贝蒂带你看美国名校

luoluo00001 (白莲花大王) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-09-30 09:41 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

About the author My name is Betty Liu. I was born in Los Angeles, California,but now I live in North Carolina. I am currently a junior in high school. Ibegan writing the articles for American Universities when I was in the process
of researching colleges. I will be attending college soon, so I wanted tolearn about each school. After all, I’ll be spending 4 years of my life in college, it will be my second home. Through my research, I saw that each
school had its own distinct personality。

Choose Your College in America

In this day and age, going to college is something on the forefront of almost every teenager’s mind; as well as some adults. Many jobs today require a college degree; you practically have to get a degree just to be a fry cook! Well, not really but you really do need a degree for a lot of jobs out there. There’s no denying the fact that going to college increases your chances of getting a good job. And of course, if you already have a bachelor’s degree, it is always beneficial to continue your pursuit of higher learning by going for your master’s degree or doctorate.

You can use the resources of a college to your advantage; some colleges have amazing libraries available for your use. There are also human resources available. Many colleges employ professors that are the best in their fields, and they can help you throughout your life. There are also the social benefits of going to college. In college, you will also have the opportunity to meet new people; your sorority sisters, fraternity brothers, and fellow alumni can influence the rest of your life. You also get the chance to improve your social skills, work on self-discipline and boost your confidence. In short, going to college can make you a more rounded individual.

Since college is such a big part of life, picking the right one is a very important decision. In the United States, there are thousands of colleges and universities to be chosen from. How do you recognize the right one for yourself? The college you go to will almost be like a second home. After all, you’re going to have to live there for at least 4 years of your life; you might as well choose a college you like so you can enjoy those 4 years.

These articles are here to help you with your decision. They will introduce you to some of America’s most renowned colleges so you can learn more about them. How are the professors? What type of city is the college in? What majors are offered? How much is tuition? Are scholarships available? These are all factors to consider when you are choosing a college.

They say that each college has a certain personality, almost like a person does. Sometimes all you have to do is take one look at a college, and suddenly you’re in love with it. These articles will take a snapshot of each college and hopefully, you’ll be able to see which one is the right match for you.

Picking the right college is also very important if you want to further your education by working towards a master’s degree or doctorates. In the articles, the colleges are organized into groups, including Ivy Picking the right college is also very important if you want to further your education by working towards a master’s degree or doctorates. In the articles, the colleges are organized into groups, including Ivy League, top 10 Private, top 10 Public, top 10 Social Science, top 10 in Business, top 10 in Arts and Humanities, top 10 in Science, Math, and Technology, and top ten in Health and Medicine. Most of these groups are families of majors, which you can use to see which college best suits your needs. For example, if you love painting, you can learn more about colleges with really great art programs. Same goes for whatever else you might be interested in. I’ve also taken into account the 2012 rankings of US News, one of the most widely used ranking systems for colleges, to determine the order that these colleges appear. These rankings include an array of different factors such as location, campus life, faculty, and retention rates.

Choosing the right college is important, but one thing to keep in mind is that the colleges choose you, too. Often times a high test score is important, but sometimes colleges look for other things besides how well you do on the SAT or ACT. So, you are more than the sum of your numbers.

Many colleges look at you activities and hobbies. Maybe you are good at playing piano and really enjoy it; colleges will take this into consideration. Some colleges are looking for different qualities in their applicants, such as leadership, creativity, or diligence. Usually this can be reflected in your application essay, which is very important because it gives the college an idea about what kind of a person you are.

Another major deciding point is your interview, which is another way for these colleges to better understand you. And of course there’s the all important “letter of recommendation”. If the letter is written by someone who knows you very well, this can also help colleges learn about you. These articles can introduce to you some of the basic requirements that these colleges are looking for and answer a few questions such as “How high of an SAT score do I need?” or “What’s the average acceptance rate of undergraduate students?”

