2014.03.03【英译中】Drugs 药

桃子Lynn (艾羽) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-03-03 11:28 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

原文   Drug Names

   A drug can have three different names. The chemical name is the chemical  formula for the drug. This name is often long and complicated. The generic of official name is a shorter, less complicated name that is recongnized as identifying the drug for legal and scientific purposes. The generic name becomes public property after 17 years of use by the original manufacuturer, and any drug manufacuturer may use it thereafter. There is only one generic name for each drug.

   The brand name or trade name is the private property of the individual drug manufacturer, and no competitor may use it. Brand names often have the superscript after or before the name indicating that this is a registered trade name. Most drugs have several brand names because each manufacturer producing the drug gives it a different name. When a specific brand name is ordered on a prescription by a physician, it must be dispensed by the pharmacist; no other brand name may be substituted. It is usual practice to capitalize the first letter of a brand name.

    The route of administration of a drug is very important determining the rate and completeness o f its absorption into the bloodstream and the speed and duration of the drug's action in the body.

generic name 正式品名 trade name 商品名 superscript 标在某一字上面或上角的字或符号

译文

    一种药物可以拥有三个不同的名字。 它的化学名称就是构成它的化学方程式,通常长且复杂。 正式品名会简短、简单一点,用作认定药物的法律和科学目的。 正式品名在原厂家出产17年以后就成为了公共资源,任何药物制造商都可以使用。 每一种药只有一个正式品名。

    品牌名或者商品名则是生产厂家的私人财产,其他竞争者都不可以使用。品牌名通常会在药名前或者后面标注字或符号来表示这个名字是一个已经注册的商品名。由于每个生产厂家都会给产出的药物命名,所以大部分药物都有好几个品牌名。当医生在处方中指定一个品牌名时,它必须由药剂师来分配,不可以使用其它药物代替。通常的做法是将某个品牌名首字母大写。

     如何服用药物对于药物在血液中的吸收速率和成效,药效在人体内的流通速度和耐用性来说是十分重要的。

   

分类: 英语
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