严重(侧面相撞)事故减少了 40%。(我确认是 40%)5阅读:

一个什么动物在很久以前身躯很大的原因:

那时候氧气?量很多plant 很多warm climatelistening :

1. 氧气?量其实比现在还少(很多百分比,?糊涂了,这样不确定)2. plant 是很多,但是营养很少3. warm climate is actually a disadvantage, because they needed to cool off主题 : 一种动物为什么在很久以前身躯庞大阅读的观点:

1.因为那时氧气充足2. 因为那时植物很多3. 因为那时气候温暖听力的观点:

1.那时氧气其实比现在还少2.那时植物是很多但是营养很少3.温暖的气候其实是个不利因素而非有利因素,因为这种动物其实需要凉爽The passage mainly discusses the reasons why X animal had a huge body long time ago. However, the lecturer casts doubts on the writer's view from three different aspects.

First of all, it is said in the reading passage that there was more oxygen in the past. Nonetheless, the professor in the listening material argues that there was actually less oxygen at that time than at present. This is the first place where the speaker disagrees with the reading passage

Second, the writer points out that there were a large number of plants in former times. In contrast,the speaker refutes that though the number of plant was incredible, they do not contain enoughnutrients. This is the second place that directly contradicts what the reading passage indicates.

Finally, the reading passage states that warm climate was also a reason leading to this animal?s huge body. On the contrary, the profes

sor in the listening material contends that warm climate is actually a disadvantage, because they needed to cool off. This is the last point that entirelyopposes the writer's point of view.(182)6讲 congestion pricing。 说为了缓解交通拥堵,解决办法就是在 city 中的某个区域收费,这 样就能缓解一下。

第一个 point. 这样做可以 improve time(主要就是说节省时间)

第二个 point. 可以改善环境 improve that area's environment

第三个 point. 收的 fee 可以用于 revenue(这个单词没记住怎么拼大概就) the city 可以再 修路,修桥什么的:

lecture 中,professor 否定了这个观点。

1. 他认为这样做有些司机不愿意花钱走这个区域就得绕路,更浪费时间。举了个例子:送 快递的,他们要省钱,所以送快递的时候会变长。

2.在收费区里面环境可能会好点,但是周围的车相对就会增多,noise and air pollution 就会多。 所以不是整个 city 都能环境变好3.有的人不能 afford 这个费用了,就会去坐 subway,政府就得出更多的钱维护 subway,这样一来收的那点钱可能还不够维护的,所以也不能起到帮助修桥,修路什么的作用了版本二拟行一个收费计划,即进入市区的车都收费。括号里是教授反对的话,一,可以减少交通量,大家能更快到达目的地(大家要绕路,不能省时间二,对市区环境有好处(会危害郊区环境)三,政府可以收更多的钱(政府要花钱修路,人民要花车买车)。

it's about the cities' congestion pricing policy, the reading is in the positive attitude: 1.time saving2.good for the environment 3.considerable revenue. While, the speaker refutes the three points one by one.

英文版:It's about the cities' congestion pricing policy; the reading is in the positive attitude:

1.time saving2.good for the environment3.considerable revenue.

While, the speaker refutes the three points one by one.

7Topic Great 的三个作用。

阅读1. 是储存粮食,cattle。For storing grain and cattle2. gold mining 那底下有好多矿物啥的。 There is a large quantity of minerals beneath the Great XXX.

3. Observatory?力反对1. 只是看起来像是 grain storage,里面都没 有 grain;2. thanks to carbon radiation detecting(好像是这个)它底下是有矿什么的,但是那些人并不知 道;(综合写作第二点反驳好像有说挖矿手艺在这塔之后才出现 所以时间上不 对)Although there are minerals underneath the structure, people back then did not know it; plus, peoplemastered the mining technology only after the Great XXX was constructed.

3.观天文用的 tower,他们 design 的时候会有特定的 angle 和 distance,但是这个经过勘察, 它不符合他们天文塔的标准。Towers for observing stars require specific angles and distance, however, this Great XXX does not meet such requirements.

