2014年7月大陆地区托福考试真题回顾

发表于:2014-08-01 06:54 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

又一波福利来袭!!

宁波新东方最新整理2014年上半年大陆地区的真题汇总!

20147月大陆地区托福考试听力总结

              ----宁波新东方托福听力组 李俊毅老师

对话类

听力对话近几年变难最主要的原因是小讲座化的模式,也就是从学生开头询问教授关于某个学术点,然后教授再就这个点如同讲述学术内容一样进行解释和发散,或者帮助学生来进行回忆和搜集,所以算上加试(非经典),考生一场考试就会感觉做了9篇长短不一的讲座。而7月份的2场考试主导的对话内容却又变回了校园生活类。

有关于假期找工作的,也有健身课折扣的。所以考生在准备类似短小学术类对话的同时千万不要疏忽校园生活这个大背景,毕竟国外生活的重头除了上课之外就是校园生活。

 

对话类-实习与打工词汇(节选)

 

 

 

讲座类

从所能掌握的7篇讲座来看,7月份的讲座自然科学话题有2篇(包括史前海洋进化和落基山);社会科学出现2篇(包括维京人和社会组织);生命科学2篇(包括微生物和鸟类飞行)。剩余的1篇就是艺术类讲座。整体讲座的趋势难词出现越来越多,句式结构也逐步复杂,所以对于考生来说不能不说是个挑战。但和对话类相似,TPO中出现过类似的话题,鸟类飞行也好(humming bird),山脉也好(great Canyon,微生物也好(microorganism)等等,对于考生来说是非常有价值的参考和示范。不管如何,听力靠平时的积累,把文章踏踏实实听懂,从段落到短语再到单词,一丝不苟弄明白,大量不间断补充各学科专业词汇,扩大自己的各学科知识背景才是应对托福不断变化内容的方法,托福听力所谓的方法和技巧都是建立在真真正正听懂的基础之上。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

讲座类-动物学词汇(节选)

 

 

 

20147月大陆地区托福考试阅读总结

宁波新东方托福阅读组--王晓妍老师

 

Description: d:\360浏~1\360se6\USERDA~1\Temp\94D1E5~1.JPG各位烤鸭们,七月夏日炎炎、骄阳似火,考托之路似乎显得也特别得漫长。希望这次的托福阅读真题回顾能给大家带来一丝清凉。

20147月的托福阅读考试主要考察了三大题材:生物,生态环境和发展史。

 

Ø  生物类:

²  考试时间:20140706

话题归属:生物

主要内容:不同珊瑚种类之间的竞争以及珊瑚和其它水生动物的竞争,最终得出制衡珊瑚的方法。

解析:该篇文章结构偏难,背景知识较复杂。因此一定要抓住对第一段的理解,第一段一般是背景,提出想要讨论的问题。接着,抓住每一段的中心句,串联文章大意。Tip:看到大量的学术词汇要淡定,尽量通过上下文去理解主要意思即可。

相似TPO篇章练习:

TPO-22 Spartina        

TPO-28 Buck Rubs and Buck Scrapes

TPO-17           Animal Signals in the Rain Forest      

 

²  考试时间:20140706

话题归属:动物习性

主要内容:动物中群居动物和独居动物的行为之间的差别

解析:本文是今年来常考的动物群居问题,差异在于每次举例的物种略有不同。对于该话题文章,需重点理解动物群居和独居的优缺点。本篇行文也仍旧是理论观点+具体物种例证的思路,在阅读过程中,仍就重点关注概括性观点和理论,理解不同例证服务解释的对象,提取框架结构内容。

相似TPO篇章练习:

TPO-17           Symbiotic Relationships         

 

Ø  生态环境:

²  考试时间:20140706

话题归属:生态环境

主要内容:移除大坝(dam removal)的好处和坏处,具体管制对生态环境、物种多样性和经济的多方面影响。

解析:本文属于原因-结果型的文章结构,主要去理解移除大坝后对生态环境、物种多样性和经济等产生的影响。

相似TPO篇章练习:

TPO-4 Deer Populations of the Puget Sound

TPO-8 Extinction of the Dinosaurs

TPO-8 The Rise of Teotihuacán

 

