2014.03.05【英译中】Introduction to the United States 22 众议员的任期是几年?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-05 13:38 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?  
Answer:   
Two (2) 
22. 众议员任期几年?2年
    任何工作,只要你干得好就可以继续下去。一般来讲,这是件好事情,但是有些人认为美国国会是特别的。我们选举出的众议员在岗位上只工作2年,这就是所谓的任期,值得就是人们在一个公开职位上工作的时间。一旦2年到了,如果这些议员还想继续任职的话,可以通过选举再干2年。这种选举是无止境的。
    有些人认为这是个好办法,因为这可以奖励那些做得好的众议员继续代表我们干下去。但也有人觉得应该有个任期限制,即一个议员能被再选举几次,2年一次。比如,美国总统就有最多连任2期,每期4年,最多8年的任期限制。
    支持任期限制的人认为这可以让更多的人参与到众议院的事务中来,把新的想法和热情带入工作中。美国就任期限制问题争论了很多年,至今未达成一致。
    2003年,著名报刊《华尔街日报》发表了一项关于任期限制的调查,指出2/3的美国人希望国会实行任期限制。因为这个美国非常普遍,许多议员表示会限制自己的任期,但是没有法律来强制执行。这只是他们获得选民投票的一种手段而已。
Explanation:   
   In most jobs, if you do your work well, you can continue working there almost as long as you like. In general, this is a good thing, but some people think that the United States Congress should be different. When we elect (or choose) a U.S. Representative, he or she works as a representative for only two years. This is known as his or her term, or the length of time that a person works in a public position. Once those two years have ended, if he or she wants to continue to work as a representative, he or she can be reelected for another two years. This can continue indefinitely (or forever or without end). 
 
   Some people think that this is a good idea, because it lets us reward representatives who do their work well by allowing them to continue to represent us. But other people believe that there should be a term limit, which would be a maximum number of times that a representative can be reelected for two-year terms. The U.S. President, for example, has a term limit and can be president for only two four-year terms, for a total of eight years. 
 
   The people who advocate for (or are in favor of) term limits believe that this would let more people participate in the House of Representatives, bringing new ideas and enthusiasm (or interest and desire to do something) to their work. Americans have debated (or argued for and against) term limits for many years, but there is still no agreement. 
 
   In 2003, a popular newspaper called the Wall Street Journal conducted (or carried out) a study about term limits and found that 2/3 of all Americans would like to have term limits in Congress. Because term limits are such a popular idea in many parts of the country, many representatives have pledged (or said that they would do something) to limit the number of terms that they serve (or work in a public position as representatives). However, there is no legal requirement for them to do this. It might, however, help them to get elected if this is something that is important to voters in their area. 
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分类: 英语
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