2014.03.03【中译英】旅游的定义

等待狸猫 (狸猫) 译人小成
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发表于:2014-03-03 14:54 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

相对而言,特定类别的旅游或旅游者就其专门定义不难获得一致的看法,但概念广泛一些的就难定义了。首先,该承认的是旅游只是娱乐的一种形式,与体育活动爱好和消遣一样,都是在自由支配空闲时间。旅游经常涉及到费用开支,当然不都是这样,一个骑自行车的人或一个长途步行者周末外出自带食品去露营,就对该地区的旅游收入不起作用。其他还有许多最少旅游开支的例子。所以我们可以说,旅游是消遣的一个方面,通常但不总是引起参加者的费用开支。

While it is relatively easy to agree on technical definitions of particular categories of tourism or tourist, the wider concept is ill-defined. First, we should admit that, similar to sports, interests and recreation, tourism is one of the formalities of entertainment, that is, to arrange leisure time freely. Tourism usually relates to expenditure. Of course, there are exceptions: a bicycler or hiker, who goes camping with one’s own food at weekends, contributes very little to the tourism revenue in that region. There are many other examples of ‘the least tourism expenditure’. Therefore, we can draw to a conclusion that tourism is part of recreation and it usually requires spending from tourists but not always.


旅游还可以进一步定义为人们离开正常的居住地,如果这样子,顾客走12英里去购物,如从布里斯托尔到巴思,是否可认为是旅游者?那么是目的地还是距离才是决定因素?为了官方统计目的,人们要旅行多远距离才算是旅游者?很明显,我们的定义应该明确具体。

Tourism can also be further defined as the activities of people departing their usual residence. If so, can a person be considered as a tourist while walking 12 miles for shopping from Bristol to Bath? Is the defining element destination or distance? In official statistics, how long is the distance of travel that makes someone a tourist? Apparently, we must specify the definition.

 

那么就概念而论,给旅游下一个准确的定义即便是可能的也是相当困难的。为了统计目的而给旅游下一个专门的定义较容易些。只要我们弄清数据所含内容并就其区域或国际间的同类进行比较就够了,我们可把概念问题留给学者们讨论。随着20世纪大众旅游的出现旅游者最准确的定义也许是“1个外出旅行想去看一些不一样的东西而当发现所看的东西同想象的不一样后又抱怨的人。”

With regards to definition, it is rather difficult to define tourism precisely even if there is a chance for it. It might be less difficult to give a technical definition to tourism for the purpose of gathering official statistics, provided the content of statistics are clarified and compared with its regional or international counterparts. We can leave the definition thing for the scholars. With the advent of mass tourism in 20th century, the most accurate definition for tourist might be “a person who wants to see something different and complains after realizing that things are far from his/her expectations.”


中文来源:朗文旅游英语UNIT 1 EXERCISES

( ̄▽ ̄") 其实这篇文章应该是英文翻过来的 但是书上只有中文给我们译。。也找不到原文在哪里。。


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最后编辑于:2014-03-03 15:01
分类: 英语
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