²  考试时间:20140712

话题归属:生态环境

主要内容:关于土壤的形成,里面讲到了水,气候,地势对土壤的影响。

相似TPO篇章练习:

TPO14-Maya Water Problems

 

Ø  发展史:

²  考试时间:20147012

话题归属:发展史

主要内容:中美洲文明的发展史。关于mesoamerica的发现,出现了中美洲的各种文明(特别是maya文明),提到了地下金字塔的发现,后来强调了旅游景点也有大量可发现的价值。

相似TPO篇章练习:

TPO26-Sumer and the First Cities of the Ancient Near East

 

²  考试时间:20140712

话题归类:发展史

主要内容:文明的起源。讲的是civilization,前面是讲civilization的起源,是由于文字的出现才开始了historic,前面都是pre-historic,然后接着就是讲到它的几个特点,比如以农业为经济的命脉,然后有一个administration center which has large population,后面就讲到the first phrase of the civilization is the bronze age.然后就是讲在某些地方,青铜是很贵重的,只用来做珠宝,因为在那些地方,用来生产青铜的原料必须进口,所以青铜不会用于做农具。

相似TPO篇章练习:

TPO8-The Rise of Teotihucan

Ø  201407托福阅读真题词汇题汇总

keep in check=limit v. 限制、约束

suitable=appropriate adj. 合适的

take precedence over=important than比……重要、优先于

simultaneously=at the same time adv. 同时地

ultimately=eventually adv. 最终地

unintentional adj. 非故意的、无意识的

mechanism=means n. 机制、手段

ambitious adj. 雄心壮志的、野心勃勃的

obsolete=out of date adj. 过时的

maximize v. 最大化

devastate=destroy v. 摧毁、毁灭

seek v. 寻求

alternate=take turns to v. 轮流、依次

allow v. 允许

secure=get v. 争取到

simulate v. 模拟、假装

initiate v 开始、发动

fluctuate v 波动

outlying v/adj放在之上;边远的

domestic adj国内的;驯养的

posterity n 子孙;后羿

further v 推动

durable adj持久的;耐用的

impede v 妨碍

exclusive adj专属的;排外的

define v 定义;规定

inhibit v 抑制;禁止

 

 

20141-7托福口语大陆地区和北美真题汇总

              -----宁波新东方托福口语组陈雪君老师

 

2013的考试趋向一样,托福口语第一部分人事地物四个类型的话题均有考到。第二部分主要是学习类,生活类和文化类,考题比重比较平均,同学们在备考的时候都应该充分准备,另外还可以参考1-7月份北美的题目。下面是2014年中国大陆和北美的托福口语第一,二部分真题。

 

2014年01月12日大陆

Task 1: Talk about a study habit of yours that’s different from others. Explain your answer in details.

Task 2: Some people prefer to shop in big shopping malls, other prefer smaller shops. Which do you prefer? Explain why in details.

 

20141月17日北美

Task 1: It is a good idea for university to ask a student to leave school if he was caught cheating in exams? Explain your response in details.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? University education is more important than it was in the past.

 

2014年01月12日大陆

Task 1: Your friend is concerned about a presentation that he has to give to the class. What advice would you give to help your friend to prepare for the presentation?

Task 2: Some teachers prefer students to send questions about course work or assignments by email. Other teachers prefer that students ask these questions in person. Which do you think is better? Explain why.

 

2014年01月25日北美

Task 1: What can we do to reduce air pollution? Give examples and details in you answer.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement, it is better to live close to parents than far away from them.

 

2014年2月22日大陆

Task 1: Which of the following transportation methods do you think is the most enjoyable? Bicycle, automobile or train. Explain your answer in details.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement that people will read less in the future? Give examples and details in your answer.

 

2014年2月28日北美

Task 1: Your community center now offers classes on the weekends for free, which of the following class you will choose to take, give reason to explain your choose. 1) Financial course to help you manage money, 2) Car maintenance and repair 3) Review of Latin-American music

Task 2: do you agree or disagree: the following statement and give reasons:

Parents should not allow their children to participate any form of sport (football, basketball, ice  hockey...) in order to protect their health and from any form of injuries.

 

2014年3月1日大陆

Task 1: Talk about a type of clothing that is popular in your country.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree: University students should take part-time jobs.

 

2014年3月2日大陆

Task 1: Talk about an after school activity you enjoy doing the most.

