口语8分,给点猛货,自己整理的口语句式

发表于:2014-11-17 14:49 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
这套句式用好,基本能拿6-6.5了。part1 and part3特别适用。 
有口语问题可以留言交流。 

必备句式与功能归纳整理: 
1)talking about personal habits 
表述个人生活,例如:holiday,weekend,spare time 
表达思路=经常做的事+偶尔做的事 
例句:What do you usually do in your spare time? 
(Well)I usually stay at home and watch movie on my computer or surf online. (And)Sometimes I go out (hang out) with my friends. 

常用句式: 
I usually(often)...and sometimes I... 
Normally(as a rule/most of the time/In most cases), I...,and sometimes I... 

练习题: 
What do you usually do to relax? 
What do you usually do in the evening? 
What do you do on the internet? 
Do you usually do any housework? 
How do you usually spend your weekends? 




2)Expressing likes and dislikes 
表达喜爱与讨厌,例如: 旅游,与朋友在一起,居住城市 
表达思路=Like/Dislike+具体表述(举例,陈述事实) 

例句:Do you enjoy travelling? 
Yes, I’m fond of travelling. (You know) I’m really enjoying visiting different kinds of natural scenery as well as having the chance to taste a variety of delicious local foods. 

常用句式: 
LIKES: 
My favorite...is... 
I like/enjoy/prefer/admire 
I’m (quite/rather/very) keen on/fond of...举例 
I’m crazy about/addicted to/really into/fascinated with...举例 

例句:Is there anything you don’t like about your hometown? 
(Yeah,Well) I’m not keen on the air quality in my hometown. As an industrial city, air pollution has always been a major environmental problem. 

常用句式: 
DISLIKES: 
I dislike/can't stand/have no interest in... 
My least favourite...is... 
I’m not interested in/not really into/sick of/bored of/tired of... 
I’m afraid I just can’t stand... 

练习题: 
Do you like the town or city you are living in now? 
Do you like advertisements? 
Do you like animals? 
Do you like living in a city? 
Do you enjoy spending time with friends? 

3)Expressing reasons for likes and dislikes 
例句:Why did you choose this subject? 
The main reason I choose it is that it's a very promising subject that is bound to bring me good career path in the future. 

常用句式: 
The main reason I like...is that... 
I like...(mainly)because... 
I don’t like (that) because it is too... 
The reason I don’t like it is because... 
练习题: 
Why did you choose this university/school? 
Why do you choose certain type of foods? 
Do you like sports? why or why not? 
Do you like watching movie? why or why not? 
Do you like your job? Why or why not? 

4)Expressing a preference 
表达一种选择,例如:旅游选择自己还是与朋友一起, 
表达思路=选择A OR B+所选项特征描述or 所选项的个人感受 

例句: Do you prefer to listen to recordings or live performances? 
If I had the chance, I would choose to listen to live performances, because I really enjoy that atmosphere and also I will have the chance to watch my favorite pop star closely. 

常用句式: 
I prefer/would say...because... 
My preference is...because... 
I prefer A to B because... 
If I had the chance(choice), I would...because... 
练习题: 
Do you prefer visiting museums and art galleries alone or with other people? 
Do you prefer family parties or parties with friends? 
Would you prefer to buy a picture postcard or take a photo of a new place? 
Do you prefer to listen to the radio or watch tv(read newspaper)? 
Do you prefer shopping in modern stores or in traditional markets? 
Do you prefer using the phone or communicating in writing? 

5) Talking about similarities and differences 
表达类同与区别,例如:邮件与信件的区别,中国电影与西方电影的区别 
表达思路:抓取两者核心共性(类同点/区别点)+描述各自特点 

例句:How do you think the country you live in will be different to China? 
The main difference I can think of now is food, in England people eat steak and potato all the time, whereas we eat rice and all kinds of meat most of the time. 

常用句式: 
DIFFERENCES: 
A is totally different from B... 
A differs from B in many aspects (ways), but I think the biggest difference is... 
The main difference/ most fundamental/significant/obvious difference I can think of now is... 

SIMILARITIES: 
A is quite similar to B... 
A is as...as B 
A and B have a lot in common 
There’s a lot of similarities/common characters between A and B...the most common similarity is... 

练习题: 
What are the differences between handwritten letters and e-mails? 
What are the differences between Chinese movies and Western movies? 
What are the differences between elder people choosing clothes and younger people choosing clothes? 


你都看到这里了,发现我码字不易了吗?不夸我一下吗?

6) Contrasting 
表达对比 
表达思路=描写A与B各自特点 

例句:How are weddings today different from weddings in the past in your country? 
The new couples today usually wear western wedding gown. In contrast, in the past we always wear our traditional costume. 

常用句式: 
论点A....At the same time/in contract/however...论点A 
Having said that... 
(There are not many differences, having said that, the only small difference I think is...) 

练习题: 
How is it different comparing films young people like to watch and films older people like to watch? 
Where you live, do men and women feel the same about sports? 