1、Harvard University

When introducing American universities, some of the first institutions to mention are the Ivy League schools. Originally, the Ivy League was an athletic conference comprised of 8 private institutes of higher learning in northeastern United States. However, as time went on, these schools also became known for their excellence in academics besides athletics. Included in the Ivy League schools are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania, Yale University, and Harvard University. These 8 schools have been recognized as some of the best colleges and universities in the United States.

Harvard University is a private institution located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The university includes a number of graduate and professional schools, as well as a college for undergraduates. In 2012, Harvard ranked number one in US News’ ranking of national universities again. Founded in 1636, Harvard is the oldest institute of higher education in the United States. It can be said that first there was Harvard, then the United States of America. Also, Harvard’s library contains the oldest collection of books in the United States as well as the largest private collection in the world. Harvard has also been dubbed by Forbes Magazine as one of the “billionaire universities” as of their recent list of 469 billionaires, 50 received a degree from Harvard.

Harvard College (the institute for undergraduate students) is one of the most distinguished schools in the United States. The focus of Harvard College seems to be in the liberal arts; which are specific disciplines such as the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. According to a 2012 statistic, 35% of undergraduate students choose to major in social science (a field of study dealing with society and human behavior including, but not limited to, economics, history, literature, law, etc.). But, don’t let that derail you. Harvard College offers over 40 undergraduate fields of study, including astrophysics, mathematics, neurobiology, etc. Many of these fields of study are interdisciplinary, meaning that it is a combination of different academic majors.

As for the graduate and professional schools within Harvard University, the most celebrated institutions seem to be Harvard Law School and Harvard Medical School. Harvard Law School (often abbreviated to HLS or Harvard Law) is ranked number 3 in law by US News (2011). Famous graduates of HLS include American Presidents Barack Obama, John F. Kennedy, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Also, the Program of Negation at Harvard Law is a highly acclaimed research facility, known worldwide, that works to improve the theory and methods of negotiation. Harvard Medical School is one of the best in the nation when it comes to medical research. Students at Harvard Medical School are working on ground breaking research in AIDS, cancer, and other pressing issues.

So now that you know a little more about the school, it’s time to think of admissions. Harvard College is very selective, as it only admits about 6% of their applicants. For admission into Harvard College, it is required that students take the SAT or the ACT, as well as 2 SAT Subject Tests.

The SAT’s (Scholastic Aptitude Test) has 4 sections: Critical Reading, Writing, Math, and the essay. For the first three, scores range from 200 to 800. For the SAT’s, the median scores accepted by Harvard College were 690-790 in Critical Reading, 700-800 in Math, and 690-790 in Writing.

Most students submit SAT scores, but a few will use ACT scores. The ACT will test in English, Mathematics, Reading, Scientific Reasoning, and Writing (though this section is optional). The test scores range from 1 to 36. The composite score is comprised of the average of all the sections. For students admitted into Harvard College, the median for ACT composite scores was about 31-35. Also if students choose to take the ACT, Harvard College requires the Writing portion of the test. The SAT Subject Tests are a little different. They are also scored from 200 to 800, but unlike the SAT they test in a variety of subjects, such as World History, Literature, Biology, etc.

There are about 20 different SAT Subject Tests available to take. But keep in mind that these median scores are meant to be used as a guide, not a cut off point. Harvard will also look at other factors during admission such as your application essay, high school transcript, work experience, GPA (Grade Point Average) and others of that nature. Other factors include your interview, extracurricular activities, recommendations, and most importantly, your character and personal qualities.

International applicants should follow the same procedure as those in the Unites States. As for recommendations, if a translation of it is used then the name of the translator must be included, as well as a copy of the original recommendation. Applicants should also take an English proficiency test (the SAT II English Language Proficiency Test does not count). Usually, most people take the TOEFL test. The minimum required score 250 on the computer-based test, 100 on the internet-based test, and 600 on the paper-based test.

If you are a graduate students seeking admission, each of the different graduate schools has a slightly different requirement. But, the average scores are pretty close to each other. For Harvard Business School, the median GMAT score was 730, but the score range was 490-790. For Harvard Graduate School of Education, the average for doctoral candidates was 670 for Verbal, 720 for Quantitative, and 5.3 for Analytical Writing.