1The best way to reduce air pollution is for the government to raise the cost of fuel (petrol)。

分类:绝对词类思路拓展:

同意:

1. 提高油价可以减少市民对机动车的使用,从而减少尾气排放,有效的控制空气污染。

2. 提高油价可以促使市民更多的选择绿色出行方式,例如公共交通或自行车。 不同意:

1. 会给市民的正常生活造成很大的影响,带来很多的不便之处。

2. 人为地调高燃油价格,不符合市场发展的客观规律,有可能会对汽油产业的发展造成一定的影响。

参考答案:

The world we are living in has seen drastic changes during the past decades, thanks tothe fast development of science and technology. Even though such rapid developmentbrought massive positive effects, those drawbacks, one way or another, should not beignored by society. Increasing pollution, which is challenging every major city in the world,is one of the most perturbing issues. To combat such problems, government encouragescompanies to mark up gas price in an effort to decrease car use and cut down waste gas.

However it may temporarily alleviate the problem, but is doubtfully the optimal solution.

First of all, consumers and economy would be victimized by such measures. The numberof cars in a country directly depends on the proportion of the population affluent enough toown cars. As a result, raises in gas price could invoke hard feelings among this segmentof people but would not drastically change their behavior in using cars. Even if the numberof cars on road is reduced due to higher gas cost, this is not the best way to solve trafficproblems. Such policy would hurt the auto industry, place higher costs on current andprospect car owners, and undermine the economy of a nation. In the long run, the finalway out could be the construction of better roads and more effective use of availabletransport facilities.

Secondly, there is evidence that waste gas from cars is not the leading cause of air pollution. The culprit may be the discharge of polluting substances into the atmosphere due to the rapidly growing manufacturing industry. As a result, reduction of the number of cars would not return us a blue sky and fresh air. We could better handle this problem if we could increase control over industrial waste discharge and adopt more environmental friendly materials and production equipment.

Finally, other measures like the application of cheaper and cleaner energy resources could also be a better solution. For example, we now have the ability to make cell-powered or even solar-powered cars. Such energy is completely clean and plentiful. However we still have a very long way to go to turn such technologically possible into affordable and practical products.

To conclude, it is not the best way to control traffic and pollution by increasing gas price because such action will hurt consumers and economy without achieving what it is aimed for. Measures such as construction of better transport facilities and development of new energy resources could be more effective solutions.(417 Words)题目扩展:

1、It is more important for the government to spend money on improving Internet access than on public transportation.

2、Governments should focus its budgets more on environmental protection than on economic development.

3、The environmental issue is too complex to be handled by the individual.

2Workers would be much happier if they are doing different types of tasks during their workday than doing the same task.

分类:比较类思路拓展:

同意:

1. 长期从事同样的工作会使人们对于工作失去积极性,变得像机器一样。

2. 长期接触同样的工作会限制人们的眼界与思维。

3. 从事多种工作会激发人们的创新意识,推动社会发展与变革。 不同意:

1. 专注于一项工作才能最有效的保证工作质量。

如果人们从事一些他们并不擅长的工作会影响他们的工作质量,长此以往会影响他们的自信心。

3. 如果每个人都从事多样的工作会使得工作竞争变得更加激烈,人们的工作压力变得更大,从而会引发一些健康问题和社会问题。

参考答案:

The world we are living in has seen drastic changes during the past decades, thanks tothe fast development of science and technology. In such context of technologicaldevelopment, more employment opportunities have been created. While, in the meantime, many problems have arisen, a perturbing one of which is the discussion about whether people should simultaneously pursue various jobs. Some people who favor it significance maintain that various jobs are favorable for people to improving their career prospect.

Nevertheless, some others with a converse opinion insist that focusing on single work can is more sensible choice. Personally, I am in favor of the later viewpoint.

In some senses, a life-time career has its merits. First, if you stick at taking a post, allangles of the job will have appeared; after some time, you will definitely have a goodcommand of it. Consequently you may become a veteran of the field and earn respect or prestige from others. Second, you can establish an extensive social connections relating to the field, helping you tear down most of the barriers standing in the way of your working endeavor. Finally, mistakes of the routine tasks would be minimized because you havelearned the lessons.

However, as the modern society develops, experiencing different jobs has its advantages.

Initially, we look at the issue of bribery. Many high-level staff is inclined to accept bribesvia power in hand. However, if he knows that someone else will soon take his place, suchacts can be avoided. We then look at work motivation. If one works for the same companyfor a long time without promotion, he may get sick and tired of doing the same dailyroutine. Nonetheless, a manager should have qualities of a sense of teamwork and thecapability of coordination. Therefore, to try various positions can help you gain ground tobe promoted.

