2014.03.05 【英译中】 短文翻译

发表于:2014-03-06 00:12 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

2014.03.05 【英译中】 短文翻译

 

1. Specialisation can be seen as a response to the problem of an increasing accumulation of scientific knowledge.

专业化可以视为针对科学知识不断积累膨胀这个问题所作出反应.

2. By splitting up the subject matter into smaller units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research.

通过将学科划分为更小的单元,个人可以继续处理这些信息并且将它们作为深入研究的基础.

3. But specialisation was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication.

但是专业化仅仅只是科学发展中一系列影响交流的现象之一.(感觉翻译有点怪...)

4.  Another was the growing professionalisation of scientific activity.

另外的就是科学活动中职业化的不断发展.

5. No clear-cut distinction can be drawn between professionals and amateurs in science: exceptions can be found to any rule.

在科学中并没有明显的区分专业和业余:在任何规则中都有例外.

6.  Nevertheless, the word "amateur" does carry a connotation that the person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not fully share its values.

然而,业余这个词的确包涵了这个被关注的人无法完全融入到科学家群体中,尤其是无法分享他的价值观.(感觉翻译的不对,尤其是最后一句)

7.  The growth of specialisation in the nineteenth century, with its consequent requirement of a longer, more complex training, implied greater problems for amateur participation in science.

十九世纪专业化的发展,伴随着对专业化需求的增加以及更多复杂的训练,对业余者加入科学群体造成了更大的困难.(好别扭..)

8. The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United Kingdom.

这样的趋势十分自然且明显的表现在那些尤其以数学或劳务训练的科学领域内,并且这可以从英国地质学的发展过程中得以证明.

9. A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper.

对上个世纪英国出版物的比较中,有半数显示不仅越来越强调研究的重要性,而且接受研究论文的标准也在改变.

10. Thus, in the nineteenth century, local geological studies represented worthwhile research in their own right; but, in the twentieth century, local studies have increasingly become acceptable to professionals only if they incorporate, and reflect on, the wider geological picture.

因此,在十九世纪,局部的地质学研究凭借自身的条件就可以成为有价值的研究;但是,在二十世纪,如果局部的研究能被专业人员所接受,那么就将会以更广阔的地质面貌来体现.

希望能得到指导,谢谢~

最后编辑于:2014-03-06 23:45
分类: 英语
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