托福阅读如何找出论点

罗德教育国际 (罗德国际教育) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-09-15 22:33 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
 托福阅读文章总结题,调查的是考生们的归纳总结才干,考生们需要在必定的文章了解根底之上才干发挥出该才干。那么关于总结题应该如何来做呢?重要的一点即是要挑出观念,总领提纲以后,一点点抽丝剥茧,化难为简。
  TYPE9总结题
  文章总结题,类似于咱们的托福写作,老外的文章也是几个观念,然后每个观念参加一些比方细节构成的,总结题即是要咱们挑出来这些观念。
  明白了题意图调查意图,咱们来看一下选项的设置。
  六个选项里边有三个对的,两个不靠谱的跟文章不沾边的,即是细节题那种原文没提的选项,还有一个是细节信息。
  先看个比方:
  我爱她。First,她很美。她长的很像杨幂。Besides,她身段极好。Last,她学习好,期末时分给我讲题确保我不挂科。
  选项
  1 她很美
  2她长的像杨幂
  3她身段好
  4她学习好
  5小明常常挂科
  6柳岩身段好
  我们很简单选出来134是主观念,而2是细节信息 5文章没提 6 尽管柳岩身段真的极好,可是咱们不能选,由于这是原文中没有的。
  了解了选项的设置以后,我就给我们介绍命题思路。这种题,仍是建议我们用直选与排除的办法联系。
  直选:读文章每段的段首,注意,不仅仅是榜首句话。读到哪里停止呢,当开端有for example,或许开端说在几几年之类的细节信息,之前的有些即是观念性内容。
  举例:The opposite of an opportunist is a competitor. These organisms tend to have big bodies, are long-lived, and spend relatively little effort each year on reproduction. An oak tree is a good example of a competitor. A massive oak claims its ground for 200 years or more, outcompeting all other would-be canopy trees by casting a dense shade and drawing up any free water in the soil. The leaves of an oak tree taste foul because they are rich in tannins, a chemical that renders them distasteful or indigestible to many organisms. The tannins are part of the defense mechanism that is essential to longevity. Although oaks produce thousands of acorns, the investment in a crop of acorns is small compared with the energy spent on building leaves, trunk, and roots. Once an oak tree becomes established, it is likely to survive minor cycles of drought and even fire. A population of oaks is likely to be relatively stable through time, and its survival is likely to depend more on its ability to withstand the pressures of competition or predation than on its ability to take advantage of chance events. It should be noted, however, that the pure opportunist or pure competitor is rare in nature, as most species fall between the extremes of a continuum, exhibiting a blend of some opportunistic and some competitive characteristics.
  有同学看到这段就头疼了,这么长,本来不长,就两句话加个单词。
  看榜首句,相关于时机者的是竞争者。然后第二句描绘了竞争者的特点,以后呈现了oak,用oak举例。所以本段的宗旨即是相关于时机者的是竞争者,竞争者有……然后用oak举例阐明这些特征!
  找到了每段的宗旨,去对应选项,选项的次序是和文章阶段次序一样的,一一对应去挑选宗旨句的赞同转述就OK了。
  名门正派的招式介绍完了,下面开端介绍歪门邪道窍门。
  窍门1
  依照疑问的关键字寻觅答案。就像我上面的比方,我再说“她”,我爱她,所以准确的选项里边必定要有“她”的呈现。
  上例题:The technology of modern cinema evolved at the end of the nineteenth century.
  1、 Kinetoscope parlors or viewing films were modeled on phonograph parlors
  2、 Thomas Edison’s design of the
  Kinetoscope inspired the development of large screen projection.
  3、 Early cinema allowed individuals to use special machines to view films privately.
  4、 Slides-and-lantern shows had been presented.
  5、 The development of projection technology made it possible to project images on a large screen
  6、 once films images could be projected,
  the cinema became a form of mass consumption
  其间只要三个选项有本疑问的关键字,本疑问的关键字是 the technology of cinema.
  窍门2
  对于细节信息与原文中没有的信息,有不一样的排除办法。
  先看细节信息

  判别一个选项是不是是细节信息,要看它在文中的方位,假如它在文中的前一句是观念,而它后边没有支撑它的信息,它即是细节信息。比方我上面写的那句,她长的很像杨幂,这句之前是她很美这个观念,以后是另一个观念,阐明它即是细节信息。


本文转自:罗德教育

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