In summary, staying in the same post can cultivate one to cut out for the job but involve one in a boring career while changing jobs frequently can be both advantageous bykeeping bribery away and providing one with more opportunities of promotion anddisadvantageous by making mistakes occasionally. In my opinion, people should seek a decent and good-paid job and pay little attention to changing it.

(377 Words)拓展题目:

1、People who have learned many different skills are more likely to succeed than those who focus on learning only one skill.

2、Students should not take part‐time jobs while they are studying in the university.

3、Younger school children (aged five to ten) should be required to study art and music in addition to math, language, science and history.

3Teachers were more appreciated and valued by the society in the past than they are now.

分类:今昔对比类思路拓展:

同意:

1. 网络的发展使得人们可以从多种渠道获取知识,没有必要一定走进学校接受教育。

2. 网络课程,在线课程,各类教学软件多种多样,即使没有老师指导,人们同样可以进行学习。

3. 老师的收入并不算很高,很多人不愿选择教师作为职业。 不同意:

1. 社会发展使得人们对于知识的渴求变得更加强烈。

2. 网络教育或在线教育永远不可能取代学校教育,因为学生在学校可以随时向老师提出问题并且得到正确的回答。

3. 尽管各类的教学软件越来越多,但是这些软件的编写与设计同样离不开各科的老师的幕后指导。

参考答案:

As the education is playing more and more important role in social life, one controversialissue comes up that whether nowadays students do not respect teachers as much as inthe past. Admittedly, we are emphasizing that everyone is equal and stressing the right toexpress our ideas different from others. However, on one can assert that current teachersare less appreciated and valued than ever before. Despite of different people hold variousperspectives, I, given this chance, prefer to assert that nowadays students respectteachers as much as in the past. My point of view, involves the fundamental and deep discussions as follows.To begin with, one should emphasize that nowadays people's concerns about theeducation are becoming more and more than in the past. It is undeniable that the teachersplay the vital roles in the education and get more respect than in the past. To make it morecompelling, let me use more details to demonstrate it. As we all know, to make ourselvesmore outstanding in this competitive society, we should study hard to compete with others.

In addition, the teachers guide us in our study life and then we must respect teachers togain the knowledge.However, in the past people always adopted several children andthey main concerned about how to solve problem about the supplication of food instead of the education. Due to the change of importance of the teachers in the society, studentswould respect less than nowadays. Obviously, nowadays students respect teachers more than in the past.

In addition, another essential and compelling argument that always deserves people'sattention is that the nowadays teachers have more abundant knowledge and more wideperspectives, and then students become more adore teachers than before. Both commonsense and our daily experience inform us that with the development of science andtechnology, teachers have more ways to gain the knowledge than what I can imagine,such as searching Internet, devoting themselves into the specific research and so forth.

What's more, the nowadays teachers gain the higher degree than before, such asmasters and professors instead of the undergraduate. Nevertheless, in the past teachersalways gained knowledge from books. Hence nowadays teachers will be more profoundthan the teacher in the past and gain more respect from students.

Admittedly, there are some students do not respect teachers. However the number just occupies the small rate of all students. Furthermore we should acknowledge that there must students do not respect teacher in the past either.

To sum up, some people might still remain unconvinced, but the reasons I have analyzed would make them more aware of the dimensions of this issue. Hence at last, there will be no doubt that the nowadays students do more respect teachers than in the past.

(471 Words)题目扩展:

Teachers had a greater influence on young people in the past than they do today. Teaching is harder than it was in the past.

35400-0123-267罗德教育 --留学考试全日制辅导14 年 628,629 托福考试小范围机经Nowadays students do not respect teachers as much as in the past.

4Modern agriculture methods damage the environment, but providing food for the growing population around the world is more important than protecting the environment.

分类:比较类思路拓展:

同意:

1. 吃饱饭是每个人基本的生存权利,保证人们吃饱饭也是政府们的基本义务。

2. 人口快速增长,粮食产量供不应求,政府更应该大力发展农业科技。

3. 尤其在一些欠发达国家或地区,政府应该首先大力发展农业科技从而使得人们避免饥饿。

不同意:

1. 农业发展是一时的,环境保护才是长期存在的问题。人们更应该保护环境以保证社会的可持续发展。

2. 如果一味发展农业而忽略了环境保护,会导致一些比饥饿问题更加严重的自然问题。

3. 尤其对于发达国家来说,农业已经足够发展,更应该将更多的精力与经济投入放到环境保护之中。

参考答案:

The world we are living in has seen drastic changes during the past decades, thanks tothe fast development of science and technology. In the context of such development, theefficiency of agricultural production has substantially improved with the appearance oflabor-saving and labor-replacing machines. Nevertheless, the application of theseadvanced technologies has simultaneously brought much environmental problems.