Task 2: Some people prefer to spend spare time by themselves, others prefer to spend it with family members. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

 

2014年3月15日大陆

Task 1: Talk about a volunteer work you enjoy doing, and explain why you enjoy it in details.

Task 2: Some people prefer to work in an office, others prefer to work from home.  Which do you prefer?

 

2014年3月16日大陆

Task 1: Talk about a friend that’s special to you. Explain why this person is special to you.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the statement that people’s personality never changes.

 

2014年3月22日大陆A

Task 1: Talk about a friend of yours and how you met this person.

Task 2: Some students like to take notes in class, others prefer to mainly listen to the teacher. Which one do you prefer? Explain why.

 

2014年3月22日大陆B

Task 1: Which of the following quality is the most important for someone to be successful? Being highly motivated, hardworking or intelligent.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the statement that artists and musicians are important to our society. Explain your answer in details.

 

2014年3月23日大陆

Task 1: Talk about an activity you would like to participate in the near future, explain your answer in details.

Task 2: While doing group projects, some students prefer to lead, others prefer to support. Which do you think is better and why?

 

2014年3月29日北美

Task 1: Describe an occasion in your country where people give gifts to each other and the kind of gift that’s common.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the statement that employees should be prohibited to listen to music at work.

 

2014年4月5日北美

Task 1: Which of the following groups would you like to join? Campus newspaper, hiking club or dorm improvement committee.

Task 2: Some people prefer to share a large house with other students, others prefer to live in a smaller apartment alone. Which one do you prefer? Explain why.

 

2014年4月12日大陆A

Task 1: Talk about how cellphone has changed people’s lives.

Task 2: When traveling, do you prefer to stay at one place for a long time or spend less time but visit more places? Explain you answer in details.

 

2014年4月12日大陆B

Task 1: Talk about the ways internet has benefit people’s lives.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the statement that people live healthier lives than 100 year ago?

 

2014年4月19日大陆

Task 1: Talk about an important decision that you have made. Explain why this decision was important for you in details.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the statement that it’s important for students to study Art and Music in school. Explain your answer in details.

 

2014年4月27日大陆

Task 1: Describe a person you want to learn more about, explain why you want to know more about this person in details.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the statement that all children under the age of 16 should attend school. Explain you answer in details.

 

2014年5月11日大陆

Task 1: Talk about an activity you enjoyed doing with your family when you were a child, explain you answer in details.

Task 2: While traveling, some people prefer to go to new places, others prefer to visit familiar places. Which do you think is better? Explain why.

 

2014年5月17日大陆

Task 1: Talk about a special event that you recently participated in with your families and friends. Describe it in details.

Task 2: When getting advice, some people prefer to go to their parents, others prefer to go to their friends. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

 

2014年5月24日大陆

Task 1: Your friend often feels nervous when speaking in front of a large group of people. What suggestions would you like to give to this friend of yours?

Task 2: When you take a trip, do you prefer to just look around, or do you prefer to take pictures and keep a journal on the trip.

 

2014年5月25日大陆

Task 1: Talk about two singers or musicians and the differences between them. Include examples and details in your response.

Task 2: Some people prefer to eat at fast food restaurants; others prefer to eat at regular restaurants. Which do you prefer? Explain your answer in details.

 

2014年5月31日北美

Task 1: Some countries now take measures to attract a large amount of foreign tourists

Task 2: Some students prefer to study nine or ten months a year, others choose to be in school the whole year. Which do you think is better? Explain why.

 

2014年6月15日大陆

Task 1: Talk about a gift you gave to someone. Who did you give this gift to? Why did you give it to this person?

Task 2: Do you think it’s easier to be a teacher or students?

 

2014年6月21日大陆

Task 1: Talk about a subject you enjoy learning in school. Explain your answer in details.

Task 2: Do you agree or disagree with the statement that children should do housework when they’re old enough.

 

2014年6月28日

Task 1: 有很多作业和任务你怎么办?

Task 2: Some people prefer to take a vacation in cities, others prefer to spend their vocation in countryside. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

 

2014年6月29日

Task 1: Which of the following periods in life do you think is the hardest, being a kid, a teenager or an adult.