7) Talking about recent changes 
1)增量/减量, 
2)变好/变坏 
和过去相比,XXX增加了/XXX减少了 
和过去相比,XXX变坏了/XXX变好了 
例句:Has your hometown changed in recent years? 
思路:和过去相比摩天大楼更多了,城市人口增加了. 
(Yes indeed), there are more skyscrapers in the city than there were years ago. Also, the population of our city has increased by about two million. 

常用句式: 
There are/is more...than there were/was... 
Compared to the past(30 years ago/years ago), A has changed(increased/过去分词)... 

练习题: 
How has your life changed in recent years? 
How do you think your life might change in the near future? 
How has science affected your life? 
How does your lifestyle change in different seasons? 


8) Suggesting 
提供一种建议,例如:如何解决交通问题? 
表达思路=提供解决方案 
关系到政府=加大投资invest more capital/出台政策 introduce or implement relevant regulation or law 

例句:How can we solve traffic problems? 
(Well, quiet honestly I don’t think I’ve ever thought about that), but I guess I would suggest the government to invest more funds into the city’s road system. Maybe more roads and overleaf junctions (elevated roads) should be built. It would be also a good idea, if the government could implement new policies and laws to address the issue. 

常用句式: 
I think the best solution (way) should be... 
I’d suggest (recommend) that... 
Maybe/perhaps/possibly/ideally/...sb should/could/have to/must... 
It would/might probably be a good idea/be useful/helpful if sth+过去分词 

练习题: 
What would you suggest a visitor to your country see and do? 
What would you suggest someone do if they lost their bicycle? 
How do you think the unemployment problem can be solved? 

9) Expressing opinions 
表达个人观点,例如:你觉得XXX如何? 
表达思路=个人观点陈述+原因 

例句:Do you think children should learn sports at school? 
Frankly speaking I would say, children should learn sports at school, because it is vital for their health. Playing sports is important for both children’s mental and physical growth. 

常用句式: 
(Frankly speaking/personally)I think/believe/feel/would say... 
In my opinion/view... 
As far as I’m concerned... 

练习题: 
Do you think daily life is becoming noisier? 
Do you think it is important to have leisure time? 
Do you think garden and parks should be free? 
Do you think email will ever completely replace letter writing? 
What do you think is the purpose of advertising? 
In your opinion, what makes a building beautiful? 

10) Explaining reasons 
解释原因,例如:你为什么喜欢游泳? 
表达思路=解释原因 
关于个人喜好=联系性格active/quiet or 从小的家庭习惯 habit since childhood 
关于城市好坏=经济发达程度 economic development/business centre,就业机会 employment opportunities,教育资源 educational resources, 
娱乐设施 recreational and entertainment facilities 

例句:Do you think your hometown is a good place for youngsters to live in? And explain why? 
Yeah, I think so. And I can come up with several reasons for this. In the first place, many universities and libraries offer us a large number of education resources. In the second place, so many job offers can help us to find works. In the last place, a good variety of entertainment facilities make our life more interesting. 

常用句式 
...because/since... 
The reason why...is because/is that... 
One possible explanation (for that) is... 

练习题: 
Why did you choose that major/job? 
Why do you love swimming? 
Why do you think in general, people collect things? 
Why do you think people like gardens and parks? 

11) Giving examples 
例句:What benefit can we get from doing regular physical exercise? 
Doing regular physical exercise is beneficial to us physically and mentally I think. Let me give you some examples, cycling develops balance and overall fitness, playing golf makes you focus on the game and release the pressure on you. 

For example/instance... 
Here are some examples... 
Let me give you a few examples... 
Take...for example... 

练习题: 
What kind of training did you have to do for your job? 
How do you think your life will be different when you are retired? 
Do you think that you are an ambitious person? 
What kind of presents do you get people for their birthdays? 
What kind of clothes do you like to wear? 
How do people get things for their collections? 
Do you think there are any disadvantages of email? 

12)Speculating the future 
预测未来 
表达思路=增或减,改变或无+原因 
关于原因=从发生的现象总结 or 经济/科技发展 or 文化改变、影响 

例句:Will newspaper be more or less important in the future? 
I can predict that newspaper will be less important in the future, because we’ve already seen the trend that the on-line news is gradually replacing its function and presence. 

I predict/foresee/imagine/suppose/guess/expect ...will/might be+现在分词/形容词because... 


练习题: 
Do you think people will be working more hours or fewer per week in the future? 
Do you think that attitudes to marriage may change in the future? 
Do you think handmade items will be widely available in the future? 

13)综合必备句式(额外补充) 
A)强调信息:Actually/In fact/As a matter of fact/To be honest/Honestly speaking/Frankly speaking 
B)增补更多细节:As well as/not only...but also/on top of that/another thing is/besides/what’s more/furthermore/in addition 
C)表达顺序: 
首先:Firstly/to begin with/in the first place/first of all 
起初、当初:At first/ originally/initially 
然后:then.../secondly.../after that/afterwards... 

最后:Lastly/last but least/finally 



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