Accordingly, many people confused about whether providing more food to more peoplethereby solving starvation problems is more essential than protecting the environment.

This problem has aroused much debate therefore it is deserved for people to analyze.

First and foremost, food is the basic living requirement for each person. For eachindividual, avoiding starvation is the foundation of all kinds of social activities. Moreover,providing enough food to citizens thereby solving starvation problems and satisfying theirbasic living rights is simultaneously the fundamental responsibility of each government.

Take some undeveloped countries, especially some African countries, as an example.

Population growth causes food demand substantially exceeds supply, therefore starvation36400-0123-267罗德教育 --留学考试全日制辅导14 年 628,629 托福考试小范围机经problem is becoming more and more serious in those countries. If this situation persists, it will inevitably affect local harmonious and stability. For the government of these areas,improve the agricultural investment and use some more advanced agricultural equipment can effectively solve starvation problem and then enhance citizens' quality of life.

Therefore, in these countries, agricultural development is more important thanenvironmental protection.

While, on the other hand, for most developing countries and developed countries,government should properly reduce the utilization rate of agricultural machines therebyensuring countries' sustainable development. If government just focusing on developingagriculture while ignoring environmental protection, human-beings will pay a heavy pricefor such behaviors as it will cause amount of more serious environmental problems, suchas air pollution, energy crisis, global warming and climate change. In addition, agriculturaldevelopment can be considered as a current and short-term problem while environmentalprotection can be considered as a long-term problem. Therefore it is selfish that currentpeople just focus on their present profit and requirement while ignoring the negativeeffects, which will bring to their descendants.

In summary, I would concede that environmental protection is as important as agricultural development for current society. Nevertheless, for those undeveloped countries or areas, government should give priority to developing agriculture thereby solving the starvationproblem. On the other hand, for other countries, government should keep a balancebetween agricultural development and environmental protection. I firmly believe these two issues can well compatible with each other as long as people can optionally use thoseadvanced technologies.

(423 Words)题目扩展:

1、Improving schools is the most important factor for the successful development of a country.

2、Governments should focus its budgets more on environmental protection than on economic development.

3、The environmental issue is too complex to be handled by the individual. The food we eat today is much healthier than in the past.

537400-0123-267罗德教育 --留学考试全日制辅导14 年 628,629 托福考试小范围机经We should state our honest opinions even though other people may disagree with them.

6In order to attract good students, a university should spend a lot of money funding social activities.

7Teaching is harder than it was in the past.

分类:今夕对比类思路拓展:

思路1: 同意1. 现在学生们要学的知识多且复杂;2. 现在的学生越来越不好管理,对老师的管理能力提出更高要求;3. 教育资源丰富舍得学生能够判断出老师水平,侧面给老师教学带来压力; 思路2: 不同意1. 现在很多学校有团队?一起合作备课;2. 现在网络资源非常丰富,可以供老师参考,而且很多管理学生的书籍;3. 现在各种设备比如电脑和投影仪的使用都有助于老师的教学;扩展题目:

Young people today are less dependent on their parents than in the past.

Teachers had a greater influence on young people in the past than they do today.

Young people today do not respect their teachers as much as they did in the past.

大陆机经1To achieve successful development of a country, a government should spend more money on young children's education rather than on universities.

思路拓展分类:比较类不同意:

1、 一方面,大学教育可以培养专业人才,为国家培养高素质人才。 2、另一方面,现在许多国际奖项和发明都诞生在大学校园里。

628,629 托福考试小范围机经参考答案:

Now people in growing numbers are coming to recognize that education plays a significantrole in a country's long-term success. According to the standard of different countries, attentionscould be put on either young children' s education or universities. To draw the conclusion thatyoung children's education is more significant than university education is thoughtless andgroundless. Things should be considered comprehensively and separately.