Task 2: Some people prefer to live in the present, others prefer to be prepared for the future and plan ahead. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

 

2014年7月6日

Task 1: Describe a time you were asked to do sth but you didn't want and the result.

Task 2:  同不同意Wealthy people should give money to help others.

 

2014年7月6日

Task 1: Favourite subject and explain why ?

Task 2:Indoor activities or outdoor activities, 选哪个?

 

 

 

20141-7月份托福考试独立写作真题汇总

新东方宁波学校托福写作组--

余丹阳老师,张希尔老师,李瑾老师,王若愚老师

 

1. 20140112【教育类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

The advice from our grandparents have no use for their grandchildren because the world changed a lot during the past 50 years.

 

2. 20140118【政府类】

In times of economic crisis, local governments often reduce the money they spend in some areas. In your opinion, if a local government is facing economic problems, which of the following areas should it spend less money on?

a.Libraries

b.Public transportation

c.Police

 

3. 20140222【成功类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

People who develop many different skills are more successful than people who focus on one skill only.

 

4. 20140301【社交类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is often not a good idea to move to a new city or a new country because you will lose old friends.

 

5. 20140302【社会类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

The rules that the whole societies today expect to young people to follow and obey are too strict.

 

6. 20140315【社交类】

which is the best way for students to make friends:

a.participating in sport team

b.volunteering for community service

C.traveling

 

7. 20140316【教育类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is easier to be well-educated today than it was in the past.

 

8. 20140322【教育类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

话题1.Young children need to take arts and music or not.

话题2.Young people today are less dependent on their parents than in the past.

 

9. 20140323【教育类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

High school graduates should take at least one year off to work or travel before entering university.

 

20140412

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

10. 话题1.Celebrities are more important to younger people than they are to older people.【社会类】

11. 话题2.It is more important to have more facilities rather than hire more teachers.【教育类】

 

12. 20140419【成功类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

For successful business, the money must be put into advertising.

 

13. 20140427【工作类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Your job has more effect on your happiness than your social life does.

 

14. 20140511【成功类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Spending a lot of time watching sports on TV and following their favorite team will have negative impact on one’s life.

 

15. 20140517【社交类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is better to relax by a movie or reading a book than doing physical exercise.

 

16. 20140524【政府类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is important for government to provide money for things that are beautiful not just for things that are practical.

 

17. 20140525【教育类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Parent must have strict rules to help their children to be successful.

 

18. 20140615【科技类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Some people prefer to buy technological devices as soon as they are available to the public, while other people prefer to wait. Which do you prefer?

 

19. 20140621【成功类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

People who cannot accept criticism will not succeed working in teams.

 

20. 20140628【环境类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

The best way to reduce air pollution is for government to raise the cost of fuel(petrol) of the car.

 

21. 20140629【成功类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

To remain happy and optimistic when you fail is more important than achieving success.

 

22. 20140706【社交类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

People should take time to relax with hobbies or physical activities that are very different from what they do at work.

 

23. 20140712【工作类】

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Young people should try different jobs before decide what to do.

以下是2014年上半年独立写作出现的话题比例

 

话题类别

2014.17频次(共23场)

比例

教育类

6

26.1%

成功类

5

21.7%

社交类

4

17.4%

社会类

2

8.7%

工作类

2

8.7%

政府类

2

8.7%

科技类

1

4.3%

环境类

1

4.3%

 

总结:从上面表格我们可以清楚地发现2014 独立写作背景话题还是延续13年的趋势,教育类在总量中占据了1/4的一个比重,其次是成功类和社交类。因此同学们在之后的复习时候注意这三类背景词汇的积累。在此份解析的最后我们附上了常用的背景词汇,让同学的复习更加针对性。

 

 

教育类背景词汇

重点单词和搭配:

关键词汇:subject/discipline/area/

关键搭配:core subject, main subject, additional subject, arts/science subject, academic subject

 

关键词汇:curriculum

关键搭配:diverse curriculum, wide curriculum, broad curriculum, areas of curriculum

 

关键词汇: high school

关键搭配:junior high ,senior high

 

关键词汇: education

关键搭配:a liberal arts education, a vocational education, tertiary education, compulsory education, test-oriented education

 

