整理外来的托福口语词汇

罗德教育国际 (罗德国际教育) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-10-21 17:03 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

托福口语中,可能会触及到一些外来词,罗德国际教育小编选出一些经典外来词为我们解释一下,添加我们对托福口语的兴味。

Karaoke 卡拉OK

Language of Origin: Japanese

来历语:日语

About the Word:

It comes from the Japanese kara (“empty”) + ōke, short for ōkesutora (“orchestra”)。

该词来历语日语的kara(空的)和ōke(“乐团”的缩写),即“空荡荡的乐团”。

Karaoke became popular in Japan among businessmen in the late 1970s, and gained widespread popularity in the U.S. in the late 1980s.

上世纪70年代后期,卡拉OK初步在日本商务人士傍边盛行起来,上世纪80年代后期盛行于美国。

Kowtow 屈从、献媚

Language of Origin: Chinese

来历语:汉语

About the Word:

It comes from the Chinese kòutóu – kòu (“to knock”) plus tóu (“head”) – and originally referred to kneeling and touching one’s head to the ground as a salute or act of worship to a revered authority.

该词来历语汉语里的“叩头”一词,即以双膝跪地、头触地的方法对权重人士表明尊崇。

The noun arrived in English in the early 1800s, and within a few decades had taken on the “fawn” or “suck up” verb meaning we use today.

该词在19世纪前期被吸纳进英语词汇,后来几十年间,该词在英语中的意义逐渐固定为“巴结、献媚”。

Ketchup 西红柿酱

Language of Origin: Malay

来历语:马来语

About the Word:

This all-American condiment started out as a spicy, fermented fish sauce in Malaysia.

往常已成为美国标志性佐料的西红柿酱最初步在马来西亚来历时本来是一种带辣味的发酵鱼露。

That version, known as kěchap, made its way first to Europe and then to the New World, where tomatoes eventually became the defining ingredient.

那种鱼露的名字叫kěchap,最早传到欧洲,然后才抵达美洲新大陆,在那里,kěchap的主料逐渐变成了西红柿。

Elsewhere, ketchup retains an earlier identity. Traditional English ketchup, for example, is a pureed seasoning based on mushrooms, unripe walnuts, or oysters.

在其他国度,西红柿酱仍然保留本来的配料。例如,传统的英式西红柿酱是由蘑菇、尚未成熟的核桃或牡蛎制成的酱料。

Hazard 危险

Language of Origin: Arabic

来历语:阿拉伯语

About the Word:

Hazard dates to the time of the Crusaders and involves a game of chance.

Hazard一词的来历要追溯到十字军东征时期,与投机游戏有关。

According to the most likely theory, the original hazard (“al-zahr,” in Arabic) was a die. Players would roll the dice and bet on the outcome.

可能性最高的一种说法是,hazard最初步本来即是个骰子。玩家通过掷骰子、猜点数来赌输赢。

English got the word from French. In English, hazard eventually came to name any chance, risk, or source of danger.

英语中的hazard一词来历于法语,指机缘、危险或危险的源头。

以上即是托福口语中比较经典的外来词,在单调的托福备考过程中,我们可以选一些风趣的材料,来调度备考日程,提高备考效率。罗德国际教育小编预祝我们获得抱负成果!

托福考试就到罗德教育

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