They say youngsters are the flowers and future of a nation, especially for the developingcountries that are in urgent need of improving citizen's overall quality. The key to thepopularization of compulsory education, which is typical of young children's education, lies in thefunds provided by government. When realizing the importance of basic education, the governmentwould by no means refuse to support schools. On one hand, basic education is beneficial forstudents to lay the groundwork of common sense which is essential to their success in the long run.

On the other hand, education towards young people conducts to inspire their potentiality. As aresult, the developing country is rich enough to afford basic education and necessary to spendmoney on elementary education.

In the university, students are divided into specialized fields where they could learnprofessional knowledge and skill that could be applied to work in the future. In order to cultivatetalents for various fields, government put efforts on improving universities where training thehigh-quality labors for certain industries. With the improvement of technology and economy, vastchanges await the country. A good case in point is that a computer university degree can preparestudents to enter aerospace field after graduation which is essential to the country's corecompetitiveness.

Moreover, once Bill Gates said“College education does count”。 There is no denying thatnowadays many achievements in scientific research and international awards are brought out incolleges and universities. This in turn will support and assist the country in long-termdevelopment. Imagine a country pay no attention to higher education, where should the talents gofor further study or deeper research? People equipped with knowledge undoubtedly dream ofgoing abroad, thus less and less talents would stay to devote themselves into serving the country.

Obviously, he importance of putting more on universities cannot be ignored.

Taking into account all elements contributing to a country's development, both elementaryeducation and university education are important to a benign and sustainable improvement. It isimmaturity and ridiculous for a government to unilaterally spend money on young children'seducation.

扩展题目:

1、 It is more important for students to study history and literature than it is for them to study science and mathematics.

2、It is better for students to attend school s or universities outside their home countries than to study in the cities they grew up.

3、 A college or university education should be available only to good students.

Teachers had a greater influence on young people in the past than they do today分类:今昔对比类思路拓展:

同意:

4. 网络的发展使得人们可以从多种渠道获取知识,没有必要一定走进学校接受教育。

5. 网络课程,在线课程,各类教学软件多种多样,即使没有老师指导,人们同样可以进行学习。

6. 老师的收入并不算很高,很多人不愿选择教师作为职业。 不同意:

4. 社会发展使得人们对于知识的渴求变得更加强烈。

5. 网络教育或在线教育永远不可能取代学校教育,因为学生在学校可以随时向老师提出问题并且得到正确的回答。

6. 尽管各类的教学软件越来越多,但是这些软件的编写与设计同样离不开各科的老师的幕后指导。

参考答案:

As the education is playing more and more important role in social life, one controversialissue comes up that whether nowadays students do not respect teachers as much as inthe past. Admittedly, we are emphasizing that everyone is equal and stressing the right toexpress our ideas different from others. However, on one can assert that current teachersare less appreciated and valued than ever before. Despite of different people hold variousperspectives, I, given this chance, prefer to assert that nowadays students respectteachers as much as in the past. My point of view, involves the fundamental and deep discussions as follows.

To begin with, one should emphasize that nowadays people's concerns about theeducation are becoming more and more than in the past. It is undeniable that the teachersplay the vital roles in the education and get more respect than in the past. To make it morecompelling, let me use more details to demonstrate it. As we all know, to make ourselvesmore outstanding in this competitive society, we should study hard to compete with others.

In addition, the teachers guide us in our study life and then we must respect teachers togain the knowledge.However, in the past people always adopted several children andthey main concerned about how to solve problem about the supplication of food instead ofthe education. Due to the change of importance of the teachers in the society, studentswould respect less than nowadays. Obviously, nowadays students respect teachers more40400-0123-267罗德教育 --留学考试全日制辅导14 年 628,629 托福考试小范围机经than in the past.

In addition, another essential and compelling argument that always deserves people'sattention is that the nowadays teachers have more abundant knowledge and more wideperspectives, and then students become more adore teachers than before. Both commonsense and our daily experience inform us that with the development of science andtechnology, teachers have more ways to gain the knowledge than what I can imagine,such as searching Internet, devoting themselves into the specific research and so forth.

What's more, the nowadays teachers gain the higher degree than before, such asmasters and professors instead of the undergraduate. Nevertheless, in the past teachersalways gained knowledge from books. Hence nowadays teachers will be more profoundthan the teacher in the past and gain more respect from students.

Admittedly, there are some students do not respect teachers. However the number just occupies the small rate of all students. Furthermore we should acknowledge that there must students do not respect teacher in the past either.