关键词汇: college, university , institution of higher education

关键搭配: go to a college (university, an institution of higher education)

attend a college (university, an institution of higher education), college (university) students

graduate from college (university) ,finish college (university), school (university, college) authorities

 

关键词汇: undergraduate

关键搭配:a second year undergraduate, undergraduate students (courses, degrees)

 

关键词汇: fresh man

关键搭配: fresh man year, first year, fresh man

 

关键词汇: sophomore

关键搭配:sophomore year, second year, a sophomore

 

关键词汇:junior

关键搭配:junior year, the third year, a junior 

 

关键词汇: senior

关键搭配:senior year, the fourth year, a senior

 

关键词汇: degree, diploma, certificate

关键搭配: a bachelor’s degree, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Sciences, postgraduate, graduate a master’s degree, a doctorial candidate, a Ph. D degree, confer a degree, receive a degree

 

关键词汇:paper, thesis, dissertation

关键搭配:draft( prepare, produce, write, issue, publish, release) a paper/thesis/dissertation

 

关键词汇: homework, assignment

关键搭配:academic assignment, a history assignment (an assignment on history) , heavy (a heavy load of) assignments

hand out (set) an assignment on a particular subject, assign homework to students, complete (finish) an assignment

 

 

关键词汇: campus

关键搭配:college (university campus), live on the campus, live off the campus

 

关键词汇: school, faculty, department

关键搭配:a medical or law school, the Faculty of Law, the Engineering Faculty

 

关键词汇: concentration

关键搭配:a field of specialization , concentrate in architecture(business, journalism, law, medicine)

 

关键词汇:organization, group

关键搭配:student organizations, a students' union (student government, student council) , extracurricular groups

newspapers, singing groups, political groups, volunteer programs, fraternities and sororities

 

关键词汇:examination

关键搭配:entrance examination (test), prepare for examination , revise for examination, study for examination,

enter for examination, stiff (tough, difficult) examination, entrance examination, matriculation examination

selection examination, end of term exam, end of year exam , final exam

 

关键词汇:grade

关键搭配:excellent (good, high, top) grade, low (poor) grade, average (mean) grade,

get (receive, achieve, attain) an excellent grade

 

关键词汇:courses

关键搭配:accumulation of course credits ,prescribed courses (U.S.), compulsory courses

 

关键词汇:class

关键搭配:attend class, high class attendance, poor (low) class attendance, skip class, be absent from class, absence from class

 

关键词汇:motivation

关键搭配:main ( primary, real ,underlying) motivation,  high (strong) motivation,  lack | lose motivation,  improve( increase, strengthen, generate, provide) motivation ;  intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation.

 

关键词汇:teacher

关键搭配:competent(good, inspired, skilled, qualified, experienced, senior) teacher;  bad ( incompetent, inexperienced) teachers , college( primary school, university) teachers, EFL (English, history, maths, music, PE etc.) teachers

Teacher-centered classroom—(Student-centered classroom)

 

关键词汇:creativity

关键搭配:great (artistic, musical) creativity; develop( encourage, stimulate) creativity; inhibit (stifle) one’s creativity

 

练习

一个多样化的课程可以挖掘学生真正的兴趣,这对他们将来大学的专业选择很有裨益。

A diverse curriculum can explore students’ real interest, which will benefit their future choice of concentration in college. 

大学生通过兼职工作能获得一系列的综合技能从而更有工作优势.

By taking part-time jobs, college students can obtain array of comprehensive kills and thus become more employable.

 

 

 

环境类背景词汇

 

关键词汇:pollution, contamination

关键搭配:air(atmospheric)pollution, environmental pollution, marine (river, water)pollution, chemical( industrial, nuclear  lead, nitrate)pollution,  noise pollution.

cause (avoid, prevent, combat, control, fight) pollution ; cut, limit, minimize, reduce pollution

---pollutant, contaminant

 

关键词汇:ecosystem , sustainable development

关键搭配:the balance of the ecosystem, preserve (maintain) the balance of the ecosystem, eco-friendly

achieve the sustainable development; ecological balance/equilibrium

 

关键词汇:environment

关键搭配:natural (global, world, local) environment; preserve (protect, safeguard, protect) the environment.

conservation/protection of the environment, damage to the environment; minimize damage to the environment, harmful to the environment; have an impact on the environment;

environmental degradation/deterioration, environmentally-conscious

 

