2014.03.03【英译汉】Introduction to the United States 20 谁是你们的州议员?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-03 22:38 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?  
Answer:   
Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.] 
20. 谁是你所在州的参议员?
答案是一直在变。(对于哥伦比亚地区居民来说那个特区是没有参议员的)
    当你在纽约散步,特别是进过大学、图书馆和公共建筑时,如果被拉去参加给参议员的投书运动,请不要惊慌。美国民众只要对政府多做的事有什么不满就可以找他们的州议员谈话。投书运动是一项许多人一起就某一议题向参议员写信的运动。对组织上来说,写信给参议员是最有效的提议。
    当国会将就某一重要议题举行表决时,某些民间组织就会开展投书运动来显示这个议题有多重要,并且要参议员按他们的要求投票。当一个参议员收到很多来自他所在地区选民的来信时,他就知道这个议题对选他当代表的选民来说是多么重要。这个举动会影响给他的决定。
    有时这些活动的组织者会事先把信打印出来,赞成的人只要在上面签字就可以了,然后这些信就被送到参议员办公的地方。另外一些组织则要求人们自己写信,这要比事先打印出来的信更有效,因为参议员知道愿意花时间来写这封信的人是多么重视这项议题。如果人们的意愿更强一点,他们就会直接打电话到议员办公室。
    如果你是美国公民,并且想知道谁是你所在州的议员和他的联系方式,地址、电话号码、邮箱之类的,你可以上美国参议院官方网站,查看50个州议员的名单。

Explanation: 
   If you are walking outdoors in the United States, especially in front of a university, library, or public building, don’t be too surprised (or shocked) if you are asked to participate in a letter-writing campaign to your U.S. Senator. American citizens who are unhappy about something that the government is doing can communicate (or speak) with their representatives, which include senators from their state. A letter-writing campaign is an attempt to get many people to write to their senator on a single topic. For organizations, writing letters to senators or other representatives is an effective way to do advocacy (or to show what they think and to tell the government how things should be done). 
 
   When the Senate is going to vote on an important topic, some advocacy groups start a letter-writing campaign to show that the issue is important and to try to get a senator to vote a certain way. When a senator receives many letters from his or her constituency (or the people who live in an area that the senator represents), then the senator knows that the topic is important for many of the people who elected him or her. This information might help the senator decide to vote a certain way.  
 
   Sometimes the people who organize letter-writing campaigns have pre-printed (or already written) letters that people can just sign (or write one’s name) and send to the senator’s office. Other organizations request (or ask) that people write their own letter. This is more effective than a pre-printed letter, because it shows the senator that that person cares enough about the topic to take the time to write a letter about it. Sometimes people also call their senator’s office when they have strong feelings about a topic. 
 
   If you are a citizen of the United States and you want to find out who your senator is and to get his or her contact information, such as their address, telephone number, or email address, you can go to the official website for the U.S. Senate and look at the list of senators representing all 50 states. 
分类: 英语
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