To sum up, some people might still remain unconvinced, but the reasons I have analyzed would make them more aware of the dimensions of this issue. Hence at last, there will be no doubt that the nowadays students do more respect teachers than in the past.

(471 Words)题目扩展:

Teachers had a greater influence on young people in the past than they do today. Teaching is harder than it was in the past.

Nowadays students do not respect teachers as much as in the past.

3In order to celebrate major events, it's better to organize a big party with lots of people than to have a small party where only close friends and relatives are invited分类:比较类思路拓展:

思路1: 同意大的活动人多,有更多的认识人的机会;大的活动比较容易组织很多人组织多种多样的活动气氛很好;

628,629 托福考试小范围机经思路2: 不同意大的活动花钱多;大的活动比较费时间,组织起来很困难;扩展题目:

1. It is more important for the government to spend money on new buildings than to preserve historic or traditional buildings and homes.

2. It is more important for the government to spend money on improving Internet access than on public transportation.

3. Governments should focus its budgets more on environmental protection than on economic development.

In people's life, there are many major events, like the graduating party, the weddingceremony, the baby shower and so on. When it comes to celebrating these major events,some people assert that it is better to organize big parties with lots of people than to have a small party that only close friends and relatives are invited. However, based on an overall consideration of various factors, I cannot agree with this statement.

It is undeniable that throwing a party that a lot of people attend is interesting and fun forsome people who prefer active environments. This kind of people are usually outgoing,talkative and sophisticated. For them, holding a big party provides them with an opportunity to let others share their happiness and make more friends. They can be enabled to get toknow new friends and gradually become close with the new friends. In this way, their social networks are expanded and they can get help from the extensive friends. For instance, if a man invites plenty of people to his wedding ceremony, his love and marriage can bewitnessed by a large number of people. Moreover, he can even make new friends through his current friends, and thus enlarging his social circle.

However, organizing big parties with lots of people is not beneficial and even can bring somenegative effects to some people, such as celebrities. As is known to all that famous peoplelike movie stars seldom have any privacy due to the fact that the public pay too muchattention to their work and life. They are followed by entertainment reporters almost any timeand anywhere they go which really upset them. In such cases, it is preferable for them tohave a small party that only close friends and relatives are invited because the less peoplethere are, the less likely that their privacy is exposed to the public. By doing so, they can feelmore comfortable and relaxed. And this phenomenon is actually commonly seen amongfamous actors.

From the analysis above, I cannot stand on the side that it is better to organize a big partywith lots of people than have a small party that only close friends and relatives are invitedwhen celebrating main events for the fact that it depends on the features of the hosts.4People can solve important problems by themselves or with the help from their family members so there's no need for the government to help them有些人觉得他们可以靠自己或者家人的帮助,解决 important problems.因此,人们不需 要政府的帮助。

Disagree当人们受到伤害,法律会保护我们的合法权益和利益。

在政府的帮助下,人们可以更好地解决问题。

有些问题是个人解决不了的。比如公共设施:马路,公园等让步,当然很多事情也是政府无法解决的。比如感情问题,只能依靠自己或朋友Can people solve all problems by themselves and have no need to ask help from government? Some people argue that people can get help from their family members. However, as far as I am concerned, there are some important problems individuals cannot solve by themselvesand government's help is necessary.

First and foremost, when people get hurt from other people or organizations, we need laws toprotect our legitimate rights and interests. For example, if we are cheated by others or if webuy fake goods, it will be useless for us to ask those bad guys to return the money back. Thebest and the only measure we can take is to issue them. Government has many powers thatindividuals never have. A lot of problems are too complicated for individuals to deal with.

In addition, even if individuals can solve some problems on their own, with the help ofgovernment, they can solve the same problems better. For example, my neighbor Mr. Lee's father was diagnosed of cancer last year. In order to save his father's life, he used up all of his money. Even if he worked harder than ever, his family's life was still rough. Nevertheless, after the government granted him a loan, he could afford the expenses of his father and the family now. It is really a relief for him. The money is just piece of cake for government while for Mr. Lee it can save his father's life and the whole family.

Last but not least, some issues are important to everyone, but nobody wants to deal with them.