关键词汇:carbon

关键搭配:carbon dioxide, low-carbon life

 

关键词汇: exhaust

关键搭配:car (vehicle diesel, petrol, diesel) exhaust

exhaust emission( fumes, gas, pollution, smoke)

 

关键词汇: species

关键搭配:species extinction, species preservation

 

关键词汇:natural habitat

关键搭配:the destruction of natural habitats

 

关键词汇:soil

关键搭配:fertile soil, infertile soil

 

关键词汇:waste

关键搭配:harmful (hazardous, poisonous, toxic) waste; recyclable waste, agricultural waste, commercial ( industrial, domestic, household) waste;  hospital, medical waste, nuclear( radioactive |chemical | plastic | organic | animal) waste; food, energy waste

关键词汇:energy

关键搭配:renewable energy; atomic ( nuclear, solar, wave, wind) energy, alternative energy

generate (produce, harness) solar energy; provide(supply) energy; consume (use) energy; conserve (save) energy

 

关键词汇:chemical

关键搭配:dangerous( harmful, hazardous, poisonous, toxic) chemical , agricultural, household, industrial chemical

manufacture( produce, discharge) chemicals into our lakes and rivers; exposed to dangerous chemicals.

chemical factory, plant, works, chemical reactions

 

关键词汇:resource

关键搭配:important (vital, adequate, sufficient ) resources, limited (scarce) resources, renewable (sustainable, unlimited) resources, | finite( limited, non-renewable) resource, available (additional, extra) resources; natural resources, mineral (oil, water) resources

 

关键词汇:effect 

关键搭配: decisive (dramatic, far-reaching, important, marked, powerful, profound, significant) effect ; negative (adverse, damaging, debilitating, deleterious, destructive, detrimental, devastating, disastrous, harmful, serious, traumatic) effect; greenhouse effect

bring about (exert, have, produce) effect

 

 

练习

低碳生活的一个方面就是每个人都尽量地多乘坐公共交通,尽量的减少汽车尾气的排放。

One aspect of living a low-carbon life is that every individual tries to take public transportation as much as possible, in order to reduce the emission of car exhaust.

交通的堵塞和环境的污染剥夺了城市居住者健康的生存环境。

Traffic congestion and environmental pollution deprive city-dwellers of the healthy living condition.

电影类背景词汇

 

关键词汇:movie

关键搭配: wonderful( classic, cult), blockbuster/blockbusting movie, hit, smash-hit, successful movie; action movie, disaster movie, gangster movie, horror movie, war movie; blue, dirty, porn/porno movies.

movie theater, motion pictures

 

关键词汇:actor/actress

关键搭配:accomplished (born, brilliant, consummate, experienced, talented, wonderful) actor ; celebrated( famous, leading, principal) actors, amateur (professional ) actors, comedy/comic actors, Shakespearean actors, Hollywood actors

 

关键词汇:

著名演员

Marlon Brando

Robert De Nero

Al Pacino

Mel Gibson

Tom Hanks (Forrest Gump, Saving Private Ryan)

Tom Cruise (Rain Man, Mission: Impossible)

Leonardo DiCaprio (The Titanic)

演出

performance

导演

director

著名导演

Alfred Hitchcock (Rear Window, Psycho)

George Lucas(Star Wars)

Francis Ford Coppola (The Godfather, Apocalypse Now)

Martin Scorsese (Taxi Driver, Raging Bulls)

Steven Spielberg (E.T., Jurassic Park, Schindler’s List, Saving Private Ryan)

 

观众,影迷

moviegoer, audience, fan

 

练习

我最喜欢的演员汤姆汉克斯主演的阿甘正传是一部励志并教会我们如何积极面对残酷生活的电影。

Forrest Gump, starred by Tom Hanks who is my favorite actor, is a movie that inspires and teaches people how to face the tough life with a positive attitude.

