2014.03.05【英译中】008 什么是《独立宣言》?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-05 23:20 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?
Answer:
• Announced our independence from Great Britain
• Declared our independence from Great Britain
• Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

8. 什么是《独立宣言》

声明美国从大英帝国独立了
正式宣布美国从大英帝国独立了
表明美国自由了
    
    1776年4月,一群人在宾夕法尼亚费城签署了一份文件叫做《独立宣言》。宣布的意识就是正式公开让人们知道,因此一个宣言就是对一件重要事件的声明。《独立宣言》宣布了美国从英国政府独立出来。一旦《独立宣言》被签署,这些殖民地的居民就变成了革命者。他们的目的就是终止英国对美国的统治。
    为什么美国人要从英国独立并且建立自己的国家呢?英国在1754年到1763年的法印战争上花了一大笔钱。当战争结束时,英国政府就变穷了。为了增加收入,英国开始征税,因此人民要交更多钱给政府。而其中被征税最多地当属海外殖民地居民,包括美国。
    英国通过一系列的法律来对糖、邮票和茶这类生活用品征税。这项举措让殖民地居民非常愤怒,因为他们不想为生活必需品交那么多税。因此他们就开始抵制这些东西。然而,有些人觉得这么做还远远不够。他们真正想要的是把英国从他们的领土上赶走。
    经过好多年这种不公平的征税,美国人决定做点什么。汤玛斯杰弗逊起草了《独立宣言》,并且把它分为三部分。第一部分列举了美国有权独立的一些原因。第二部分列举了英国国王对美国人做的一些坏事。第三部分是真正的独立宣言。
    许多名人在《独立宣言》上签字,包括后来成为美国总统的汤玛斯杰弗逊、约翰亚当斯。重要的思想家及作家本杰明富兰克林,也在上面签了名。
Explanation:
    On July 4, 1776, a group of men convened (or met) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and signed a document called the Declaration of Independence. To declare means to announce or let other people know about something, so a declaration is an announcement of some important event or action. The Declaration of Independence declared that the United States was independent (or free) from the control of the government of Great Britain. Once the Declaration of Independence was signed, the colonists became revolutionaries (or people who want to change the government). Their goal was to end British rule (or power and leadership) in America.
    Why did the American colonists want to become independent from Great Britain and create their own country? The British had spent a lot of money fighting the French and Indian War in America from 1754 to1763. When the War was over, the British government was poor. To make money, Great Britain began taxing its people, so that citizens had to pay more money to the government. The people the government taxed the most were those living in overseas (or foreign) colonies, including America.
    Great Britain passed a series of acts (or laws) to put taxes on common things such as sugar, stamps, and tea. The acts made the colonists very angry, because they didn’t want to pay so much for the things they needed. So they boycotted (or did not buy) many of these things. However, some colonists did not feel this was enough and wanted to do more, much more. What they wanted was to get rid of (or to not have any longer) the British government’s power over their land.
    After years of these unfair taxes, the American colonists decided to do something about it. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, and divided it into three sections. The first part included the reasons that America had the right to be independent. The second part had a list of things that the British King had done to hurt America. The third part was the actual declaration of independence.
    The Declaration of Independence was signed by many famous people, including Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, who both later became U.S. presidents. Benjamin Franklin, the important thinker and writer, also signed the Declaration of Independence.
分类: 英语

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