The public transportation and roads, for instance, offer everyone convenience. Nonetheless,nobody wants to cost money to build roads because they could hardly profit from it andprevent others to benefit from it. Only government can handle these kinds of issues. Publichealth is another example to illustrate this point. When facing virus such as flu, individualsare vulnerable if government takes nothing to prevent the epidemic situation.

To sum up, People cannot solve important problems by themselves or with the help from their family members so it is necessary for the government to help them5Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A job with more vacation time but a low salary is better than a job with a high salary but less vacation time.

分类:比较类思路拓展同意:

1,刚毕业的学生可能需要钱而不需要度假的时间。 2,成年人则更需要时间照顾家庭。

参考答案:

To my thinking, the preference would vary from different people when they are asked about which they like better: a job with more vacation time but a low salary or a job with a high salary but less vacation time. Normally they can be divided into two types.

The first type of people is those who are still young and just start developing their career.

At this time, they have little money that barely can support themselves and they are full of energyto work and have the desire to achieve something in their job. In this case, they might be moresuitable to do a job with high salary but less vacation time, since they need to spend more time onworking and earning more money in order to live a decent and comfortable life. It is impossiblefor them to go on vacation due to the lack of money anyway. By doing jobs with high salary butless vacation time, they can save a large sum of money before they are about to set up families toguarantee the quality of future life. Take my own experience as an example, I chose a teaching job in an education institution, a part of the reason why I made this decision is the high salary. Thevacation is very short since there are a lot of lessons for the teachers to take. But it is not aproblem for me and not a problem for most of my colleagues. For we are eager to prove that weare grown ups and are able to not only support ourselves but also the people around us.

A job with more vacation time but a low salary would be a better choice for those who hasto take care of their families. At this time, they may already have gotten married and probablyhave babies to look after, the money they make now are much enough to run their life. They hadbetter choose a job with more vacation time but a low salary in order to put more attention oncaring the family. The time spent on accompanying the wife, the child, and the parents can never be enough. It is generally agreed in our country that no matter how much money you have, youcannot afford to the affection between family members.

There are still some other perspectives that I do not think due to the limited time andexperience, such as which is better for those people who have a strong ambition to achieve success and those who are more inclined to a casual life. As the saying goes, there are no absolutes. Hence a critical thinking is in great need when we are faced with question like this.

拓展题目:

1) A high-?‐paying job would give you little time with family is better than a lower-?‐paying jobwith more free time.

2)It is better for people to work for themselves or own a business than to work for anemployer.

3)It is better to work for a large company than to work for a small company.

同意:

1. 传播正能量,激励人们在现实生活中也助人为乐,遵纪守法。

2. 让人们暂时摆脱残酷的现实生活,沉浸在美好的电影、电视中,有助于减轻压力,让人 放松。

参考答案:

Human beings has been so concerned about the issue whether movies and televisions shouldalways show audience that good people are rewarded and bad people are punished. Despite thefact that a large number of individuals hold positive attitude towards the issue for the reason thatjustice should be served. However,from my point of my view, I tend to disapprove this viewpoint on the account of the fact that the real world is more complicated and it is hard to have define who are good or bad people.

As is known to all, children are not old enough to judge from good and evil. Movies andtelevisions should guide them to believe that in this world justice can always be upheld. Childrenare very fond of imitating what they have seen or learned. Watching those positive films andtelevisions will have positive impact on them. For example, my little brother is enthusiastic aboutworshiping heroes in movies and televisions and follow their examples to do good deeds. Whenhe saw old people fall down , he would immediately help them without thinking.

For another, adults are more fond of a variety of types of movies and televisions. A large numberof box office movies and televisions show the very dark side of human beings and the weaknessesof them. They would feel very bored if there were only positive movies and televisions. Foranother, our real society is far more complicated, so is humanity.Different people have differentviews about the definition of good and people. Many people hold the view that spiderman, a heroforged in the movie Spider-Man, is a good person because he always does good deeds andpromotes justice. But in fact, in the eyes of policemen, he is supposed to be a bad man because hegoes against law for many times such as speeding, running into others' houses, fighting andstealing, etc. In other words, different people have different opinions towards the the definition ofgood or bad people.

In conclusion, it is safe to say that positive movies and televisions are of crucial importance andnecessity especially for children. Nevertheless, it is unreasonable to say that movies andtelevisions should always show all audience that good people are rewarded and bad people arepunished.

We should never be impolite to others in the modern society.

Competition between friends always has a negative effect on their friendship.

46

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