Another great thing about Harvard University is that the financial aid program is amazing. Even though the tuition is about 37,576, and there are other expenses throughout the year, about 70% of undergraduate students received financial aid. Out of those students, over 90% of them had their full need met. And the policies for international students are the same for U.S, citizens.

2、 Yale University

Yale University is a liberal arts university in New Haven, Connecticut. It is a private institution, founded in the year 1701. The institution is composed of an undergraduate program (Yale College), a graduate school (Graduate School of Arts and Science), and 13 professional schools, including the highly ranked School of Art. Yale is ranked number 3 by US News in the category of national universities (just below Harvard University and Princeton University) in 2012. It is also the 3rd oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Yale also houses some very impressive libraries, having about 12.8 million volumes in total.

Yale University also has some very notable alumni. Out of its faculty, staff, and students, 49 have received a Nobel Prize, 5 have become United States Presidents, and 19 have been elected to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States.

Yale is also very focused on the education for the undergraduates. Virtually all the tenure professors at the university teach undergraduate classes, a fact that Yale University is very proud of. In fact, many students choose Yale because of their emphasis on undergraduate students. So, first year students at Yale often have the chance to be taught by renowned professors such as Nobel laureate Sidney Altman (known for his work in molecular biology), Nobel laureate Thomas Steitz (known for his work in biochemistry), and many others.

Yale University is also known for its programs in arts (it is classified by some as a liberal arts university, after all), especially in drama and music. There are many student activities/organizations such as the Yale Whiffenpoofs, a male a capella group, and the Yale Dramatic Association, a well known theater association that is the 2nd oldest in the United States.

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Yale University has a number of famous graduate and professional schools. A few of the notable institutions include the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Divinity School and the School of Architecture. US News ranked Yale University as number 1 for graduate programs in Fine Arts. Yale is also ranked number 1 in Law.

Admissions into Yale may be tricky. As one of the best universities in the United States, it is very selective. Only about 8 percent of the applicants are admitted each year. Yale requires either the SAT with two SAT Subject Tests or the ACT with the Writing portion. For SAT Scores, the middle range scores (what the middle percent of students scored) for Critical Reading was 700 to 790, for Math was 700 to 800, and for Writing was 710 to 790. Scores for SAT Subject Tests were not reported, but as it is scored on the same scale as an SAT, a good score to aim for would be above 700. As for the ACT, the range for the composite score was from 31 to 35.

But again, these score ranges are not cut offs for the school. When the school was asked what the most important admissions factors were, they reported that along with standardized test scores there were other equally important factors. These include the rigor of high school classes, academic GPA, class rank, essay, and recommendations. In the case of international undergraduate applicants, Yale College has the same policies as for domestic applicants. The only other thing is to have a translation of your transcript and records included with the other paperwork. Yale also has a need-blind admissions policy. This means that an applicant’s financial background is not a factor when being considered for the school.

For graduate students, you would need GMAT or GRE test scores. The average GMAT for students accepted to one of Yale’s graduate schools is about 720. For the GRE, the average Quantitative score was around 760 and the average Verbal score was 660. There was no report for the Analytical Writing section. Along with test scores you should also prepare a personal statement (a 500 to 1000-word essay describing your past work, career objectives, and background), 3 letters of recommendation, and an official transcript from your previous university.

International students should prepare by taking an English proficiency test, such as the TOEFL or the IELTS. The average score for the TOEFL was 600 for the paper based test, 250 for the computer based test, and 100 in the iBT (internet based test). But keep in mind that these tests are just to determine if you can use English in daily life. So a 100 and a 98 wouldn’t be much of a difference. Also, if you have the option of taking the SAT, a good score in Critical Reading or Writing will also demonstrate your language proficiency.

Yale University also has a very good financial aid program. Around 60 percent of undergraduate students applied for need-based financial aid. Of that 60 percent, 96 percent of them had their full need met in financial aid. All of the students that were judged to need financial aid received corresponding aid that could meet all of their need.