 

 

 

生活类背景词汇

关键词汇:city

关键搭配:city dweller, large(major | small | great)city, ancient ( historic, old) city, beautiful (industrial | cosmopolitan | coastal) city, home (native) city=hometown

 

关键词汇:facilities

关键搭配:leisure(play, recreational, social , sporting) facilities; transport( travel) facilities, parking facilities, shopping facilities,

canteen (dining, restaurant ) facilities, laundry (sanitary, shower, toilet, washing) facilities; health (health care, medical) facilities

day care( childcare) facilities

 

关键词汇:stress, pressure, strain, tension

关键搭配:cause (create )stress/pressure, avoid ( remove) stress, add to( increase) stress, reduce( relieve) stress, suffer (from) stress cope with( handle, manage, stand) stress

great, high, severe, acute, considerable, extreme stress; emotional ( mental, psychological, social) stress; economic(financial) stress, a source of stress, under stress, daily stress

 

关键词汇:worry, concern, care

关键搭配:business (economic, financial, money, health) worries, express( share, cause sb., give sb.) worries, arouse( prompt) worries

 

关键词汇:activity

关键搭配:be involved in, engage in, participate in, take part in, undertake activity

 

关键词汇:free time, leisure

关键搭配:leisure, free time, spare time, time off, freedom, vacation, time out, leisure time, relaxation, rest , holiday

 

练习

大城市有很多先进的教育和医疗设备,而且娱乐方式也多种多样;相反的是,小城镇的这些东西都不尽人意。

Big cities have the most advanced educational and medical facilities, and a variety of recreational places are available to people; on the contrary, the counterparts in small towns are of inferior quality.

 

科技类背景词汇

关键词汇: computer

关键搭配:Laptop (notebook computer),personal computer (PC), mainframe computer, super computer

powerful computer, laptop, mainframe, notebook, personal computer, portable computers, computer games

run (use | switch on | switch off | log onto | log off | boot up, start up | shut down | reboot, restart | program | link) the computer

 

关键词汇: disk

关键搭配:floppy disk, compact disks (CD), digital video disks (DVD)

 

关键词汇: connection

关键搭配:dial-up connection, ADSL (asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line) connection, cable connection, wireless connection

 

关键词汇:email

关键搭配:write(send) an email, get (receive, read, reply to) an email 

 

关键词汇: electronic

关键搭配:electronic games, an electronic organizer (=a small piece of electronic equipment that you can use to record addresses, phone numbers etc), using or produced by electronic equipment, electronic music, electronic banking, electronic publishing (=a system of producing books, magazines etc in a form that can be read on a computer);  electronically generated graphics,

electronically stored information, E-commerce

 

关键词汇:internet, online

关键搭配:Internet crime, internet porn, internet fraud, internet chat room, online news, online weather broadcast, online buying and selling, online video and audio program; search engine, online video and audio meeting

 

练习

计算机和互联网作为20世纪以来最伟大的发明之一,已经给人们带来了前所未有的便捷,比如在线新闻,在线天气报道,在线贸易,在线视频音频等等。

Computer and Internet as two of the greatest inventions in 20 centuries, have brought a great amount of unexpected convenience, such as online news, online weather broadcast, online buying and selling, online video and audio program etc.

 

工作类背景词汇

关键词汇:competition

关键搭配:fierce( intense, keen, serious, severe, stiff, strong, tough intense) competition; fair ( free, healthy, open | domestic | foreign, global, international) competition; beat off, fight off competition

 

关键词汇:technique, skill

关键搭配:communication technique/skill, dating technique, evaluation technique, exam/examination technique, interview technique , management technique, manufacturing technique, marketing technique, problem-solving technique, recording technique, relaxation technique, research technique, sales technique, teaching technique, training technique

 

关键词汇:job (word choice=work, post, position, occupation, profession, career)

关键搭配:apply for a job, offer somebody a job, land a job (=get a job), hold down a job (=keep a job when this is difficult),

lose a job, leave/quit a job, be out of a job, temporary job, permanent job, part-time job, full-time job

steady job, job satisfaction, job security;  difficult (challenging, demanding, taxing) job

job vacancy, job application, job interview, job title, job description, specifications, job seeker, job hunter,

decent (worthwhile) job, plum job, cushy job, ideal (dream) job

 

关键词汇:promotion

关键搭配:gain (get, win) promotion, well-deserved promotion, recommend sb for promotion

 

关键词汇:salary

关键搭配:competitive (high, generous, good, handsome) salary; low (small | reasonable | average | basic | pensionable | gross) salary| annual salary, monthly salary, tax-free salary

earn (receive, increase, cut, decrease, reduce) salary

 

