揭秘——2014托福独立写作

发表于:2014-11-12 14:47 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

  2014年第二季度的托福考试已经告一段落,先让我们来回顾一下这三个月里独立写作部分的考题:


412a Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: the universities should spend more money improving facilities (libraries, computer labs) than hiring famous teachers. education
412b Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: the opinions of celebrities, such as famous entertainers and athletes, are more important for the young people than they are to the older people. people
419 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: for any business to be successful, it must spend a lot of money on advertising. work & success
427 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Your job has more effect on your happiness than your social life does. society
511 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: many people spend a lot of time watching sports programs on TV or following their favorite sports teams. Doing these two things will have negative impacts on their life. people
517 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is better to relax by movie or reading a book than doing physical exercise. people
524 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is important for government to provide money for things that are beautiful not just for things that are practical. government
525 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: parents must have strict rules to help their children to be successful. education
615 Some people prefer to buy technological devices as soon as they are available to the public, while other people prefer to wait. Which do you prefer? people
621 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: people who cannot accept criticism from others will not be successful at working in a group. work & success
628 Do you think that the best way to reduce air pollution is for the government to raise the cost of fuel? Use specific examples to support your answer. government
629 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: to remain happy and optimistic when you fail is more important than achieving success. work & success


  首先,经过归类,整理出第二季度的12篇考题中各话题的出现频率分别为:

people 4
work & success 3
education 2
government 2
society 1

  与以往类似,people类话题仍然是托福独立写作的大热门,并且在第二季度的考试中,出现频率高达1/3。其余的话题依次分布,也是近年托福考试高频出现的考题,相信这些对同学们来说应该都不陌生。


  其次,根据提问类型整理,除了绝大多数的观点型论述题(agree / disagree),第二季度的考题延续了第一季度的风格,仍然考到了1道选择型论述题(Which do you prefer):

  Some people prefer to buy technological devices as soon as they are available to the public, while other people prefer to wait. Which do you prefer? (20140615)


  选择型论述题相对观点型论述题而言,由于考题中直接提供选项,所以考生自主选择的范围较小,很多同学会觉得无从下手。但是,以0615考题为例,其实原题可以理解成:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it would be preferable to buy technological devices as soon as they are available to the public.如果持肯定态度,就回答前者,并根据“会立即购买”的原因逐一论述;反之亦然。转换一下思路,变通一下问题,“无话可说”的考题就能迎刃而解。


  因此,大家在平时的写作练习中,除了要培养解答“agree / disagree”的能力,也可以试着多训练自己在观点型论述题与选择型论述题之间转换的能力。根据近来的考试情况来看,之后的托福写作出现选择型论述题的可能性并不小。


  再者,从考试内容来看,关于education或是people的内容,同学们往往有话可说,而涉及到government可能对一些青少年考生来说会有难度:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is important for government to provide money for things that are beautiful not just for things that are practical. (20140524)


  关于“政府资金分配”问题,托福写作考过很多,但是5.24的考题难在乍看之下十分抽象——beautiful与practical的权衡。这就考察到了考生对热点时事、社会动态的知识储备。所谓beautiful,代指的是public image,而practical,其实是指relate to people’s life。比如近几年,很多城市在建高楼,争抢“第一高”的称号,但不少普通家庭还挤在不足几十平方米的空间里。这些例子如果没有日常的积累,在考场中很容易手忙脚乱。所以要写出切题的高分作文,除了需要准备能够套题的常规材料,一旦遇到冷僻考题,“平时多听多看”仍是最有效的解决方法。


总结第二季度的托福独立写作:

  整体难度与以往相当,话题分类在可控范围。

  提问类型应及时变通,写作素材需平时积累。


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