3、 Princeton University

Princeton University is a private institution located in Princeton, New Jersey. It is one of the 8 Ivy League schools and it was ranked number 1 (tied with Harvard University) under the category of National Universities by US News. Princeton is the 4th oldest universities in the United States; it is also one of the Colonial Colleges founded before the American Revolution.

The university is known for its outstanding education, as well as the social aspect of the school. There are many interesting traditions at Princeton University including Arch Sings (concerts featuring the school’s a capella groups), Communiversity (a street fair to promote interaction between university students and the citizens of Princeton), and many others. Princeton University also has “Eating Clubs”, which is another option for dining. Students can sign up as a junior or senior and each Eating Club serves as a dining hall, as well as a place that students can relax, study, or talk with their peers. This is among many other ways the Princeton University encourages socialization among students.

Princeton prides itself in its undergraduate teaching. Many undergraduate students participate in freshman seminars, which are classes of 15 students meant to promote intellectual inquiry. These seminars cover a wide range of topics, including “Epigenetics, or How the Tabby Got Her Stripes”, “Chemistry of Magic,”, and “Cultural Revolutions of the Sixties”. There are about 75 seminars each year, and they are taught by some of Princeton University’s most renowned faculty members. Faculty members of Princeton University include Peter Singer (philosopher), Paul Krugman (economist), and Andrew Wiles (mathematician). They are all notable figures in their respective fields.

The university offers graduate and undergraduate programs for humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering. A few well known graduate schools include the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, the Princeton University School of Engineering and Applied Science, and the Graduate School. The university is particularly noted for its outstanding Political Science program, which earned a number 1 ranking on US News. Princeton’s History and Economics departments are also quite renowned. Many influential people are also Princeton alumni; some of the better known alumni include Richard Feynman (physicist), John Nash (mathematician), and First Lady Michelle Obama.

Admissions into Princeton University may be somewhat of a challenge. The school is highly selective; they only accepted about 8 percent of applicants in 2012. For undergraduate admissions, Princeton University accepts both SAT and ACT scores, but if you plan on taking the SAT, then you must also take 2 SAT Subject Tests. The school also recommends that if you plan on majoring in engineering, you should take a SAT Subject Test for Physics or Chemistry, as well as a SAT Subject Test in Math (either Math I or Math II). The mid range score for the SAT in 2012 was 700 to 790 in Critical Reading, 712 to 800 in Math, and 700 to 790 in Writing. Keep in mind, that these are mid range test scores. That means 25 percent of students scored above these ranges and 25 percent of students scored below these ranges. For the ACT, Princeton University requires you to take the optional writing portion if it is offered. The mid range composite score for the ACT was 31 to 34 in 2012. Other important factors for admissions include your GPA, application essay, character/personal qualities, and class rank.

Graduate school students should submit GRE or GMAT scores. For admission into the Graduate School, applicants must take the GRE, though applicants applying to the finance department may substitute the GRE score with a valid GMAT score. The GRE was revised in 2011, and Princeton University has yet to release average or minimum score. In fact, many departments do not release them at all. Anyway, the school will accept scores from the old GRE as well as the new GRE.

For international students, Princeton University requires applicants to submit either TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) or IELTS (International English Language Testing System) scores. The average scores for the iBT TOEFL in 2011 was 108. The sub scores were Listening 28, Reading 29, Speaking 24, and Writing 27. Princeton University also claimed that students who scored below a 20 on the speaking portion of the test generally had to take a course in English during their first year of graduate studies.

Princeton University offers some of the best financial aid packages among private universities. This is great, because without financial aid, tuition and living fees could amound to a whopping 40,000! Recent statistics show that around 64 percent of students applied for need-based financial aid in 2012. And of that 64 percent, all of the students that applied had their full need met. Princeton University also offers full-need financial aid for international students, which not many universities do. Another great thing about Princeton University’s financial aid program is that they have eliminated loans. Instead, they offer students grant aid, which the students do not have to pay back.


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