关键词汇:employment

关键搭配:paid (salaried, full-time, part-time) employment; manual (skilled, unskilled, blue-collar, white-collar, factory, office) employment

 

关键词汇:determination

关键搭配:absolute (ruthless, single-minded, steely, strong) determination

be full of determination, have determination , express, signal determination

 

关键词汇:management

关键搭配:careful (competent, effective, efficient, firm, good, sound) management; business (corporate | personnel, staff | production) management; project( task | hospital, hotel, school) management ;database ( network, systems, asset, economic, financial, investment) management

 

关键词汇:career

关键搭配:long (brief, short | brilliant, distinguished, glittering, good, great, successful) career

Build ( carve out, have, make, pursue, boost | abandon, give up, end, ruin, wreck) career

 

关键词汇:business

关键搭配:big (profitable | private | core) business; retail (wholesale | catering) business, computer ( investment) business

 

关键词汇:leader

关键搭配:born ( natural | charismatic, effective) leader; inspired (visionary | undisputed | powerful, strong) leader; group ( team, project) leader

 

关键词汇:profession

关键搭配:chosen ( legal, medical, teaching) profession; practice one’s profession; enter (go into, join) profession

 

关键词汇:reputation

关键搭配:considerable (enviable, excellent) reputation , well-deserved (well-earned) reputation;  growing (undeserved | intact) reputation ; public (international, worldwide, professional) reputation  

 

关键词汇:success

关键搭配:complete ( considerable, conspicuous, enormous) success, notable ( outstanding, phenomenal, popular, real, remarkable) success

 

关键词汇:high caliber

关键搭配:high caliber field personnel, a man of high caliber

 

关键词汇:negotiation

关键搭配:difficult( lengthy, successful)negotiation; fruitless (unsuccessful) negotiation; constant (continuous , delicate, detailed) negotiation

 

练习

个人对工作的要求不仅仅是一份高的工资,更重要的是个体对工作环境,工作模式,工作前景,人际关系的满意,以及他们可以承受的压力。

Receiving a generous salary is not the mere requirement for an individual’s job option. Other factors such as working environment, working patterns, the prospects of the position and interpersonal relationship are of higher importance. Besides, one also needs to hold the pressure involved.

 

经济类背景词汇

关键词汇:bankruptcy

关键搭配:be close to ( be on the brink/verge of | be driven/forced/thrown into)bankruptcy, go into bankruptcy

 

关键词汇:economy

关键搭配:booming (buoyant, dynamic, healthy, sound, stable, strong) economy; depressed (flagging, fragile, stagnant ) economy, advanced ( developed, modern) economy; liberal( market, planned) economy; domestic ( global, internal, international, local, national ) economy

build, rebuild economy; manage ( manipulate, operate, regulate, run) economy ; boost( develop, expand, help, improve ) economy, rescue( revive, stabilize, stimulate, strengthen) economy

 

关键词汇:depression

关键搭配:great (major, serious, severe, economic) depression 

be in the grip of (experience, go into) depression

 

关键词汇:recession

关键搭配:cause (go into, move into) recession, plunge (sth) into cause

 

关键词汇:market

关键搭配:competitive (active, booming, bullish, lively, strong, thriving) market;  rising market , depressed( dull, sluggish, weak) market; local market ; commodity market, consumer market, market share

come on/onto market ; develop | break into market; capture, corner, monopolize market

 

关键词汇:property

关键搭配:personal (private) property; common (public | intellectual) property; property rights

 

关键词汇:product

关键搭配:innovative( quality) product; manufactured product, commercial, consumer product ; industrial product; defective product

 

关键词汇:compensation

关键搭配:award (sb) ( give (sb), grant (sb), offer (sb), pay (sb), provide (sb with)) compensation;  claim (demand, fight for, seek) compensation; be eligible for ( be entitled to) compensation

 

关键词汇:goods/commodity

关键搭配:consumer (electrical, electronic, household, luxury) goods/commodity; perishable goods/commodity;mass-produced  (low-priced | branded, own-label)goods/commodity;counterfeit(fake) goods/commodity

 

练习

经济大萧条造成的大范围失业仍然像噩梦一样笼罩着人们。

The unemployment caused by economic recession stills haunts people like a nightmare.  


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