2014.03.04【英译中】【跟我学词伙系列-02】科技对食物生产影响的利与弊

迷失在白森林 (Mr.Lu) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-04 11:59 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The use of fertilizers and machinery has made food more affordable than ever before, but I am of the opinion that theses farming practices can cause some problems.

农药和机械化的运作确实使得人们对于食物是措手可得,但是我觉得这些务农的方式会引起一些问题


The application of mechanisation and fertilizers has a beneficial effect on many communities because these technologies make it easy to tackle famine. Mechanised faming enables farmers to increase food production and to reduce cost of food products, since farming is likely to rely less on manpower. Many people are able to afford food and less likely to suffer from malnutrition. This is particularly important for those communities which used to struggle with poverty

机械化和农药的运用给很多国家带了福利,这些技术使得他们更加从容的解决饥荒问题。由于机械化的务农不再那么依赖于人力,这使得农民增加了粮食产量的同时也减少了生产成本。更多的人能承担的起粮食的费用,所以也减少了营养不良的可能性。对于那些长期与贫困斗争的国家和人民来说,粮食生产的机械化实在是非常重要。

On the other hand, if chemicals are used extensively in farming, it may pose health risk to consumers. Fertilizers are normally harmful substances, and this means that chemical residues may lead to food poisoning, when people fail to clean and cook food thoroughly. This problem may jeopardize people’ health and increase the health cost. By contrast, organic farming has gained popularity in recent years as a harmless form of farming.


另一方面呢,如果在务农的时候大量使用农药,它可能会对消费者的健康产生威胁。农药一般都是由有害的物质组成,这意味着当人们没有将这些食物的原材料清洗干净或处理得到的情况下就食用,那么那些残留的化学物质可能会引起食物中毒。这样不仅危害了人们的身体健康同时也增加了人们需要医疗的成本。相反,最近几年流行起来的有机农作物却是相对无害的。

Another problem is that the mechanized farming can cause mass unemployment. Rural depopulation happens in many communities, as numerous residents flock to cities for job opportunities. It is difficult for rural areas to retain young talented, and this explains why the rural economy will lag behind urban areas. As a result, the gap between city and countryside widens and this problem can pose a threat to social stability

另外,机械化务农也会导致大量的失业。 农村人口减少这样一个情况发生在很多地区,因为大量的农民涌进大城市去需找更好的机会。 农村地区很难留住那些有才华的年轻人,这个事实也解释了为什么农村地区的经济会落后于城市地区。最终,城市和农村的差距越来越大,并对社会的稳定和谐产生了威胁。

In conclusion, modern farming such as the reliance on fertilizers can present a challenge to rural economy and also consumers’ health, although these practices increase the output of farmland

总结一下,现代化的务农例如依赖与农药这样的做法可以提高粮食产量,但同时也对消费者的健康以及农村经济产生了一定的威胁

最后编辑于:2014-03-05 12:14
分类: 英语
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