2014.03.04【英译中】Introduction to the United States 21 美国有几个有实际投票权的众议员?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-04 20:56 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?  
Answer:   
Four hundred thirty-five (435) 

21 众议院有多少代表有投票权? 

435个

    全美国到处都是人,但是有些地方的人口数要多一些。例如,加利福尼亚州就住着35,000,000人口,但怀俄明州只有500,000人。让大州和小州都能公平地参与到政治中来对美国政府来说是一件相当棘手的事情。给这两个州同等的权力比较公平还是根据人口数让加利福尼亚州比怀俄明州拥有更多的权力比较公平呢?
    创建政府的人决定两者兼得。他们创建了参议院,在这里,各个州无论大小都有同等的权力。同时又创立了众议院,在这里人口多的州拥有更多的权力。
    众议院目前有435名众议员,代表各自的州。国会可以通过法律来改变众议员的总数,但是自1910年至今年一直都是435人。大的州比小的州拥有更多的众议员。目前,加利福尼亚州的众议员人数最多,有53人。像怀俄明州、蒙大拿州、达科他州等一些小州就只有一个众议员。
    美国政府每几年就会做一次官方的全国居民统计,即人口普查。每次普查之后,每个州在众议院的435个席位中占得多少席次就定下来了。这就意味着人口数增加的州就会产生更多的众议员,人口数减少的州就会减少众议员数量。这个过程就叫做平均分配,在人和人如何平均分配东西,或者说州和州之间如何分配。
    435名众议员之外,还有4名只有发言权而无投票权的代表。这些代表分别代表华盛顿哥伦比亚特区和国家领土,这些地方是国家直接管辖的,不隶属于任何州。
Explanation:   
   Americans live all over the United States, but some places are much more popular than others. For example, more than 35 million people live in California, but only about 500,000 people live in Wyoming. One of the challenges (or difficult things to do) in the U.S. government is to let big and small states participate in the government fairly. Is it fair to give both states equal participation in the government? Or should California have more power than Wyoming since it has so many more people? 
 
   The people who created the U.S. government decided that they would have to answer ‘yes’ to both questions. They created the Senate, where each state has equal power no matter how big or small it is, and they created the House of Representatives, where states with more people have more power than states with fewer people. 
 
   The House of Representatives currently has 435 representatives, or people who are elected (or chosen by large groups of people) to make decisions for their states. Congress can pass a law to change the total number of representatives if it wants to, but the number hasn’t changed from 435 since 1910. Larger states have more representatives than smaller states do. Right now, California has the most, with 53 representatives. Several of the smallest states, such as Wyoming, Montana, and North and South Dakota, have only one representative each. 
 
   The U.S. government does a census every few years, which is an official count of the number of people living in the country.  After each census, how many representatives each state gets of the 435 seats (or positions) in the House of Representatives is redone. This means that states that have grown may get more representatives and states that have shrunk (or become smaller) get fewer representatives. This process is called apportionment, which means deciding how something should be shared among many people or, in this case, among many states. 
 
   In addition to the 435 representatives, the House also has four delegates who can speak at the meetings but cannot vote. These delegates represent Washington, D.C. (the nation’s capitol), and the country’s territories, which are areas of land that belong to the United States but are not states.
分类: 英语

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